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Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:  a ‘disruptive’ presentation
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Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world: a ‘disruptive’ presentation

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    1. Reservoir engineering in a HPC (zettaflops) world:a ‘disruptive’ presentation(and, how long would it take to run the BOSIM Brent FFM on ‘todays’ HPC) Hans Haringa GameChanger & Reservoir Engineer (‘in rest’) IRD - Emerging Technologies Shell Global Solutions International B.V 1
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    4. Supercomputing is the biggest, fastest computing right this minuteLikewise, a supercomputer is one of the biggest, fastest computersright this minute So, the ‘definition’ of supercomputing is constantly changingWhatever happens in supercomputing today will be on your desktopin about 1/3 to 1/2 of a typical length of a ‘regular Shell career’So, if you have experience with supercomputing ‘now’, you’ll beahead of the curve when things get to the desktopJargon: supercomputing is also called High Performance Computing(HPC) 4
    5. Size: many problems that are interesting to scientistsand engineers can’t fit on a PC – usually because theyneed more than a few GB of RAM, or more than a few TBof diskSpeed: many problems that are interesting to scientistsand engineers would take a very very long time to runon a (GID) PC: months or even years.Why bother: HPC gives the ability to do bigger, better,more exciting science. If your code can run faster, thatmeans that you can tackle much bigger problems inthe same amount of time that you used to need forsmaller problems 5
    6. 6
    7. The CDC 7600 breaks the Megaflop/s barrierwith 1.24 Megaflop/s in 1971The Cray 2 (boasting 2 GB) of memoryexceeds the Gigaflop/s barrier in 1986Intel’s ASCI Red broke the Teraflop/s barrierin 1997IBM Roadrunner (3 Megawatt, $133Million) shattered the Petaflop/s barrier in2008flop/s: floating point operations execution rate refers to 64-bit floating-point operations ofeither addition or multiplication (Linpack measure) 7
    8. Text 8
    9. Text 9
    10. Intel i7 Mac Prohttp://www.top500.org/ 10
    11. http://www.top500.org/ 11
    12. Giant reservoirs AND more dataresults in models getting frommega to giga cells whilst HPCwent from mega to penta Model size Model size Million of cells Million of cells 12
    13. Let’s us go ‘disruptive’: zettaflops 13
    14. 14
    15. zettaflops +/- 2028 - Black Swans?Power consumption (energy per operation)Limited feature size headroom as we converge to the nanoscaleLatency for global interaction measured in local clock cyclesExecution and program parallelism to handle the resultingextremes of physical concurrencyBandwidth - including both system-wide band- width andmemory access bandwidthThe overhead of managing fine grain parallel resources andconcurrent actions 15
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    17. zettaflops in support to ‘solve’ many ofthe Grand ChallengesLet’s briefly focus on one close to RE:Modeling multiple processes at interacting scales(time and dimension) 17
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    19. BOSIM Brent FFM study on HPC today 19
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    21. BOSIM Brent FFM study mid ’80 21
    22. BOSIM Brent FFM study mid ’80 Some 35000 cells 21
    23. BOSIM Brent FFM study mid ’80 Some 35000 cells Cray X-MP, 2 CPU version, 400 Megaflop/s 21
    24. BOSIM Brent FFM study mid ’80 Some 35000 cells Cray X-MP, 2 CPU version, 400 Megaflop/s About 1700 CPU-seconds / simulated year 21
    25. BOSIM Brent FFM study mid ’80 Some 35000 cells Cray X-MP, 2 CPU version, 400 Megaflop/s About 1700 CPU-seconds / simulated year 10 year run => about 5 hrs clock time 21
    26. BOSIM Brent FFM study on HPC today 22
    27. BOSIM Brent FFM study on HPC today This MAcBook Pro ±100 secToday on a 50 Teraflop/s machine ±0.2 sec Today on Roadrunner ±0.01 sec 22
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