Introduction: is the part of government that has sole authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state bureaucracy. The executive power in the federal government is vested in the President of the United States, although power is often delegated to the Cabinet members and other officials.
Consists of: President Vice-president Cabinet Executive departments and agencies
President: He is the head of the executive branch. He is also the head of state , Commander in chief, And Chief diplomat. The current president is 44th in the history of the United States “barrack Obama”
Functions of the president:1-legislative powers: “how a billbecomes a law” Final signatory on a bill or a treaty. According to the Constitution, the president may convene either or both houses of Congress. If both houses cannot agree on a date of adjournment, the president may appoint a date for Congress to adjourn.
2- Executive powers: He is the commander in chief of the U.S. military power. Direction of U.S. foreign policy through department of state and department of defense Responsible for the safety of U.S. citizens abroad.
3- Administrative powers: The president is the chief executive of the united states. The president appoints members of the cabinet. The president appoints high executive officials as secretaries, ambassadors, and other federal officers. The president controls the executive branch “ up to 4 million personal” through executive orders. The president has the right to fire any executive official.
4- Judicial powers: Nomination of federal judges and members of the supreme court. Granting pardons. Withholding state secrets.
Vice-president: The Vice President is the second-highest executive official in rank of the government. As first in the U.S. presidential line of succession, the Vice President becomes President upon the death, resignation, or removal of the President, which has happened nine times in U.S. history. He is currently Joe biden
Role of vice-president: Takes the place of the president if any of the previously mentioned cases occurred. He is also according to the U.S. constitution the president of the senate. As president of the senate he is a member of the senate, but he does not have the right to vote. He can only vote to break a legislative tie.
Cabinet: They are appointed by the president. composed of the heads of the federal executive departments. If approved, they are sworn in and begin their duties. serve at the pleasure of the President, which means the President may remove them at will. The Cabinet includes the Vice President and the heads of 15 executive departments
Department of state: The most senior of all federal executive departments. The Secretary of State is the third- highest official of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States, after the President and Vice President. Has many duties and responsibilities. The Secretary serves as the Presidents chief adviser on U.S. foreign policy interprets, and terminates treaties and agreements, personally participates in or directs U.S. representatives to international conferences, organizations, and agencies. The secretary of state is currently Hillary Clinton
Other cabinet officials,commissions and agencies: In addition to departments, there are a number of staff organizations grouped into the Executive Office of the President. These include the White House staff, the National Security Council, the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisers, the Council on Environmental Quality, the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, the Office of National Drug Control Policy and the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
How a president gets elected? What comes next is the process that the president and the vice president gets each elected.
voters elects electors: Actually voters in the U.S. presidential elections don’t go to vote for a president over another. They get a ballot, and they instead elect an electors to represent them in the electoral college.
What is an electoral college: consists of the electors appointed by each state who formally elect the President and Vice President of the United States. Since 1964, there have been 538 electors in each presidential election. the Constitution specifies how many electors each state is entitled to have and that each states legislature decides how its electors are to be chosen. U.S. territories are not represented in the Electoral College. The Electoral College is an example of an indirect election, as opposed to a direct election by United States citizens.
Formation of an electoral college: The voters of each state, and the District of Columbia, vote for electors to be the authorized constitutional participants in a presidential election. The Twelfth Amendment provides for each elector to cast one vote for President and one vote for Vice President. Candidates for elector are nominated by their state political parties in the months prior to Election Day.
Election of a president and a vicepresident: Electors chosen on Election Day meet in their respective state capitals (or in the case of Washington, D.C., within the District) To achieve victory in the presidential election, a candidate must win half of the electoral college (269) plus one vote.