william shakespear & ben jonson


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william shakespear & ben jonson

  1. 1.  Name: haider ali  Class: bs 1st (English)  Roll no: 11  Subject: history of English Presentation: Elizabethan drama, Ben Jonson &  Given by :sir irfan ullah
  2. 2. Introduction (1554-1637)Elizabethan drama refers to the plays produced while Queen Elizabeth reigned in England, from 1558 until 1603. Elizabethan plays about histories of England’s rulers, but revenge dramas & comedies. Shakespeare most famous of the Elizabethan dramatists
  3. 3.  Before Elizabethan, Plays tended religious themes. Elizabethan dramas focused secular issues. Tragedies of the era focused on creating a sense of both terror and pity in the audience. Shakespeare was the master of tragedy (Hamlet, Othello), Historical play Edward II, Richard III and Henry V. English patrons period could go to the Globe theater (1599), by Shakespeare &Ben Johnson (The Alchemist). Enjoyed poking fun & good Laugh.
  4. 4.  Ben Jonson: (11 June 1572 – 6 August 1637) An English Renaissance dramatist, A contemporary of William Shakespeare, Satirical & comedy writer(The Alchemist). Classicist. Moralist & Reformer of Drama. 1st time introduced HUMOUR.(mean peculiar trail in character). Realist; believe in real & practical works.
  5. 5.  Every Man in His Humors, comedy Every Man out of His Humors, comedy The Alchemist, comedy Sejanus His Fall, tragedy A Tale of a Tub, comedy The Poetaster, comedy Epicoene, or the Silent Woman, comedy Volpone, comedy Catiline His Conspiracy, tragedy Barclays Argenis, translated by Jonson
  6. 6.  Widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world. English poet and playwright. Englands national poet He created 38 plays, 154 sonnets, 2 long narrative poems, Several other poems
  7. 7.  Shakespeares total work can be divided into 4 periods.1. Immature Period2. Creative Period3. Highly Proffiosnal Period4. Down fall Period
  8. 8.  Generally This period called experimental work. because he experimented the revision In this period his style was technically immature. Plays written in this period are; Comedy of error, Henry VI (part I, II, III), Midsummer night dream, Romeo Juliet , Two gentlemen of Verona etc.
  9. 9.  2nd period known for great comedies. Now mature. Style less technically rigid, more creative. Plays including in this period are; All’s well that ends well, Hamlet, Othello, Twelfth Night .
  10. 10.  This period belongs to his great tragedies. This period is characterized by thehighest development of his thoughts and expressions. He expressed life from every angle. In this period he created a great work; Julius Caesar, King Lear, Antony &Cleopatra, Macbeth, Measure for measure.
  11. 11.  This period belongs to his later comedies and dramatic romance. There was the decline of thoughts and expressions. The Evil is now controlled and Conquered by Good. In this period he did not gave any literature alone. Cymbeline, Henry VIII, The winters tale and The Tempest are the part of last period.
  12. 12.  Tragedies: Romeo and Juliet Coriolanus Titus Andronicus † Timor of Athens † Julius Caesar Macbeth † Hamlet Troilus and Cressida ‡ King Lear Othello Antony and Cleopatra Cymbeline *
  13. 13. o Twelfth Nighto The Comedy of Errorso Loves Labors Losto Measure for Measure ‡o The Merchant of Veniceo The Taming of the Shrewo The Tempest * III. Historieso Richard IIo Henry IV, Part 1o Henry IV, Part 2o Henry Vo Henry VI, Part 1 †o Henry VI, Part 2o Henry VI, Part 3
  14. 14.  Shakespeares sonnets Venus and Adonis The Rape of Lucerne The Passionate Pilgrim The Phoenix and the Turtle A Lovers Complaint
  15. 15.  The period has the great variety of almost unlimited creative force; it includes works of many kinds in both verse and prose. Ranges in spirit from the loftiest Platonic idealism or the most delightful romance to the level of very repulsive realism. It was mainly dominated, however, by the spirit of romance. It was full also of the spirit of dramatic action. It was in part a period of experimentation, when the proper material and limits of literary forms were being determined. It continued to be largely influenced by the literature of Italy, and to a less degree by those of France and Spain.