1. Hasina Ali andArshad AliDepartment of Biological SciencesKarakoram International UniversityGilgit- Baltistan
2. IntroductionObjectivesMaterials and MethodResultsConclusionRecommendationsAcknowledgement
3. Himalayan Ibex Wild animals plays animportant role in makingfood chain Add beauty of anenvironment Animal needs adequateresources so that theirpopulation not only survivebut thrive (Nemgail 2009). In past ages Himalayan Ibexis very common in all regionsof Gilgit Baltistan. Due to un control huntingHimalayan Ibex is onlyconfined to some areas. Due to conservationalmeasures no of Ibex areincreased in KNP.
4. Himalayan IbexIbex live in herdStructurally dimorphicInhabitant of high elevationsPopulation size and densityplace obvious constrain onmaximal group size(Shackleton, 1984).Population study isimportant to find viability ofspecies.No ungulates yet studiedhas remain constant innumber due to fluctuation inconditions these fluctuationscan effect the agedistribution of theanimals( Caughley, 1969).
5. Himalayan Ibex
6. ObjectivesStudy was made to achieve fallowing goals Population size Population Distribution Population structureof Himalayan Ibex
7. Materials and MethodsStudy area: Khunjerab National ParkKNP was established inApril 29, 1975.Main purpose of theestablishment of the parkwas to conserve ruminantpopulation of Marco polosheep and IbexPark consist of threevalleys•Khunjerab• Ghujerab•Shimshal
8. located 269 kmfrom Gilgit inGojal regionbetweencoordinatesLongitude 74° 55’E to 75° 57’ E andLatitude 36° 01’ Nto 37° 02’ N.Total Area6,150 square km(Khan, 2006).Study area KNP
9. Research DesignWe conducted about three field surveys of the areaduring spring, summer and autumn 2009.Line transect method was used in about 52km area.Made 10 vantage pointsUsed• Binoculars• Spotting scope• GPS• Digital camera
10. Spotting by using spotting scope Himalayan Ibex herd at Dhee nullahMaterials and Methods
11. A herd of Himalayan Ibex
12. ResultsNumber of Ibexes in different season in KNPHabitat Spring SummerAutumn Elevation/mPamerchibridge o 0 0 3000Dhee 26 0 0 3160Karchanai 0 0 3 3272Torqeen 50 0 0 3400Burkhoon 0 0 0 3499Arbab kook 8 0 0 3690Boozgill 29 0 0 3700Gozoosh 16 0 0 3800Koksil 15 0 0 3918Khunjerab Top 62 100 0 4530
13. General population of Ibex with respect to habitatHabitat Total populationPamerchi bridge 0Dhee 26Karchanai 3Torqeen 50Burkhoon 0Arbab kook 8Boozgill 29Gozoosh 16Koksil 15Khunjerab Top 162
19. Total population structure of Himalayan Ibexseason wise.Season Males Females yearlings Kids TrophysizeSpring 81 93 32 0 40Summer31 45 11 13 0Autumn 1 2 0 0 0
20. ConclutionsIbex groups contains males, females, yearlings, andtrophy size.Although in the present study we observed abundantnumber of Ibex in KNP, as the data shows that thenumber of kids are less this indicates populationdecline in future.Other threats are increasing human and livestockpopulation and destruction of habitat.Population distribution of Ibex is greatly influencedby temperature variation.
21. Road construction and its impact on wildlife
22. Livestock grazing pressure
23. RecommendationsReduce grazing pressure by keeping livestock awayfrom the park.Decrease human interruption in the park.Establish breeding centers to increase Ibexpopulation in future.Awareness about importance of Ibex among thecommunity should be increased.
24. AcknowledgementWWF for financial assistancePakistan wetlands programNUFU (HIMUNET) for financial assistanceKarkoram International University, Gilgit Baltistan,Pakistan