Pinyin lesson 4

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Pinyin lesson 4

  1. 1. Pinyin Lesson 4
  2. 2. Compound Finals
  3. 3. Summary of marking tones in Pinyin• Tone marks are written above the main vowel of a syllable. The main vowel can be identified according to the following sequence: ɑ-o-e-i-u-ü.• For instance, in ɑo the main vowel is ɑ. In ei the main vowel is e.• There is one exception: when i and u are combined into a syllable, the tone mark is written on the second vowel: iù,uì.
  4. 4. Compound Finals ɑi、ei、ɑo、ou、iɑ、ie、iɑo、iou
  5. 5. • When the initial vowels are ɑ、o and e, they are stressed. The vowels following are soft and brief.• ɑi、ei、ɑo、ou can be individual syllables.
  6. 6. ài 爱(love)
  7. 7. bái 白(white)
  8. 8. běi 北(north)
  9. 9. hēi 黑(black)
  10. 10. hǎo 好(good)
  11. 11. gǒu 狗(dog)
  12. 12. • When the initial vowel is i, the main vowels that come after i are transitional sounds, meaning they’re not stressed. iā iá iǎ ià• If there are vowels or nasal consonants after the main vowels, those should be unstressed as well. iāo iáo iǎo iào
  13. 13. jiā 家(family, home)
  14. 14. xièxiè 谢谢(thanks)
  15. 15. xiǎo 小(small)
  16. 16. • In pinyin orthography, some vowels are omitted for the sake of economy, thus “iou” becomes “iu.”
  17. 17. jiǔ 九(nine)
  18. 18. • If there is no initial consonant before i, i is written as a semi- vowel y. Thus iɑ, ie, iɑo, iou become yɑ, ye, yɑo, you.
  19. 19. yá 牙(tooth)
  20. 20. yéye 爷爷(grandpa)
  21. 21. yào 药(medicine)
  22. 22. yòu 右(right)

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