Is physical activity part of your life? Is Physical Activity a Part of Your Life?A healthy lifestyle combines good nutrition and physical fitness.It is a balance that improves the quality of life and decreases your risk ofhealth problems.If regular physical activity is not already a habit, it is time to makea change.
Physical Activity Exercise Physical FitnessPhysical activity is something you do that involves movement and expendsenergy.Exercise is a physical activity that is planned or structured. It is movementsthat are designed to make your body stronger.Physical fitness is something you acquire. It is a measure of your body’sability to perform physical activities and exercises.
Components of physical fitness:The five components of physical fitness work together tocreate a healthy balance.•Cardiorespiratory endurance or cardiovascularconditioning•Muscular strength•Muscular endurance•Flexibility•Body composition
Cardio respiratory endurance Walking, jogging, swimming, cycling, and aerobic exercises increase cardio respiratory endurance.Cardiorespiratory endurance or cardiovascular conditioning is the ability todo moderate to vigorous activity over a period of time. It shows how wellyour heart and lungs work together to supply oxygen to your body duringexertion.Cardiorespiratory endurance activities also burn fat while buildingmuscle.Aerobic exercise and activities like walking, jogging, swimming and cyclingincrease cardiorespiratory endurance.
Muscular StrengthMuscular strength is the greatest amount of force a muscle can exert whenflexed.It improves your metabolism, muscle tone and appearance.Muscular strength also helps you perform daily activities.Lifting weights is the most effective way to increase muscular strength.
StretchingFlexibility is the elasticity of a muscle.It plays an important role in performing daily activities and minimizesyour risk of injury.It also aids in muscle relaxation.Routine stretching is the only way to improve flexibility.
What can physical activity do for you?Physical activity has both a direct and indirect impact on your life. Itprovides:Improved healthImproved physical fitnessImproved well-beingMaintenance of a healthy body weight
Health benefits•Reduces risk of obesity• Reduces risk of serious diseases• Helps control blood pressure• Improves cholesterol levels
Health BenefitsPhysical activity:•Reduces your risk of becoming obese by helping you achieve andmaintain a healthy weight.•Reduces your risk of heart disease, osteoporosis, certain cancers and•diabetes.•Helps control blood pressure.•Improves blood cholesterol level•Helps build healthy bones, muscles,and joints• Improves immunity• Boosts energy
Physical fitness benefitsBuilds your endurance.Increases your strength.Enhances your flexibility.Reduces frequency and severity of injuries.Increases your fitness level.
Well-being benefitsEnhances your emotional well-being.Reduces stress, tension, anxiety and depression.Improves the quality of your sleep.Increases your mental capacity, improves your productivity.Improves your self-esteem.Improves your quality of life.Reduces health care costs.
Schedule time for physical activityKnowing how important fitness is to your health does notautomatically make it easy to incorporate physical activity intoyour life. There are 1,440 minutes in every day. MyPyramidrecommends you get moderate to vigorous physical activity mostdays of the week.30 minutes to reduce the risk of heart disease, diabetes and somecancers.60 minutes to prevent weight gain in adulthood.60 to 90 minutes teamed with a low-calorie diet to lose weight andkeep it off.
Tips for getting started The key to a lifetime of fitness is consistency.Here are some tips to help you get started:Talk to your doctor if you have health concerns.Choose activities you enjoy.Recruit a partner for support and encouragement.Set realistic goals.Listen to your body—a little soreness is normal, pain is not.
Youth– Physical activityLimit inactivity:• Watching television• Computer use• Playing video gamesMake family time an activity time.
Good nutrition + physical fitness = healthy lifestyle It is important to make physical activity a part of your daily routine.A healthy lifestyle is a combination of good nutrition and physical fitness. Remember, fitness is a life-long commitment of time and effort.
ReferencesUSDA’s Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by IndividualsWWW.EATRIGHT.ORGWWW.MISSOURIFAMILIES.ORGWWW.MYPYRAMID.GOVWWW.NATIONALDAIRYCOUNCIL.ORG
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