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Insect classification lab24
Insect classification lab24
Insect classification lab24
Insect classification lab24
Insect classification lab24
Insect classification lab24
Insect classification lab24
Insect classification lab24
Insect classification lab24
Insect classification lab24
Insect classification lab24
Insect classification lab24
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Insect classification lab24

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  • 1. University of SulaimaniaSchool of ScienceDepartment of Biology2nd Class Year 24t h La b. Pterygotes - Neopteran Insects: Order Hymenoptera Lecturer: Farhad A. Khudhur
  • 2. Objectives: - This lecture gives knowledge about the medically and ecologically important insect group (order Hymenoptera), Ant, Wasp and Bees. Their classifications and identification keys. - Focusing on the most common and important families of Apocrita. Scientific content: Order Hymenoptera - General descriptions - Classification: Suborder: Apocrita Family: Vaspidae Family: Formicidae Family: Apidae
  • 3. Order: Hymenoptera• Two pairs of membranous wings• Forewings larger• Wing coupling apparatus (Hamuli)• Social and Solitary• Caterpillar like or vermiform larvae• Exarate Pupae• Two Suborders: – Symphyta (Sawflies) – Apocrita (Wasp, Ant & Bees)
  • 4. Suborder: Apocrita• Narrow waisted wasp• Wasp, Ant and Bees.• The propodeum is the first abdominal segment in Apocrita.• Geniculate Antennae.
  • 5. • Family: FORMICIDAE (ants) Aphaenogaster kurdica• Family: VESPIDAE (true wasps) Vespula vulgaris (Paper wasp); Vespa orientalis (Hornet)• Family: SPHECIDAE (Thread-waisted wasps)• Family: APIDAE (Bees) Apis mellifera (Honey bee) Bumbus sp. (Bumble bee)
  • 6. Aphaenogaster kurdica
  • 7. Parasitoid gall wasp
  • 8. References: • David, B. V. and Ananthakrishnan, T. N. (2004). General and Applied Entomology. 2nd ed. Tata McGraw-hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi. India. 1184 p. • Elzinga, Richard J. (1997). Fundamentals of Entomology. 4th ed. New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, Inc. 475 pp. • Gillot, Cedric. (2005). Entomology. 3rd ed. Springer, Dordrecht. The Netherlands. 831 pp. • Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia, 2nd edition. Volume 3, Insects, edited by Michael Hutchins, Arthur V. Evans, Rosser W. Garrison. • Markle, Sandra. (2008). Mosquitoes: tiny insect troublemakers. Minneapolis, USA. Lerner Publications Company. 48 p. • Resh, Vincent H. & Cardé, Ring T. (2003). Encyclopedia of Insects. USA. Academic Press, Elsevier Science, 1266 pp.

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