Chicken pox

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Chicken pox

  1. 1. Chickenpox By: Haley Bishop
  2. 2. What is it? <ul><li>Chickenpox is an illness due to the varicella-zoster virus. </li></ul><ul><li>It will appear to be a skin rash that is spread all over the body. </li></ul><ul><li>This virus is very prevalent throughout children between the ages of 4-12. </li></ul><ul><li>This virus most commonly occurs in the winter/ spring time </li></ul><ul><li>More severe in adults and young infants. </li></ul><ul><li>Every 1 to 2254 people in the United States has had the Chicken Pox </li></ul><ul><li>Tends to occur in areas with warmer temperatures. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chickenpox http://www.diabetesdaily.com/grace/2008/03/my-easter-diagnosis-story-celebrating-19-healthy-years-with-type-1-diabetes.php http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/294/7/866.short http://www.infectioncontrolmanual.co.ni/diseases/vzv.html
  4. 4. What type of virus? <ul><li>The chickenpox is a double stranded DNA virus. </li></ul><ul><li>It will attach to the wall of the cell, move to the nucleus where then the it’s DNA is replicated. </li></ul><ul><li>After it is replicated, it is a viroin which is when a virus is living outside of the host and can then go to other cells and infect them. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Symptoms/ Contagiousness <ul><li>Red, itchy rash that looks like blisters </li></ul><ul><li>Fever (100-102 F) </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal Pain </li></ul><ul><li>Sore Throat </li></ul><ul><li>This virus is contagious two days before the actual rash appears until all of the blisters are crusted over. </li></ul><ul><li>Chickenpox is extremely contagious. Often times, those who are infected are asked to stay home until healthy. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an airborne disease. It can be spread by sneezing, coughing, and direct contact with the actual rash. </li></ul><ul><li>One will develop chickenpox 10-21 days after contact with the infected person. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Treatment <ul><li>Chickenpox is a virus, so doctors will not prescribe an antibiotic. Over time, the body’s immune system will clear out the virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually, those infected are asked to stay home, rest, cut their nails, and depending on the severity of the rash, wear gloves to prevent further infections. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti itch creams and staying in cooler temperatures will help with the rash </li></ul>
  7. 7. Vaccination <ul><li>There is a Varicella vaccine. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a weakened version of the virus that is suppose familiarize the body’s immune system to the actual virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Children 13 and under who have not had the virus should get the vaccine. </li></ul><ul><li>The first does is at between the ages of 12-15 months and the second does is between the ages of 4 and 6. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone above the age of 13 who has not had the virus should get the vaccine, both does 4-8 weeks apart. </li></ul><ul><li>There can be side affects to the vaccination. </li></ul><ul><li>-redness, stiffness, and soreness of injection site </li></ul><ul><li>-small rash </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sources <ul><ul><li>http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/skin/chicken_pox.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chickenpox </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.medicinenet.com/chickenpox_varicella/article.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://dermatology.about.com/cs/chickenpox/a/chickenpox.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/c/chickenpox/stats-country.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.onlinemedicinetips.com/disease/c/chickenpox/Statistics-For-Chickenpox.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/virion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Varicella_vaccine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.vaccineinformation.org/varicel/qandavax.asp </li></ul></ul>

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