Professional accountability


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Professional accountability

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. Professional Developmant  Professional accountability  Social obligations of individual Nurse  Responsibilities being a professional Nurse  Professional organizations for Nurses 2 HAQ NAWAZ KHAN SADIA HEDAYAT GULSHEEN REHANA
  3. 3. Objectives:  Define Professional accountability  Discuss the accountability of a professional nurse  Elaborate the social obligations of a nurse  Explain the responsibilities of a professional nurse  Enlist and discuss the nursing organizations  Describe the function and mission of PNC  Discuss PNF and its functions 3 At the end of this presentation, the learner will be able to:
  4. 4. Accountability: Accountability is a legal obligation in health care which is also an ethical and moral responsibility. It is important to assume responsibility for one’s own nursing practice. The American Nursing Association (ANA) has a code that states that the nurse will assume accountability for nursing judgment and actions. 4
  5. 5. Professional accountability Professional accountability means that the professional take decision or action not b/c someone told him/her to do so, but b/c, having weighed up the alternative and consequence in the light of best available knowledge, he/she believe that this is the right decision or action to take ( Clark 2000 p. 2) 5
  6. 6. Accountable to whom? Watson (1995) and Clark (2000) says that the nurse is accountable to  Patient through a duty of care, underpinned by a common-law duty to promote safety and efficiency, and legal responsibility through civil law;  Management as defined by your contract of employment and job description;  Medical profession 6
  7. 7. Social obligation of individual Nurse 7
  8. 8. Social obligation of individual nurse The nurse should work for the benefit of society because he/she is the most trusted person… 8
  9. 9.  Assesses health status of individuals, families, and communities; develops plans and implements appropriate nursing interventions.  Evaluates and determines health resources necessary to meet individual, family and community health needs.  Educates individuals, families, communities, and members of the health care team about the principles of disease prevention and health promotion.  contribute to the advancement of a healthy society 9
  10. 10. Responsibilities Being a Professional Nurse 10
  11. 11. Professional Nurse: A nurse who has education is beyond the basic nursing education and is certified by a nationally recognized professional organization… 11
  12. 12. Responsibilities….  Assess health needs,  Develop diagnosis plan,  Implement and manage care, evaluate outcomes of care plan,  Advocate care,  Promote health,  Prevent diseases and disability,.  Direct care or manage systems of care for complex populations, 12
  13. 13.  Provides supervision to other professional or paraprofessional personnel; collaborates with other professionals in the management of health care.  Delegates tasks as may safely be performed by others, consistent with educational preparation and that do not conflict with the provisions of the Oklahoma Nursing Practice Act.  Assures quality health care through use of various measures such as record review, peer review, direct observation, and assessment of individual, family, and community for the desired outcome.  Performs specialized nursing functions as educationally prepared. 13
  14. 14. Professional Organization for Nurses 14
  15. 15. Professional organizations for nurse. The 1st professional organization for nurses was founded in year 1887 AD. ( British nursing association BNA). At the end of 19th century hospital was not charity institution but the place where scientific method and surgery were practiced. These two factor produced sharp rise in increasing number of nurse training school in the world. At the end of 19th century nurse were taking the task such as taking temperature which not happen earlier. ( Morten 1995).15
  16. 16. Function :  Nursing organizations connect professionals in the field with one another.  This facilitates the creation of a community of nurses who can work together to promote and protect the profession.  This power can be used for lobbying to affect public policy or negotiating as a bloc for higher wages or better benefits.  Specific goals will vary in each organization.  Joining a professional nursing organizations is an option for nurses in all fields around the world. 16
  17. 17. Types Nursing organizations exist at every level of the profession. Professional organizations may be broad, as in geographically focused groups whose members share a nationality or state. They also can focus on a niche of the profession, and many groups exist for nurses who practice a particular specialty. Just as there are multiple types of nurses, there are organizations for each. Registered nurses (RNs), licensed professional nurses (LPNs) and nurse practitioners all can find organizations for their professions. 17
  18. 18. Benefits and effects  Experienced nurses may mentor new graduates.  Nurses can share stories and techniques, offering advice or understanding  Creating a community facilitates the spread of information, which can be used to get the word out about medical advancements or even help members find jobs through word of mouth.  Organizations also may offer continuing education opportunities and nursing certification.  Integration with Hospital Teams  Coordination with Other Providers 18
  19. 19. Examples of Nursing Organizations  International Nursing Council  American Nurses Association  Pakistan Nursing Council  Pakistan Nurses Federation 19
  20. 20. Nursing Organizations after Birth of Pakistan 20 Year ACT Reason for Change 1949 Central Nursing Council Act 1949 To establish a uniform standards of training and certificate throughout country. 1952 Pakistan Nursing Council 1952 Profession was evolving and changes were needed in different such reduction in nursing categories admission criteria for nurses to name a few . 1973 Pakistan Nursing Council 1973 Establishment of examination boards, addition of course in curriculum, inclusion of private schools as a member and re-enforcing the licensing regulation
  21. 21. Pakistan Nursing Council (PNC) 21
  22. 22. PAKISTAN NURSING COUNCIL  The PNC is an autonomous, regulatory body constituted under the Pakistan Nursing Council Act (1952, 1973) and empowered to register (license) Nurses, Midwives, Lady Health Visitors (LHVs) and Nursing Auxiliaries to practice in Pakistan. PNC was established in 1948. 22
  23. 23. Function of PNC  PNC sets the curriculum for the education of Nurses, Midwives, LHVs and Nursing Auxiliaries.  PNC inspect educational institutions for approval based on established standards.  PNC provides registration (license) to practice.  PNC maintains standards of education and practice.  PNC works closely with the four Provincial Nursing Examination Boards (NEBs). 23
  24. 24. Caonti…..  PNC plays an advisory role for the overall benefits of nurses, Midwives, LHVs and Nursing in the country.  PNC maintains an advisory role for the Federal and Provincial Governments regarding nursing education and nursing services.  PNC communicates policy decision regarding nursing education and the welfare of nurses, taken in council meeting, to governments Nursing institutions NEBs and Armed Forces Nursing services for implementation.  PNC prescribe penalties for fraudulent registration by intention of pretense, and removes person form the register for professional misconduct. 24
  25. 25. Mission of Pakistan Nursing Council,  Pakistan Nursing Council, as significant participant in the health care delivery system in the country is dedicated to provide support for the professional development and competencies of those who study Nursing, Lady Health Visitors and Midwifery.  The aims of PNC also include monitoring for implementation of national standards in Nursing, Health Visitors and Midwifery education and practice by providing Registration /infrastructure and arranging continued educational opportunities for registered member. 25
  26. 26. Pakistan Nurses Federation (PNF) 26
  27. 27. Pakistan Nurses Federation  The Pakistan Nurses Federation (PNF) is an independent non-governmental professional association of nursing in Pakistan.  The PNF was registered on July 6, 1972, by the Assistant Registrar, Joint Stock Companies, Lahore Region, under Societies Act 1860, as a successor to the Trained Nurses Association of Pakistan which was founded and duly registered in 1949. 27
  28. 28. Organization of PNF  PNF consists of branches in cities and districts across Pakistan. These branches report to the Provincial Nurses Associations (PNA) in each province. The PNAs, in turn, communicate directly with the national body of the PNF. 28
  29. 29. Functions of the PNF  To work for the welfare and betterment of nurses, Midwives and health visitors in Pakistan and AJK.  To pursue and enter into negotiations with concerned Government regarding matters pertaining to the welfare of nurses.  To advance high ethical and professional standards among nurses.  To bring professional knowledge and skills to the service and care of the sick. 29
  30. 30.  To improve nursing practice through in- service education.  To publish a journal providing updated information in nursing.  To endeavor to furnish legal aid to members, within the financial means of the PNF, when needed by them for the protection 30 Conti….
  31. 31.  REFERENCE  Accountability in Nursing and Midwifery  By Stephen Tilley, Roger Watson    31
  32. 32. Questions…..???? 32
  33. 33. 33