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  • 1. Seven Countries Project Alena Thieu
  • 2. Canada
  • 3. Map of Canda
  • 4. Country DescriptionSize: - Land Area: 9,093,507 sq km - Water Area: 891,163 sq km - total: 9,984,670 sq kmClimate: - varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic innorthLocation: - Canda is located in the northern-most region of NorthAmerica. Its southern territories run along the northern border ofthe continental United States. - Geographic cooordinates: 60 00 N, 95 00 WPopulation: - 34,030,589
  • 5. Geographic FeaturesLand regions: - The Western Cordillera - The Interior Lowlands - The Arctic Lowlands - The Canadian Shield - The Hudson Bay Lowlands - The Innuition - The Appalachia HighlandsRivers (major): - Athabasca - Columbia - Fraser - Mackenzie - Nelson - Ottawa - St. Lawrence - Saskatchewan - Yukon
  • 6. Geographic FeaturesLakes (major): - Lake Winnipeg - Great Slave Lake - Lake Athabasca - Reindeer Lake - Great Bear LakeOceans: - The North Pacfic on the west coast - The Arctic Ocean in the north - The North Atlantic Ocean on the east coastIndigenous Fauna: - Mammals: bats, gray wolves, brown bears, caribou, moose,wolverines, musk oxen, Canada lynx, and the NorthernAmerican beaver
  • 7. Geographic Features - Birds: Canadian geese, snowy owls, ravens, andwhooping cranes. - Reptiles: gartner snakes, western rattlersnakes, rubberboas. and painted turtles - Amphibians: spotted salamanders, pacific salamanders,true frogs, true toads, and tree frogs. - Fish: Atlantic and Pacific salmon, rainbow trout, Arcticchar, and brook trout Indigenous Flora: - pacific dogswood, wild roses, western red lily, prairiecrocus, white trillium, blue flag, purple violets,mayflowers, ladys slipper, pitcher plants, fireweed, mountainavens, purple saxifraga, and maple leaves
  • 8. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour Seventy-nine miles north of Vancouver, Whistler Ski Resort is widely recongized as one of the worlds best ski resorts. Whistler has been a popular torist attraction for 82 years. During the winter, skiers come to Whistler to enjoy what they love. However, during the summer, its thawed slopes beckon mountain bikers.
  • 9. Geographic Features: Vacation TourAbout 1.2 million tourists visits the Bay of Fundy, aCanadian natural wonder. The main attraction at Fundy isthe worlds highest tide and the myriad natural phenomena,including several species of rare endangered whales.
  • 10. History1497 - John Cabot, Italian navigator, reaches the coasts ofNewfoundland and Cape Breton.1534 - Jacques Cartier explores the St Lawrence river, claimsthe shores of the Gulf of St Lawrence for France.1583 - Newfoundland becomes Englands first overseas colony.1600s - Fur trade rivalry between the French, English andDutch; the Europeans exploit existing rivalries between Indiannations to form alliances.1627 - Company of New France established to govern andexploit "New France" - Frances North American colonies.1670 - Hudsons Bay Company established by London traders.The company holds trading rights for regions whose rivers draininto Hudson Bay.1701 - Thirty-eight Indian nations sign a peace treaty nearMontreal with the French, ending 20 years of diplomacy.
  • 11. History1756 - Seven Years War begins, between New France and thelarger and economically-stronger British colonies. After earlyFrench successes, the settlement of Quebec falls in 1759 andthe British advance on Montreal.1763 - Under the Treaty of Paris, Britain acquires all Frenchcolonies east of the Mississippi including New France, whichbecomes the colony of Quebec.1774 - The Quebec Act recognises the French language andthe Roman Catholic religion in the colony.1776 onwards - Loyalist refugees from the American War ofIndependence settle in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island,Quebec and Ontario.1783 - Fur traders in Montreal set up the North West Company.The company builds up a network of trading posts across thewest and north; its expeditions reach the Pacific coast.
  • 12. History1791 - Quebec divided into Lower Canada (present-dayQuebec) and Upper Canada (present-day Ontario).1800s - Immigration picks up. Thousands of newcomers fromEngland, Scotland and Ireland arrive each year.1812-14 - War of 1812 between the US and Britain, largely overthe effects on the US of British blockades of French ports.Action includes naval battles in the Great Lakes and a USattack on York (present-day Toronto). But the US fails to realizeits plans to invade Canada.1821 - Hudsons Bay Company and North West Companymerge, after years of bitter rivalry descend into bloodshed.1837/8 - Armed rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada, causedby disaffection with the ruling elites, poverty and socialdivisions.1841 - Formation of the United Province of Canada reunitesCanada East (Lower) and Canada West (Upper) Canada.
  • 13. History1867 - British North America Act unites Ontario, Quebec, NovaScotia and New Brunswick in the Dominion of Canada.1870 - Manitoba becomes fifth province, followed by BritishColumbia and Prince Edward Island.1898 - Gold rush along the upper Yukon River; Yukon Territorygiven separate status.1905 - Alberta and Saskatchewan become provinces ofCanada.1914 - Outbreak of World War I. Canada fights on the side ofBritain and France. Some French-speaking Canadians arewary of the move.
  • 14. Current Events On February 17, 2011, Ottawa’s (providence in Canada) federal cabinet minister statedthat computers in two Canadian government departments were hacked in early January.China is the main suspect of the crime. Ever since the attack in January, Canada’sbureaucrats had little or no Internet access until now. The president of the Treasury Board, Stockwell Day, declared that the hackers hadinfiltrated computers in his department, which is liable for the government’s budget andfinancial policy. Day believed that the hackers were after Canada’s financial records.Since January, Canada’s government with great guard isolated their computers in the twodepartments that were attacked from the world wide web. Security officials investigated theindividual computers for proof in case of criminal inspection and to eliminate thecompromising software while the computers were left disconnected for nearly two months.It wasn’t until almost two months after the assault that the public was informed about theincident. The problem was so reserved that even the employees weren’t allowed to beupdated. Most of the workers had to work at home or go to nearby cafes for Internetconnections. There are many clues that lead the identity of the hackers are in fact from China.According to the CBC and other Canadian news organizations, the attackers embraced thesame tactic that was used to steal essentials from the Indian Defense Ministry used byChina last year. It is believed that the hackers used a method known as executive spearphishing. In order to use this scheme, the hackers would have had to take control ofcomputers used by the senior officials in the aimed departments.
  • 15. Current Events As soon as the hackers have access, they compose messages, that appears as if itcame from the senior officials themselves, to the departments’ information technologysections, where they retrieved passwords to different government computer systems. Likethe departments’ information technology sections, the hackers sent emails to the workerswith attachments. When the attachments are opened, concealed programs are sent to findinformation on the government networks. Lastly, if the government’s security scanningsoftware is designed to spot and obstruct harmful hidden programs, the hackers has twooptions: formulate programs that are unfamiliar to software security companies or seek aunusual system of hiding their unwanted computer code. It is reported that the government pin pointed the hackers to an Internet address inChina. Rafal A. Rohozinski, one of the Munk School researchers who examined the earlierChinese attack toward the Indians, believe that it is likely to conclude if China is behind theattack or if hackers are using China as a cover up.Since last fall, Canadian government upgraded to a new computer security strategy;however, very little of the plan has been put into effect, leaving security greatlyuncoordinated and unstable in condition from section to section alleged by RohoziskI
  • 16. PoliticalCapital: Ottawa, OntarioType of government: a parliament democracy, a federation,and a constitutional monarchyGovernment Leaders: Head of state: Queen Elizabeth; represented by GovernorGeneral David Johnston Viceroy: Governor General of Canada: David Lloyd Johnston Head of government: Prime Minister Stephen JosephHarper
  • 17. EconomyIndustry: - transportation equipment, chemicals, processed andunprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paperproducts, fish products, petroleum, and natural gasExports: - motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft,telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers;wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, andaluminumImports: - machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crudeoil, chemicals, electricity, and durable consumer goodsEconomic Status:
  • 18. EconomyMajor Trade Partners: - United States; exports 75.02%, imports 51.1% - United Kingdom; exports 3.37% - China; exports 3.09%, imports 10.88% - Mexico; imports 4.56%Trade Associations: - The 1989 US-Canada Free Trade Agreement (FTA) - The 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) - European Free Trade Agreement (ETA)
  • 19. Daily LifeStandard of Living: highLiteracy: 99% of total population can read and writeClothing: Western-styleInternet Usage: 26.95 millionLanguages: 58.8% English (official) 21.6% French (official) 19.6% otherEthnic Groups: 28% British Isles origin 26% mixed background 23% French origin 15% other European 6% Asian, African, Arab 2% indigenous Indian and Inuit
  • 20. CulturalTraditions and Customs: Like America, because Canada isfilled with immigrants in the early stages of Canda, there aretraditions and customs from many parts of the world. However,there are many old Canadian traditions like: Thanksgiving: Unlike the Thanksgiving celebrated inAmerica, Canadian Thanksgiving is held on the first Monday inOctober.The early settlers were so pleased with their first harvests in thenew land that they had a celebration to give thanks. Guy Fawkes Day: This day is celebrated on November 5with a bonfire in the evening.Religions: 42.6% Roman Catholic 23.3% Protestant (including United Church 9.5%, Anglican6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%)
  • 21. Cultural 4.4% other Christian 1.9% Muslim 11.8% other and unspecified 16% noneFoods: Canadian cusinie is heavily influcenced by American,British, and French foods. Poutine: French fries topped with cheese curds and gravy Traditional Nanaimo Bars: a Canadian bar cookie dessertmade of a wafer crumb-based layer, topped by a layer of lightvanilla or custard flavored butter icing, which is covered inchocolate made from melted chocolate squares.Music and Dance: The aboriginals, British, and French havecontributed to Canadian music. In the 21st century, Canadaplays the modern music of Hip-Hop, Rap, etc., but music in thepast reflects the sounds of old times in France or Britain.
  • 22. CulturalUnique Facts and Places: - Canada, like the British and Australians, have a specialargot they use daily. hoser = loser take off! = you are kidding, no way! eh! = multiple meanings like what did you say?, what doyou think?, youre joking!, etc. - The Quebec Ice Hotel in Quebec City: Its an average hotelexcept for the fact temperature inside an ice hotel runs between-3°C and -5°C. Like an igloo, the 4-foot thick ice walls insulatethe interior and protect guests from the wind.
  • 23. Winter OlympicsIn 2010, Canda did not only participate in the Winter Olympics,but hosted it in Vancouver. Canada received 26 metals in total:14 gold, 7 silver, and 5 bronze. They were the third country withthe most number of metals; United States first and Germanysecond. While the United States was the winner in the totalmedal count with 37, Canadas "Own the Podium" initiativeproved successful, as Canada shattered its gold ceiling (in twoprevious Olympics, host Canada failed to win gold), winning 14gold medals on home soil, a new record for a host country.
  • 24. ConclusionCanada could be Americas twin. Its diverse and uses thetraditions of its many ethic groups alive with a modern twist. Itis one of the worlds most diverse countries. Today, NorthernCanada is mostly English-speaking while Southern Canada isFrench. It may have been a dominion of Britain in the earlieryears, but today, its a icon for modern living. From all that is tooffer in Canada, it would be exciting to actually travel there,ehhhh?
  • 25. Cape Verde
  • 26. Map of Cape Verde
  • 27. Country DescriptionSize: - Land Area: 4,033 sq km - Water Area: 0 sq km - total: 4,033 sq kmClimate: - temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager anderratic. The sun shines 350 days a year and temperaturesrange between 21°C and 29°C. The breeze blows constantlyfrom the ocean at a relatively low average humidity of 40% to60%.Location: - Western Africa, group of islands in the North AtlanticOcean, west of Senegal - Geographic coordinates: 16 00 N, 24 00 WPopulation: 516,100
  • 28. Geographic FeaturesLand Regions: - Barlavento - SotaventoRivers: - Riberia de Viana - Riberia de Calhau - Riberia de Juliao - Riberia de Garca - Riberia de Janela - Riberia de PaulLakes: - there is no significant lakes in Cape VerdeOceans: - North Atlantic Ocean
  • 29. Geographic FeaturesIndigenous Fauna: - Mammals: With the exception of bats, there are no nativespeices animals because there was initially no animal life onthe volcanic islands. As time past, many mammals such as thegreen vervet monkey, small mice, or even wild rabbits“immigrated.” - Birds: sandpiper, black-winged stilt, heron, spoonbill,plover, ruddy turnstone, African broad-billed roller, hoopoe,sanderling, whimbrel, little egret, cattle egret, northernwheatear, blue-headed wagtail, and spotted flycatcher - Fish:Parrotfish, silver shimmering sardines, hake,squirrelfish, scorpion fish, false-eyed puffer, butterfly, redtrumpet fish, grey mullet, pinkgill, flying fish, East Atlanticsurgeonfish, barracuda, angelfish, wrasse, snapper, ballanwrasse, coralfish, and hogfish
  • 30. Geographic FeaturesIndigenous Flora: - The Cape Verde Islands were originally without anyvegetation after their formation by volcanic activity. Many seedswere introduced from West Africa, Latin America, theMediterranean region and the other Macaronesian islandsthrough the ocean current, by birds, human beings, and thewind.
  • 31. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour The island of Sal is part of Cape Verde and in Sal is a popular place tourist love to see for their own eyes and capture the moment, Pedra De Lume. Pedra De Lume is the name given to a crater of the now extinct volcano. Entry to the crater was made possible by means of a artificial tunnel built in 1804. The crater is at sea-level, and even though the sea is 1 km away the water manages to filter in.
  • 32. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour Another reason why tourist enoy traveling to Sal, Cape Verde is because of its natural swimming pool that fills and empties according to the tides, Buracona. When the sun is just right, you can also see the “Blue eye” formed when the light shines into the cave. When the swell is big watch the power of the waves as they slam into the cliff, sending plumes of spray high into the air.
  • 33. History1456 - First Europeans arrive in Cape Verde 1495 - Cape Verde becomes a Portuguese crown colony.1956 - Amilcar Cabral, a native of Cape Verde, co-founds theAfrican Party for Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde(PAIGC) in Guinea-Bissau.1960 - PAIGC-led liberation war begins against Portuguese rulein Guinea-Bissau, with many Cape Verdeans joining in.1975 - Cape Verde becomes independent and adoptsconstitution envisaging unity with Guinea-Bissau.1980 - Cape Verde ditches plans for unity with Guinea-Bissaufollowing coup in latter.1981 - African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde(PAICV) replaces the PAIGC and becomes the countrys soleparty.1991 - Antonio Mascarenhas Monteiro becomes presidentfollowing Cape Verdes first free election.
  • 34. History1992 - A new constitution brings in a multi-party system.
  • 35. PoliticalCapital: PraiaType of government: republicGovernment Leaders: - Chief of State: President Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires - Head of Government: Prime Minister Jose Maria PereiraNeves
  • 36. EconomyIndustries: - food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments,salt mining, ship repairExports: - fuel, shoes, garments, fish, hidesImports: - foodstuffs, industrial products, transport equipment, fuelsMajor Trade Partners: - Spain; exports 53.98%, imports 6.1% - Portugal; exports 22.23%, imports 44.86% - Morocco; exports 7.13% - Netherlands; imports 15.51% - Italy; imports 4.46% - Brazil; imports 4. 21%
  • 37. EconomyTrade Associations: -Camara de Comercio, Industria, Agricultura e Servicos deBarlavento - Camara de Comercio, Industria e Servigos de Sotavento
  • 38. Daily LifeStandard of Living: moderateLiteracy: 76.6% of total population can read and/or writeClothing: Western-styleInternet Usage: 150,000Languages: Portuguese CriuoloEthnic Groups: 71% Creole 28% African 1% European
  • 39. CulturalTraditions and Customs:Cape Verdes festivals and traditionsare rich, vibrant and a reflection of their colorful history. Theystem from their African roots to the colonial occupation and theDiaspora through to independence and the hope of the newdemocratic Republic of Cape Verde. Carnival: Carnival is Cape Verdes most famous festival,which is normally held in February. Carnival is similar to NewOrleanss Mari Garda.Religions: about 80% of the population is Catholic 10% are Protestants the rest belongs to smaller denominations
  • 40. CulturalFoods: - Cachupa is the national dish of Cape Verde; a stew ofhominy, beans, and whatever meat or vegetables may beavailable - Cuscus is a traditional breakfast made of a steamedcornbread, eaten with honey and milk or coffee.Music and Dance: Cape Verde is known for their type of musicknown as moma, a form of folk music.It is related to Portuguese fado close cousin, Brazilian modinha.Lyrics are usually in Creole, and reflect highly-variable themes,including love and lust, patriotism, and mourning.Unique Facts and Places: The highest point in the archipelagois Mount Fogo, a volcano reaching 2,829 meters in height
  • 41. Winter Olympics 2010Cape Verde did not participate in the Winter Olympics of 2010.
  • 42. ConclusionCape Verde is such a small country, but its culture and peoplemakes it as big as all the other African country. With such adiverse of culture, its amazing how different groups of peoplein Cape Verde can cope with each other. Cape Verde shouldbe mentioned more because its worth mentioning even if thereisnt such a big fuss about it throughout history.
  • 43. Japan
  • 44. Map of Japan
  • 45. Country DescriptionSize: - Land Area: 364,485 sq km - Water Area: 13,430 sq km - total: 377,915 sq kmClimate: - varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in northLocation: - Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Oceanand the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula - Geographic Coordinates: 36 00 N, 138 00 EPopulation: - 126,475,664
  • 46. Geographic FeaturesLand Regions: - Hokkaido - Tohoku - Kanto - Chubu - Kinki - Chugoku - Shikoku - Kyushu-OkinawaRivers (major): - Tone River - Isikari River - Sinano River - Kitakami River - Kiso River - Tokati River
  • 47. Geographic Features -Yodo River - Agano River - Mogami River - Tesio RiverLakes (major): - Biwa Lake - Kasumigaura LakeOceans: - Pacific OceanIndigenous Fauna: - Mammals: snow monkeys, brown bears, Asiatic blackbears, red foxes, raccoon dogs, Japanese martens, leopardcats, Iriomote cats, and dugongs. - Birds: Japanese woodpeckers, copper pheasants, greenpheasants, okinawa rails, izu thrush, and bonin white-eyes.
  • 48. Geographic Features - Reptiles and Amphibians: mamushi, habus, sea turtles,sea snakes, and the Japanese giant salamander. - Fish: ayu, crucian carp, koi carp, red sea bream,mudskippers, and parrotfish.Indigenous Flora: - Japanese beech, hinoki cypress, Japanese red pine,Japanese black pine, Japanese red cedar, chrysanthemum,and bamboo
  • 49. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour Kyoto used to be the former capital of Japan. Now, its known as one of the most beautiful places in Japan. Is the place to absorb the maximum amount of architectural beauty, culture and history in the shortest amount of time. Some visitors pick Kyoto over Tokyo entirely, spending their visit among the ancient temples and serene Zen meditation gardens.
  • 50. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour Jigokudani Yaen-koen (Hell Valley Wild Monkey Park) in the mountains of Nagano, Japan is one of Japans most popular tourist attractions. Everyone from around the world comes to Jigokudani to see the indigenous snow monkey. In winter, the snow monkeys soak themselves in the natural hot water while the snow falls on their heads. That is their way of keeping warm during the cold winters.
  • 51. History1894 - Japan goes to war with China. Japans better equippedforces win victory in just nine months.1895 - China cedes Taiwan to Japan and permits Japan totrade in China.1904 - Japan goes to war with Russia. Japanese victory in1905.1910 - Japan annexes Korea after three years of fighting.Japan is now one of the worlds great powers.1914 - Japan joins World War I on the side of Britain and herallies. Japan has limited participation.1919 - Treaty of Versailles gives Japan some territorial gains inthe Pacific.1923 - Earthquake in Tokyo region kills more than 100,000people.1925 - Universal male suffrage is instituted. The electorateincreases fivefold.
  • 52. Current Events On March 11, 2011, at 2:46 p.m., or 12:46 p.m. ET, a powerful 8.9 earthquake shookupon Japan. When they thought the worst was over, a powerful tsunami swept acrossnorthern Japan. The epicenter of Fridays main quake was positioned off MiyagiPrefecture, about 230 northeast of Tokyo. The massive waves killed hundreds, swallowedup towns, hauled residences onto highways, and tossed cars and boats onto land.Buildings collapsed , but some were lucky to just be shaken by the quake. Along withcollapsing buildings, plenty of flames ignited. Six million homes, more than 10% of the totalin Japan, were without electricity. Thousands of families had no choice but spend the nightat shelters. Besides the death of citizens, many more are missing. Due to the colossal earthquake,tsunami warnings were sent to 50 different countries, including California and the statesout in the West Coast. In the company of vigorous earthquakes and overwhelmingtsunamis, there was a radiation leak take place at an atomic power plant. Those who livedwithin 6 miles of the power plant was forced to evacuate. There is no definite number ofdeaths, but it is predicted to exceed 1,000 as rescue searches continue. The morning afterthe earthquake, more than 50 nations offered to aid. Friday’s earthquake is the strongest earthquake in Japan’s history. Japan isn’t astranger to earthquake but haven’t experience anything like that one on March 11. Theprevious record was a 8.6-magnitude earthquake in 1707.
  • 53. PoliticalCapital: TokyoType of government: a parliamentary government with aconstitutional monarchyGovernment Leaders: - Chief of State: Emperor Akihito - Head of Government: Prime Minister Naoto Kan - Minister of Foreign Affairs: Seiji Maehara - Ambassador to the United States:Ichiro Fujisaki
  • 54. EconomyIndustries: - among worlds largest and technologically advancedproducers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machinetools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles,processed foodsExports: - transport equipment, motor vehicles, semiconductors,electrical machinery, chemicalsImports: - machinery and equipment, fuels, foodstuffs, chemicals,textiles, raw materialsEconomic Status:
  • 55. EconomyMajor Trade Partners: - China; exports 18.88%, imports 22.2% - United States; exports 16.42%, imports 10.96% - South Korea; exports 8.13%, imports 3.98% - Taiwan; exports 6.27% - Hong Kong; exports 5.49% - Australia; imports 6.29% - Saudi Arabia; imports 5.29% - Indonesia; imports 3.95%Trade Associations: - Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) - Japan Foreign Trade Council Inc. (JFTC)
  • 56. Daily LifeStandard of Life: highLiteracy: 99% of population can read/or writeClothing: Western-style; Traditional dress of Japan is thekimono. They are made of silk and has long, large sleeves andreaches from shoulders to the heels of the feet. Kimono are tiedwith a wide belt like called an obi.Internet Usage: 99.182 millionLanguages: Japanese (official) EnglishEthnic Groups: 99% Japanese 1% Korean, Chinese, Brazilian, Filipino, and other
  • 57. CulturalTradtions and Customs: Tea Ceremony: a ceremonial way of preparing and drinkingtea. The custom is strongly influenced by Zen Buddhism. Sumo: Sumo is a type of wrestling and Japans nationalsport. In anicent times, it was to entertain the Shinto gods. Bigmen use their upperbody strength to try to push their opponentout of the circle drawn on the ground.Religions: - Shintoism 83.9% - Buddhism 71.4%, - Christianity 2% - other 7.8%
  • 58. CulturalFoods: Tempura: Tempura is food deep-fried in vegetable oil afterbeing coated with a mixture of egg, water and wheat flour.Among the ingredients used are prawns, fish in season andvegetables Sushi: Sushi is a small piece of raw seafood placed on a ballof vinegared rice. The most common ingredients are tuna,squid and prawnsMusic and Dance: Gagaku: Ancient court music from China and Korea. It is theoldest type of Japanese, traditional music. Biwagaku: Music played with the Biwa, a kind of guitar withfour strings. Odori Mai
  • 59. CulturalUnique Facts and Places: - In a traditional Japanese house, you dont sit on chairs orsleep on beds. - Some farmers grow square watermelons in Japan. - In Japan, the most popular topping for pizza is Squid. - There are special slippers for restroom usage. - In Tokyo a bicycle is usually faster than a car for most tripsup to 50 minutes
  • 60. Winter Olympics 2010In the 2010 Winter Olympics, Japan received a total of 5medals: no gold, three silvers, and two bronzes. One-hundredeleven Japanese sports officials and coaches accompanied the94 athletes to the games, a far higher ratio of staff-to-athletethan most other participating nations.
  • 61. ConclusionJapan, one of the busiest and most visited country in the world,is a meca for technology and modern living. After the 2011earthquake, Japan is still strong, main citywise. With all thepride the Japanese have, they will be able to overcome thehorrible event. Japan is full of beautiful scenery from theancient temples and houses to the cherry blossom forests.Japan is without a doubt the top country for excitement andenjoyment. The Japanese may be one of the worlds mostmodern countries, but they do keep in touch with theirancestors, which is a reason why Japan is an outstanding andthriving country.
  • 62. Mauritania
  • 63. Map of Mauritania
  • 64. Country DescriptionSize: - Land Area: 1,030,700 sq km - Water Area: 0 sq km - total: 1,030,700 sq kmClimate: desert; constantly hot, dry, dustyLocation: - Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean,between Senegal and Western Sahara - Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 12 00 WPopulation: 3,281,634
  • 65. Geographic FeaturesLand Regions: Mauritania is divided into two main landregions. - Northern Mauritania is mostly covered by the SaharaDesert and a few rocky plateaus. - Southern Mauritania has two fertile areas—a narrow plainalong the Senegal River and a savanna in the southeast.Rivers (major): - Gorgol River - Karakoro River - Kolimbine River - Sagyuiet Al Hamra RiverLakes: - Lake Alega - Lake Rkiza
  • 66. Geographic FeaturesOceans: - Atlantic OceanIndigenous Fauna: - Mammals: dromedary camels, foxes, jackals, and hyenas - Reptiles and Amphibians: Lizards, scorpions and snakes - Fish: tuna, barracudas, sea bass, octopus, lobsters, andmackerelIndigenous Flora: - black groves, balanites aegyptiaca, kerdas, and utriculariastellaris.
  • 67. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour Mauritanias coast has 500 miles of beach. However, there are ledges on the beaches that could be dangerous. Rocks and waves under cliffs. The coast only attracts those who enjoy pictures because it is rather beautiful.
  • 68. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour Parc National du Banc d’Arguin is a national park with vast area of islands and coastline located on the Atlantic desert coast midway between Nouakchott and Nouâdhibou. The park is one of the world’s largest bird sanctuaries and provides a shelter for over two million migrant birds from northern Europe.
  • 69. History3rd-7th centuries AD - Berber and Arab migrants displace theoriginal inhabitants of present-day Mauritania.9-10th centuries - Empire of Ghana has its capital in present-day south-west Mauritania.1076 - Berber Almoravid warriors defeat the Empire of Ghana.1500s - European mariners and traders establish settlements.1644-74 - Mauritanian Thirty-Year War: Berbers unsuccessfulin repelling Arab warriors.1850s-60s - French forces gain control of southern Mauritania.In 1898 France wins the allegiance of Moors in the region.1904 - France establishes Mauritania as a colonial territory.1920 - Mauritania becomes part of French West Africa, and isadministered from Senegal.1946 - Becomes a French overseas territory.1957 - Nouakchott established as the capital.
  • 70. History1958 - Mauritania becomes self-governing.1960 28 November - Mauritania becomes independent.1960 - Mauritania makes territorial claims to neighbouringSpanish Sahara.1973 - Mauritania joins the Arab League.1976 - Mauritania and Morocco divide up Spanish Sahara, nowknown as Western Sahara, after Spain pulls out. Guerrillas ofthe Polisario front, aiming to establish an independent state inthe territory, fight the forces of both countries.
  • 71. PoliticalCapital: NouakchottType of government: military juntaGovernment Leaders: - Chief of State: President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz - Head of government: Prime Minister Moulaye OuldMohamed Laghdaf
  • 72. EconomyIndustries: - fish processing, oil production, mining of iron ore, gold, andcopperExports: iron ore, fish and fish products, gold, copper,petroleumImports: machinery and equipment, petroleum products,capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goodsEconomic status:Major Trade Partners: - China; exports 42.06%, imports 9.94% - Italy; exports 9.71% - Japan; exports 7.57% - Cote dlvoire; exports 6.16% - France; imports 14.3% - Spain; exports 5.63%, imports 4.02%
  • 73. Economy - Netherlands; exports 4.32%, imports 10.33% - Belgium; imports 4.87% - Germany; 4.04%Trade Associations: - Nouakchott Trading Company
  • 74. Daily LifeStandard of Living: lowLiteracy: 51.2% of the total population can and/or writeClothing: Western-style; Mauritanian attire is influenced by thedesert heat and Islamic norms. Women wear a malaffa, a longcloak wrapped loosely around the body from head to toe. Themen wear a dara, a long, loose robe over baggy pants knownas sirwal . Some men wear head-coverings, predominantlyturbans or hawli, for protection from the winter cold andsummer heatInternet Usage: 75,000Languages: Hassaniyya Arabic French Azayr Fulfulde Mande-kan Wolof
  • 75. Daily LifeEthnic Groups: 40% Maur/black 30% Maur 30% black
  • 76. CultureTraditions and Customs: Mauritania is called the IslamicRepublic of Mauritania for a reason: the majority ofMauritanians are Sunni Muslims. The Moors impression ofIslam is less open-minded than Black peoples; it is thereforepreferable to respect their way of life and religious traditions.Religions: 100% MuslimFoods: - Mechoui: roast lamb - Zrig: camel’s milkMusic and Dance:The music and dance of Mauritania mainly came from thecountry’s largest ethnic group, the Moors. The instrumentsthey use involves: the tidinit, an hour-glass shape likefour-stringed lute, and the tbal, a kettle drum.
  • 77. CulturalUnique Facts and Places: - The Ancient city of Chinguetti founded in 777 AD is thespiritual capital of Mauritania, and is widely considered byMauritanians to be the seventh holiest city of Islam. - The people of the fishing village of Nouamghar usedolphins to drive shoals of migrating fish towards the shore andtheir nets. - Two-thirds of Mauritania is desert and the desert isexpanding southwards every year
  • 78. Winter Olympics 2010Mauritania did not participate in the 2010 Winter Olympics.
  • 79. ConclusionMauritania is one of those countries you rarely hear aboutunless its mentioned in a textbook or on a map. I bet mostpeople couldnt even pronounce Mauritania. However,Mauritania is a fasincating country. Full of people who love theircountry and want it to thrive. They dont care aboutmodernizing. Most cherish their ancestory and try to maintaintheir traditions. If you want to visit Africa from the past,Mauritania is the place to visit. Not much cities, but full ofdesert. Itd take you to the past.
  • 80. Taiwan
  • 81. Map of Taiwan
  • 82. Country DescriptionSize: - Land Area: 32,260 sq km - Water Area: 3,720 sq km - total: 35,980 sq kmClimate: tropical; marine; rainy season during southwestmonsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent andextensive all yearLocation: -Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea,Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north ofthe Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China - Geographic coordinates: 23 30 N, 121 00 EPopulation: 23,071,779
  • 83. Geographic FeaturesRivers (major): - Lanyang - Shuang - Danshui - NankanLakes (major): - Chengcing - Longtan - Sun MoonOceans: - Pacific Ocean
  • 84. Geographic FeaturesIndigenious Fauna: Mammals: Chinese pangolin, formosan black bear,formosan clouded leopard, formosan lesser horseshoe bat,formosan mountain dog, formosan rock macaque, kano mole,reevess muntjac, and sika deers. Birds: Asian blue quail, Baers pochard, Chinesesparrowhawk, fairy pitta, lesser whistling duck, orientaldollarbird, and yellow tit Fish: Liosaccus pachygasterIndigenious Flora: ficua, pandanus, palms, teaks, bamboos,camphors, and rhododendrons
  • 85. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour Tourists fly from different parts of the world to visit Taiwans National Palace Museum. It truly is a palace; as soon as you see the building itself, youll be in awe. The Museum is both an art gallery and a museum. National Palace Museum is believed to house the largest number of Chinese artifacts in the world.
  • 86. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour One of the top hotels in Taiwan is the Crystal Resort Sun Moon Lake. The resort is positioned on the banks of Sun Moon Lake. From day to night, youll gaze at such an amazing view of the lake youll be in inner peace. It provides a timeless world of tranquility enhanced by distinctive design, fine dining and phenomenal lake views.
  • 87. History1540s-1732 - Kingdom of Middag established;
  • 88. PoliticalCapital: TaipeiType of Government: multiparty democracyGovernment Leaders: - Chief of State: President Ma Ying-jeou; Vice PresidentVincent Siew - Head of government: Premier (President of the ExecutiveYuan) Wu Den-yih; Vice Premier (Vice President of ExecutiveYuan) Sean Chen
  • 89. EconomyIndustries: electronics, communications and informationtechnology products, petroleum refining, armaments,chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, foodprocessing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticalsExports: electronics, flat panels, machinery; metals; textiles,plastics, chemicals; optical, photographic, measuring, andmedical instrumentsImports: electronics, machinery, crude petroleum, precisioninstruments, organic chemicals, metalsEconomic Status:Major Trade Partners: - China; exports 28.1%, imports 14.2% - Hong Kong; exports 13.8% - United States; exports 11.5%, imports 10% - Japan; exports 6.6%, imports 20.7% - South Korea; imports 6.4%
  • 90. EconomyTrade Associations: - Taiwan Chamber of Commerce - Chinese Taipei Business Council of the ICC - France Taiwan Chamber of Commerce and Industry
  • 91. Daily LifeStandard of Living: moderateLiteracy: 96.1% of the total population can read and/or writeClothing: Western-styler;Taiwan is very influenced by theChinese culture and heritage so their clothing would be similar. Qipao/Cheongsam: a traditional Chinese dress that is tight-fitting. The female and male dresses are similar except for thefact male cheongsam (changshan) are usually long-sleeved.Internet Usage: 16.147 millionLanguages: Chinese (Mandarin-official) Hakka dialectEthnic Groups: 84% Taiwanese 14% mainland China 2% aborigine
  • 92. CulturalTraditions and Customs: Taiwans tradtions and customs arethe same as the Chinese. Taiwan is heavily influenced byChina from customs, clothing, to the lanugage. Lunar New Years: Like in America, there is a big celebrationfor the new year. However, in Asia, there is a big celebration forthe new moon and good harvest each year. Lunar New Yearslast for 15 days and each day there is precise traditions for thatspecific day. For example, the day before Lunar New Years iscleaning day. The house must be clean in order for good spiritsand good luck.Religions: 93% mixture of Buddhist and Taoist 4.5% Christian 2.5% other
  • 93. CulturalFoods: - Bah-uan: meatballs in large dumplings - Taichung: suncake, puff pastry with a sweet center oftenhoney or molassesMusic and Dance: Taiwan music is also influenced by theChinese. Its the sound from mountain-dwelling tribes andpolyphonic vocals that made the aboriginal music distant. Likeevery modern music, upbeat and load music is heardthroughout Taiwan replacing the old anicent ways. TraditionalTaiwanese dance is a delicate form comprising mainly of footmovements. The original dance form has however,considerably altered in the 20th century, and Taiwan todaystages a number of commendable performances of moderndance.
  • 94. CulturalUnique Facts and Places: - Taiwan won the 1996 Little League World Series in the U.Scity of Williamsport. Baseball is the national sport in Taiwan. - Taiwan hosted the Miss Universe pageant in 1988.Ironically, Miss Taiwan, Jade Hu Fei-tsui, did not even makethe semi-finals. - After Cold War, Taiwan emerged as one of the mostpowerful economies in the Third World.
  • 95. Winter Olympics 2010Taiwan did not participate in the 2010 Winter Olympics.
  • 96. ConclusionTaiwan is a mixture of old and new China. Everyday lifeincludes new and old methods of living. Because Taiwan is soheavily influenced by China, the people may be consideredChinese. However, the people might feel offended if they werecalled Chinese. They take pride in their country. Taiwan isntjust filled with beautiful scenery that would take your breathaway, its filled with pride even if most of their culture isChinese
  • 97. Zambia
  • 98. Map of Zambia
  • 99. Country DescriptionSize: - Land Area: 743,398 sq km - Water Area: 9,220 sq km - total: 752,618 sq kmClimate: tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October toApril)Location: - Southern Africa, east of Angola, south of the DemocraticRepublic of the Congo - Geographic coordinates: 15 00 S, 30 00 EPopulation: 13,881,336
  • 100. Geographic FeaturesRivers (major): - Kafue - Kalambo - Luapula - Lusemfwa - ZambeziLakes (major): - Bangweulu - Kariba - Mweru - Mweru Wantipa - TanganyikaOceans: Zambia is in the middle of Africa; therefore, it is notnear any ocean.
  • 101. Geographic FeaturesIndigenous Fauna: Mammals: Cooksons wildebeest, Senga Kob, Thronicroftgiraffe, zebras, rhinoceros, elephants, baboons, monkeys,hyenas, wolves, and lions. Birds: eagles, gulls, terns, kingfishers, swifts, redwings,larks, babblers, sunbirds, weavers, redbilled queleas, andstorks Reptiles: crocodiles, tortoises, turtles, terrapins, geckos,agamas, nonvenomous pythons, mambas, vipers, and adders. Fish: bream, snoutfish, butterfish, tigerfish, bottlenose,gorgefish, mudfish, catfish, barbel, "vundu," squeaker,whitebait, perch, carp, bass, and "utaka"Indigenous Flora: Acacia trees, baobab trees, thorn trees, andZambian teak (Baikiaea plurijuga)
  • 102. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour Victoria Falls is the worlds largest waterfall. Tourists visit Victoria Falls for its stunning scenery. For daring travelers, they have the chance to swim in the "devils pool," a spot where people are able to go in the water, near the edge of the falls.
  • 103. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour Near Victora Falls, Mosi Oa Tunya National Park is a popular tourist attraction because travels can have the chance to exprience to ride on back of elephants. They are able to interact with one of the worlds biggest animals.
  • 104. History12th Century - Shona people arrive in the area, laterestablishing the empire of the Mwene Mutapa, which includessouthern Zambia.16th Century - Arrival of peoples from Luba and Lundaempires of Zaire to set up small kingdoms.Late 18th Century - Portuguese explorers visit.19th Century - Instability generated by migration as well asslave-trading by Portuguese and Arabs.1851 - British missionary David Livingstone visits.1889 - Britain establishes control over Northern Rhodesia,administering the area using a system of indirect rule whichleaves power in the hands of local rulers.Late 1920s - Discovery of copper, which later encourages aninflux of European technicians and administrators.
  • 105. History1953 - Creation of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland,comprising Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia (nowZimbabwe) and Nyasaland (now Malawi).1960 - UNIP (United National Independence Party) formed byKenneth Kaunda to campaign for independence and dissolutionof federation dominated by white-ruled Southern Rhodesia.1963 - Federation dissolved.1964 - Independence, with Kaunda as president.Late 1960s-1970s - Key enterprises nationalised. Private landnationalised in an unsuccessful agricultural improvementprogramme.1972 - Zambia becomes a one-party state, with UNIP as theonly legal party.
  • 106. PoliticalCapital: LusakaType of government: republicGovernment Leaders: - Chief of State: President Rupiah Banda - Head of government: President Rupiah Banda; VicePresident George Kunda
  • 107. EconomyIndustries: copper mining and processing, construction,foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticultureExports: copper/cobalt 64%, cobalt, electricity; tobacco,flowers, cottonImports:machinery, transportation equipment, petroleumproducts, electricity, fertilizer, foodstuffs, clothingEconomic Status: averageMajor Trade Partners: - China; exports 21.37%, imports 5.85% - Democractic Republic of Congon; exports 8.55%, imports4.22% - South Africa; exports 6.96%, imports 51.78%
  • 108. EconomyTrade Associations: - Livingstone Chamber of Commerce - Zambia Association of Chambers of Commerce andIndustry - Lusaka Chamber of Commerce and Industry - Kitwe Chamber of Commerce and Industry
  • 109. Daily LifeStandard of Living: lowLiteracy: 80.6% of the total population can read and/or writeClothing: Western-styleInternet Usage: 816,200Languages: English (official) Bemba Kaonda Lozi Lunda 70 other indigenous languagesEthnic Groups: 98.7% African 1.1% European 0.2% other
  • 110. CulturalTradtions and Customs: -Traditionally made pots and baskets in the more populatedareas however, are being replaced by commerciallymanufactured utility items made of plastic or tin. -Gifts are often offered to a visitor asa sign of honor, friendship orgratitude. One should never refuse agift and accept it with both hands atthe same time expressing thanks.Religions: - 50%-75% Christian - 24%-49% Muslim and Hindu - 1% indigenous beliefs
  • 111. CulturalMusic and Dance: Quiet beauty, bustle, bounding life oroverflowing joy distinguish many aspects of music and dance inZambia. Highlighting varies from gasping acrobatic displayamong drumming to fine sensitivity of sound and movement.Unique Facts and Places: - Zambias former name was Northern Rhodesia. - There are 74 tribes in Zambia.
  • 112. Winter Olympics 2010Zambia did not participate in the 2010 Winter Olympics.
  • 113. ConclusionZambia, another African country that stays away from media.Like Mauritania, its closely attached to its past. For theexception of technology and clothing, Mauritania is suck in thepast. Their culture and traditions decides how they live their life.With vast land and wild animals, the people of Zambia arentuse to the technology we have today. They lack so much andnever complain while we complain about the simpliest things.Zambia shows courage. Even though Zambia isnt as clean ororganized as America, those living there keep their heads uphigh.
  • 114. Netherlands Antilles
  • 115. Map of Netherlands Antilles
  • 116. Country DescriptionSize: 958 sq kmClimate: tropical maritime climate; There is a short rainyseason from October to January. Average temperature rangesare from 24 degrees Celsius to 32 degrees Celsius all year.Location: Caribbean, two island groups in the Caribbean Sea -composed of five islands, Curacao and Bonaire located off thecoast of Venezuela, and Sint Maarten, Saba, and SintEustatius lie east of the US Virgin IslandsPopulation: 210,134
  • 117. Geographic FeaturesLand Regions: - Bonaire - Curacao - Saba - Saint Eustatius - Saint MaartenRivers (major): - Linge - WilhelmLakes (major): - GotomeerOceans: - Atlantic Ocean
  • 118. Geographic FeaturesIndigenous Fauna: Birds: groove-billed ani, vermilion flycatcher, white-tailedhawk, purple martin, lesser nighthawk, and palm warblerIndigenous Flora: abrojo colorado, nectandra krugii, and appleguava
  • 119. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour Hilma Hooker is a shipwreck in Bonaire, Netherland Antilles. Tourists come to dive underwater and see the extremely popular wreck diving site.
  • 120. Geographic Features: Vacation Tour Saint Maarten is one of the most lively island in the Netherland Antilles. With beautiful view, it was the perfect place for amazing pictures and memorable events. Full of excitement and beauty, no wonder Saint Maarten is one of the most visited islands in the Antilles.
  • 121. History1493 - explored by Christopher Columbus1527 - claimed by Spain1643 - claimed by the Dutch1845 - the six islands officially formed the Netherland Antilles1994 - the islands voted to preserve their federation with theNetherlands2010 - the Netherlands Antilles was dissolved; Saint Maartenand Curacao became constituent countries within the Kingdomof the Netherlands. The islands of Bonaire, Saba, and SaintEustatius became special municipalities of the Netherlandsproper.
  • 122. PoliticalCapital: WillemstadType of government: constitutional monarchyGoverment Leaders: Chief of State: Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands Head of Government: Prime minister Emily de Jongh-Elhage Governor: Frits Goedgegrad
  • 123. EconomyIndustries: oil refiningExports: Petroleum productsImports: Crude petroleum, manufactured and consumergoods, food.Major Trade Partners: - Venezuela; exports 35.3% - United States; exports 21%, imports 17.5% - Mexico; exports 9.8% - Italy; exports 5.4% - Netherlands; exports 4.8% - Brazil; exports 3.1% - Guatemala; imports 8% - Costa Rica ; imports 6.5 - Bahamas; imports 4.6% - Jamaica; imports 4.1% - Chile; imports 3.4%
  • 124. EconomyTrade Associations: - A & A Supply - Alico - Antek - St. Maarten Harbour Holding N.V. - St. Maarten Marine Trades Association
  • 125. Daily LifeStandard of Living: moderateLiteracy: 97% of the total population can read and/or write.Clothing: Western-styleLanguages: Dutch (official) Papiamento English SpanishEthic Groups: 85% mixed African Carib American White East Asian
  • 126. CulturalTraditions and Customs: Reflects regional differences as wellas the foreign influences thanks to the merchant and exploringspirit of the Dutch and the influx of immigrants. Superstitious beliefs abound. For example, a red ribbonplaced above a door of a home or office keeps the evil eyeaway.Religions: Roman Catholicism various forms of Protestantism Judaism Seventh-Day AdventismFoods: Funchi: corn porridge Pan bati: a maize-floured pancake
  • 127. CulturalMusic and Dance: Tumba is the music of the zumbi class,which is African-derived and not modern or European. Tumbawas first sung by slaves on the island expressing their pain andsorrows. Going along with this type of music would be clappingand blowing of a cow’s horn.Unique Facts and Places: - Aruba used to be part of the Netherlands Antilles until1896. - The Netherlands Antilles used to be called "the DutchAntilles."
  • 128. Winter Olympics 2010Netherlands Antilles did not participate in the 2010 WinterOlympics.
  • 129. ConclusionThe Netherland Antilles are a group of islands with beautifulscenery and life. Who knew such little islands could have somuch to do in them. With all the tourists visiting, those in theAntilles try to show them the traditions of the islands. Everyonehas heard of the United States Virign Island, but no one hasreally heard of the Netherland Antilles even though they are soclose to each other. Netherland Antilles are island that connectmodern to old. From this project, what I learned about theNetherland Antilles is that there is actually a group of islandcalled the Netherland Antilles.
  • 130.