Unit 8 Assignment 2a and 2b
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Unit 8 Assignment 2a and 2b






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Unit 8 Assignment 2a and 2b Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Assignment 2b Hajar Abdullah
  • 2. The film industry Creative team: Producer Production team: Director Executive Producer Screenwriter Line Producer Roles in the film industry Production Manager Post-production Supervisor First Assistant director Script Department: Script Supervisor Script editor Script co-coordinator Script supervisor Camera Department: Location Department: Sound Department: Director of Location Manager Production Sound photography/cinematog mixer Location Assistant rapher Boom Operator Location Scout Camera Operator First Assistant Camera Camera Production Assistant
  • 3. Visual Effects: Post production: Visual effects supervisor Film editor Compositor Assistant editor Wardrobe Department: Colourist Costume designer Negative Cutter Costume supervisor Cutter/Fitter Roles in the film industry (part 2) Post productionsound/ music: Sound designer Sound editor Composer Hair and makeup Department: Art Department: Make-up artist Production Designer Hairdresser Art Director Set Designer
  • 4. Job descriptions • Creative departments: • Director: This is a creative job, as the director is in charge of overseeing the creative aspects of a film. Their role is tell a story and direct the performance of the actors. They have some technical jobs to do like positioning of the cameras. However, overall their role is more creative. The job is a production role mainly. Because, although the director is involved in all stages, their main job is to produce the movie and make it. They do have many responsibilities; for example not only do they have to direct the actors and manage the technical bits of filming. They also have to be involved in pre-production and select the right cast and locations. In addition to this, they work closely with the editor in post-production to get to the final version of the film. • Production departments: • Executive producer: This job is mainly managerial as they are responsible for making sure that the film is completed on time and within budget. In addition to this, they have to supervise the producer’s work because of the studio and the distributors/financers. They aren’t involved in the technical bits of the process, but they do have a key role in making sure that the project goes to production. This could be a financial role or a creative role. The executive producer has a number of responsibilities in different stages of the process. In development they get the rights to a story and develop the screenplay. They then give it to the producer and then they are not directly involved in the actual production. In packaging and financing, they have authority over the packaging of the film. They also raise money for the film and help to get distribution agreements. In production, they supervise the production and act as if they are mentoring the producer.
  • 5. • Camera department • Camera Operator: This is mainly a technical job. The camera operator is responsible for how the camera moves. They have to work out how the technical aspects of the film is going to come together. They have to work with the director and the director of photography. They have to make sure that the camera and equipment is prepared for the scene. Also, they have to work with the cast. • Script department: • Script supervisor: They work as part of the camera department, and they have to make sure that when the film is edited there aren’t any continuity mistakes. They have to watch every shot closely and take detailed notes about it to give to the director and editor. Also, they break down the script depending on the requirements of the production. • Location Department: • Location Manager: This job is a managerial job as this person is responsible for managing all aspects of shooting in every location and they have to make sure that the location is handed back to the owner in a good condition. The location manager has to work with the director in pre-production so that they can work out possible locations. They have to work with the rest of the crew and cast by making sure they know how to get the location shoots. This job in the pre-production stage and the production stage.
  • 6. • Sound department: • Boom Operator: This is also a technical job. The boom operator has to put the microphone in the best place so that it doesn’t show on the camera and without affecting the actors performance. They are responsible for all of the sound equipment. They use the boom microphone and have to position microphones so that the sound is really good quality. • Visual effects department: • Compositor: This person is a visual effects artist. They merge images from different media sources like video, film, 2D animations and text. • Post production-sound/ music: • Sound editor: This person is responsible for arranging, editing and putting together sound effects in the soundtrack. • Hair and make-up Department: • Make-up and hair artists have to be excellent in both make-up and hair techniques. This is because make-up and hair are very important in the overall look and design of the production. They create a specific look for each character and depending on the time and place it is set in. They have to be experienced and use professional hair and make up products
  • 7. • Post-production: • Film editor: • The editor is responsible of putting together the film shots into a finished product that is suitable for the target audience. They need to make sure it makes sense, is good quality and will keep the audience’s attention. • Wardrobe Department: • Costume Designer: The costume designer is in charge of all the clothes and costumes that are worn by the cast throughout the film. They design and make all the costumes according to the scene that is being shot. • Art Department: • The set decorator has to decorate the set. This includes all the furniture and any other object that will be in the film.
  • 8. Assignment 2a Hajar Abdullah
  • 9. Technical: Administrative: Location Casting Health and safety Accounts Transport and catering Management: Executive producer Director Production manager Location manager Agent Producer Casting Director Camera Operator Transport Manager Sound Location manager supervisor Catering Boom Operator Creative: Sound Assistant Art Director Assistant Art Gaffer Director Sound TV Industry TV Industry Recordist Director Screenwriter Hair and make-up designer Make-Up and Hair Artist Actor Presenter Editorial: Stand up comedian Vision Mixer Walks editor Research: on/supporting Post Production Specialist artists supervisor Variety Artist Researcher Financial: Second assistant Catering crew Choreographer Finance editor Singer Location Manager Post production manager Puppeteer Finance overview Assistant Analyst choreographer Sales Agent Stunt Performer Unit publicist Organizational:
  • 10. Management • Casting Director: • Casting actors is very important because the actor must be suitable for the character. This way, the audience’s attention will hold throughout the show. This means that the casting director needs to have detailed knowledge about how to cast the right actor to the character so they must be very familiar with the script. They usually do this through auditions and then choose an actor who will suit the role and then they will make a contract for the actor. The director is usually present in the auditions; especially when unprofessional actors audition as their acting talent is not known. The casting director needs to do a lot of research to make sure that they are picking the right actor. The director and producer usually depend on the casting director to pick out the right cast for the show. They usually finish their work when the actors are chosen so they are not needed all the time.
  • 11. Technical • Boom Operator: • They are in charge of putting the microphone in the right place is to get the best sound. While doing this, they can’t distract the camera operators or the actors from doing their job because of the microphone. Also, they have to put the microphone in the right place on set. They are also responsible for the sound equipment. They have to make sure they work and fix any problems they have. They work freelance and they finish when the film production is done.
  • 12. Research • Researchers work in different section of television production. This can include news, sport, children shows, comedies, dramas. They develop the programme idea using their knowledge of industry requirements and then they show their results to the decision makers. They need to make sure that it doesn’t break any regulations or legislation. Usually they either come up for a programme ideas that they will pitch to a producer or they will have a brief to work on an idea. They need to get the relevant data and locations. In addition, they need to get clearances for any copyright material. They need to present their information to the contributors of the show.
  • 13. Editorial • The editor is responsible of putting together the shots into a finished product that is suitable for the target audience. They need to make sure it makes sense, is good quality and will keep the audience’s attention. They work closely with the director, and they usually work on a freelance basis. They may add special effects and graphics during the edit. They will usually have a deadline and so will have a lot of pressure and when they edit they usually work for long hours.
  • 14. Organizational • Transport managers are in charge of organizing all the large vehicles. This includes mini make-up and costume units and mini toilet units. Their job needs good transport and film industry experience and exceptional planning and management skills. They are also responsible for making sure that the transport has the permits they need if they need to travel across international borders. They need to have good timekeeping skills and they have to be able to work with a lot of pressure.
  • 15. Financial • Financial Analyst: The financial analyst has to help provide accurate and relevant financial reporting, planning and analysis. They have to develop and prepare presentations of short and long range financial plans and operating budgets. They are really important in programme changes and new show launches, because their analysis will then lead to the development of the show idea so that they can get the maximum amount of interest and audience tuning in.
  • 16. Creative • Hair and make-up: Make-up and hair artists have to be excellent in both make-up and hair techniques. This is because make-up and hair are very important in the overall look and design of the production. They create a specific look for each character and depending on the time and place it is set in. They have to be experienced and use professional hair and make up products. They have to be able to create create a look that meets the requirements and needs of the production. They usually work on a freelance basis and are employed throughout the preproduction and production stages.
  • 17. Administrative • Caterer: Caterers come from specialised companies. They have catering trucks that have food, and also equipment to help prepare the food like ovens, fridges, gas and water. Catering companies are different in size. The smallest truck may consist of a couple of individuals who prepare the menu, make the food, make tea and coffee. They also clean and drive the truck. Big companies may consist of 20 trucks and have hundreds of staff. They are hired by production managers. This job is really important as the crew work for long hours so they need to eat. Caterers present their sample menus and their quotes to the production manager so that they could be hired.
  • 18. Becky Thomson: Sound Recordist Technical job • Becky is a film and TV sound Recordist. Sometimes, she is also a boom operator. She says that being a sound Recordist means that she is responsible for all the sound that is recorded on set. She doesn’t do anything at the studio. She was first at university doing biology and then found out about the radio station. She loved music so she spent time working in radio and making programmes. She went into freelance and also did an apprenticeship in sound. Some TV dramas she worked on includes ‘the bill’ and ‘judge john deed’. She spent some time dubbing with Bill Rowe; who won an Oscar for sound for ‘chariots of fire’. I learned from her that if someone wants to work in the industry they need to give it everything they’ve got. Otherwise, they someone else would take the role they wanted.
  • 19. Ian Payne: TV Presenter Creative job • Ian Payne is the main news presenter for North East Tonight. He sometimes presents other bulletins like the late news slot for ITN. Before this, he was the senior sports presenter. Usually, he would be in the office at 11am. Until 3pm, he is following up past stories and planning ahead. From 3.30pm he is getting ready for the 6 o’clock programme. After the programme, there is a debrief. He works 40 hours usually in a week. He enjoys the fact that he has a position of responsibility in the company. He also enjoys being respected for having the knowledge and the authority. He got to his job by doing a work placement with TSL. He continued getting experience while doing his degree. He then worked in an independent film company. After that, he applied to be a sports assistant on a TV channel and from there he went to presenting. I learned from him that TV isn’t about glitz and glamour. It’s just a way to communicate a message but it’s also a great job.
  • 20. Jonathon Lewis: Researcher Research job • Jonathon needs to find information about people and locations to meet the brief. He did three weeks work experience in TV research and this led to a three month contract as a researcher on a daily natural history magazine programme. He enjoys that he can share people’s experience and work with leading experts. He also enjoys going to locations that people dream of going to. I learned from him that when sending out a CV for work experience, you should follow up your CV with an email or a phone call.