Welcome to Green Drinks’ World Water Day event, where we would like to raise awareness for water issues. First of all, we are very glad, that the curator of the Low Carbon Science and Technology Museum, Mr. Ji, was immediately very open to the idea to celebrating World Water Day together and offered to provide his museum as a venue. I hope some of you have had time earlier to already take a look. We have also just recently met with Xin Hao from Green Zhejiang Association and are happy that he’s able to share with us about his work on the Qiantang River. If you didn’t know, Qiantang River is just outside! So our plan is to introduce the idea of World Water Day to you, I’ll speak in English and Cady will translate into Chinese, then Mr. Ji will introduce the museum and its low carbon theme to you and show you how to intelligently using water is relevant part of low carbon technology and life style. I think it’s great that we have such a world’s first kind of museum right here in Hangzhou! And Mr. Xin will talk about his work on water, and I hope that you will have lots of questions after wards for him and his colleagues. Incidentally, Green Zhejiang just had their event earlier on here as well, so the representative from the Water Keeper Alliance is here. I think we should definitely all take this opportunity to ask questions and continue to chat with them over refreshments.
chinese Green Drinks in Hangzhou aims to meet every month once. Networking among environmental professionals or those interested in the environment Green Drinks is an international network. There 578 cities worldwide that have their ownself organised green drinks group. We do this, not-for profit after work. Organisers of Green Drinks Hangzhou are Cady Huang from Zhejiang, Tim Flanders from Australia and myself, from Germany. We have speakers for the next two months, however, please do contact us if you’re interested in giving a short presentation about a suitable topic. You don’t necessarily have to present in English actually, we’re trying to become more bilingual.
Personally, I am a marine biologist and also did ecological research in freshwater habitat, and I studied ecological management. So it is quite obvious, why I care about water, in particular from the environmental point of view. The environment needs a certain amount of water in order to function and provide its ecosystem services (XXX). We’ve also had three visiting Indian university students at Green Drinks last year talk about water issues. You can see from these picture, in other parts of the world, people are much more active and vocal, than what we observe here for World Water Day. Actually, every year, for 21 years, March 22 has been designated as World Water Day, to focus the attention on freshwater and to freshwater resources. Every year same day 每年 Focus attention on the importance of freshwater Advocate for the sustainable management of freshwater resources United Nations General Assembly designated 22 March 1993 as the first World Water Day. 庆祝 21 年
Water cycle on homepage if you need to remember….
97% salt water in oceans, seas, saline groundwater 2.5–2.75% fresh water, 1.75–2% frozen in glaciers, ice and snow, 0.7–0.8% as fresh groundwater and soil moisture, less than 0.01% surface water in lakes, swamps and rivers
2.5–2.75% fresh water, 1.75–2% frozen in glaciers, ice and snow, 0.7–0.8% as fresh groundwater and soil moisture, less than 0.01% surface water in lakes, swamps and rivers The total usable freshwater supply for ecosystems and humans is 200,000 km3 of water, which is less than 1% of all freshwater resources, and only 0.01% of all the water on earth (Gleick, 1993; Shiklomanov, 1999).
Too much water…
International Decade for Action “Water for Life” 2005 – 2015 Fixed amount of water on planet Water is vital for life Pivotal for human development Necessary to keep environment healthy Released every three years since March 2003, the United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR), a flagship UN-Water report published by UNESCO, has become the voice of the United Nations system in terms of the state, use and management of the world’s freshwater resources. However, there is only a fixed amount of water on this planet. Water is not equally distributed, I am not going into the details, but do take a look at this world map to realize, that were are many people on this world, who are quite concerned about having access to water at all, having access to clean water and having access to sanitation. The Reports provide a mechanism for monitoring changes in the resource and its management and tracking progress towards achieving targets, particularly those of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the World Summit on Sustainable Development. The basis for the WWDR springs from the Rio Earth Summit of 1992 and the UN Millennium Declaration of 2000. In that document, the international community pledged to halve, by 2015, the proportion of people who are unable to reach, or to afford, safe drinking water; and to stop the unsustainable exploitation of water resources, by developing water management strategies at the regional, national and local levels, which promote both equitable access and adequate supplies. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) outlined in the Millennium Declaration, set an ambitious agenda for improving the human condition by 2015, and achievement of a large number of those goals is dependent upon the access to safe and sufficient water; in effect, the progress of a country towards the MDGs can partly be measured by assessing that country's water situation. No water access No clean water access No sanitation Die from diarrhea Also, I recommend if you’re interested, the Stockholm World Water Week every year in September, has a great homepage that you may check out! Or UN Water. Lara: Stockholm World Water Week Cady: Wenzhou Environmental Bureau Water News
UNEP Photo Gallery There are areas with not enough water Water scarcity is both a natural and a human-made phenomenon. There is enough freshwater on the planet for six billion people but it is distributed unevenly and too much of it is wasted, polluted and unsustainably managed. There are areas where there is enough water, and its used fully for irrigation… The global demand for food is expected increase by 70% by 2050. However, predicting future water demand in agricultural uses is fraught with uncertainty, depending on the methodologies and assumptions adopted. Demand is influenced by population levels, the type of food in demand, and quantities consumed. Crop types, yields and efficiency of agricultural production also affect the quantities of water required, while climatic variations add to the uncertainties. Access to water is critical to the well-being of people in all domains – personal, familial and social. Water also makes an essential contribution to economic out- put. It underpins the sound functioning of natural en- vironmental and ecological systems. Many economic sectors compete for finite water resources. Water is the only medium through which major global crises (food, energy, health and climate change, as well as economic crises) can be jointly addressed. Explicit trade-offs may need to be made to allocate waterto uses which maximize achievable benefits across a number of developmental sectors. This is a critical challenge, but one whose achievement is difficult and complex in practice.
Even in dry areas… areas with water… have more economic activity… tourism, trade, .. But also factories..
Water scarcity already affects every continent. Around 1.2 billion people, or almost one-fifth of the world's population, live in areas of physical scarcity, and 500 million people are approaching this situation. Another 1.6 billion people, or almost one quarter of the world's population, face economic water shortage (where countries lack the necessary infrastructure to take water from rivers and aquifers).
Energy and water are intimately connected. All sourc- es of energy and electricity require water in their production processes: the extraction of raw materials, cooling in thermal processes, cleaning processes, cul- tivation of crops for biofuels, and powering turbines. Energy is itself required to make water resources available for human use and consumption through pumping, transportation, treatment, desalination and irrigation. Already, over 1 billion people lack access to elec- tricity and other clean sources of energy. Increases in demand due to population growth and increas- ing economic activity are expected to cause a surge of energy consumption,
water as an instrument of peace 安 There is a direct link between water and food production. Production of crops and livestock is water-intensive and agriculture accounts for 70% of all water withdrawn by the combined agriculture, municipal and industrial (including energy) sectors. The booming demand for livestock products in par- ticular is increasing the demand for water. It is also affecting water quality, which in turn reduces avail- ability. Responsible agricultural water management will make a major contribution to future global water security. http://www.businessfightspoverty.org/profiles/blogs/the-water-food-energy-nexus
Increased competition for water and creating situations of potential conflict. Water - instrument of peace and development every action involving water management requires effective cooperation between multiple actors whether at the local or international scale. Shared resource Management takes account of a wide variety of conflicting interests Good management challenging The shrinking of the Aral Sea has been called "one of the planet's worst environmental disasters." The region's once prosperous fishing industry has been essentially destroyed, bringing unemployment and economic hardship. The Aral Sea region is also heavily polluted, with consequent serious public health problems. The retreat of the sea has reportedly also caused local climate change, with summers becoming hotter and drier, and winters colder and longer. In an ongoing effort in Kazakhstan to save and replenish the North Aral Sea, a dam project was completed in 2005; in 2008, the water level in this lake had risen by 24 m (79 ft) from its lowest level in 2007. Salinity has dropped, and fish are again found in sufficient numbers for some fishing to be viable.
At the government level, different ministries can cooperate and mainstream awareness on water management into other sectors; At the community level users can cooperate through water users’ associations; at the transboundary level joint management institutions can help to distribute and protect shared resources; at the international level different UN agencies can work together to promote the sustainable management of water.
UN Water Stats Change water food energy 97% of water is not freshwater Humans and animals depend on water
Key Water Messages Water cooperation is key to poverty eradication, social equity and gender equality Water cooperation creates economic benefits Water cooperation is crucial to preserving water resources and protecting the environment Water cooperation builds peace
Celebrating at Low Carbon Science andTechnology Museum, in Hangzhou on 23 March 2013
• Monthly meetings 每月一会• Networking among environmental professionals or those interested in the environment• 全球 578 城市有 Green Drinks• Speakers welcome 欢迎来讲座
3 月 22 日 – 世界水日• Same day 每年这天• Focus attention on the importance of freshwater 关注淡水• United Nations General Assembly designated 22 March 1993 as the first World Water Day.
Demands for water are increasing - growingworld population… 对水的需求增加－人口增长
Aral SeaFormerly 68,000km2• One of the four largest lakes in the world 全球第 Kazakhstan (north) 四大湖 autonomous region of Uzbekistan (south)• Shrinking since the 1960s for Soviet irrigation projects• 1960s 灌溉用水计划导致 水位下降，湖面积缩小• 10% of original size by 2007• 2007 仅为原来的 1/10 面
Cooperation 合作• Local village – water pump 水 泵• Regional - water from a river to irrigate farmland• International - transboundary river basin/ political boundaries • Upstream & downstream users • different, sometimes conflicting needs, claims and cultures.
Remember? 记得吗？ 水资源有限 需要合作 Water is limited - competing demands of water need cooperation …
Show that we care … 我们在乎…• www.watercooperation2013.org• Our event is online for Hangzhou, China• Share stories, or photos in the social media• Translate campaign resources into Chinese …raise awareness
Thank you for your support !Gensee for recording the World Water Day Eventsand the Hangzhou Low Carbon Science andTechnology Museum for the venue. http://www.dtkjg.com