SOCIO ECONOMIC IMPACTSOCIO ECONOMIC IMPACTOF TROPHY HUNTING ON COMUNITIES INOF TROPHY HUNTING ON COMUNITIES INGILGIT BALTISTANGILGIT BALTISTANSHER BAHADURSHER BAHADURANDANDJAMILA BAIGJAMILA BAIGDepartment of Biological SciencesDepartment of Biological SciencesKARAKORAM INTERNATIONALKARAKORAM INTERNATIONALUNIVERSITY,GILGITUNIVERSITY,GILGIT
Outline of study INTRODUCTION OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY RESEARCH DESIGN RESULTS CONCLUSIONS RECMANDATIONS
Trophy HuntingTrophy Hunting Trophy hunting is a form of sport huntingTrophy hunting is a form of sport huntingwhere people enjoy nature with fulfilling theirwhere people enjoy nature with fulfilling theirdesire of hunting wild animals.desire of hunting wild animals.
Hunter with trophyHunter with trophy
Community-based Trophy Hunting ProgramsCommunity-based Trophy Hunting ProgramsININ GILGIT BALTISTANGILGIT BALTISTAN CTHPs were developed by IUCN and WWFCTHPs were developed by IUCN and WWFbetween 1989.(Shackleton.,D.M1997)between 1989.(Shackleton.,D.M1997) A CTHP involving two species ofA CTHP involving two species of CaprinaeCaprinae (wild(wildgoat and sheep), markhor and Asiatic ibex, wasgoat and sheep), markhor and Asiatic ibex, wasdeveloped to provide an economic incentive fordeveloped to provide an economic incentive forcommunities to conserve biological diversity,communities to conserve biological diversity,including habitat for wildlife.including habitat for wildlife.(Shackleton.,D.M1997)(Shackleton.,D.M1997)
CCHA IN G.BCCHA IN G.BName of CCHAName of CCHA ss Area (Sq km)Area (Sq km) Khyber HunzaKhyber Hunza 323323 Bar NagarBar Nagar 906906 Shinaki HunzaShinaki Hunza 233233 Gulkin HunzaGulkin Hunza 103103 Karumber GhizerKarumber Ghizer 647647 Hoshey GhancheHoshey Ghanche 582582 Bunji AstoreBunji Astore 696696 S.K.B SkarduS.K.B Skardu 19811981 K.V.O HunzaK.V.O Hunza 650650 Gulmit/Minapin HunzaGulmit/Minapin Hunza 210210 Sakwar/Jutial/BarmasSakwar/Jutial/Barmas GilgitGilgit 7575 Sikanderabad/JafferabadSikanderabad/Jafferabad 4444
Hunting SeasonHunting Season The hunting season for ungulate species shall beThe hunting season for ungulate species shall beform 1form 1ststNovember to 31 March as per theNovember to 31 March as per theprovision in the Northern Areas Wildlife Actprovision in the Northern Areas Wildlife Act1975.1975. The Chief Wild life warden amended this rule inThe Chief Wild life warden amended this rule in2006 and extended the hunting period up to 202006 and extended the hunting period up to 20ththApril.April.
Size of Trophy.Size of Trophy. The minimum male trophy size forThe minimum male trophy size for Himalayan Ibex, is 36inch.Himalayan Ibex, is 36inch. Astore Markhore 40inch.Astore Markhore 40inch. Blue sheep shall be 25 inch;Blue sheep shall be 25 inch;Shooting of undersize, females and year lings is anShooting of undersize, females and year lings is anoffence as per the Gilgit Baltistan Wildlife Actoffence as per the Gilgit Baltistan Wildlife Act1975.1975.
MARKHORMARKHOR Permit Cost: Government permit cost is US$Permit Cost: Government permit cost is US$40000-00 for each markhor.40000-00 for each markhor.
IBEXIBEX Permit Cost: Government permit cost isPermit Cost: Government permit cost isUS$ 2500-00 for each ibex.US$ 2500-00 for each ibex.
BLUE SHEEPBLUE SHEEP Permit Cost: Government permit cost is US$Permit Cost: Government permit cost is US$6000 for each Blue Sheep6000 for each Blue Sheep
Objective of the studyObjective of the studyThe study was carried out to find out the followingThe study was carried out to find out the followingpoints.points. Socio-economic condition of communities ofSocio-economic condition of communities ofG.B.G.B. Impact of trophy Hunting on ecosystem andImpact of trophy Hunting on ecosystem anddevelopment of area.development of area. Protection and conservation of endangeredProtection and conservation of endangeredspecie.specie.
RESEARCH DESIGNRESEARCH DESIGN The study was carried out in the trophy huntingThe study was carried out in the trophy huntingareas of G.B which comprised of 97347 person.areas of G.B which comprised of 97347 person. The study was conducted through randomThe study was conducted through randomsampling of communities and owners with thesampling of communities and owners with thehelp of list prepared from voters list .help of list prepared from voters list . 10 communities were randomly selected to10 communities were randomly selected tocollect the data from entire area.collect the data from entire area.
Interviews were conducted on the basis ofespecially designed questionnaires and.The questions were asked and filled in byan interviewer in a face to face interviewwith respondent.
Map of Study AreaMap of Study Area
RESULTSRESULTS There is no apparent difference in opinion ofThere is no apparent difference in opinion ofrespondents. almost all respondents haverespondents. almost all respondents havesame perceptions about general effect of thesame perceptions about general effect of theconservation of wildlife and trophy huntingconservation of wildlife and trophy huntingprojects upon the area.projects upon the area. Majority 90% of the local community membersMajority 90% of the local community memberswere the view that the project had broughtwere the view that the project had broughtpositive change in the income of the projectpositive change in the income of the projectarea.area.
ConclusionConclusion Through the study we concluded that these types ofThrough the study we concluded that these types ofproject are very beneficial for the local communitiesproject are very beneficial for the local communitiesand also for the improvement of environment.and also for the improvement of environment. Through the conservation of wildlife and trophyThrough the conservation of wildlife and trophyhunting projects the people are well aware about thehunting projects the people are well aware about thewildlife and environment.wildlife and environment. The people want to protect the animals for recreationalThe people want to protect the animals for recreationalvalue.value. The Local person gets employment through the TrophyThe Local person gets employment through the Trophyhunting.hunting. The Local people are also getting training in huntingThe Local people are also getting training in huntingand conservation activities.and conservation activities.
RecommendationsRecommendations Communities are to be involved in theCommunities are to be involved in themanagement of natural resources like trophymanagement of natural resources like trophyhunting considering them to support thehunting considering them to support theconservation.conservation. The distribution of quota should be madeThe distribution of quota should be madethrough a transparent mechanism involvingthrough a transparent mechanism involvingcommunity representatives.community representatives.
Acknowledgments Mrs.Jamila Baig(Supervisor) Mr.Sabir Hussain SDFO (Co-Supervisor)Dr Ehsan Elahi Ex-ChiarmainDepartment of Biological Science Karakoraminternational university Gilgit Baltistan