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    solar street light project report. solar street light project report. Document Transcript

    • Acknowledgements First and foremost, I would like to Thank to my Professor of Project Management, Dr. Ali Ahsan for the valuable guidance and advice. He inspired us greatly to work in this project. His willingness to motivate us contributed tremendously to our project. I wish to express my cordial gratitude to the all peoples who have played a crucial role in the research for this project, without their active cooperation the preparation of this project could not have been completed within the specified limit. The next person I would like to acknowledge is my project guide Mr. Arif Mehmood who supported me throughout this project with utmost cooperation and patience. Finally, an honorable mention goes to my family and friends for their understandings and supports on me in completing this project. Without helps of the particular that mentioned above, I would face many difficulties while doing this project. 1
    • Executive Summary This is a hypothetical project. The purpose of this project is to develop the project planning and initiation phase to understand how a project is carrying on, completed and what is required to complete it. The MTA Corporation (hypothetical company) is a company which produces and installs solar street lights. MTA Corporation is currently doing a project of installing solar street lights for the Government of Pakistan in the Capital city Islamabad. The whole project is developing on hypothetical assumptions. The sponsors’’ of this project are; Government of Pakistan, World Bank, UN and UNICEF. Reasons for installing Solar Street Lights in Pakistan are; Pakistan is going through many critical problems and one of them is energy problem, which is effecting the growth and development of the economy. Pakistan has a lot of resources to produce electricity from different alternatives plans. For that reason we done analysis of the market and analyze that the people are anxious and willing to reduce the energy crisis from the country as well as the Government of Pakistan is looking/ finding ways to resolve the crisis by developing rental electric power grids program temporarily that is costly. As in the market till now no one has proposed solar street lights project to the Government of Pakistan which can help them to reduce the energy Problem. Government of Pakistan accepted the project proposed by the MTA Corporation of installing Solar Street lights in the Capital city Islamabad to cater the energy crisis. Different plan are made to ensure that who, what, where, when, why and How will be recognize and explained. 2
    • Table of Content Table of Contents Acknowledgments…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..1 Executive Summary…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………2 Table of Content……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..3 Project Charter ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……..……5 Objectives Deliverables/ Millstones’ Stakeholders’ Assumptions Risks Decision Making Process Project Cost Project Plan………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………………8 General Information Project Information Technology Environmental and Social Impact Benefits of Solar Street Lights Milestones Costing & Budgeting Scope Statement……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…….…13 Stakeholders’ Register……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..15 Human Resource Management Plan………………………………………………………………………………………………..16 Communication Management Plan……………………………………………………………………………………………….……21 3
    • Procurement Management Plan………………………………………………………………………………………………………..22 Quality Management Plan…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…...26 Risk Management Plan………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……28 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…..29 4
    • PROJECT CHARTER Tagline: - You pay LESS MONEY for MORE LIGHT with Solar Street Lights. Mission:- MTA Corporation aim “Towards provide alternative solar energy solutions for domestic, industrial and commercial establishments in order to mitigate the energy problems in Pakistan”. Objectives:- Solar energy is a very useful renewable source of energy, which may be the answer to the future for power, or energy needs, as global warming seems to pick up rapidly. So, we can all contribute to the environment by using solar energy thus erasing or trimming down various gas emissions, which can endanger earth, in turn, the millions of people in it. By installing solar street lights in the Capital city of Pakistan, it will help to reduce the energy crisis. The installation cost of Solar Street light is less than the Traditional Street lights installing and maintenance cost. So, by installing Solar Street lights, it will help to boost the economy of Pakistan. Deliverables/ Milestones:- Less Cost, No electric current is required, high quality solar street lights, easy to maintain, Heavy Duty 1/8 Aluminum with welded seams and rubber mats, Heavy duty front door with stainless steel hinges, gaskets and lockable, No sharp edges on enclosure door, 24 volt 10 amp controller, Field adjustable for on/off times, Settable for gel cell battery charge curve to ensure performance and autonomy, Pulse Width Modulation charge regulation, Factory mounted in battery box, Controller automatically adjusts for seasonal light changes, Extends battery life, reduces deep discharge cycling and enhances autonomy. Stakeholders’:- Stakeholders’ of the project are Ministry of Finance, World Bank, UNO, and UNICEF, Project team of MTA Company, CDA, and Government of Pakistan. 5
    • Assumptions:- Project will be a successful one, because each stakeholder (Govt. of Pakistan, UN, World Bank) is united and putting their whole lot of efforts to make this project a successful one. Economy will be improved; investors’ will invest and so forth. Risks:- Solar electricity and heat are not available at night and also may not be accessible in case of bad weather conditions. So, a solar or complementary power station is required which maybe a problem for many locations. Solar panels require a large area for installation in order to achieve a good level of efficiency. Besides the solar energy can also be influenced by the presence of water vapor, pollution etc. in the air, which may cause complexities. Considerable amount of energy is lost when DC (direct current) has to be converted to AC (alternating current). The solar cells can only produce DC, thus the conversion by help of Grid-Tie Inverters incurs a loss of about 4-12%. Decision Making Process:- Decision will be taken with the agreement of the stakeholders’ and will be approved by the CEO of the company. Project Cost:- 6
    • Cost of the project is determined through the documents construct in the project. Activities: Procurement of Required Material Project Initiation Define Scope Project Schedule Estimated Cost & Budgeting Plan Document Project Support Plans Project Quality Project Human Resource Management Develop Procurement Plans Set Up Project Environment Human Resource Management Assembling of Solar lights Installation of Solar Street Lights Maintenance Monitoring and Controlling Estimated Total Cost= "Rs36, 041,827.15" Project Plan 7
    • GENERAL INFORMATION Project sponsors and partners are; • Government of Pakistan • World Bank • UN • UNICEF • Suppliers’ PROJECT INFORMATION This is a hypothetical project. The purpose of this project is to develop the project planning and initiation phase to understand how a project is carrying on, completed and what is required to complete it. The MTA Corporation (hypothetical company) is a company which produces and installs solar street lights. MTA Corporation is currently doing a project of installing solar street lights for the Government of Pakistan in the Capital city Islamabad. The whole project is developing on hypothetical assumptions. Pakistan is going through many critical problems and one of them is energy problem, which is effecting the growth and development of the economy. Pakistan has a lot of resources to produce electricity from different alternatives plans. For that reason we done analysis of the market and analyze that the people are anxious and willing to reduce the energy crisis from the country as well as the Government of Pakistan is looking/ finding ways to resolve the crisis by developing rental electric power grids program temporarily that is costly. As in the market till now no one has proposed solar street lights project to the Government of Pakistan which can help them to reduce the energy Problem. Government of Pakistan accepted the project proposed by the MTA Corporation of installing Solar Street lights in the Capital city Islamabad to cater the energy crisis. Project detail is given in the following Documents. The information about the Solar Street Light is explained in detail in the following topic. Technology: - (Solar Light) The solar light is a complex but useful source of light. Solar light is consisting of following component; 8
    • Photovoltaic A stand alone so photovoltaic street lighting system comprises a compact fluorescent lamp, lead acid battery, PV module(s) control electronics, inter-connecting wires / cables, Module mounting hardware, Battery box, Operation, instruction and maintenance manual. Duty Cycle The system should be designed to automatically switch ON at dusk. Operate throughout the night and automatically switch OFF at the dawn. Lamp The lamp will be of compact fluorescent (CFL) type, either 4 - Pin or 2 Pin type, with a rating of 11W. For the 4 - Pin type CFL. Adequate pre-heating circuit must be provided. The light output from the lamp should be around 900 +5% lumens. The lamp should be housed in a weather proof assembly suitable for outdoor use, with a reflector on its back. While fixing the assembly, the lamp should be held in a base up configuration. Battery Electrolyte type positive tubular plate is required. Low maintenance leads acid battery. The battery will have a minimum rating of 12V 75 Ah (at C/10) discharge rate. 75 % of the rated capacity of the battery should be between fully charged & load cut off conditions. Celectron The inverter should be of quasi sine wave/sine wave type. With frequency in the range 20 - 35 KHz. Half-wave operation is not acceptable. The total electronic efficiency should be at least 80 %. No blackening or reduction in the lumen output by more than 10% should be observed after 1000 ON/OFF cycles (two minutes ON followed by four minutes OFF is one cycle). The idle current consumption should not be more than 10 mA. Electronics should operate at 12 V and should have temperature compensation for proper charging of the battery throughout the year. Necessary lengths of wires/cables and fuses should be provided. The PV module will be used to sense the ambient light level for switching ON and OFF the lamp. PV Module (s) 9
    • The PV module(s) shall contain crystalline silicon solar cells. The power output of the module(s) under STC should be a minimum of 74 W either two modules; of minimum 37 W output each or one module of 74 W output should be used. The operating voltage corresponding to the power output mentioned above should be 16.4 V. The open circuit voltage of the PV modules under STC should be at least 21.0 Volts. The terminal box on the module should have a provision for opening for replacing the cable if required. A strip containing the following details should be laminated inside the module so as to be clearly visible from the front side. Electronic Protections and Adequate protection is to be incorporated under no -load conditions e.g. when the lamp is removed and the system is switched ON. The system should have protection against battery overcharge and deep discharge conditions. Fuses should be provided to protect against short circuit conditions. The pole should be made of mild steel pipe with a height of 4 meters above the ground level, after grouting and final installation. The pole should have the provision to hold the water proof lamp housing it should be painted with a corrosion resistant paint. A vented, acid proof and corrosion resistant painted metallic box for outdoor use should be provided for housing the battery. Components and parts used in the solar street lighting systems should conform to the latest BIS specifications, wherever such specifications are available and applicable. Environment and social impact:- Energy saving provide electric energy with solar energy photovoltaic conversion, which would never be exhausted. No pollution, no noise, no radiation. Safety No such accident as electric shock or fire at all. Convenience Simple installation, no need to erect wire or excavate ground without consideration of power shut down or power restriction. Solar Street Light has long life high technical content of the product, control system and module being of famous world brand, intelligent design, and reliable quality. Solar energy is a High quality Technical product, green energy, using units attaching importance to technology, enhancing green image and level. Solar energy is a Investment all at once, same price as AC power (sum of AC power investment from substation, power feeding, control cabinet, cable and engineering), investment all at once with long term usage. Wide application solar energy comes from nature. It can be used so long there is sunshine, especially suitable for green land sight light equipage, high grade housing and outdoor lighting, tour scenic spot and coast lighting and decoration, industrial development area, factory and enterprise street lamp, outdoor light of colleges. Benefits and features of solar lights:- 10
    • • Immune to power outages • Wandal resistant hardware • No trenching, no wiring • No maintenance • Stand alone, not connected to grid • Easy installation-quick connect plug • Longer lifetime (50,000 hours) Organization, management, and training:- Well trained employees are in MTA Corporation with a lot of experience and outstanding work. Trainings are an important part of the organization to keep employees up-to- date with the latest technology. HR Manager is responsible for the hiring, training and compensation of the employees. Project implementation:- Schedule for project implementation is given in detail in the MS Project file. Partners' responsibilities in implementation are MTA Corporation, Suppliers i.e. (Shi fang Company, Malik steel, A.A Company, Askari Cement, and Hino-Pak). Shi Fang Company:- Lamps, Batteries’, PV Module(s), controlling device Mechanical equipment Electronic accessories Malik Steel:- Stainless steel poles, water prove box AA Company:- Procure Bricks for installing the pole holder. 11
    • Askari Cement:- Procure Cement to make holder of the street light pole. Hino-Pak Company:- Procure trucks to transport street lights to the designated places. Milestones:- Sr.No Task 1 Budget approval from the organization 2 Inspection Team Report/Survey Report 3 Purchase of Materials 4 Purchase of Vehicles 5 Installation of Solar Street Lights to the designated locations 6 Final Report 12
    • Costing & Budgeting:- Budget =Rs. 50,000,000 Total Estimated Cost= "Rs36, 041,827.15" Scope Statement Project Justification:- There is a lot of Shortage of electricity in Pakistan. Pakistan Government is looking forward to produce energy from other available resources in Pakistan. Solar energy is one important way to produce electricity other than traditional way of producing electricity. It is a onetime cost project which benefits for future. Project Product:- Solar Street Lights is the Project Product. Project Deliverables:- Solar Street Lights Project Objective:- Solar energy is a very useful renewable source of energy, which may be the answer to the future for power, or energy needs, as global warming seems to pick up rapidly. So, we can all contribute to the environment by using solar energy thus erasing or trimming down various gas emissions, which can endanger earth, in turn, the millions of people in it. By installing solar street lights in the Capital city Islamabad of Pakistan, it will help to reduce the energy problem in some way. The installation cost of Solar Street light is less than the Traditional Street light. So, by installing Solar Street lights, it will definitely play a pivotal role to stabilize the economy of Pakistan. Assumptions/Limitations:- 13
    • One time cost but beneficial, less emission of energy that effect ozone layer or help to reduce global warming, better working then the traditional or previous ones. Cost is one factor, Accessibility, Literacy rate, technology, experts. Overall Project Priority:- High Medium Low Comments: - This project is going to help in the growth of Pakistan’s economy because right now Pakistan is going through a lot of major issues and electricity is one of them, so by planting solar street lights it will reduce the consumption of electricity on traditional street lights and the supply of electricity will be more likely be equal to the demand of the people. 14
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    • Stakeholders’ Register 18
    • 19 Sr.No Name of Stake holde rs Designation Department Role in proje ct Type of communicatio n Expectation Interest Power 1 M Tanveer Ahme d Project Manager Overall To assure all the activi ties are being done as sched uled Face to Face and daily meetings Successfully installing the solar street lights in Islamaba d High High 2 Governme nt of Pakist an Financing body Nil To finance the proje ct Reports and meetings on monthly basis Fully support to make project successful High High 3 World Bank Financing body Nil --as above -- --as above-- --as above-- High High 4 Labor Work Force Operations To produ ce solar street lights and plant in the Islam abad Meetings and Face to Face Salary on time Low Low 5 Suppliers Nil Nil To provide the best availa ble mater ial to build the solar street lights Written and meetings Contracts High Low
    • Human Resource Management Plan Roles and Responsibilities’:- 20 CEOCEO FINANCE MANAGER FINANCE MANAGER HUMAN RESOURCE MANGER HUMAN RESOURCE MANGER MARKETING MANAGER MARKETING MANAGER PROCUREMENT MANAGER PROCUREMENT MANAGER QUALITY MANAGER QUALITY MANAGER PROJECT MANAGER PROJECT MANAGER ASSISTANT MANAGER ASSISTANT MANAGER ASSISTANT MANAGER ASSISTANT MANAGER ASSISTANT MANAGER ASSISTANT MANAGER TEAMTEAM ASSISTANT MANAGER ASSISTANT MANAGER TEAMTEAM TECHNICAL EMPLOYEES TECHNICAL EMPLOYEES MARTKETING RESEARCHER MARTKETING RESEARCHER TEAMTEAM TECHNICAL EMPLOYEES TECHNICAL EMPLOYEES TRAINERSTRAINERS TEAMTEAM ACCOUNTANT S ACCOUNTANT S AUDITORSAUDITORS TEAMTEAM ANALYTICAL SKILLED EMPLYEES ANALYTICAL SKILLED EMPLYEES
    • Designation Roles & Responsibilities’ CEO Its role is more like a leader and visionary person. She/he advises the Board and supports motivation of employees in organization products/programs and operations. He ensures staff and Board have sufficient and up-to-date information, looks to the future for change opportunities and interfaces between Board and employees, and organization and community. Marketing Manager To develop, establish and maintain marketing strategies to meet organizational objectives. She/he manages and coordinates all marketing, advertising and promotional staff and activities. Conduct market research to determine market requirements for existing and future products. Analysis of customer research, current market conditions and competitor information, develop and implement marketing plans and projects for new and existing products. Manage the productivity of the marketing plans and projects. Monitor, review and report on all marketing activity and results. Determine and manage the marketing budget. Develop pricing strategy and liaison with media and advertising. 21
    • Human Resource Manager Maintaining and develop HR policies, ensuring compliance and to contribute the development of corporate HR policies. She/ he develop the HR team, to ensure the provision of a professional HR service to the organization. Manage a team of staff. She/ he are Responsible for mentoring, guiding and developing them as a second line to the current position. To ensure timely recruitment of required level / quality of Management staff, other business lines staff, including non-billable staff with appropriate global approvals, in order to meet business needs, focusing on Employee Retention and key Employee Identification initiatives. Prepare information and input for the salary budgets. Ensure compliance to the approved salary budget; give focus on pay for performance and salary benchmarks where available. Ensure adherence to corporate guideline on salary adjustments and promotions. Coordinate increments and promotions of all staff. HR manager develop the HR business plan and ensure appropriate communication at all staff levels. Finance Manager She/he coordinates the approval and rejection of, lines of credit and commercial, real estate, and personal loans. Develop and analyze information to assess the current and future financial status of firms. Establish procedures for custody and control of assets, records, loan collateral, and securities, in order to ensure safekeeping. Evaluate data pertaining to costs in order to plan budgets. Evaluate financial reporting systems, accounting and collection procedures, and investment activities, and make recommendations for changes to procedures, operating systems, budgets, and other financial control functions. Oversee the flow of cash and financial instruments. Plan, direct, and coordinate risk and insurance programs of establishments to control risks and losses. Prepare financial and regulatory reports required by laws, regulations, and boards of directors. Prepare operational and risk reports for management analysis. Communicate with stockholders and other investors to provide information, and to raise capital. 22
    • Procurement Manager Quality Manager Implement procurement strategy and policies. Forecast procurement needs. Create and implement KPI’s. Continually develop expertise to support growth for new projects. Monitor macro trends in supplier and contract base and implement plans to react. Build and develop relationships with key suppliers and customers. Lead the procurement group in all phases. Identify and develop training opportunities. She/ he order materials and services as per negotiated and appropriately approved. Review quotations. Prepare purchase requisitions, approve and issues purchase orders in accordance with company policy and negotiated terms and conditions. Maintain procurement files. Track Purchasing activity and measurements. Discuss defective or unacceptable new goods or services with users, vendors and others to determine cause of problem and take corrective and preventative action. Ensure supplier compliance with site and company requirements for safety. Manage vendor relationships and assist in building effective partnerships. Aims to ensure that the product or service an organization provides is fit for purpose and meets both external and internal requirements, including legal compliance and customer expectations. A quality manager, sometimes called a quality assurance manager, coordinates the activities required to meet quality standards. She/he also monitors and advice on the performance of the quality management system and produces data and report on performance, measuring against set indicators. They liaise with other managers and staff throughout the organization to ensure that the QA system is functioning properly. Where appropriate, the quality manager advises on changes and their implementation and provides training, tools and techniques to enable others to achieve quality. 23
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    • Communication Management Plan 30
    • 31 Message Owner Recipient Delivery Vehicle Notification Mediu m Frequency Cycle Project Status Project Manager Project Sponsor and Key Stakehol ders Project Status Report Word Docume nt sent via e- mail Monthly Meeting Discussion, Decisions, Action Items Meeting Facilitator Meeting Participa nts Meeting Notes Word Docume nt sent via e- mail As often as meeting s are held Informational updates on issues, schedules, task assignmen ts that must be communic ated before the next status meeting Project Manager Project Sponsor and Key Stakehol ders as needed Message E-Mail with attachme nts as needed On an as needed basis when informa tion become s availabl e Status updates on Tasks All team members Project Manager Task Update s EPM Task Reportin g When a team member has a task due during the current week Executive Presentati on Project Manager with Project Sponsor Executive Sponsor and Key Stakehol ders Slide Present ation or Report PowerPoint or Word documen t As often as needed for Stakeho lder involve ment and commit ment Project Steering Committee Project Manager, Project Sponsor Project Steering Committ Steering Commit tee In person – with PowerPo Every 3 – 4 weeks per
    • Procurement Management Plan Procurement Statement:- MTA Corporation is producing a premium product so we require a premium supplier. So MTA Corporation requires a high quality product from the suppliers for their customers. Estimated Cost:- Total Estimated Cost = Rs.17, 680,260 +/- 20% Procurement Definition:- For making the premium product i.e. Solar Street Lights, MTA Corporation requires the following parts according to their specifications; • Procurement of Stainless Steel Poles • Procurement of Material • Bricks • Cement • Lamp • Battery • Controlling device • Celectron • PV Module(s) • Electronic Protection Materials • Mechanical Hardware 32
    • • Electronic Accessories • Vehicles (Trucks) Specifications:- Highly efficient mono crystal or multi crystal silicon solar panels for power supply. Working Voltage: 12 / 24V DC Lighting Time: 8 to 12 hours per day depending on the season Advanced charging, discharging and lighting control circuit with reliable Performance High lighting efficiency, great brightness Easy installation Safe, reliable, energy saving, economical, environmental protection Lamp specifications:- Lamp technology: LVD (Induction light) Power Rating: 40W Life span: > 100,000 hours Mean lumen: 6,800 Mean pupil lumen: 11,000 CRI > 80 Color temperature: 2700, 2500 or 4100K (based on client’s decision for type of color) Lamp fixture specifications:- Different lamp fixture designs can be proposed. The fixture must include the following components: - Reflector 33
    • - Closed housing - Electronic Ballast - Mounting brackets Details of the proposed fixtures should be submitted with both clear designs, cut sheets and photometric performances. PV module spec:- Type: Multi or Mono crystalline technology Conversion Efficiency: > to 15% Manufacturing tolerance on rated power: ≤ 3% Module Voltage: 12V Environment: See general description for environment requirements Connector type: Multi Contact type possibility Total weight: ≤ 20 KG Cell protection: The cells should be protected by a tempered glace Batteries spec:- The following are the minimum requirements for the battery(s): Maintenance free Gel type batteries No leakage 12V type Deep discharge capacity Expected life span over 8 years in normal operating condition Charger controller specification:- 34
    • The charger controller should be located close to the battery(s) and it should need minimum maintenance. This unit can include the automatic dusk/down switch and the dimmer/timer module. The controller should have the following protections: Overcharging Over discharging Overload Selection Process & Criteria:- RFP will be floated then identify the suppliers, evaluating the suppliers, selection of supplier, alternative supplier, review. The criteria will be the terms and conditions of contract. According to the specifications and required quality of the products that are to be procured. Project Procurement Team:- Sr.No Designation Procurement Role 1 Project Manager He/ She are Responsible for overall procurement activities. 2 Procurement manager Assist the procurement manager and make it sure that required product is procured. 3 Procurement manager’s team Check and balance of all the activities of procurement. Ensure that right product and required quantity of product is acquired 35
    • Vendor Management:- Procurement manager and his team will manage the relationship with supplier and ensure that they provide the right parts on the time as per requirement. Quality Management Plan Project Scope:- MTA Corporation aim “Towards provide alternative solar energy solutions for domestic, industrial and commercial establishments in order to mitigate the energy problems in Pakistan”. Deliverable Description:- The main deliverable of project is Solar Street Light. The other somewhat related to product deliverables are; Less Cost, No electric current is required, high quality solar street lights, easy to maintain, Heavy Duty 1/8 Aluminum with welded seams and rubber mats, Heavy duty front door with stainless steel hinges, gaskets and lockable, No sharp edges on enclosure door, 24 volt 10 amp controller, Field adjustable for on/off times, Settable for gel cell battery charge curve to ensure performance and autonomy, Pulse Width Modulation charge regulation, Factory mounted in battery box, Controller automatically adjusts for seasonal light changes, Extends battery life, reduces deep discharge cycling and enhances autonomy. Acceptance Criteria:- The product will only be accepted if it completes all the activities as per requirement and fulfills the required mentioned quality in the project plan by the customer and the MTA Corporation then it will be accepted otherwise, Quality manager will manage the problem and make the product up to the set standard. Quality Assurance Activities:- 36
    • Quality manager will monitor the project and its activities throughout the entire project and ensure the quality according to the requirement and schedule. Project Monitoring and Control:- Monitoring and controlling will be done throughout the entire project by the quality and Monitoring & controlling department on daily routine. Project Team Quality Responsibilities:- Quality team will be responsible for the overall all products acceptance. Pre-test will be done by the team, audit and see the quality time to time throughout the project and checklist will be made by project manager according to which quality team will ensure that all the requirements’ of the product meets. In short project team quality is responsible for the end product. Risk Management Plan 37
    • 38 Statement of Risk Backup power station is required which may not be possible for some locations. Solar energy is influence d by the presence of water vapor, pollution etc. in the air, which may cause complexit ies Considerable amount of energy is lost when DC has to be converted to AC Inflation Stakeholder Affected Cost will be higher Project Failure Medium affect Cost will increase, High Priority Medium High Medium Medium Probability/ Likeliho od 40% 50% 70% 30% Certainty Medium High High High Possible Cause s Bad Weath er Air Polluti on, Water vapors Conversion of DC into AC Increase of Curren cy, Unstab le econo my Possible Conseque nces Will stop solar street light to work Will disturb the working of solar street lights Will affect the effectivene ss of solar street light Will affect the costing and budgeting of the project. Mitigation Strategy By increasing the Battery duration and backup storage. By placing in the dry areas, or by protecting shield. Conversion period can be reduced to when it is needed. By stopping the unnecessary conversion of DC into AC. Forecasting’s will be made in and rates are pre- determined with the supplier.
    • Conclusion:- Energy can be produced by many sources but now a days the traditional way of producing energy is becoming more and more costly as well as there is no reserves of water through which energy can be generated, so by using the alternative and new technology to generate electricity is through solar energy, which is costly but not more than the traditional one and gives long-term benefits. Overall the project is going to be complete in short time span with the best outcomes. 39