Introduction to ancient greece powerpoint sthPresentation Transcript
Ancient Greece: A tale of two cities.
Know some key events in the history of Ancient Greece.
Understand how Geography affected the development of Greek cities.
Understand the rivalry between Athens and Sparta.
Geography of Greece
Greece is surrounded by seas.
It is a dry, mountainous country.
Small mountain ranges kept villages separated.
A lot of Greek villages are isolated on the coasts, making the sea an important means of transport.
The impact of geography
The brown areas are mountainous.
The landscape meant that villages (and later cities) were isolated, independent and often developed fierce rivalries.
Miss Smith at Delphi
Student activity 1
Compare and contrast the geography of Ancient Greece and Aotearoa/NZ by completing Task 1 on your worksheet.
Are there more similarities than differences or vice versa? Explain your opinion to your neighbour.
Answers Similarities Differences Both Greece and NZ are mostly surrounded by water Most major cities are close to the coastline Sea is an important means of transport NZ is an island whereas Greece is part of Europe and the north borders several countries Greece is dryer than NZ Greece isn’t as green: it has less trees and foliage Greece has more mountainous areas NZ has more volcanoes
City surrounding a fort
Absolutely independent and self-sufficient
Miss Smith at the Parthenon
Based on 3 ideas:
Community it represented
Economic independence it produced
Covered small areas of land
Athens (2,000 square km)
Sparta (1,300 square km)
Large compared to others
Small populations (most fewer than 10,000)
Original forts created on an acropolis (hill)
Each city-state had an agora (marketplace)
Served as a meeting place for the people
A polis was more similar to a Maori pa than a modern city: it was a community which included a city or large town as well as the surrounding villages, farms and countryside and the people who lived in them.
Inhabitants of the polis shared a common language and religious ideas.
All had independent identities and were almost like separate nations, similar to Maori tribal organisation before European colonisation.
Each polis had its own government and laws.
Took great pride and loyalty in their polis.
Greeks from other city-states regarded as xenoi or foreigners.
Called all non-Greeks barbarians: because the Greeks thought that when foreigners talked it sounded like they were saying “bar bar bar”!
Student activity 2: Complete the table comparing the polis to the Maori pa...
Height and visibility useful for defending themselves against invaders
Height offers some protection from environmental disasters such as tidal waves, tsunami
History of Greece: Minoans
Arrived on the island of Crete in 2000 B.C.
Built a great civilisation
Volcano erupts and causes tidal waves
Destroys settlements and weakens Minoan civilisation
Warriors from the city of Mycenae conquered the rest of Greece in 1400 B.C.
Advanced civilisation for the time
Earthquakes and warfare destroyed many cities by 1200 B.C.
Can you spot Miss Smith?
1200BC: The Dorians arrive
The next wave of invaders were the Dorians.
They swept through Ancient Greece and eventually settled the city which would become known as Sparta.
Ancient Greece’s rival: Ancient Persia
The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful in the Ancient World.
The cities had modern irrigation systems and efficient roads.
The Persian Empire c.500 BC
Persia versus Ancient Greece
Between 490BC and 479BC a Persian Army of over 1 million men attempted to conquer the Greeks.
A union of Greek cities (led by Sparta and Athens) defeated the Persians.
The movie 300 is set in this war. It is also the origin of the modern Marathon.
The Rise of Athens
After the defeat of Persia the city of Athens rose to dominate Greece.
It had a powerful navy and was the home of democracy and the philosopher Socrates.
The Athenian navy dominated the Mediterranean.
Athens soon found itself at the centre of a significant empire.
Sparta: Military City-State
Sparta began to fear the rising power of its rival city.
Sparta also experienced a devastating earthquake and a slave revolt which lasted a decade.
Sparta’s solution? Form a military state where every male citizen had the same profession: soldier.
The rivalry between Athens and Sparta led to the Peloponnesian War (named after a mountain range).
The naval might of Athens clashed with the formidable Spartan Army.
Plague and defeat for Athens
In 430BC a lethal plague spread through Athens. Its victims had a high fever and some resorted to diving into water supplies to cool down – spreading the plague further.
After a lengthy siege Athens surrendered to the Spartan army in 404BC.
Ancient ruins at Delphi
Student activity 3: Creating a timeline
Using your ruler, draw a 20cm line on the left margin of your page. Mark each centimetre with a small line.
Label the left-hand side of the timeline from 500 BC to 400 BC in 5 year intervals for each centimetre (500 BC > 495 BC > 485 BC etc.)
Using the handout, write a brief description of each event in your own words on the right-hand side of the timeline.
Illustrate each event with a sketch/drawing.
Give your timeline a title that explains what the timeline is about.
√ even spacing
√ accurate plotting
√ neat and tidy (use ruler!)
Copy and complete at least one of the following sentences:
One thing I didn’t know until today is...
One thing that I was surprised to learn about was...
One thing I will never forget about today’s lesson is...