1music Video Project

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  • 1. R&B Music Video Project By Mohammed, Richard, Shiraz, Matthew, Erol
  • 2. Origins of R&B
    • R&B stands for Rhythm and Blues. The ‘Rhythm’ depends upon four-beat measures and employs a backbeat (beat 2 and 4 accented in each measure). It’s known as the Groove.
    • R&B was developed by the mass migration of African Americans during the 1930s where they sang about their emotions and experiences which was often quite ‘Blue’.
    • The term ‘R&B’ was coined as a musical marketing term in the US by Jerry Wexler at Billboard Magazine.
  • 3.
    • The term was used by Record companies to refer to recordings marketed predominantly to Afro- Americans, at a time when “urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy insistent beat” was becoming more popular.
    • Ray Charles, BB King, Ruth Brown, James Brown, Joe Turner were among the greatest R&B talents.
    • Motown was the first black music label to sign onto R&B in the 60s.
    • Starting in the 60s, this style of music then contributed to the development of “Rock & Roll”
  • 4.
    • R&B became used, particularly by white groups, to refer to music styles that developed from and incorporated electric blues, as well as gospel and soul music.
    • By the 1970s, R&B was being used as a blanket term to describe soul and funk.
    • With the transition from soul to R&B in the early to mid 80s, solo singer Luther Vandross and new stars like Prince (“Purple Rain”) and the Late Michael Jackson (“Thriller”) (May God Rest His Soul) took over, and dominated throughout the 80s.
    • Since the 1990s, the term “Contemporary R&B” is now mainly used to refer to a modern version of soul and funk- influenced pop music.
  • 5.
    • R&B developed from various changes that took place in the US just prior to and during World War II
    • The most influential change was the mass migration of African Americans from the rural South to the Midwest, Northeast and West Coast.
    • Seeking to escape racial oppression and in need of high-paying jobs, hundreds of thousands of Afro-Americans migrated from the South to cities like Chicago, New York, Detroit and L.A bringing with them music of the South.
    • The Southern sound, principally Blues and Gospel, was transformed to create the urban sounds of R&B
  • 6.
    • Louis Jordan and Charles Brown were among the first R&B “club” singers. They were later joined by groups such as “The Drifters” and “The Coasters”
    • R&B is popular among African Americans because it was them who developed it and brought it from the South into the more urban parts of America.
    • Nat “King” Cole was around when R&B was starting out, but he stuck to his “club blues” style of singing.
    • Electric guitar and piano were the main instruments used initially when R&B first came into being.
    • Louis Jordan, Louis Armstrong, Dizzy Gillespie, Gerry Mulligan, Charlie Parker, Chet Baker, and Duke Ellington are among the greatest Jazz musicians of all time.
  • 7.
    • Evidently, R&B has evolved from what it was before.
    • When it started out, it was based on gospel and blues.
    • Then in the 50s, a “doo-wop” vibe was introduced into R&B songs
    • A decade later, Motown dominated the world of R&B music, bringing its own flavor and vibe into it.
    • Today, R&B has an instantly recognizable sound
  • 8. Music Video Analysis
    • British R&B Music Videos :
    • Lemar “ If There’s Any Justice in the World ”
    • Estelle “ American Boy ”
    • American R&B Music Videos :
    • Ja Rule ft Lloyd “ Caught Up ”
    • Rihanna “ Rehab ”
  • 9. Question Time
    • Why is R&B called rhythm and blues?
    • Where did R&B originate?
    • How and when did jazz and blues music e volve into R&B?
    • When and where did R&B become popular?
    • Who were some early R&B singers?
    • What is the main idea behind most R&B s ongs?
    • Why do you think R&B is a big type of m usic among African-Americans?
  • 10.
    • 8. Who were some Jazz and Blues singers c lose to the time of R&B's arrival?
    • 9. What are common instruments used in R&B m usic?
    • 10.In what areas of the world were first R&B s ingers heard?
    • 11.Who were some jazz greats?
  • 11.
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fxspk5ioT9c
    • http://en.allexperts.com/q/Soul-R-B-3012/origins-R-B.htm
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4HmxX1zMXkM&feature=related
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j7y_6JHUDR0
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motown_Records
    • http://shs.starkville.k12.ms.us/~al2/webI/History%20of%20R&B.html#
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fxspk5ioT9c
    • http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio1/chart/rnbsingles.shtml
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wDZFf0pm0SE
    • http ://www.footsteps-design.co.uk/woody/music/rnb.html