Caroline Donoghue - Visual Pedagogy Project: Art and Diversity - Utilizing Art to Create a Multicultural Classroom Community
ART AND DIVERSITYUTILIZING ART TO CREATE A MULTICULTURAL CLASSROOM COMMUNITY Caroline Donoghue M333 Visual Pedagogy Project
My Interest In This Topic… Belding Elementary School
The Importance of a Classroom Community For Students For Teachers Every student deserves a classroom Can improve the academic where they feel like they belong, they feel achievement of the students. respected, supported, special, and “Exploring Diversity All Around the encouraged to be who they want to be. Classroom.” Especially in culturally diverse “…building a caring classroom classrooms, a strong classroom community and strong community encourages students to be interpersonal relationships can proud of the things that make them make all the difference between a different. functional and dysfunctional “A classroom community provides each child classroom.” with space to develop specific capabilities and “PERSPECTIVES ON CARING IN THE to experience a sense of inner balance and CLASSROOM: DO THEY VARY wholeness in a community with others.” ( Haley ACCORDING TO ETHNICITY OR GRADE Lyn David) LEVEL?” Tracey Garrett, Jason Barr, and “Within a classroom community, students can Terri Rot develop the skills needed to live and work constructively and peacefully with others. When they feel valued in their classroom communities, they are empowered to live as whole individuals with the skills to create positive social change.” (Tiffany J. Hunter) Creating a strong classroom community is a great way for “…teachers to developenvironments that are emotionally and physically safer for all students…” Check-”Pink
Why Art?In Every Classroom: Encourages student creativity, individuality, uniqueness, and positive self-expression. Visual and hands-on representation of teamwork, cooperation, and the creation of a classroom community. Even though a school is low-income, it does not mean that students cannot experience art.In Multicultural Classrooms: Art is a universal form of communication no matter how many different languages are spoken in your classroom. Art is a wonderful way for students from other countries/cultures to talk about their heritage, their families, and the culture that they come from.
Activity #1: “Our Classroom Family Tree” Great activity for the beginning of the year. The tree would not be as beautiful if every hand looked the same and every hand was the same color. Each color of the rainbow is unique and specialshouldits own of “Students in develop a process understanding, sharing, compassion and beautiful way. empathy. The classroom should be referred to as „our classroom‟ rather than „my classroom‟.”Materials: Paper, Water Colors, Hands (Hunter)
Activity #2: “Our Classroom Diversity Flag” Description: Work together as a class to come up with 4 important words for the members of the class to abide by. After, put class into 4 different groups, and give each group one rectangular piece of paper (each rectangle represents 1 word/1part of the flag). Have each group work together as a group to design their portion of the flag. Purpose: Teamwork, Classroom Unity, Togetherness, Cla Materials: Crayons/Colored Pencils/Oil ssroom/Behavior Pastels/Watercolors, 4 Pieces of Rectangular Management. Paper, Glue or Tape.
Activity #3: “Our Classroom Puzzle” Part 1: “All About Me” Each student will receive a blank puzzle piece. For homework, they will take these puzzle pieces home and decorate and design them. Attached to the puzzle piece will be an explanation of the assignment for the parents/guardians to learn what we are doing. Part 2: Put the Puzzle Together After all students have brought back their decorated puzzle pieces , have all of the students work together to put their classroom puzzle together. GOAL: Teach students to be proud of the things that make them unique and different. Increase communication betweenMaterials: Large Poster Paper, Markers (or any parent/guardian and school decorating material), Scissors Showing students that without every single piece, our classroom puzzle would not be complete.
Connection to Readings“Art Integration: A Methodology for Learning”--Goldberg "Art is a mirror of life" or "art imitates life" are common notions of the function of art in experience.” “Making art and creating what I refer to as representations or "metaphors for understanding”. “Art cannot be divorced from culture; it grows from individuals interacting or reacting to their world. So, too, education and culture cannot be separated from one another because both relate to the actions and continuation of a people.” Art can be a metaphor for understanding of cultural awareness, diversity, and multicultural education. Very important to incorporate culture into classroom art activities.“Artistic Choices: A Study of Teachers Who Use Art in the Classroom” --Oreck “Given the low priority and lack of resources for the arts in many schools we might conclude that teachers who employ artistic approaches are simply highly unusual people driven by their personal passions.” ART CAN BE USED BY ANY TEACHER!“Jump Starting Visual Literacy”--Yenawine“ If presented with a range of styles and themes, beginning viewers become aware of subjects, values, and appearances beyond the viewers own experience or biases.”
Some Final Thoughts: Art is a simple and practical way to visually represent the importance of classroom unity. These activities can be used in any type of classroom! Art does not have to be expensive to be just as beautiful
Resources Class Readings: “A Study of Teachers Who Use Art In The Classroom” -Oreck “Pink Scissors” -Check “Art Integration: A Methodology for Learning” –Goldberg “Jump Starting Visual Literacy”--Yenawine Exploring Diversity All Around the Classroom. (2000). Early Childhood Today, 15(3), 64. Hunter, T. J. (2008). Creating a Culture of Peace in the Elementary Classroom. Education Digest, 74(1), 54-58. Garrett, T., Barr, J., & Rothman, T. (2009). PERSPECTIVES ON CARING IN THE CLASSROOM: DO THEY VARY ACCORDING TO ETHNICITY OR GRADE LEVEL?. Adolescence, 44(175), 505-521. David, H., & Capraro, R. M. (2001). STRATEGIES FOR TEACHING IN HETEROGENEOUS ENVIRONMENTS WHILE BUILDING A CLASSROOM COMMUNITY. Education, 122(1), 80.