ASEAN Economic Community
Manufacturer
Inside the
Country
1st Level of Competition
Manufacturer Outside
the Country
Import AgentWholesaler
Retailer
...
Trade in Goods
and Services
e-Marketplace
(Worldwide)
CAD
CAM
.jpg
e-Order
Logistic
Internet
Alibaba AOL www.xxx.xx.xx
Del...
1. Free Trade Agreement: All barriers to trade among members are
removed, but each member can retain its own trade policie...
ASEAN AFTA AEC
2510 2535 2553 - 2558
2510 ASEAN
2535 - 2553 AFTA 0%)
2553 – 2558 AEC
(Regional Economic Integration)
: 2549-2555 in M USD
1. ASEAN 9 56,730 44,334 40,159 27,040
5. EU 27 21,826 21,814 23,392 17,920
4. USA 22,786 20,200 20,2...
AFTA
( = 0% 2535-2553
•
•
•
FTA
SME
SME
SME
FTA
SME
Procurement & Logistic
–
Info: -
%
,
GMP/ PICS
&
One Vision One Identity One Community
1. ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC)
2. ASEAN Political-Security Community APSC)...
1.
(Developed Countries: DC)
2.
(Developing Countries)
3.
(Least Developed Countries)
GNI= Gross National Income, GNP=Gros...
ASEAN Gross National Income (GNI) per capita US$
Singapore 42,930 (27) 47,210 (23) High Income
Brunei 31,800 (39) N.A. Hig...
GATS) WTO
:
( 18,000
SME : Small and Medium Enterprise ( 3
: ISMED 2
S M
50 > 50 - 200
50 > 50 - 200
25 > 25 – 50
50 > 50 - 100
15 > 1...
Professional Management
& Professional Services
( -
Info: -
Chain Drug Stores
–
% %
Modern Trade
(TDRI) 4 A B
Mode 1:
Mode 2:
Medical & Health Hub
Mode 3:
Mode 4:
Mode 4: Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA)
8
1. 548
2. 549
3. 550
4. 55
5. 551
6. 551
7. 551
8. 2555 ?
19
Mode 4
WTO ASEAN
 (Job
seekers)

20
(Skilled Labour)
 Skilled Labour
 “ ”

Career development
(Mutual Recognition Arrangement:
MRA)
,
,
,
?
VS
AEC Blueprint 2558 (AFAS)
Trade in Services
2549 2551 2553
2558
PIS 12 49% 51% 70%
PIS: Priority Integration Sectors
E-ASE...
•
•
•
•
•
Roadmap for Healthcare Integration (SG)
Objectives :
a.Regulated healthcare products that have been evaluated
and approved...
Healthcare Services Liberalization in ASEAN
Ref. WTO (MTN.GNS/W/120)
8. HEALTH RELATED AND SOCIAL SERVICES
(other than tho...
WTO
Commitment in Healthcare Services
ASEAN Member States have not
scheduled any commitments on
healthcare services under...
Commitments in Healthcare Services
Country Market Access National Treatment
Brunei
Medical and
dental
services
(1) None
(2...
Commitments in Healthcare Services
Country Market Access National Treatment
Malaysia
Private
hospital
services
(1) None
(2...
Commitments in Healthcare Services
Country Market Access National Treatment
Singapore
Medical
services
(1) Unbound due to ...
2554 – 2555 2549
3,923 4,360 7,680 7,680 11,603 12,040
396 382 3,442 3,442 3,838 3,824
4,799 5,267 13,395 13,395 18,274 18...
:
30% 23% 15%
2544 2549 2560
9,627 ~ 21,667 )
2554 2555
11,603 12,040
1 : 5,602 1 : 5399
1 : 3,000 1 : 1,500
: Chain Drug Store 2550 - 2554
2550 Boots 153 Watsons 145 Tesco Lotus 94 Big C 82
Makro 42 GPO 6 552
49% 3-100
2554 Boots ...
AEC
….
…..
๑. /
๒.
๓.
๔.
๕.
G 52111 : Supermarket
G 52112 : Discount Store
G 52113 : Convenient Store
G 52114 :
G 52190 :
G 52311 :
G 51395 :
SME
2
SME AEC
/
36/10
1. Productivity
2.
3. Brand
4.
5. (Cluster
Development) Supply Chain
6.
SME (SWOT Analysis)
37/10
1.
2. (Product Profile)
3.
4.
5.
SME
Mode 1 Cross Border Supply
Internet
Mode 2 Consumption Abroad
Host Country
Information Technology & Professional Services
...
SME






 /

SME




FTA

1.
(NTB)
2.
3.
4.
5. (Cluster)
AEC
Chain Drug Stores ?
Logistic ??
ICT
??
ASEAN > 1 ?
2563 ASEAN
HRD in New Paradigm Shift AEC
1. Professional Practitioner) [ICT,
Efficiency and Out-sourcing] vs ??
2. (Business Partner)...
( 2552)
1.
2.
3.
4.
??
1.
๏
๏
๏Mapping
๏
๏
Information Technology)
4
2.
๏
๏
๏
๏
๏ Information Feedback
3
๏
๏
๏
๏
๏ ERP Softwares
ERP (Enterprise Resources Planning)
49
ERP
ERP
ERP
ERP
4
๏
/
๏ Benefit Package
๏
1. Procurement system
2. Logistic
3. Management skill
4. Professional service
5. Information Technology
6. Investment
www.dtn.go.th
www.ditp.go.th
www.dft.moc.go.th
www.oie.go.th
www.dip.go.th
www.customs.go.th
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ความสามารถที่ร้านขายยาต้องมี เมื่อเข้าสู่ประชาคมเศรษฐกิจอาเซียน

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ภก.ดร. นิลสุวรรณ ลีลารัศมี
กรรมการ สภาเภสัชกรรม
กรรมการบริหารและหัวหน้าแผนกวิจัยพัฒนา
บริษัท ถ้วยทองโอสถ จำกัด

เอกสารบรรยาย nano MBA4 by TPA
25 ส.ค. 2556

Published in: Business, Health & Medicine
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ความสามารถที่ร้านขายยาต้องมี เมื่อเข้าสู่ประชาคมเศรษฐกิจอาเซียน

  1. 1. ASEAN Economic Community
  2. 2. Manufacturer Inside the Country 1st Level of Competition Manufacturer Outside the Country Import AgentWholesaler Retailer Customers WTO 10% FTA 0% AEC 0% 2nd Level of Competition Investment >50% Shareholder Service Owner, Professionals Skilled & Unskilled Labor
  3. 3. Trade in Goods and Services e-Marketplace (Worldwide) CAD CAM .jpg e-Order Logistic Internet Alibaba AOL www.xxx.xx.xx Delivery Delivery Banking One Stop Distribution Delivery & Services
  4. 4. 1. Free Trade Agreement: All barriers to trade among members are removed, but each member can retain its own trade policies with non-members. 0% 2. Customs Union: Common external trade policy is adopted. 3. Common Market: Factors (production) allow mobility between countries. 4. Economic Union: Common currency is established, tax rates are harmonized, and a common monetary and fiscal policy is established. 100% 5. Political Union: Separate nations are essentially combined to form a single nation. The establishment of one Parliament towards one political union or nation. AFTA 2535-2553 ASEAN Free Trade Area AEC 2558 ASEAN Economic Community (Services & Logistics)
  5. 5. ASEAN AFTA AEC 2510 2535 2553 - 2558 2510 ASEAN 2535 - 2553 AFTA 0%) 2553 – 2558 AEC (Regional Economic Integration)
  6. 6. : 2549-2555 in M USD 1. ASEAN 9 56,730 44,334 40,159 27,040 5. EU 27 21,826 21,814 23,392 17,920 4. USA 22,786 20,200 20,275 19,454 2555 2553 2551 2549 3. JPN 23,480 20,416 20,090 16,431 6. Others 77,797 67,075 57,734 37,166 Total 229,519 195,312 177,841 129,720 2. China 26,900 21,473 16,191 11,709
  7. 7. AFTA ( = 0% 2535-2553 • • •
  8. 8. FTA SME
  9. 9. SME SME FTA SME
  10. 10. Procurement & Logistic – Info: - % , GMP/ PICS &
  11. 11. One Vision One Identity One Community 1. ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) 2. ASEAN Political-Security Community APSC) 3. ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) 2020 Ten Countries One Nation AFTA 2535 AC 2558
  12. 12. 1. (Developed Countries: DC) 2. (Developing Countries) 3. (Least Developed Countries) GNI= Gross National Income, GNP=Gross National Product GNI = GNP - Indirect Business Tax GNI ave. 3 yrs. (US$) > $12,275 World Bank $1,005 - $12,275 World Bank $750 – $900 UNCTAD 2003
  13. 13. ASEAN Gross National Income (GNI) per capita US$ Singapore 42,930 (27) 47,210 (23) High Income Brunei 31,800 (39) N.A. High Income Malaysia 8,770 (85) 9,800 (87) Upper Middle Income Thailand 4,440 (120) 5,210 (117) Upper Middle Income (3) Indonesia 2,940 (140) 3,420 (137) Lower Middle Income Philippines 2,210 (152) 2,470 (152) Lower Middle Income Vietnam 1,270 (168) 1,400 (167) Lower Middle Income Laos 1,130 (173) 1,260 (171) Lower Middle Income Cambodia 820 (182) 880 (180) Low Income Myanmar N.A. (217) N.A. Low Income EU GSP Graduation: UMI & >15% of total GSP imports for 3 yrs. World Bank 2013 Countries 2011 2012 Ranking by Income
  14. 14. GATS) WTO :
  15. 15. ( 18,000 SME : Small and Medium Enterprise ( 3 : ISMED 2 S M 50 > 50 - 200 50 > 50 - 200 25 > 25 – 50 50 > 50 - 100 15 > 15 - 30 30 > 30 - 60 > 90% SME ( )
  16. 16. Professional Management & Professional Services ( - Info: - Chain Drug Stores – % % Modern Trade
  17. 17. (TDRI) 4 A B Mode 1: Mode 2: Medical & Health Hub Mode 3: Mode 4:
  18. 18. Mode 4: Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) 8 1. 548 2. 549 3. 550 4. 55 5. 551 6. 551 7. 551 8. 2555 ?
  19. 19. 19 Mode 4 WTO ASEAN  (Job seekers) 
  20. 20. 20 (Skilled Labour)  Skilled Labour  “ ” 
  21. 21. Career development (Mutual Recognition Arrangement: MRA) , , , ? VS
  22. 22. AEC Blueprint 2558 (AFAS) Trade in Services 2549 2551 2553 2558 PIS 12 49% 51% 70% PIS: Priority Integration Sectors E-ASEAN Logistics 70% 2556 30% 49% 51% 70%
  23. 23. • • • • •
  24. 24. Roadmap for Healthcare Integration (SG) Objectives : a.Regulated healthcare products that have been evaluated and approved for use in ASEAN countries with systems benchmarked to accepted regional or international standards will be equally accepted for use in another, thus allowing the free flow of healthcare products across ASEAN borders; ACCSQ-PPWG: GMP, ACTD b.Free flow of investments across all ASEAN countries without unnecessary hindrances; Mode 3 c.Patients can move freely across ASEAN borders to choose where they want to be treated. Mode 1 & 2 Mode 4 /
  25. 25. Healthcare Services Liberalization in ASEAN Ref. WTO (MTN.GNS/W/120) 8. HEALTH RELATED AND SOCIAL SERVICES (other than those listed under 1.A.h-j.) A. Hospital Services 9311 B. Other Human Health Services 9319 ( 93191) C. Social Services 933 D. Other (6321: Retail sales of pharmaceutical and medical goods and cosmetics ASEAN
  26. 26. WTO Commitment in Healthcare Services ASEAN Member States have not scheduled any commitments on healthcare services under AFAS However, 3 ASEAN Member States (Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore) have scheduled commitments in healthcare services under the GATS (WTO)
  27. 27. Commitments in Healthcare Services Country Market Access National Treatment Brunei Medical and dental services (1) None (2) None (3) None (4) Unbound except as indicated under horizontal measures (1) None (2) None (3) None (4) Unbound except as indicated under horizontal measures Malaysia Medical specialty services (1) None (2) None (3) Medical specialty services may be supplied only by a natural person (4) Unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section (1) None (2) None (3) None (4) None other than:  practice only in private hospitals of at least 100 beds;  practice only at a specified location and a change of location requires approval; and  the setting up of individual or joint group practices is not permitted
  28. 28. Commitments in Healthcare Services Country Market Access National Treatment Malaysia Private hospital services (1) None (2) None (3) Economic needs test; • Only through a locally incorporated joint-venture corporation with Malaysian individuals or Malaysian- controlled corporations or both and aggregate foreign shareholding in the joint-venture corporation shall not exceed 30 per cent; and • The joint-venture corporation shall operate a hospital with a minimum of 100 beds (4) Unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section (1) None (2) None (3) Establishment of feeder outpatient clinics is not permitted (4) Unbound except for the categories of natural persons referred to under market access
  29. 29. Commitments in Healthcare Services Country Market Access National Treatment Singapore Medical services (1) Unbound due to lack of technical feasibility (2) None (3) None, other than the number of new foreign doctors registered each year may be limited depending on the total supply of doctors (4) Unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section (1) None (2) None (3) None (4) Unbound Dental Services (1) None (2) None (3) None (4) Unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section (1) None (2) None (3) None (4) Unbound Veterinary Services (1) None (2) None (3) None (4) Unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section (1) None (2) None (3) None (4) Unbound
  30. 30. 2554 – 2555 2549 3,923 4,360 7,680 7,680 11,603 12,040 396 382 3,442 3,442 3,838 3,824 4,799 5,267 13,395 13,395 18,274 18,662 73 85 658 658 731 743 407 440 1,615 1,615 2,102 2,055 (Buying Power) ?
  31. 31. : 30% 23% 15% 2544 2549 2560 9,627 ~ 21,667 ) 2554 2555 11,603 12,040 1 : 5,602 1 : 5399 1 : 3,000 1 : 1,500
  32. 32. : Chain Drug Store 2550 - 2554 2550 Boots 153 Watsons 145 Tesco Lotus 94 Big C 82 Makro 42 GPO 6 552 49% 3-100 2554 Boots 220 Watsons 229 Tesco Lotus 661 Big C 93 (Pure 71) Fasino 61 Makro 54 GPO 13 1,402 Extra (CPALL), 999 (China), Mercury (Philippines), Gardian & Apex (Singapore), 2558 70% 3-100
  33. 33. AEC …. ….. ๑. / ๒. ๓. ๔. ๕.
  34. 34. G 52111 : Supermarket G 52112 : Discount Store G 52113 : Convenient Store G 52114 : G 52190 : G 52311 : G 51395 :
  35. 35. SME 2 SME AEC /
  36. 36. 36/10 1. Productivity 2. 3. Brand 4. 5. (Cluster Development) Supply Chain 6. SME (SWOT Analysis)
  37. 37. 37/10 1. 2. (Product Profile) 3. 4. 5. SME
  38. 38. Mode 1 Cross Border Supply Internet Mode 2 Consumption Abroad Host Country Information Technology & Professional Services Today & Tomorrow
  39. 39. SME        /
  40. 40.  SME     FTA 
  41. 41. 1. (NTB) 2.
  42. 42. 3. 4. 5. (Cluster)
  43. 43. AEC Chain Drug Stores ? Logistic ?? ICT ?? ASEAN > 1 ? 2563 ASEAN
  44. 44. HRD in New Paradigm Shift AEC 1. Professional Practitioner) [ICT, Efficiency and Out-sourcing] vs ?? 2. (Business Partner) [Responsibility, Leadership and Supporter] 70:30 ?? 3. (Business Strategic Planning) 4. HRD Changes [ ] ??
  45. 45. ( 2552) 1. 2. 3. 4. ??
  46. 46. 1. ๏ ๏ ๏Mapping ๏ ๏ Information Technology)
  47. 47. 4 2. ๏ ๏ ๏ ๏ ๏ Information Feedback
  48. 48. 3 ๏ ๏ ๏ ๏ ๏ ERP Softwares
  49. 49. ERP (Enterprise Resources Planning) 49 ERP ERP ERP ERP
  50. 50. 4 ๏ / ๏ Benefit Package ๏
  51. 51. 1. Procurement system 2. Logistic 3. Management skill 4. Professional service 5. Information Technology 6. Investment
  52. 52. www.dtn.go.th www.ditp.go.th www.dft.moc.go.th www.oie.go.th www.dip.go.th www.customs.go.th

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