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Plastic Soup Foundation

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  • 1. PLASTIC SOUPSiem Haffmans - Partners for InnovationWorking Group: Strategy and Innovation
  • 2. Partners for Innovation • Productinnovatie (DAF trucks, Desso, SITA, Desso, Vanderlande Industries, Sara Lee DE, Nederlands Verpakkingscentrum, NRK, PlasticsEurope, etc.) • Klimaat en energie (ANWB, Gemeente Den Haag, Gemeente Amsterdam - Stadsdeel Oud-Zuid, etc.) • Duurzame biomassa (Europese Commissie DG Research, Bio2Watt, Jatropha Alliance, JSL Biofuels, etc.)12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 3. Plastic Soup Foundation Om het mondiale probleem van Global Plastic aan te pakken is een grote wereldwijde omslag vereist. Het huidige systeem van de productie en consumptie van plastics is niet duurzaam. Dit moet plaatsmaken voor nieuwe systemen op basis van alternatieve grondstoffen en innovatieve processen en materialen. De Plastic Soup Foundation wil hieraan bijdragen door het bevorderen van: - internationale samenwerking - projecten van en met koplopende bedrijven - de verspreiding van good practices van duurzame oplossingen.12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 4. Deel 1: Het Probleem12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 5. Plastic Soup Way out in the Pacific Ocean, a kind of marine soup whose main ingredient is floating plastic debris, has formed. It was discovered in 1997 by a Californian sailor, surfer, volunteer environmentalist and early-retired furniture restorer named Charles Moore, who was heading home with his crew from a sailing race in Hawaii, at the helm of a 50ft catamaran that he had built himself.12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 6. 5 Gyres Simulatiemodel voor de verspreiding van afval in de oceanen Bron: IPRC 200812-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 7. Productie van kunststoffen Groei productie van kunststoffen, 1950-2009 Bron: PlasticsEurope 201012-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 8. Hergebruik van kunststoffen12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 9. Microplastics Microplastics zijn kunststof deeltjes kleiner dan 5 mm in diameter. Plastic Soup 3-daagse, foto rechts: plastics gevonden in de maag van een Noorse stormvogel Bron: Plastic Soup Foundation, Jan Andries van Franeker, Marine Biologist, IMARES12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 10. Toxische stoffen Concentration of PCBs in beached plastic resin pellets, in nanograms per gram of pellet. Persistent, bio-accumulating and toxic substances (PBTs) have a range of chronic health effects, including endocrine disruption, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity. Source: Ogata et al. (2009) with additional data provided by International Pellet Watch in 201012-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 11. De voedselketen The plastic that accumulates in the oceans and seas finds an entry point into the food chain. If, according to the latest estimates, circa 10% of the twilight zone fish have plastic ingested; we cannot rule out that these particles or the chemicals within them are passed on to predator animals such as seabirds, larger fishes and dolphins. The ecological linkages with the commercially important fish species are poorly known, but an impact on commercial fish is possible.12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 12. Bronnen van plastic soup Main sources and movement pathways for plastic in the marine environment. Most plastic accumulates on beaches (1), in coastal waters and their sediments (2), and in the open ocean (3). Dark blue arrows depict wind-blown litter; grey arrows water-borne litter; orange arrows vertical movement through the water column, including burial in sediments; and black arrows ingestion by marine organisms. Source: Adapted from Ryan et al. (2009)12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 13. Top 10: afval items12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 14. Deel 2: Oplossingen Beleid • Internationale samenwerking en verdragen • Regionale samenwerking: zeeën, rivieren, stranden R&D onderzoek en ontwikkeling • Onderzoek: aarde en omvang van het probleem • Rethink en Redesign: Preventie, hergebruik en recycling, degradeerbare materialen, elimineren van toxische stoffen Bewustwording • Bewustwording: communicatie en acties • Onderwijs en informatie Afval en recycling • Hergebruik en recycling • Opruim activiteiten12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 15. Beleid: UNEP Yearbook 2011 Emerging issues: • Plastic Debris in the Ocean • Phosphorus and Food Production • Energing Perspectives on Forest Biodiversity “Scientists are concerned that plastic debris in the ocean can transport toxic substances which may end up in the food chain, causing potential harm to ecosystem and human health.“12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 16. Beleid: The Honolulu Strategy The Fifth International Marine Debris Conference took place March 20-25, 2011, in Honolulu, Hawaiï. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the United Nations Environment Programme are co- organizers of the conference, which brought together 440 participants representing 38 countries.12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 17. R&D: Preventie Stop het gebruik van disposables Case: plastic tassen • Verbieden van plastic tassen • Herbruikbare tassen Case: Dutch Cups • Herbruikbare bekers voor evenementen Case: Statiegeld stystemen • Herbruikbare pallets, kratten en flessen12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 18. R&D: Bio-based Economy Gebruik (marine) degradable materialen Let op: bio-based ≠ biodegradable Case: Bio8 • Biodegradable Loose-fill • Gemaakt van zetmeel schuim Case: Eagle Claw • Biodegradable fishing lines Case: Hampy • Palm leaf disposables12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 19. R&D: Circular Economy Closing the loop Productie: inzet 100% recycled materiaal Herverwerken: 100% inzamelen en herverwerken Nederland: Statiegeldsysteem: > 95% Plastic hero: 40% > ??12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 20. R&D: Elimineren toxische stoffen Gebruik geen schadelijke stoffen Case: Aveda • Biobased ingredienten • Geen micro-beads (polyetheen) • Recycling systeem voor doppen (US) Verbod micro-beads in tandpasta en scrubcremes12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 21. Bewustwording Plastic Soup Driedaagse (2011) • Tijdens de driedaagse wist de PSF via diverse media ruim vijf miljoen mensen te bereiken uit alle lagen van de samenleving.12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 22. Opruimen: Estero de Paco (Manilla) 2009 201112-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12
  • 23. Ondernemen in afval/recycling Plastic Soup is een kans voor de afval/recycling sector: • Preventie: meedenken met klanten over preventie • Kunststof hergebruik en recycling doelstellingen gaan omhoog • Grondstof prijzen gaan omhoog • Opkomende markten missen kennis en ervaring12-04-2012 PlasticSoupFoundation.org Congres: Afval & Recycling ‘12

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