The differences between dogs and cats!<br /><ul><li>Dogs come when you call them. Cats take a message and get back to you when they are good and ready.
Dogs will give you unconditional love forever. Cats will make you pay for every mistake you’ve ever made since the day you were born.
Dogs will tilt their heads and listen whenever you talk. Cats will yawn and close their eyes.
Dogs will bring you your slippers or the evening newspaper. Cats might bring you a dead mouse. </li></li></ul><li>The differences between dogs and cats!<br /><ul><li>Dogs will greet you and lick your face when you come home from work. Cats will be mad that you went to work at all.
Dogs will sit on the car seat next to you. Cats have to have their own private box or they will not go at all.
Dogs have owners, cats have staff.</li></li></ul><li>Considerations in the shelter environment for any species<br /><ul><li>Evolutionary origin
Even if socialised before 12 weeks can regress to fearfulness in the absence of social contact</li></ul>Kittens<br /><ul><li>Sensitive period is between 2-7 weeks
Must be exposed to a variety of people, animals, sounds etc during this period to avoid being fearful of them later
If not handled during this period they are unlikely ever to become very sociable pets</li></li></ul><li>Socialisation of kittens<br /><ul><li>Socialisation is very time-consuming and needs experienced, patient staff/volunteers.
Need to put kittens in kitten pen in a busy part of the shelter or property.
Feral kittens that are old enough (from 6 weeks) can be neutered and returned rather than socialised.</li></li></ul><li>Exercise and mental stimulation - dogs<br /><ul><li>Can be taken for walks
Need places to hide, climb and perch</li></li></ul><li>Cat pen design<br />Safe and secure – safety corridors<br />Adequate ventilation – 6 to 12 air changes/hr<br />Adequate temperature – Ideally 15-24C<br />Smooth surfaces, non-porous surfaces <br />Solid (ideally opaque) barriers between cats – sneeze barriers<br />
Cat pen design<br />Ease of cleaning/access cats<br />Ease of public viewing<br />Adequate space for cats to exercise<br />Ideally separate sleeping area and run<br />Food bowls and litter trays kept separately<br />Areas for cats to feel secure and hide<br />Areas to climb and <br /> perch<br />
Difficult to avoid pregnancy if going outside and un-neutered</li></li></ul><li>Cats are very good at reproducing!<br />One entire female can be responsible for the production of over 20,000 kittens in 5 years<br />
Early Neutering<br /><ul><li>The key to neutering being effective at population control is to neuter before sexual maturity, particularly before a female’s first season
Studies show no increased surgical, anaesthetic or developmental risks with pre-pubertal neutering</li></li></ul><li>Early neutering<br /><ul><li>Advantages of early neutering (pre-puberty) resulting in: