40. “ Helplessness or Inadequacy” <ul><li>Child has given up on the possibility of being a member of the group
41. This child wishes not to be seen
42. Wants to be left alone
43. Rejects social contact, refuses to try most educational demands </li></ul>
44. To Help… <ul><li>Provide tutoring
45. Avoid criticism
46. Stress that making mistakes is okay
47. Build confidence
48. Acknowledging effort </li></ul>
49. How does a teacher understand the goal of the misbehaving child? <ul><li>If the teacher feels annoyed, then the child’s goal is attention getting. </li></ul><ul><li>If the teacher feels beaten or intimidated, then the child’s goal is power. </li></ul><ul><li>If the teacher feels hurt, then the child’s goal is revenge. </li></ul><ul><li>If the teacher feels incapable, then the child’s goal is helplessness. </li></ul>
50. PUNISHMENT <ul><li>Dreikurs does not believe in the use of punishment, reinforcement or praise. </li></ul><ul><li>Natural and logical consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Encouragement </li></ul>
51. Praise vs. Encouragement Encouragement <ul><ul><li>Corresponds to children’s goals.
52. Focuses on effort rather than achievement
53. Positive feedback
54. Motivates them to continue trying
55. Acknowledgement of effort
57. Message between equals
58. Stimulates cooperation
59. Stimulates helpfulness </li></ul></ul>Praise <ul><ul><li>Focuses on the level of achievement.
60. Given for a completed achievement
61. Tells students they have satisfied the demands of others
63. Creates a superior position.
64. Stimulates competition
65. Stimulates selfishness </li></ul></ul>
66. Tips for Teachers <ul><li> Always speak in positive terms, never be negative
67. Be democratic rather than autocratic or permissive
68. Encourage students to strive for improvement, not perfection
69. Emphasize student strengths while minimizing weaknesses.
70. Help students learn from mistakes, which are valuable in learning
71. Encourage independence and the assumption of responsibility
72. Show faith in students, offer them help in overcoming the obstacles.
73. Encourage students to help each other
74. Be optimistic and enthusiastic a positive outlook is contagious.
75. Use encouraging remarks such as, “you have improved”, can I help you?” </li></ul>
76. 3 TYPES OF TEACHERS <ul><li>Autocratic </li></ul><ul><li>Permissive </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic </li></ul>
77. 3 TYPES OF TEACHERS <ul><li>Autocratic </li></ul><ul><li>Permissive </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic </li></ul>
81. PROS <ul><li>Students and teachers can learn how to communicate constructively.
82. Based largely on respect and learning about compromise and consequences
83. Students learn to be independent
84. They learn how to take responsibility for themselves and their actions </li></ul>
85. CONS <ul><li>Inexperienced teachers may have trouble identifying the different students and their motives
86. In a large classroom of 20 or more students, teachers cannot always have the time to determine the objectives of each student
87. Puts all the blame on the students.
88. Some situations can be misleading and not have a clear natural or logical consequence. </li></ul>