Renaissance (Rebirth of Knowledge)Development Inventions Indifferent fields Roman Monarchy Cat holism Enlightment Of Age of Drama Human mind Fall of Constantinople (Greek & Roman) Humanistic Reformation cultural reformation Lust for Revival of Libidos chivalry
- Renaissance means rebirth and Europe was recovering from the Dark ages People had lost the in faith in the church and began to put more focus on human beings.
The Renaissance began as revival of interest in the literature and culture of ancient Greece and Rome. Its emphasis was on the richness of earthly life and on human achievements. One result of the Renaissance spirit was a brilliant period of creativity in the arts.
-Originally referred to a new interest in the learning of ancient Greece and Rome, which began in 1300’s. Fall of Constantinople caused revival of learning through out Europe.
Late in the Middle Ages, European rulers gained new authority, while the absolute authority of the Church began to be questioned. At the same time, a long period of wars, epidemics, and economic upheaval in Europe came to an end. A new spirit of optimism, confidence, and creativity emerged. In the fourteenth century, these developments led to the start of a remarkable period that is known as the Renaissance.
1455 Moveable type printing Developed in Germany Associated with Gutenberg 1456 the first Gutenberg Bible was printed Printing press allowed for the spread of knowledge and ideas throughout Europe
The idea of quantification developed The universe came to be conceived in more quantifiable terms (measurable terms) Allowed for more precise measurements Changed the focus of daily life which had been guided by the rhythms of the Church
COLUMBUS discovered America in Renaissance….
Attempted to prove that the sun rather than the earth is at the centre of planetary system…………….
Advances in the fields of chemistry and medicine Antoine van Leeuwenhoek Microscopes Isaac Newton Invented calculus
Social ConditionCORRUPTION IN GREAT CHAIN CHURCH OF BEING CHURUCHES BLIND SUBMITTION WERE TO POPE’S DOMINENT COMMAND
POPEKING AND QUEENSKNIGHTPEASANTS
The end of the medieval period in Europe was marked by changes in attitudes towards politics, religion, and learning. These changes became more widespread and sweeping during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, bringing about the cultural movement called Renaissance and the religious movement known as the Reformation.
PROTESTANT REFORMATION (Martin Luther) MONARCHY KING HENRY VIII FEUDALISM
Associated with the Protestant Reformation Critical of Church corruption and abuses Sought reform Wrote the first translation of the Bible in German The Ninety-Five Theses listed the crimes of the Catholic Church & demanded change or reform.
The series of events that led to the split of the Church & the creation of this new group became known As the Protestant Reformation The church is not a social ladder where some people are more important than others.
All the jobs in the church are equally important. The jobs were called Vocations. The Lutherans called their leaders ministers instead of priests.
Man was centre of attention…….
Renaissance Artists embraced some of the ideals of Greece and Rome in their art They wanted their subjects to be realistic and focused on humanity and emotion New Techniques also emerged
Frescos: Painting done on wet plasterbecame popular because it gave depth to the paintings Sculpture emphasized realism and the human form Architecture reached new heights of design
Literature is the expression of human life ,emotions and feelings through the medium of language. It is defined as the imaginative reconstruction of Human life.
DRAMAGENRE OF LITERATURE
It is a literary composition involving conflict, actions, crisis and atmosphere designed to be acted by players on a stage before an audience. Important plays: Ralph Roister Doister by Nicholas Udall(comedy). Grummer Gurton’s needle by John Still (comedy).
Gorbuduc by Thomas Sackville (tragedy). Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, As you like it, Macbeth are the famous plays by William Shakespeare. The Silent Woman, The Alchemist are the comedies by Ben Johnson. Dr. Faustus by Christopher Marlowe (Tragedy).
It is a composition that evokes emotion and imagination by the use of vivid, intense language, usually arranged in a pattern of words or lines with a regularly repeated accent or stress. Edmund Spenser wrote Faerie Queene, Shepherd’s Calendar, Amoretti, Epithalamion.
Diver’s Doth Use and To rail or jest by Thomas Wyatt. My Lute Awake and They Flee from me by Sir Walter Raleigh. The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighori.
The word is derived from the Latin prosa or proversa oratio, ‘straight forward discourse’. Thus a direct unadorned form of language, written or spoken in ordinary usage. Praise of Folly by Erasmus. Utopia by Sir Thomas More.
Elizabethan age Age of Shakespeare Age of Drama Age of Enlightment
Renaissance means the revival of learning and it denotes in its broadest sense the gradual enlightment of the human mind after the darkness of the Middle Ages. Religion was dominant in this era so most of the literary work was mainly depicting religious themes.