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Jamestown To Civil War Review

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4th Grade VA Studies Review

4th Grade VA Studies Review

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  • In 1619, the bride’s ship arrived bringing opportunities for colonists to marry and raise families, the first Thanksgiving was held, Africans were traded for food and became indentured servants, and the House Of Burgesses met sowing the first seeds of democracy and self-rule in the colony.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Queen Elizabeth I wrote a
      _____________giving
      Sir Walter Raleigh
      Charter
      permission to explore
      and colonize
      Virginia.
      It also said the colonists had the same rights as English citizens.
      King James I gave a charter to
      The Virginia Company
      of London
    • 2. Sir Walter Raleigh named the land
      ____________after England’s
      Queen Elizabeth I-
      the Virgin Queen.
      Virginia
    • 3. Christopher Newport ‘s ships -
      The Susan Constant
      The Godspeed
      And the
      Discovery
      Brought 104 colonists to Virginia to find
      To make them filthy rich!!!
    • 4. James
      They chose a site on the _______River that
      they could defend from the Spanish
      (if they came) – a site on a __________ that
      they thought would have a good source of
      Peninsula
      W
      A
      T
      E
      R
      And was deep enough to tie their ships to nearby trees!
      BION
      (Believe It Or Not!)
    • 5. They encountered the
      Indians who
      spoke the
      Language.
      Powhatan
      Algonquian
    • 6. Of course, other
      Native Americans
      Lived in Virginia as well. Remember…
      Shoot
      Arrows
      Indians
      And……
      I C(Cherokee) M&M’s (Monacan and Manahoac, on the MAPP (Mattaponi, Appomatoc, Powhatan, Pamunkey)
      The I stands for Iroquoian,
      the S stands for Siouan,
      and the A stands for Algonquian.
    • 7. They set to work building
      Jamestowne Fort, but disease,
      bad water, and insects kept them from making progress.
    • 8. One man set forth a bold plan to
      get the fort built when men wouldn’t
      work.
      He said….
      If you don’t work, you won’t eat!
      John Smith
    • 9. John Smith also established trading
      relations with the Powhatan and was
      befriended by the Chief’s __________.
      daughter
      Pocohantas
    • 10. But Smith was badly burned
      in an accident and had to
      leave Jamestown.
      His exit left the colonists
      At a time when food was…
      Scarce!
    • 11. The winter of 1609 was
      known as ….
      The Starving time!
      Over 400 colonists died!
    • 12. When Sir _____________ arrived,
      he found few survivors and decided
      to abandon James Fort.
      Thomas Gates
    • 13. As they headed back to England,
      they met the supply ships. Lord De La Warr ordered them to return to Virginia.
      Nooo!!!
      We won’t
      Survive!
    • 14. Things began to improve
      when John Rolfe brought
      tobacco seeds to Jamestown
      A Cash Crop had
      Been found. Then…
      He married
      Pocohontas
    • 15. 1619
    • 16. His
      _______________
      Opechancanough
      (aka Opie)
      Became the chief. In March of that year, he carried out a surprise attack on the colony killing nearly 350 in one day. John Rolfe was one of those killed.
      In 1622, Chief Powhatan died.
      brother
      The fighting continued for 20 years until Opie was captured and killed. It
      Was the Native Americans last stand. The colonists were here to stay!
    • 17. As a result of the 1622 Massacre and the treaty signed in 1644…..
      Native Americans had to give up the land
      in the ___________ and ___________ regions.
      PIEDMONT
      TIDEWATER
      The King of England took control of Jamestown away from
      The Virginia Company of London
      and made it a ________ Colony
      ROYAL
    • 18. By 1660, the tobacco industry was thriving.
      Slaves worked the fields. King Charles II
      prohibited the colonists from selling
      their tobacco to any country but England.
      This made the profits from tobacco drop or decrease.
    • 19. Governor Berkeley enforced
      the new tobacco laws.
      Colonists became angry!
      Really angry!
      They’d bought things on Credit and they could not get out of debt!
      One colonist, Nathaniel Bacon
      tried to take control in 1676!
    • 20. In 1699, the colony moved its capital city to…..
      Williamsburg
      And…..
    • 21. Virginia’s first college……
      Is founded (opens) in
      Williamsburg in 16 _____
      93
    • 22. During the 1700’s, Governor _______________ claims the land in the Shenandoah Valley for Great Britain.
      Spotswood
      He called the members of the exploration party the Knights of
      The Golden
      Soon, Scotish and Irish immigrants moved into the Ridge and Valley Region. Small farms and villages sprang up.
    • 23. In the early 1700’s, many important Virginians were born. They attended college at William and Mary. They are the first generation to think of themselves more as Virginians than English.
      G. Washington 1732
      P. Henry 1736
      J. Madison 1751
      G. Mason 1725
      T. Jefferson 1743
    • 24. French
      The _________________________ began trading with Native
      Americans in the Ohio River Valley.
      They even built forts to establish their claim over the area.
      The British felt this was their
      ____________________
      LAND
    • 25. In 1753, ___________________
      sent a young George Washington to tell the
      French they were on British land.
      Governor Dinwiddie
    • 26. King George III sent
      THE MIGHTY BRITISH REDCOATS
      and General Edward
      to force the ___________
      out of North America.
      But, what about
      their allies – The Native
      Americans?
      Braddock
      French
    • 27. King George III issued a proclamation……
      We
      Cannot afford
      Another
      War!
      Colonists may NOT live west of the Allegheny Mountains.
    • 28. In addition, King George decided to _____________
      the colonists to raise money to replenish his treasury.
      TAX
      He issued….
      The Stamp Act
      The Quartering Act
      A Tax on Tea
      The Townshend Act
    • 29. Continental Congress
      At the First ____________ ____________
      the colonies asked King George III to repeal all unfair taxes.
      The King ignored this request.
    • 30. Colonists in Virginia
      wanted to know what the British were up to in other colonies, like New York and Massachusetts so they established the…..
      Committees of Correspondence
    • 31. At the Second Continental Congress,
      delegates from the 13 colonies voted to separate from
      Great Britain
      To write a formal
      Declaration of Independence,
      And to establish a new
      country.
      JULY 4, 1776
    • 32. While General George Washington commanded The Continental Army
      George Rogers Clark collected old French supplies from forts in the Ohio River Valley.
      And, John Paul Jones commanded the Continental Navy.
    • 33. Meanwhile, women…
      ran farms,
      ran plantations, and
      A few even helped on the battlefield!
    • 34. Loyalists who supported the
      British offered ________
      to any slave willing to help defeat the Patriots!
      freedom
    • 35. Surprisingly, a slave
      named
      ____________________
      became a spy for the Patriots!
      James Armistead Lafayette
      He was granted his freedom after the Battle of Yorktown.
    • 36. With the help of their French allies, the Americans defeated the British at __________________
      in 17_____.
      Yorktown, Virginia
      81
    • 37. James Madison, “The Father of the Constitution” helped plan much of our national or federal system of government.
      George Mason might be called the “Father of Virginia’s Constitution.”
    • 38. Our three branches of government…
      Enforces
      Laws
      Makes
      Laws
      Judges Laws
      means there is a balance of power.
    • 39. Virginia’s Dynasty
      Era of Good
      Feeling
      Washington
      Jefferson
      Louisiana
      Purchase
      Madison
      Monroe
      War of 1812
    • 40. In 1831, Nat Turner led a slave revolt against plantation owners in the south.
      These events fueled the strong differences between Northern manufacturing states and Southern agricultural states!
      Hoping to begin a slave rebellion, John Brown raided the federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry. He failed to free even one slave, but
    • 41. When Abraham Lincoln was elected President,
      ______
      southern states seceded from the Union.
      seven
    • 42. The Confederate States of
      America
      was formed in 1861.
      Virginia joined its ranks when the Union began to raise an army.
      The capital of the CSA was
      moved to Richmond.
    • 43. Battles raged between the two capital cities
      Washington DC & Richmond, VA
      Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson surprised the Union forces at Bull Run!
    • 44. West
      __________ Virginia
      was born when
      50 counties in the western
      part of the Virginia
      remained with the U.S.
      st
      Gen. Grant took
      command of the
      northern forces.
    • 45. In 1863, Lincoln issued
      the Emancipation
      freeing slaves in the
      Confederate States.
      Proclamation
      Many slaves headed north to join the fight!
    • 46. flikr
      Lee
      General _______and the South surrendered at
      to end the Civil War. 1865
      Appomattox Courthouse

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