ISD Model An organized procedure that includes the steps of Analyzing,Designing, Developing, Implementing, and Evaluating instruction (Seels & Richy, 1994).
CLASSROOMChronology of ISD Model ORIENTATION PRODUCT ORIENTATION SYSTEMS ORIENTATION
Rapid prototyping in Fireworks Prototype Convert the users’ description of the solution into mock-ups, factoring in user experience standards and best practices. Review Share the prototype with users and evaluate whether it meets their needs and expectations.The Rapid Prototyping Process Refine Based on feedback, identify areas that need to be refined or further defined and clarified. Example Mozilla Firefox Beta http://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/beta/
Assess Needs and Analyze Content Set Objectives Construct Prototype (Design) Utilize Prototype (Research) Install and Maintain SystemTripp & Bichelmeyer- Prototyping is specifically used as a method for instructional design- The overlapping boxes are to represent the various processes do not occur in linear way- On-going evaluation and feedback from the user which is missing in many models.- One of the strengths of this model is that it is all inclusive and leaves the processes up to the designer as they see fit.- It encourages and requires active users participation in the development process.- Reduce development costs and cuts down actual development time
Leshin, Pollock, and Reigeluth (1992) Instructional Design Strategies and tactics for improving learning and performance
Bergman & MooreIt is applicable for technology, especially newtechnologies, that are interactive, in addition to multi-media and video, and focuses on guiding and managingthe products. The end result of instruction using thismodel is a student-created multimedia product.
Bergman and Moore included six steps in their model: analysis, design, develop, produce, author, and validate123456
Task & Instructional Materials Implementation Instructional Strategy Development Maintenance AnalysisProblem DisseminationAnalysis Diffusion Objectives & Media Formative Summative Tests Development Evaluation Evaluation Instructional Implementation Needs Analysis Design & Evaluation SEELS & GLASGOW MODEL (PRODUCT-ORIENTED) http://www.herridgegroup.com/pdfs/The%20use%20of%20Traditional%20ISD%20for%20eLearning.pdf
Regular formative assessment Successful E-Learning Course Prototype/Operational test (DVD-ROM) To provide Iteratively Can be Performed 3 Main Phases 1. Needs Analysis Generation of requiredClient’s desired results Deliver 2. Instructional Design Ensures product deliverables 3. Implementation & Evaluation Promotes Efficiency in Resource Project Planning Product Development Cycle Control Allocation SEELS & GLASGOW MODEL’S CHARACTERISTICS
References :• http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2010/06/16/design-better-faster- with-rapid-prototyping/• http://www.adobe.com/devnet/fireworks/articles/rapid_prototyping.html• http://www.slideshare.net/rainbowprototype/rapid-prototypingrapid- prototypesla-prototype• http://web2.uwindsor.ca/courses/edfac/morton/instructional_design.htm• http://uwf.edu/ddawson/d3net/research/rapid_prototype.htm• Comparison of Alternative Instructional Design Models David Norman