Catsanddogs
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Catsanddogs Presentation Transcript

  • 1. செவாய் கிரகத்து பப்பி குட்டியும்– சுக்கிரனின் பூஸூ குட்டியும்
    ஹைஷ்126
  • 2. யார் என உங்களுக்கே தெரியும்
  • 3. What is this?
  • 4. It’s a small dog!
  • 5. What is this?
  • 6. It’s not a small dog!
  • 7. The differences between dogs and cats!
    • Dogs come when you call them. Cats take a message and get back to you when they are good and ready.
    • 8. Dogs will give you unconditional love forever. Cats will make you pay for every mistake you’ve ever made since the day you were born.
    • 9. Dogs will tilt their heads and listen whenever you talk. Cats will yawn and close their eyes.
    • 10. Dogs will bring you your slippers or the evening newspaper. Cats might bring you a dead mouse.
  • The differences between dogs and cats!
    • Dogs will greet you and lick your face when you come home from work. Cats will be mad that you went to work at all.
    • 11. Dogs will sit on the car seat next to you. Cats have to have their own private box or they will not go at all.
    • 12. Dogs have owners, cats have staff.
  • Considerations in the shelter environment for any species
    • Evolutionary origin
    • 13. Behaviour
    • 14. Exercise and mental stimulation
    • 15. Accommodation
    • 16. Reproductive cycle
    • 17. Diet
    • 18. Disease and its prevention
  • Evolutionary origins - dogs
    • Descended from wolves and other wild dogs
    • 19. Pack animals
    • 20. Social species
    • 21. Hierarchy
    • 22. Hunt and scavenge
    • 23. Been domesticated for 15-30,000 years
    • 24. Huge variation in size, shape and use through domestication and selective breeding
  • Evolutionary origin - cats
    • Descended from the African Wildcat
    • 25. Solitary hunter
    • 26. Not social as not evolved to live in close proximity to other cats
    • 27. Highly territorial
    • 28. Been domesticated for approx 6,000 years
    • 29. Have not changed much in shape and size since domestication
  • Behaviour - Dogs
    • Evolved to live in groups
    • 30. Generally sociable and like company
    • 31. Developed ways of communicating with others through facial expressions, stance and voice
    • 32. Respond well to training
  • Behaviour - cats
    • Can live in groups of related females and young males
    • 33. Tend to act independently
    • 34. Generally stressed by the presence of strange cats
    • 35. Communicate through smell
    • 36. Do not have a wide range of facial expressions
    • 37. Deal with conflict by hiding/fleeing/climbing if possible
  • Socialisation
    Puppies
    • Sensitive period is between 3-12 weeks
    • 38. Must be exposed to a variety of people, animals, sounds etc during this period to avoid being fearful of them later
    • 39. Need interactive play
    • 40. Even if socialised before 12 weeks can regress to fearfulness in the absence of social contact
    Kittens
    • Sensitive period is between 2-7 weeks
    • 41. Must be exposed to a variety of people, animals, sounds etc during this period to avoid being fearful of them later
    • 42. If not handled during this period they are unlikely ever to become very sociable pets
  • Socialisation of kittens
    • Socialisation is very time-consuming and needs experienced, patient staff/volunteers.
    • 43. Need to put kittens in kitten pen in a busy part of the shelter or property.
    • 44. Feral kittens that are old enough (from 6 weeks) can be neutered and returned rather than socialised.
  • Exercise and mental stimulation - dogs
    • Can be taken for walks
    • 45. Changes environment
    • 46. Allows exercise
    • 47. Can undergo training, agility etc
    • 48. Need variety of toys and activities
  • Exercise and mental stimulation - cats
    • Generally restricted to the run or pen
    • 49. Need to be encouraged to exercise and play
    • 50. Need to exhibit hunting behaviour
    • 51. Need to have something to scratch on
    • 52. Need facilities on different levels for climbing, perching etc
  • Exercise
  • 53. Stimulation
  • 54. Toys – mimic prey through shape, texture and movement
  • 55. Accommodation
    Dogs
    • Happier with companions
    • 56. Need adequate floor area but height not so important
    • 57. Sound-proofing
    Cats
    • Prefer to be on their own (or with a familiar cat)
    • 58. Stressed by seeing other cats
    • 59. Need places to hide, climb and perch
  • Cat pen design
    Safe and secure – safety corridors
    Adequate ventilation – 6 to 12 air changes/hr
    Adequate temperature – Ideally 15-24C
    Smooth surfaces, non-porous surfaces
    Solid (ideally opaque) barriers between cats – sneeze barriers
  • 60. Cat pen design
    Ease of cleaning/access cats
    Ease of public viewing
    Adequate space for cats to exercise
    Ideally separate sleeping area and run
    Food bowls and litter trays kept separately
    Areas for cats to feel secure and hide
    Areas to climb and
    perch
  • 61. Cat pen design
  • 62. Reproductive cycle
    Dog
    • Comes into season twice yearly
    • 63. Easier to control whether bitch is mated
    • 64. Some debate about risks of early neutering
    Cat
    • Has many seasons in one year
    • 65. Can have up to 3 litters a year
    • 66. Difficult to avoid pregnancy if going outside and un-neutered
  • Cats are very good at reproducing!
    One entire female can be responsible for the production of over 20,000 kittens in 5 years
  • 67. Early Neutering
    • The key to neutering being effective at population control is to neuter before sexual maturity, particularly before a female’s first season
    • 68. Studies show no increased surgical, anaesthetic or developmental risks with pre-pubertal neutering
  • Early neutering
    • Advantages of early neutering (pre-puberty) resulting in:
    • 69. Fewer unwanted kittens
    • 70. Fewer homed cats to follow up
    • 71. Fewer cats presented for neutering being pregnant
    • 72. Easier surgically due to less body fat and smaller blood vessels
    • 73. Quicker recovery
  • Diet
    Dogs
    • Originally predators and scavengers
    • 74. Although generally considered carnivores are more omnivorous
    • 75. Can survive on a vegetarian diet
    • 76. Can tolerate prolonged fasting and can use body fat efficiently
    Cats
    • Supreme predators
    • 77. Obligate carnivores
    • 78. Cannot survive on a vegetarian diet
    • 79. Do not tolerate starvation well
  • NB If you want a vegetarian pet….
    …get a rabbit!
  • 80. Feline diet
    • Need higher levels of protein than dogs
    • 81. MUST have a meat-based diet
    • 82. Would eat 9 mice daily in the wild
    • 83. When healthy, drink less than dogs as were desert animals
    • 84. Require certain essential nutrients including taurine, arachidonic acid and pre-formed Vitamin A that are only available from animal sources
    • 85. Can develop a fatal liver condition called hepatic lipidosis if not eating for a few days, especially if obese
  • Disease
    Cats
    • Hide pain very well
    • 86. May not show overt signs of stress
    • 87. With infectious disease, can often be symptomless carriers or recover but still shed the organism especially when stressed
    • 88. Do not tolerate certain drugs such as NSAIDs as well as dogs
    Dogs
    • Show pain or illness more overtly
    • 89. Show stress more overtly
    • 90. When ill with infectious disease tend to get better or die
    • 91. Carrier states less common
  • Feline infectious disease
    • Many diseases can have a carrier state e.g. FeLV, FIV, feline herpesvirus, feline calicivirus
    • 92. Stress tends to increase shedding of organisms and susceptibility
    • 93. Disease is worse in overcrowded, poorly ventilated shelters
  • Controlling feline infectious disease
    Avoid overcrowding
    Keep cats singly where possible
    Avoid cats sharing litter trays
    Reduce stress
    Use isolation
    Barrier nursing
    Stringent hygiene/disinfection regime
    Stop the movement of cats in affected area
    Vaccination
    Screen for disease where possible
  • 94. Common signs of stress
    Dogs
    • Avoidance
    • 95. Defensive aggression
    • 96. Howling/barking
    • 97. Pacing
    • 98. Panting
    • 99. Digging
    • 100. Excessive activity
    • 101. Elimination
    • 102. Anorexia
    • 103. Compulsive behaviour (tail chasing etc)
    Cats
    • Avoidance
    • 104. Hiding
    • 105. Reduced activity/immobility
    • 106. Climbing
    • 107. Elimination/spraying
    • 108. Reduction in maintenance behaviours (sleeping, grooming, eating, elimination etc)
    • 109. Excessive grooming
    • 110. Panting
    • 111. Aggression
  • Avoiding stress in cats in shelters
    Acute stress on arrival is helped by
    • Giving the cat somewhere to hide
    • 112. Preventing the cats looking directly at other cats
    • 113. Providing a regular and predictable routine
    • 114. Having the same person deal with the cat each day
    Chronic stress occurs after time and is helped by
    • Using different toys and active play
    • 115. Using puzzle feeders and making them work for their food
    • 116. Varying the routine with regard to people and timing
  • Thank You!
    Cats were once worshipped as gods and they’ve never forgotten it!
  • 117. Any questions?