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Predloha a

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  • 1. CALENDAR
    2011
    Castles
    TheTimesofKnights and Heroes
    Základná škola Vančurova, Trnava – Slovakia
    SzkolaPodstawowa nr.3,Wladislava Bronskiego,Jedrzejow, Poland
    Základná škola Kysak - Slovakia
  • 2. A village Smolenice issituated on a foothilloftheSmallCarpathians in thedistrictTtrnava. In the 14th centurynearthevillagetherewasbuilt a castleasthelastofa largenumberofstrongholds. Thecastle had  lotsofowners. Atfirstitbelonged to theroyalproperty. In 1388 kingZigmundgavethecastle to duke Ctibor fromCtiborice. Laterthecountsfrom Pezinok and Svety Jur weretheownersofthecastleuntil a count Ján Palfytook over thecastle. Althoughitburntout in the 19th centurythePalfyfamilyrebuiltit. Thecastlebecametheirfamilyseat in 1911. Itsreconstructionwasfinishedafterthesecondworldwar. Nowitservesas a conference centre forthe Slovak AcademyofSciences
    Smolenice castle Slovakia
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    january
  • 3. The castle Červený kameň ( The Red Stone in English ) lies on a slope of the Small Carpathians. It was a part of a defense system of castles.on the border which stretched from Bratislava to Zilina. The original castle disappeared in the 16th century. Fugger bankers built a new fortress in the years 1535 to 1537. In the basement of the fortress there were large storerooms. MikulášPállfy, the last owner completed rebuilding the castle. He added two storeys as living quarters.Thus the fortress became a magnificent renesance castle whose beauty was increasing. At present the building serves as a museum of furniture.
    Červený kameň castle Slovakia
    Kreslila
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    14 15 16 17 18 19 2O 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
    28
    february
  • 4. Becko´scastleissituated on a hight rocky mountainnear a village Beckov. Thecastlebelonged to a king, butatthe end of 13th centuryitbecametheproperyof Matúš Čák Trenčiansky. Between 14th – 15th centuryitwasowned by thefamilyoftheCtibors. Thenitwas in thehandsoftheBánffys. EventheTurkscouldnotdefeatthecastle. AftertheextinctionoftheBánffysit had severalaristocraticowners. In 1729 thecastleburntout and started to decay. Historyofthecastle has severalmyths. OneofthemsaysthatthenameofthecastleisderivatedfromthenameoftheclownBecko to whomthecastlewasbuilt by Duke Ctibor. Theruinsofthecastle are declaredas a nationalcultural monument.
    A village Smolenice issituated on a foothilloftheSmallCarpathians in thedistrictTtrnava. In the 14th centurynearthe
    Beckov castle Slovakia
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    28 29 3O 31
    march
  • 5. Thecastlewasbuilt in themiddleof 13th century. Itbelonged to thefirstcastleswhichprotectedthe western borderoftheHungarianEmpire in 13th century. Itwasinvaded and damaged by theCzechkingPřemysl Otakar II in 1273. Italsobelonged to Matúš Čák Trenčiansky and Ctibor fromCtiborice. TherulerMaximilian I gaveit to UrsulaKanižova, ThomasNadasdy´swidow and hissonFrancisNadasdy, Elizabeth´sBathoryhusband . Afterhisdeath in 1604 sheinheritedthecastle. Fromthattimethecastleis a synonymforElizabethBathory and herbloodydeeds.In 1772 itburneddown. In 1664 - 1670 Itwasunderextensiverepairwork. Thecastlewasconquered by thearmiesofFrancisRákóczi II in 1708 . Afterthosebattlesthecastlealreadyresembledruins. Sincethenit has resistedaninexorablefightwithtime and it has slowlydecayed. In 1799 itburnedoutagain. Thecastleisslowlychangingintotheruins.
    Čachtice castle Slovakia
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    april
  • 6. The castle of Ogrodzieniec.
     The castle of Ogrodzieniec is the most imposing of all the castles in Cracow – Częstochowa Upland. It was a strong fortress built of hard limestone and dolomite.In the XII century it was a small settlement consisting of several wooden huts surrounded by rocks. The castle was ruled by the family of Włodek. After the raid of the Tatar in 1241 the castle was built of stone. Later it had different owners, until 1523, when it became the property of Jan Boner. The next owner – JjanFirley extended the castle and decorated the inside of it in a splendid style. The castle was seriously damaged during the Swedish raids in 1655 and 1702.The last owners left it in 1810.
    OgrodzienieccastlePoland
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    MAY
  • 7. Castle in Chęciny.
     
    The construction of the castle began in the late XIIIth century. The initiators of the project were the Chech king Wenceslas II, bishop of Krakow – John Muscat. The castle served an important role: the king was often here and the knights held their reunions. During the reign of Casimir the Great, it was the residence of the royal family. Jagiellonian extended it to prison. In 1465 there was a big fire. After the moving of the Queen Bona the castle began to lose its splendor. The seventeenth century made the destruction of it. After the devastation of the Swedes the castle was abandoned.
    ChecinycastlePoland
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    27 28 29 30
    june
  • 8. PieskowaSkała CastlellllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllPieskowaSkałaisfamousforitsRenaissancecastlebuilt by KingKazimierzWielki in the 1st halfofthe 14th centuryas part ofthedefensivechainofcastlescalledOrleGniazda (EaglesNests) alongtheplaneofJurassic Rock Upland.Thecastlewasdonated in 1377 by kingLouis I ofHungary to PiotrSzafraniecofŁuczyce. Forthefirsttimethe 14th centurycastlewasrebuilt in renaissancestylebetween 1542-1544 by NiccolòCastiglione. Between 1557-1578, thetrapezoidshapecourtyardwassurroundedattheleveloftwoupperstoreys by arcades, embellishedwith 21 mascarons. ThelastownerofthecastleofSzafraniecfamilywasJędrzej. Afterhisdeaththeestatewaspurchased by MaciejŁubnicki and later by theZebrzydowskifamily. In 1640 MichałZebrzydowskibuiltthebastionfortificationswithbaroque gate and a chapel.
    Pieskowa skala castlePoland
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    july
  • 9. TheThecastleofKrzyżtopór
    Itisunknownwhentheconstructionofthisimpressivefortressbegan. Firstdocumentedproofoftheconstructionofthecastlecomesfrom 1627, noblemanJanZbigniewOssolińskiprobablyfinishedit in 1644.The castlewasinherited by Ossoliński’ssonKrzysztofBaldwinOssoliński, whodied in 1649 in theBattleofZborów. Afterhisdeath, theformidablecomplexwaspurchased by thefamilyoftheDenhoffs, then by theKalinowskis. In 1655, duringtheSwedishinvasionofPoland, thecastlewascaptured and damaged by theSwedes, whooccupiedituntil 1657. In 1770, duringtheBar Confederation, Krzyżtopór, defended by theConfederateunits, wasseized by theRussians, whocompletedthebuilding'sruin. Lastknowninhabitantofthecomplex, StanisławSołtyk, livedthere in theyears 1782-1787, afterwhichtimeKrzyżtopór has beendeserted.
    KrzyżtopórcastlePoland
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    august
  • 10. Spiš castle
    Spis Castleis a castleruinoccupyingthe summit travertine Spis castlehill, forming a dominant feature ofthesurroundings on themainroadlinkingtheeasternregionsSaris and Spis. Itisnotonlyevidenceofarchitecturaldevelopmentfrom 12 to 18 century in our country, butitsareaof 4 hectares (exactly 41 426 meters) isthelargestcastlecomplex in Slovakia and oneofthelargest in Europe. Despitethefactthattowersabovethe city Spišské Podhradie, cadastralmunicipalitybelongsZehra (thelocal part Hodkovce) in thedistrict Ves in theRegion. Thecastleis a nationalcultural monument and since 1993 as part ofthe monument set Levoca, Spis Castle and thesurroundingmonuments are included in UNESCO WorldHeritage Site.
    Spiš castle Slovakia
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    september
  • 11. Ľubovňa castle
    Partiallypreserved and reconstructedcastle on thelimestonehill (548 m) abovetheroad and theleft bank oftheriver Poprad, towering over thetownkindom, dominant Ľubovnianske Basin. To thenorthofthecastle lies Ľubovnianska Highlands, thecastleisvisiblefromBroadPeak (884.5 m nm), townkindom, butalsocommunity Chmeľnica Gallowshill, whichserved in theMiddleAges to theexerciseoftherightguttural.
     
    Ľubovňa castle Slovakia
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    october
  • 12. Stropkov castle
    Thisunpreservedcastlewasoriginallythesideoftoday'scastle and church in Stropkov. Residues are located in thecastlewallsinthecastlestorybuilding on theeastsideoftheGothicparishchurch and presbytery, whichwasoriginallythecastlechapel. Part lies beneaththesurfaceofthesquare. Thefirstmentiondatesback to 1245, when a hugecastlewasbuiltCudarovgenus. Thecastlewas a defensivetower, a palacewithachapel and outsidethecastlewasconnected to a drawbridge. Theoutercastle has vastfortificationwithcannontowers. Early 18th century. forprofessionalunrestwas part ofthecastledestroyed. Afterthere-conquest by imperialtroopsweredemolishedremainsofthecastle. Itisaccessibleonly on request.
    Stropkov castle Slovakia
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    november
  • 13. Kapušany castle
    Therelativelysteephill, the site ofanoldSlavicsettlementwasbuilt in the 13th centurycastle, which had protectedtheroyalroadleadingnorthfromPresov. ItsfirstownerwasfamilyMoglód. Aftertheextinctionofitsassetspassedintotheroyalchamber and itscommanderbecame Henry Tarczay, followerMatusCak. In 1312 duringthefightingbetweenCharles I and MatusČákomdestroyedthecastle. Around 1410 hegotAndrewKappy, whobuilt a new fortifiedbuilding. In connectionwiththeTurkishthreatcastleinthesecondhalfofthe 16th centuryfortified and rebuilt to suittherequirementsofthe new militarytechnology. In 1685 and occupiedit Imrich Protocol, but in thesameyearheconqueredtheimperialarmy. Early 18th centurythefortresswascapturedTelekessy, commanderofthearmyRákocihoFrancis II. thatcastleburnt in 1709. In 1712 itprovisionallyrepaired, but in 1715 it by a councildemolished.
    Kapušany castle Slovakia
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    december
  • 14. CALLENDAR
    Authors:SLOVAKIA
    ZŠ s MŠ Vančurova, Trnava
    žiaci 6.C
    Mgr. Božena Chrvalová
    Mgr. Ľubomíra Šimončíková
    Mgr. Zuzana Šamajová
    POLAND
    SzkolaPodstawowa nr.3
    WladislavaBronievskiego
    Jedrzejow
    SLOVAKIA
    žiaci ZŠ a MŠ Kysak
    Leanguagecorrection: Mgr. Božena Chrvalová, Trnava, the SR
    Graphicdesign: Mgr. Zuzana Šamajová, Trnava, the SR
    Production: 2011
    eTwinning
    TheTimesofKnights and Heroes
    Callendar – Castles
    Ilustrations: ZŠ Vančurova ,Trnava, SR
    Romana Petrovičová, 9A class
    Lucia Baranová, 9A class
    pupils 2C a 3a classes