Courts in new zealand

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Courts in new zealand

  1. 1. Courts In New Zealand
  2. 2. A Question for You.. <ul><li>Why would it be a bad idea to have ONE court handle all of the following situations? </li></ul><ul><li>A couple arguing over child custody. </li></ul><ul><li>A builder being charged with chopping down a protected native tree. </li></ul><ul><li>A murder committed by an adult. </li></ul><ul><li>An act of vandalism committed by Year Nine student. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Which court? <ul><li>There are many different courts, each rules only on certain types of disputes. </li></ul>
  4. 4. New Zealand has a range of courts <ul><li>District Court, Family Court, Environment Court and Youth Court are all examples of different courts in NZ’s justice system. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Different areas of our lives are governed by different laws. <ul><li>Criminal law, family law, environment law, what’s the difference? </li></ul><ul><li>Although “Justice” is the goal of the courts, different situations require different solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>What works for one court may not be useful for another. </li></ul><ul><li>Each court has Judges who are specialists in their area or experience in dealing with a particular type of crime. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Each area of law is huge and requires specialisation <ul><li>Judges decisions are guided by the law. The law may give the minimum or maximum sentence for certain crimes. </li></ul><ul><li>Getting to know the law and how it has been applied in the past takes years of experience. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Each area of law is huge and requires specialisation <ul><li>Because of this judges and lawyers tend to stick to one area of law. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Each area of law has its own court. <ul><li>The area over which the court has control is called its jurisdiction. </li></ul><ul><li>So all family disputes are resolved by judges and lawyers that have concentrated on family law for example. </li></ul>
  9. 9. If at first you don’t succeed… <ul><li>If someone isn’t happy with a decision for any reason they can appeal (Court of Appeal), and appeal again (Supreme Court). </li></ul>
  10. 10. How the courts are connected
  11. 11. Final Judgement! <ul><li>The Supreme court is the highest court in the land, their decision is final! </li></ul>

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