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Akhtar shah presentation2

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  • 1. With the name ofALLAH,The BeneficentandMost merciful
  • 2. AKHTAR SHAH1, FARZANA PARVEEN2 AND BAKHT NAWAB31M.Sc Student, 2Chairperson, Department ofZoology, Hazara University, Gardencampus, Mansehra and 3 AssistantProfessor, Department of Biology, AKL postGraduate College Matta, Distt Swat
  • 3. INTRODUCTION Swat Lush green & historicvalley,T.A 5337 km, Population, 125760 River Swat Originates fromKohistan, T.L 250 km Provides a habitat tomany Fish species Study on specified area Objectives Observation of fishfauna of a particularpart Ecotonal habitat is ofspecial significance Population dynamicsafter historical flood
  • 4. METHOD AND MATERIALS Study area was divided into 3 zones1) K. Khela to Shen 2) Shen to Baghdaire3) Baghdaire to Qandil Collection was done from specific sites Materials Cast net, automatic rods, hook net, handnet and locally adopted divices Prservation Caring the collection Measurements and laboratory work Identification
  • 5. RESULTS 9 fish species wereidentified Oncorhyncus mykiss Schizothoraxrichardsonii Carassius auratus Crossocheilusdiplocheilus Schistora alepidota Glyptosternumreticulatum Cyprinus carpio Triplophysa choprai Triplophysa naziri Rainbow trout,Oncorhyncus mykiss(Walbaum, 1792) Classification K: Animalia; P: Chordata;C: Actinoperygii; O: Salmoniformes; Family:Salmonidae Compressed and elongatebody, Head moderate, large andsuperior eyes Dorsal fin moderate,elongate adipose dorsal fin,caudal fin forked Mouth lanceulate Olive green to steely blue,small dark spots on thebody Distribution
  • 6. Snow trout, Schizothorax richardsonii (Tilak, 1987) O: Cypriniformes; F: Cyprinidae Abundatly found species, collected fromvarious places Body strem lined, 4.1 to 6.2 times.. Mouth inferior, transverse, barbells twopairs Dorsal fin strong, serrated and mid wayb/w snout tip Steel gray, lighter bellow, belly yellowishwhite, body with small dots, caudal finyellowish, dorsal fin grayish.
  • 7. Gold fish/ gold carp, Carassius auratus(Day, 1877) O: Cypriniformes; F: Cyprinidae Many species collected Body stout, high and compressed, Head small and slightly compressed. Mouth small, terminal and oblique, upperjaw protictile Dorsal fin srong, anal quarish, pectoralrounded Olivacious bronze to deep golden, bellysilvery white, fins dark olive green.
  • 8. Kashmir latia, Crossocheilus diplocheilus (Heckel,1838) O: Cypriniformes; F: Cyprinidae Many species collected, no importance Body stout and thick Head flat and compressed, eyesmoderate Mouth inferior, barbells two pairs Scales moderate variable in colour, usually brownish onback with irregular spots Caudal fin gray, dorsal with pink
  • 9. Sundali, Shistora alipidota (Mirza and Banarescu, 1970) O:Cypriniformes; F:Balitoridae Five species collected, no importance Body cylindrical, Head obtuse Mouth semicircular and ventral inposition, barbles three pairs, nostrilsclosed to each other Eyes small, not visible under side, Head spotted, dark spot on the origin ofdorsal fin; dark band of caudal fin base
  • 10. Chakaar machlee, Glyptosternum reticulatum(McClelland, 1842) O: Siluriformes; F: Sisoridae 25 species collected, delicious fish Body elongate Head flat and rounded Mouth inferior, four pair of barbles Eyes are of 7% of the head length Head length is about 20% of totallength Behind dorsal fin having adipose fin Some bluish, yellowish, stone like
  • 11. Conclusions References During the presentstudy 9 species werecollected. Minimum fish speciescollected belong tofamily Salmonidae Maximum fish speciescollected belong tofamily Cyprinidae The collected fishspecies were preserved,identified and labeled. Widely distributed fishspecies found in thearea was Schizothoraxrichardsonii. Ahmad, N. D. and Mirza, M. R.(1963) Loaches of genusNoemacheilus Hasselt from Swatstate, West Pakistan. PakistanJournal of Science. 15:75-18. Butt, A. J. (1986) Fish andfisheries of North West Frontierprovince (N.W.F.P) Pakistan.Biology Special Supplement.Department of ZoologyUniversity of Peshawar Pakistan. 23-26.District CensusReport. (1999) PopulationCensus organization, statisticdivision. Government ofPakistan, Islamabad. Hayat, R. (2007) Saving RiverSwat from growing pollution.Dawn theinternetEdition.http//www.dawn.com.1-2. Jayaram, K. C. (1999) Thefreshwater fish of the IndianRegion. Nondara publishing
  • 12. 5/4/2013 12