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Cpr unit

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Published in: Health & Medicine

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Transcript

  • 1. CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION
  • 2. COURSE OBJECTIVES• To prepare you to react to critical health emergencies• To learn the skills that will make you an important link in the CHAIN OF SURVIVAL• Learn how to recognize an emergency and what you can do to help• Learn how to perform CPR and how to deal with an obstructed airway in an adult
  • 3. What is CPR and why do it?• CPR is an emergency procedure – keeps blood and oxygen flowing when the heart stops beating or during an airway obstruction• The purpose of CPR is to keep person’s brain and heart supplied with oxygen until EMS arrives• CPR alone does not save lives!
  • 4. CHAIN OF SURVIVAL• Healthy Choices• Early Recognition• Early access• Early CPR• Early defibrillation• Early advanced care• Early rehabilitation
  • 5. 1. HEALTHY CHOICES(To decrease chance of developing risk factors that cause heart disease)RISK FACTORS THAT RISK FACTORS THAT CAN CANNOT BE CONTROLLED BE CONTROLLED• Age • Smoking• Gender • Lack of exercise • High BP• Family history • High cholesterol• Race • Obesity • Diabetes • Stress • Alcohol consumption
  • 6. 2. EARLY RECOGNITIONKnowing how your body works - first step to understanding CVD andthe warning signs of heart disease and strokeHEART• Hollow muscle• Size of fist Lt Atria• 2 sided pump Rt Atria – RT side = deoxygenated blood – LT side = oxygenated blood• 4 chambers Rt Ventricle Lt Ventricle – 2 atria – 2 ventricles• Coronary arteries
  • 7. Definitions• Heart Attack – blockage in one or more coronary arteries causing oxygen deprived heart muscle to die• Angina – partial blockage in one or more coronary arteries, causing chest discomfort usually when the person in physically active• Stroke – sudden interruption of blood supply to the brain caused by blockage or bursting of blood vessel
  • 8. WARNING SIGNS AND SYMPTOMSHEART ATTACK STROKE• Pain • Weakness• Shortness of breath • Trouble speaking• Nausea • Vision problems• Sweating • Headache• Fear • Dizziness• Denial
  • 9. 3. EARLY ACCESS• EMS – Emergency Medical Services• 911 - N. America• 112 or 117 in Manila Location Phone number What happened Whether person is responsive Whether person is breathing What is being done to help Age Any other information requested
  • 10. 4. EARLY CPR Aorta• Environment Check• Determine To Lungs unresponsiveness From Lungs• Activate EMS• A – Airway• B – Breathing• C – Circulation• Recovery Position (hopefully)
  • 11. HEARTSAVER ‘A’• Conscious Obstructed Airway - Adult• Artificial Respiration - Adult• Adult CPR – 1 Rescuer• Unconscious Obstructed Airway – Adult• Conscious – Unconscious Obstructed Airway – Adult• Recovery Position