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Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
Oral presentation2003
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Oral presentation2003

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  • 1. 1
  • 2.  Introduction› Importance› Worldwide data› Objectives Materials and methods Results and discussion Summary Conclusion2
  • 3.  Chemo-heterotrophic Decomposers in natural ecosystem Mushrooms› Technically belong to kingdom fungi and phylumBasidiomycota with gills, but› largely fleshy woody fungi, bracket fungi belong to twoorders Agaricales and Aphyllophorales respectively3
  • 4.  Used as delicacy Potential protein source High content of essential amino acid, vitamins,thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, minerals and low lipidcontent Used in Medicinal tonics, various cosmeticsbeverages, pharmaceutical industries Have capacity to convert nutritionally valuelesssubstances into high protein food Essential part of natural cycle of birth, death, decayand renewal in all forest ecosystems4
  • 5.  115,000 of mushroom species known world-wide Agaricales 80,000 (fleshy fungi with cap & tail) Gasteromycetes 10,000 (puff balls & stink horn) Aphyllophorales 20,000 (toothed, Polypores) Jelly fungi 5000 i.e. Tremellales, Auricularialesand Dacrymycetales (Hawksworth, 2001)5
  • 6.  To check the diversity of mushrooms in kuldanna(Murree) forest To classify the fungi on the basis of theirdistinguishing characteristics To assess the relationship between mushroomspecies, occurrence, environmental factors andvegetation type in Kuldanna forest of Murree6
  • 7.  From the whole collection sixteen samples ofmushrooms enlisted systematically with;› Salient characters of genus and species› Auto-ecological notes› Habitat› Distribution› Medicinal value› Edibility7
  • 8. COLLECTION SITE:› Forest of Murree Kuldanna, Rawalpindi› 2 Km square area selected8
  • 9. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN› Collection of samples with host from the citedarea after snapshot› Drying of the specimen› After identification placed in separateenvelope with all data› Indentify on the basis of morphologicalcharacters and microscopic characters› Recorded observation also sketched on aseparate sheet of paper then matched themwith standard size i-e; compare it with existingliterature› Placed in collection box with phenyl balls inorder to preserve from insect attack9
  • 10. Pleurotus ostreatus Importance› Used industrially forMyco-remediation purposes› Delicious edible mushroom› Lovastatin and Lysine› Treatment of lumber and neck pain, numbness,tumor suppression10
  • 11.  Very successful wood decaying fungus Beta glucan extracted, capable of relieving drycondition, atopicdiseases and itchinginhibiting tumor If spores enter in bloodcirculation causesparalysis11
  • 12.  Voracious decomposer of dead wood Causes wood rot in standing trees Best producer of manganese peroxide Antibacterial, antifungal, and antitumor12
  • 13.  Important decayer of conifer wood Generally describe as saprophyte In some areas known to attack living trees Expelling wind, moisture› Antitumor13
  • 14.  Saprotroph Degrade glucan along with bit of cellulose Contain unique compound including a metabolite,concentricol (oxidized squallene) Tinder for fire lighting, like charcoal Home of insect andsmall animals14
  • 15.  Used in traditional herbal remedies Two substances extracted from (PSK) &(PSP) beingstudied as possible complementary cancertreatment VPS, another extract sold as dietary supplement Decomposer15
  • 16.  On logs of deciduous trees Contain polysaccharide (anti-tumour) Immune system enhancing activity16
  • 17.  Edible Form symbiotic relationship with various species ofdeciduous trees Treatment of backache leg pain, numbness, tumorsuppression17
  • 18.  Edible , but not recommended due to its taste Tumor suppression18
  • 19.  Decayer of plant material Present on wood and on mulchs grasses, wheat andstraws Anti-tumor19
  • 20.  Wood rotting saprobes20
  • 21.  Saprotroph Wood decayer causes “white rot” or “brown rot”21
  • 22.  Parasitic on deciduous trees Cause intensive white rot Tumor suppression22
  • 23.  Mature with red brown gills Poisonous Referred as wood woolly foot23
  • 24.  Present on trunk of living broad leaved trees Tonic herbal in traditional Chinese medicine Powerful antibiotic Liver tonic Immune tonic Lowering blood pressure Suppressing tumor24
  • 25.  On ground among Cynodon dactylon Edible25
  • 26.  Decayer Common on dead logs and dead woods26
  • 27.  Edible Treatment for gastrointestinal, Indigestion Extract, interferon anticancer Exportable27
  • 28.  MEDICINAL IMPORTANT FUNGI1. Morchella spp2. Pleurotus ostreatus3. Pleurotus variety4. Ganoderma lucidum5. Lacterius piperatus6. Lactarius pergamenus7. Phellinus igniarius8. Volvariella spp9. Coriolus versicolor10. Fomitopsis pinicola11. Trichamptum biforme12. Schizophyllum commune13. Pleurotus ostreatus28
  • 29. 1. Pleurotus ostreatus2. Pleurotus variety3. Lactarius piperatus4. Lactarius pergamenus5. Morchella spp29
  • 30. 1. Coriolus hirsutus2. Coriolus versicolor3. Ganoderma lucidum4. Hygrocybe5. Lactarius pergamenus6. Lactarius piperatus7. Pleurotus ostreatus8. Collybia peronata9. Phellinus igniarius10. Pluteus11. Polyporus12. Poria paradoxa13. Schizophyllum commune14. Volvariella15. Trichamptum biforme16. Fomitopsis pinicola 30
  • 31. 1. Coriolus hirsutus2. Coriolus Versicolor3. Ganoderma lucidum4. Phellinus igniarius5. Fomes6. Pleurotus spp.7. Poria8. Schizophyllum9. Polyporus31
  • 32. 1. Lactarius piperatus2. Lactarius pergamenus3. Volvariella32
  • 33. Sr. No. Mode of living No. of sample percentage1. Saprophytic 16/16 100%2. Micorrhizal 9/16 56.25%3. Parasitic 3/16 18.75%33
  • 34. 34Percentage of different living modesof fungi020406080100120Saprophytic Parasitic MicorhizalDifferent living modes of fungiPercentage
  • 35. Sr.No. Characteristics No. of sample Calculatedvalue of ChiTabulatedvalue1. Medicinal 13/16 6.22 3.842. Non medicinal 3/163. Edible 5/16 2.24 3.844. Non edible 11/1635
  • 36.  This report would be beneficial to them who wantto study the mushroom taxonomically orecologically, biologist, chemist, biochemist andindustrialist will come to know about the mushroomflora of this area They can arrange the required material to extractthe value able compound like anti tumor, antibacterial medicines36
  • 37. THANKS37

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