Rasheed prsen
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Rasheed prsen Presentation Transcript

  • 1. SOIL MACRO INVERTEBRATS OFSOIL MACRO INVERTEBRATS OFBAGROT VALLEY INBAGROT VALLEY INCENTRAL KARAKORAM NATIONALCENTRAL KARAKORAM NATIONALPARKPARKGILGIT-BALTISTANGILGIT-BALTISTANRasheed AhmedRasheed AhmedKARAKORAM INTERNATIONALKARAKORAM INTERNATIONALUNIVERSITY,GILGITUNIVERSITY,GILGIT
  • 2. SUPERVISOR:SUPERVISOR:Mrs.Jamila BaigMrs.Jamila BaigCO-SUPERVISOR:CO-SUPERVISOR:Dr. Leonardo LatellaDr. Leonardo Latella((The Museo Civico di Storia Naturale of VeronaThe Museo Civico di Storia Naturale of Verona(MCSNV) Italy)(MCSNV) Italy)Department of Biological SciencesDepartment of Biological SciencesKARAKORAM INTERNATIONALKARAKORAM INTERNATIONALUNIVERSITYUNIVERSITYGilgit - BaltistanGilgit - Baltistan
  • 3. IntroductionIntroduction Biological diversityBiological diversitybiodiversity refers to the variety of life on earthbiodiversity refers to the variety of life on earth Soil biodiversitySoil biodiversitySoil is the most biologically diverse part of earth.Soil is the most biologically diverse part of earth.The soil food web includes beetles, mites,The soil food web includes beetles, mites,warms, spiders, ants, nematodes, fungi, bacteria,warms, spiders, ants, nematodes, fungi, bacteria,and other organismsand other organisms
  • 4. CENTRAL KARAKORAMCENTRAL KARAKORAMNATIONAL PARKNATIONAL PARK The Karakoram (Black Rock Mountains) is oneThe Karakoram (Black Rock Mountains) is oneof the important mountain ranges of the world.of the important mountain ranges of the world. The Northern Areas administration has notifiedThe Northern Areas administration has notifiedCKNP as National Park in 1993.The originalCKNP as National Park in 1993.The originalCentral Karakoram National Park is theCentral Karakoram National Park is thePakistan’s largest protected area (PA),Pakistan’s largest protected area (PA), CKNP falls into the administrative districts ofCKNP falls into the administrative districts ofGilgit, Skardu and GhancheGilgit, Skardu and Ghanche
  • 5. BAGROT VALLEYBAGROT VALLEY situated within the Karakoram Range ofsituated within the Karakoram Range ofnorthern Pakistan and 40 km from the town ofnorthern Pakistan and 40 km from the town ofGilgitGilgit Around the Valley, three Great Mountains ofAround the Valley, three Great Mountains ofKarakorum region, Rakaposhi peak, Diran peakKarakorum region, Rakaposhi peak, Diran peakand Dubani, peak existsand Dubani, peak exists
  • 6. Objectives of the studyObjectives of the study To identify the soil macro-invertebrate’sTo identify the soil macro-invertebrate’sbiodiversity of Bagrot valley of Centralbiodiversity of Bagrot valley of CentralKarakoram National Park (CKNP).Karakoram National Park (CKNP). Identify the variation among invertebrate’s taxa.Identify the variation among invertebrate’s taxa. To identify the main factors affecting onTo identify the main factors affecting oninvertebrate’s community.invertebrate’s community. Identify the diverse area of invertebrates inIdentify the diverse area of invertebrates inBagrot valley.Bagrot valley.
  • 7. MATERIALS & METHODSMATERIALS & METHODS
  • 8. Pitfall trapsPitfall traps
  • 9. Manual collectionManual collection
  • 10. Malaise trapsMalaise traps
  • 11. RESULTSRESULTS Only Arthropods were caught with the pitfallOnly Arthropods were caught with the pitfalltraps.traps. Within them, the insect order of Coleoptera wasWithin them, the insect order of Coleoptera wasalways the dominant taxon.always the dominant taxon. Different community composition wasDifferent community composition wasobserved among the six sitesobserved among the six sites
  • 12. Site 1 (Near the Hinarche glacier snout)Site 1 (Near the Hinarche glacier snout) Araneae 4%;Araneae 4%; Homoptera 4%Homoptera 4% Coleoptera 70%Coleoptera 70% Diptera 22%Diptera 22% Total number of specimens (Site 1) = 500Total number of specimens (Site 1) = 500010203040506070AraneaeColeopteraDipteraHomoptera
  • 13. Site 2 (250 meters below theSite 2 (250 meters below theHinarche glacier snout)Hinarche glacier snout) Chilopoda 9%;Chilopoda 9%; Acari 18 %Acari 18 % Coleoptera 64%Coleoptera 64% Hymenoptera 9%Hymenoptera 9% Total number of specimens (Site 2) = 870Total number of specimens (Site 2) = 8700100200300400500600ChilopodaAcraciColeopteraHymenoptera
  • 14. Site 3 (300 mSite 3 (300 m the Hinarche glacierthe Hinarche glaciersnoutsnout)) Diptera 5%;Diptera 5%; Hymenoptera 95%Hymenoptera 95% Total number of specimens (Site 3) = 1056Total number of specimens (Site 3) = 1056020040060080010001200HymepteraDiptera
  • 15. Site 4 (500 mSite 4 (500 m the Hinarche glacierthe Hinarche glaciersnoutsnout)) Neuroptera 10%;Neuroptera 10%; Diptera 20%;Diptera 20%; Hymenoptera 70%Hymenoptera 70% Total number of specimens (Site 4) = 1500Total number of specimens (Site 4) = 1500020040060080010001200HymepteraNeuropteraDiptera
  • 16. Site 5 (Under deciduous trees)Site 5 (Under deciduous trees) Araneae 8%;Araneae 8%; Coleoptera 77%;Coleoptera 77%; Diptera 15%Diptera 15% Total number of specimens (Site 5) = 2010Total number of specimens (Site 5) = 201002004006008001000120014001600AraneaeColepteraDiptera
  • 17. Site 6 (Under deciduous trees near aSite 6 (Under deciduous trees near astream)stream) Araneae 4%;Araneae 4%; Acari 4%;Acari 4%; Coleoptera 77%;Coleoptera 77%; Diptera 15%Diptera 15% Total number of specimens (Site 6) = 2470Total number of specimens (Site 6) = 24700200400600800100012001400160018002000AraneaeAcariColeopteraDiptera
  • 18. Different community composition observed among the 6 siteDifferent community composition observed among the 6 sitein Numberin NumberCommunityCommunitycomposition innumberCommunitycomposition inPercentage %Coleoptera 4358 51.80%Diptera 1135 13.50%Araneae 279 3.30%Hymoptera 2151 25.60%Chilopoda 78 0.90%Acari 255 3%Neuroptera 150 1.80%
  • 19. CONCLUSIONCONCLUSION Total 8604 invertebrates collected in the fieldTotal 8604 invertebrates collected in the field The low level of soil invertebrates diversity,The low level of soil invertebrates diversity,observed during this study, mainly the snoutobserved during this study, mainly the snoutglacier and near the glacier snout (sites 1 and 2)glacier and near the glacier snout (sites 1 and 2)due the harsh environment.due the harsh environment. The forested area in fact, is heavily exploited andThe forested area in fact, is heavily exploited andaltered by local people. Diversity of plants,altered by local people. Diversity of plants,which influences soil arthropod abundance andwhich influences soil arthropod abundance anddiversitydiversity
  • 20. I am grateful to Mrs.Jamila Baig (Supervisor) Dr. Leonardo LatellaDr. Leonardo Latella (Co-Supervisor)((The Museo Civico di Storia Naturale of VeronaThe Museo Civico di Storia Naturale of Verona(MCSNV) Italy)(MCSNV) Italy)
  • 21. THANKTHANKYOUYOU