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Manufacturing technology (spe4602)/ FERROUS METAL

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HAMSHAVATHINI YOHORATNAM

HAMSHAVATHINI YOHORATNAM

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  • 1. MANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGY (SPE4602)LECTURE’S NAME : DR.AMIRMUDINBIN UDIN (p-amir@utm.my)NAME : HAMSHAVATHINIYOHORATNAM(hamshavathini@yahoo.com)SECTION : 4SPH(02)
  • 2. FERROUS METALS AND ALLOYSPRODUCTION,GENERAL PROPERTIES ANDAPPLICATIONS(Introduction of ferrous metal)(Production of iron and steel)
  • 3. WHAT IS ferrous metal Ferrous metals are those which contain iron,whilst non- ferrous metals don’t have any ironcontent.. Ferrous metals and alloys containing a highproportion of the element iron. They are the strongest materials available andare used for applications where high strengthneeded.
  • 4. ENGINEERING MATERIALSMETALLIC NON- METALLICNON-FERROUSFERROUSSTEELS CAST IRON-PLAINCARBON-ALLOY-GREY-WHITE-MALLEABLE-DUCTILEORGANIC INORGANIC-PLASTIC-WOOD-PAPER-RUBBER-LEATHER-PETROLEUM-MINERALS-CEMENT-GLASS-CERAMICS-GRAPHITE-ALUMINIUM-COPPER- MAGNESIUM-TIN-ZINC-LEAD-NICKEL-OTHER ALLOY
  • 5. When iron &steel was foundC:UsersHamshaDesktopUddeholm - Tool Steel of World Class.mp4 The production of iron by humans began probablysometime after 2000 BCE in south-west or south-central Asia, perhaps in the Caucasus region. The basic source of iron and steel is iron ore,which is an oxide of iron mixed with alumina,silica, phosphorous, manganese, sulphur andother materials.
  • 6.  Iron Ores Required in Iron-making.HEMATITEMAGNETITELIMONITE PELLETS
  • 7. Other raw materials in iron making. Coke (C)- Supplies heat for chemical reactionsand produces carbon monoxide (CO) toreduce iron ore. Limestone (CaCO3)Used as a flux to react with and removeimpurities in molten iron as slag. Hot gases (CO, H2, CO2, H2O, N2, O2,and fuels)Used to burn coke
  • 8. Where iron & steel made...BlastFurnace.flvBLAST FURNACE
  • 9. IRON-MAKING IN Electric arcfurnaceELECTRIC ARC FURNACE FOR STEEL MAKING
  • 10. WHY IRON AND STEEL IS WIDELY USED IN THEMANUFACTURING INDUSTRY?High quality, aesthetic.Low maintenance costs.Steel is noncombustible.Environmentally friendly.Components can be re-used.Strong, durable and stable.Construction is fast compared to othermaterials.Resistant to termites and other destructiveinsects.Cost benefits compared to otherconstruction methods.Components are functional.
  • 11. Who uses the iron andsteel? In the motor vehicle industry. Aluminum. Concrete and wood in construction.
  • 12. How does iron and steelproduction affect ourmanufacturing industry? Organizational structure, productivity,efficiency, and product properties of thesteel industry worldwide. Reliability ,energy, materials efficiencyof conventional processes.
  • 13. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Parashar & Nagendra.(2003) .Elements ofmanufacturing processes. Prentice Hall of India,New Delhi. 2. Rao & P.Narayana .(1998). Manufacturingtechnology: Foundary, forming and welding. TataMcGraw,Hill Publishing. 3. Rao & P.Narayana .(1987)Manufacturingtechnology : Foundary, forming and welding. TataMcGraw,Hill Publishing. 4. K.Bugayev, Y.Konovalov .(2001). Iron and steelproduction. New York, Book for Business. 5. Donald R.Askelan and Wendelin J.Wright.

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