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Various Mnemonic techniques with examples from work/Personal life/classroom.

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  1. 1. MNEMONICS Mnemonic is a learning technique that helps us organize, retain and remember information, by making recall easy.
  2. 2. • Mnemonics can be used by teachers in school to help students remember and learn lists, words, concepts that are otherwise difficult to remember and recall. • They are also used by all of us in our daily lives.
  3. 3. PEG METHOD • The peg method is used for memorizing lists. • A list of words are learnt by associating them with a number. These objects are then called pegs. • When a list of objects needs to be memorized, it is done by associating it with the pegs that we have already learnt by heart. • The same list of pegs can be used every time a set of objects needs to be memorized. • This method can be used by us in our daily lives and by students and teachers in school to memorize a list of objects.
  4. 4. How I would use this method I recall this rhyme we sang as children, on spotting I can associate these black birds: • • • • • • • 1 for sorrow 2 for joy 3 for a letter 4 for a toy 5 for silver 6 for gold 7 for a secret never to be told pegs with a list I need to memorize.  A sorrowful looking apple  A smiling faced dish of noodles  A letter that is written on a dish washing cloth.  A bread in the shape of a toy car and so on.
  5. 5. METHOD OF LOCI • This method uses visualization to organize and recall information. • This method works on the assumption that oit is easier for us to remember locations that are familiar to us. If we relate objects to these, it becomes easy for us to memorize them. • Think of a place you know well (say your house) and mentally go through it. Associate each object with a location in the place. • When the list (objects) need to be recalled, simply think of the house and all the locations that you had thought of.
  6. 6. How I would use this method to remember the shopping list…. • I ENTER MY HOUSE • I turn the key in front door and enter my bedroom. • I place the keys in a vase. • I open my cupboard to put away my sandals. • I enter the washroom to wash my hands…….. • There is key I put in the slot is an apple. • The flower vase has Hakka noodles in it. • I open the cupboard and put away the washcloth. • I enter the washroom to wash the loaf of bread….
  7. 7. LINK METHOD • This method is also called the chain method. • It works on the concept of creating a vivid image linking the different elements of the list that has to be memorized. • It is similar to the story method. • My list of Apples, Wash cloth, noodles, bread and butter can be remembered this way… • I visualize a fat me ( like an apple) with a wash cloth on my head, holding a pack of noodles in one hand and bread in the other, with the butter balanced on it!
  8. 8. STORIES • The story method is similar to the link method. • Here we create a story with the elements of the list that needs to be memorized. • It helps us to remember events in a logical order. • The story I have created with my shopping list is as follows: Gita was standing in front of her house eating an apple, Arrived a beggar girl with hair like noodles, and a dirty wash cloth in her hand. She said she was hungry. Gita gave her some bread and butter to eat.
  9. 9. FIRST LETTER METHOD • The first letters of a list that needs to be remembered are used to make a sentence or a poem that can be remembered easily. • This is the most commonly used mnemonics in schools. • For learning trigonometric ratios, I learnt as a child: Sulakshana Pandit has curly brown hair to produce beauty. • Another first letter mnemonic students use to remember resistivity of resistors: B B Roy of Great Britain has very good wife.
  10. 10. I am citing an a Mnemonic that students use for learning the Activity series in chemistry.-ACTIVITY SERIES • • • • • • • • • • K-Potasium Mg-Magnesium Na- Sodium Ca-Calcium Al-Aluminium Zn-Zinc Fe-Iron Sn-Tin Pb-Lead H-Hydrogen • • • • • • • • • • Kedar Nath Ca Mali Alu Zara Feeke Se Pakata Hai
  11. 11. KEY WORD METHOD • This method is very helpful in learning new vocabulary and foreign language. • It works by rhyming the word to be memorized with another word and creating an interaction between them. • This is one of the most common methods I have been using to learn and remember new words, specially when I learnt Russian in school.