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My ibex presentation

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  • 1. Hasina Ali andArshad AliDepartment of Biological SciencesKarakoram International UniversityGilgit- Baltistan
  • 2. IntroductionObjectivesMaterials and MethodResultsConclusionRecommendationsAcknowledgement
  • 3. Himalayan Ibex Wild animals plays animportant role in makingfood chain Add beauty of anenvironment Animal needs adequateresources so that theirpopulation not only survivebut thrive (Nemgail 2009). In past ages Himalayan Ibexis very common in all regionsof Gilgit Baltistan. Due to un control huntingHimalayan Ibex is onlyconfined to some areas. Due to conservationalmeasures no of Ibex areincreased in KNP.
  • 4. Himalayan IbexIbex live in herdStructurally dimorphicInhabitant of high elevationsPopulation size and densityplace obvious constrain onmaximal group size(Shackleton, 1984).Population study isimportant to find viability ofspecies.No ungulates yet studiedhas remain constant innumber due to fluctuation inconditions these fluctuationscan effect the agedistribution of theanimals( Caughley, 1969).
  • 5. Himalayan Ibex
  • 6. ObjectivesStudy was made to achieve fallowing goals Population size Population Distribution Population structureof Himalayan Ibex
  • 7. Materials and MethodsStudy area: Khunjerab National ParkKNP was established inApril 29, 1975.Main purpose of theestablishment of the parkwas to conserve ruminantpopulation of Marco polosheep and IbexPark consist of threevalleys•Khunjerab• Ghujerab•Shimshal
  • 8. located 269 kmfrom Gilgit inGojal regionbetweencoordinatesLongitude 74° 55’E to 75° 57’ E andLatitude 36° 01’ Nto 37° 02’ N.Total Area6,150 square km(Khan, 2006).Study area KNP
  • 9. Research DesignWe conducted about three field surveys of the areaduring spring, summer and autumn 2009.Line transect method was used in about 52km area.Made 10 vantage pointsUsed• Binoculars• Spotting scope• GPS• Digital camera
  • 10. Spotting by using spotting scope Himalayan Ibex herd at Dhee nullahMaterials and Methods
  • 11. A herd of Himalayan Ibex
  • 12. ResultsNumber of Ibexes in different season in KNPHabitat Spring SummerAutumn Elevation/mPamerchibridge o 0 0 3000Dhee 26 0 0 3160Karchanai 0 0 3 3272Torqeen 50 0 0 3400Burkhoon 0 0 0 3499Arbab kook 8 0 0 3690Boozgill 29 0 0 3700Gozoosh 16 0 0 3800Koksil 15 0 0 3918Khunjerab Top 62 100 0 4530
  • 13. General population of Ibex with respect to habitatHabitat Total populationPamerchi bridge 0Dhee 26Karchanai 3Torqeen 50Burkhoon 0Arbab kook 8Boozgill 29Gozoosh 16Koksil 15Khunjerab Top 162
  • 14. Population structure of Ibex during spring seasonHabitat Male Female Yearling KidsPamerchibridge0 0 0 0Dhee 5 19 2 0Karchanai 1 2 0 0Torqeen 15 22 13 0Burkhoon 0 0 0 0Arbab kook 1 6 1 0Boozgill 5 16 8 0Gozoosh 4 10 2 0Koksil 9 5 1 0KhunjerabTop42 15 5 0
  • 15. Population structure of Ibexes at different valleys of KNP during summerHabitat Male Female Yearling KidsPamerchibridge0 0 0 0Dhee 0 0 0 0Karchanai 0 0 0 0Torqeen 0 0 0 0Burkhoon 0 0 0 0Arbab kook 0 0 0 0Boozgill 0 0 0 0Gozoosh 0 0 0 0Koksil 0 0 0 0KhunjerabTop31 45 11 13
  • 16. Population structure of Ibex during autumn seasonHabitat Male Female Yearlings KidsPamerchi bridge 0 0 0 0Dhee 0 0 0 0Karchanai 1 2 0 0Torqeen 0 0 0 0Burkhoon 0 0 0 0Arbab kook 0 0 0 0Boozgill 0 0 0 0Gozoosh 0 0 0 0Koksil 0 0 0 0Khunjerab Top 0 0 0 0
  • 17. Distribution of trophy size animals in KNPHabitat Spring Summer AutumnPamerchi bridge 0 0 0Dhee 1 0 0Karchanai 0 0 0Torqeen 4 0 0Burkhoon 0 0 0Arbab kook 0 0 0Boozgill 5 0 0Gozoosh 0 0 0Koksil 15 0 0Khunjerab Top 20 0 0
  • 18. wise:Habitat Male Female Yearlings Kids TrophysizePamerchibridge0 0 0 0 0Dhee 5 19 2 0 1Karchanai 1 2 0 0 0Torqeen 15 22 13 0 4Burkhoon 0 0 0 0 0Arbab kook 1 6 1 0 0Boozgill 5 16 8 0 5Gozoosh 4 10 2 0 0Koksil 9 5 1 0 10KhunjerabTop73 60 16 13 20
  • 19. Total population structure of Himalayan Ibexseason wise.Season Males Females yearlings Kids TrophysizeSpring 81 93 32 0 40Summer31 45 11 13 0Autumn 1 2 0 0 0
  • 20. ConclutionsIbex groups contains males, females, yearlings, andtrophy size.Although in the present study we observed abundantnumber of Ibex in KNP, as the data shows that thenumber of kids are less this indicates populationdecline in future.Other threats are increasing human and livestockpopulation and destruction of habitat.Population distribution of Ibex is greatly influencedby temperature variation.
  • 21. Road construction and its impact on wildlife
  • 22. Livestock grazing pressure
  • 23. RecommendationsReduce grazing pressure by keeping livestock awayfrom the park.Decrease human interruption in the park.Establish breeding centers to increase Ibexpopulation in future.Awareness about importance of Ibex among thecommunity should be increased.
  • 24. AcknowledgementWWF for financial assistancePakistan wetlands programNUFU (HIMUNET) for financial assistanceKarkoram International University, Gilgit Baltistan,Pakistan