Study of Avian Diversity in andaround Chinari, DistrictHattian, Azad Jammu andKashmir, PakistanMASAUD, N1., AWAN, M.S1., M...
INTRODUCTIONBirdWarm blooded animals, body covered by feathers, layegg, evolved million of years agoOccurrence Found a...
Continued….ImportanceImportant insect predators.Game animals.Provide esthetic pleasure (eco-tourism)Migration19% of ...
OBJECTIVESTo enlist and describe existing bird’s species andtheir abundance in the study area.To compare species richnes...
MATERIALS AND METHODSStudy AreaChinari is situated on 34o0834.292-0919.89 NLand 73o5016.26-5834.01E at an elevation of10...
Map of the study area showing study sites surveyed during study period
Continued….The important vegetation of the area includesPinus wallichiana, Cedrus deodara, Piceasmithiana, Abies pindrow,...
MethodologyTransect WalkPoint CountFor Larger habitat, radius was 50 m.For Smaller habitat, radius was 25m.SightingE...
Results and DiscussionA total of 72 bird species belonging to 13 ordersand 39 families were observed and identified.Over...
Continued….Out of 72 species, 69% belonged to orderPassariformes followed by Coraciformes (5.5%),Columbiformes, Strigifar...
Fig 3 Percentage relative abundance of bird species belonging to differentorders recorded during the year 2009
Fig 4 Species richness of bird’s species recorded during different seasons ofthe year 2009
Fig 5 Species abundance curve among study sites surveyed during the year2009
Fig 6 Species richness curve among study sites surveyed during the year 2009
Map 2 showing compression between species richness and abundance indifferent sites of the study area during study period.
Fig 7 Abundance of bird’s species recorded during different seasons of theyear 2009
Map 3 showing the compression of species richness between different seasonsat different sites of the study area during 2009.
Fig 8 Diversity indices of different seasons recorded during the year 2009Seasonal Shannon-wiener index of these species ...
Fig 9 Migration status of bird’s species along with their percentages recordedduring the year 2009Of the total 8 (11.1%) s...
Fig 10 Population status of bird’s species along with their percentagesrecorded during the year 2009The population status ...
Plate 1 Natural habitat at Garmanda
Plate 2 Grey tit sitting on tree of apple at Gujar bandi
Plate 3 Himalayan Griffon vultures sitting on tree at Tillikot
Plate 4 Kestral (Falco tinunculus) sitting in verandah at Chakhamma
Plate 5 Pair of Hoopoe sitting on ground at Gojar-bandi
Plate 6 Blossom headed parakeet sitting on tree at Qazinag
Plate 7 Paradise flycatcher sitting on tree at Tillikot
Plate 8 Yellow wagtail sitting on grass at Kathai
Plate 9 Large pied wagtail sitting on ground at Gojar bandi
Plate 10 White cheeked bulbul searching food in water
Plate 11 Bulbul sitting on Rose plant at Chumm
Plate 12 Golden fronted leaf bird sitting on tree at Gojjar-bandi
Plate 13 Leaf bird sitting on tree at Kathai
Plate 14 Himalayan tree creeper sitting on bark of tree at Tillikot
Plate 15 Whistling thrush sitting in a pot at Garmanda
Plate 16 Pied Bush Chat sitting on tree of (Accasia Arabica) at Kathai
Plate 17 Grey shrike sitting on wire at Gojar bandi
Plate 19 Jungle crow sitting on bark of tree
Plate 20 Common mynas sitting on rock at Tillikot
Plate 21 Grey tit sitting on tree of apple at Gujar bandi
ConclusionA significant difference in the biomass of thebirds between the different seasons of theyear, 2009.The availab...
Continued….Besides natural vegetation, cultivated areasare important source for the diversity ofavian fauna in the study ...
Continued….Destruction of the habitats resulted in theeradication of some species like goldenoriole, vultures, and roller...
RecommendationsResearch collaboration should be built betweenWildlife Department AJK and Department ofZoology, the Univer...
Thank You
Study of avian diversity in and around chinari
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Study of avian diversity in and around chinari

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Study of avian diversity in and around chinari

  1. 1. Study of Avian Diversity in andaround Chinari, DistrictHattian, Azad Jammu andKashmir, PakistanMASAUD, N1., AWAN, M.S1., MINHAS, R.A1.,DAR, N. I2.,AND ALI, U3.1Department of Zoology, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, 2Wildlife andFisheries Department of AJ&K, 3Department of Environmental Science, PMAS-AridAgriculture University Rawalpindi
  2. 2. INTRODUCTIONBirdWarm blooded animals, body covered by feathers, layegg, evolved million of years agoOccurrence Found all over the world, from Arctic to Kalahari and Africato Himalayan forests. Tolerate extreme weather conditions.Diversity About 10,000 species found all over the world. Of them 1400 species are found in Asia. 688 species listed in Pakistan. 200 reported in Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
  3. 3. Continued….ImportanceImportant insect predators.Game animals.Provide esthetic pleasure (eco-tourism)Migration19% of the total bird species are migratory.Migrate for long distance, non-stop over seas,from north pole to south pole.Some fly as high as 20,000 feet above the sealevel.Migratory route of Pakistan is called GreenRoute or Route No. 4.
  4. 4. OBJECTIVESTo enlist and describe existing bird’s species andtheir abundance in the study area.To compare species richness and speciesabundance between study sites and differentseasons.To calculate the Shannon-wiener index of avianfauna in and around Chinari.Developing GIS based information regardingspecies richness and species abundance of bird’sfauna.
  5. 5. MATERIALS AND METHODSStudy AreaChinari is situated on 34o0834.292-0919.89 NLand 73o5016.26-5834.01E at an elevation of1066-1539 m.Qazinaag Game Reserve. Temperature of study area ranges between 1.1-35.5˚C with average rainfall of 330.7 mmannually.
  6. 6. Map of the study area showing study sites surveyed during study period
  7. 7. Continued….The important vegetation of the area includesPinus wallichiana, Cedrus deodara, Piceasmithiana, Abies pindrow, Taxus wallichiana, Acercaesium, Aesculus indica, Acacia modesta etc.The important shrubs of the area include Berberislycium, Indigofera gerardiana, Loniceraquinquilocularis, Parrotia jacquemontiana etc.
  8. 8. MethodologyTransect WalkPoint CountFor Larger habitat, radius was 50 m.For Smaller habitat, radius was 25m.SightingEarly in the morning at 5:30 am during spring, 5:00 amduring summer and 6:00 am during autumn.Before evening at 4:30 p.m. during spring, 6:30 p.m.during summer and 6:00 p.m. during autumn.
  9. 9. Results and DiscussionA total of 72 bird species belonging to 13 ordersand 39 families were observed and identified.Over all relative abundance was recorded highestfor Common myna (0.005) and lowest forCommon starling (0.001). Species richness was recorded highest in summer(n=54) followed by autumn (46) and spring(n=40).Species abundance was highest during summer(316) followed by spring (311) and autumn (280).
  10. 10. Continued….Out of 72 species, 69% belonged to orderPassariformes followed by Coraciformes (5.5%),Columbiformes, Strigifarmes (4.16% both),Psitassiformes, Accipitiformes, Faolconiformes,Charadiformes (2.77% of each), Piciformes,Galliformes, Apodiformes, Cuculiformes andCarimulyiformes (1.3% each).The prominent bird species includes, Wagtail,Kingfisher, Bulbul, Doves, Crows, Warbler,Vultures, Chats, Thrushes, Woodpecker,Flycatcher, Nuthatches, Magpie, Tree pie,Swallows and leaf birds.
  11. 11. Fig 3 Percentage relative abundance of bird species belonging to differentorders recorded during the year 2009
  12. 12. Fig 4 Species richness of bird’s species recorded during different seasons ofthe year 2009
  13. 13. Fig 5 Species abundance curve among study sites surveyed during the year2009
  14. 14. Fig 6 Species richness curve among study sites surveyed during the year 2009
  15. 15. Map 2 showing compression between species richness and abundance indifferent sites of the study area during study period.
  16. 16. Fig 7 Abundance of bird’s species recorded during different seasons of theyear 2009
  17. 17. Map 3 showing the compression of species richness between different seasonsat different sites of the study area during 2009.
  18. 18. Fig 8 Diversity indices of different seasons recorded during the year 2009Seasonal Shannon-wiener index of these species were recorded highest (4.95) insummer season followed by spring (4.2) and autumn.
  19. 19. Fig 9 Migration status of bird’s species along with their percentages recordedduring the year 2009Of the total 8 (11.1%) species were resident birds, 9 (12.5%) species wereresident confined to Himalayan ecosystem, 7 (9.72%) species were summarvisitors, 5 (6.94%) species were winter visitor, 12 (16.6%) species showedseasonal altitudinal migration while remaining 30 (41.6%) species were confinedto Himalayan ecosystem.
  20. 20. Fig 10 Population status of bird’s species along with their percentagesrecorded during the year 2009The population status is calculated as 50 (69%) species were common, 4 (5.55%)species were abundant, and 9 (1.25%) species were rare while the remaining 9(1.25%) species were frequent.
  21. 21. Plate 1 Natural habitat at Garmanda
  22. 22. Plate 2 Grey tit sitting on tree of apple at Gujar bandi
  23. 23. Plate 3 Himalayan Griffon vultures sitting on tree at Tillikot
  24. 24. Plate 4 Kestral (Falco tinunculus) sitting in verandah at Chakhamma
  25. 25. Plate 5 Pair of Hoopoe sitting on ground at Gojar-bandi
  26. 26. Plate 6 Blossom headed parakeet sitting on tree at Qazinag
  27. 27. Plate 7 Paradise flycatcher sitting on tree at Tillikot
  28. 28. Plate 8 Yellow wagtail sitting on grass at Kathai
  29. 29. Plate 9 Large pied wagtail sitting on ground at Gojar bandi
  30. 30. Plate 10 White cheeked bulbul searching food in water
  31. 31. Plate 11 Bulbul sitting on Rose plant at Chumm
  32. 32. Plate 12 Golden fronted leaf bird sitting on tree at Gojjar-bandi
  33. 33. Plate 13 Leaf bird sitting on tree at Kathai
  34. 34. Plate 14 Himalayan tree creeper sitting on bark of tree at Tillikot
  35. 35. Plate 15 Whistling thrush sitting in a pot at Garmanda
  36. 36. Plate 16 Pied Bush Chat sitting on tree of (Accasia Arabica) at Kathai
  37. 37. Plate 17 Grey shrike sitting on wire at Gojar bandi
  38. 38. Plate 19 Jungle crow sitting on bark of tree
  39. 39. Plate 20 Common mynas sitting on rock at Tillikot
  40. 40. Plate 21 Grey tit sitting on tree of apple at Gujar bandi
  41. 41. ConclusionA significant difference in the biomass of thebirds between the different seasons of theyear, 2009.The availability of food may be one of thecause of this variation.Breeding in summer season could be animportant source of variation and higherdiversity index in summer.Migration from higher altitudes towardslower decrease diversity index in winter.
  42. 42. Continued….Besides natural vegetation, cultivated areasare important source for the diversity ofavian fauna in the study area.Most of the birds depend on the food inthe form of seeds, grains, weeds or insectshence they are closer to the agriculturallands.Due to different requirements of food andspace, the interspecific and intraspecificcompetition seemed within the bearablelimits.
  43. 43. Continued….Destruction of the habitats resulted in theeradication of some species like goldenoriole, vultures, and rollers and havemigrated to higher elevations, vegetatedand undistributed areas around Chinari.
  44. 44. RecommendationsResearch collaboration should be built betweenWildlife Department AJK and Department ofZoology, the University of AJK to carry outdetailed surveys for the proper management andof wildlife species of the area.Some endangered and vulnerable species (Cheerpheasant and Westren horned tragopon)categorized under international conservationstatus are present in the study area. It is therefore,pertinent that protection and conservationprogramms for the area should be based on thepresence of these species.
  45. 45. Thank You
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