Hasina Ali andArshad AliDepartment of Biological SciencesKarakoram International UniversityGilgit- Baltistan
IntroductionObjectivesMaterials and MethodResultsConclusionRecommendationsAcknowledgement
Himalayan Ibex Wild animals plays animportant role in makingfood chain Add beauty of anenvironment Animal needs adequateresources so that theirpopulation not only survivebut thrive (Nemgail 2009). In past ages Himalayan Ibexis very common in all regionsof Gilgit Baltistan. Due to un control huntingHimalayan Ibex is onlyconfined to some areas. Due to conservationalmeasures no of Ibex areincreased in KNP.
Himalayan IbexIbex live in herdStructurally dimorphicInhabitant of high elevationsPopulation size and densityplace obvious constrain onmaximal group size(Shackleton, 1984).Population study isimportant to find viability ofspecies.No ungulates yet studiedhas remain constant innumber due to fluctuation inconditions these fluctuationscan effect the agedistribution of theanimals( Caughley, 1969).
ObjectivesStudy was made to achieve fallowing goals Population size Population Distribution Population structureof Himalayan Ibex
Materials and MethodsStudy area: Khunjerab National ParkKNP was established inApril 29, 1975.Main purpose of theestablishment of the parkwas to conserve ruminantpopulation of Marco polosheep and IbexPark consist of threevalleys•Khunjerab• Ghujerab•Shimshal
located 269 kmfrom Gilgit inGojal regionbetweencoordinatesLongitude 74° 55’E to 75° 57’ E andLatitude 36° 01’ Nto 37° 02’ N.Total Area6,150 square km(Khan, 2006).Study area KNP
Research DesignWe conducted about three field surveys of the areaduring spring, summer and autumn 2009.Line transect method was used in about 52km area.Made 10 vantage pointsUsed• Binoculars• Spotting scope• GPS• Digital camera
Spotting by using spotting scope Himalayan Ibex herd at Dhee nullahMaterials and Methods
Total population structure of Himalayan Ibexseason wise.Season Males Females yearlings Kids TrophysizeSpring 81 93 32 0 40Summer31 45 11 13 0Autumn 1 2 0 0 0
ConclutionsIbex groups contains males, females, yearlings, andtrophy size.Although in the present study we observed abundantnumber of Ibex in KNP, as the data shows that thenumber of kids are less this indicates populationdecline in future.Other threats are increasing human and livestockpopulation and destruction of habitat.Population distribution of Ibex is greatly influencedby temperature variation.
RecommendationsReduce grazing pressure by keeping livestock awayfrom the park.Decrease human interruption in the park.Establish breeding centers to increase Ibexpopulation in future.Awareness about importance of Ibex among thecommunity should be increased.
AcknowledgementWWF for financial assistancePakistan wetlands programNUFU (HIMUNET) for financial assistanceKarkoram International University, Gilgit Baltistan,Pakistan