Trade Association- EUROMAT (European Gaming and Amusement Federation), Association of Apparel and Textile.
Sanctions- None at this time.
Standard of living- $12,800 per capita
Literacy- 98.2% of population
Clothing- Pants, shirts, and vests are worn by men and dresses and aprons that are heavily embroidered for the women.
Internet Usage- 3.395 million
Traditions- Rose Day celebrates the start of rose-picking.
Customs- Sourvakars (Boys going from house to house, wishing people a Happy New Year by slapping them ritually with an ornamented twig for health and prosperity.) , Martyr Triffon Zarezan ( first pruning of the vines.)
Religions- Bulgarian Orthodox, Muslim, other Christian.
Foods- Traditional Bulgarian food include recipes that contain feta cheese, meat, vegetables, and yogurt.
Music & Dance - Nestinars is a ritual dance on live coal.
Unique Facts- Wedding bands are worn on the right hand, not the left as in the West and when Bulgarians nod their heads up and down, they mean NO. When they move their heads from side to side, they mean YES.
I learned that Bulgaria is a unique country with its unusual traditions. I learned Bulgaria was a former communist country and is now a parliamentary democracy. Bulgaria is a mountainous region with a huge population.
Land Regions- Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country.
Rivers, lakes, oceans- Elbe River
Indigenous fauna & flora- Oak, beech, and spruce dominate the forest zones,while the Alpine zone supports grasses and low-growing bushes.
Points of interest- flooding
Vacation- St. Nicholas Cathedral, National Theater, and old Jewish cemetery.
Early history- On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.
Impact on world- At the end of WWI, the Czech and the Slovaks joined together to make Czechoslovakia. On the eve of WWII, the Czechs were forcibly annexed into the Third Reich.
Type of government -parliamentary democracy
Chief of state- President Vaclav Klaus
Head of government- Prime Minister Petr Necas
First Deputy Prime Minister- Karel Schwarzenberg
Industry- motor vehicles, metallurgy, machinery and equipment, glass, armaments
Exports- machinery and transport equipment, raw materials and fuel, chemicals
Imports- machinery and transport equipment, raw materials and fuels, chemicals
Economic status- The Czech Republic is a stable and prosperous market economy.
Trade partners- Germany, China, Slovakia, Poland, France, Russia
Trade associations- OSCE and NATO
Sanctions- None at this time.
Standard of living- $25,600 per capita
Literacy- 99% of the population
Clothing- The normal pants and shirt for men and women or women can wear skirts or dresses.
Internet usage- 6.681 million
Traditions-the burning of witches, the day of love, and Hromnice.
Customs- Remove your shoes before dining, the eldest woman gets served first, and be on time.
Religions- Roman Catholic, Protestant
Foods- Their meals consist of meats and starches
Music & dance- The Czech Republic is central and eastern Europe's centers for music.
Unique facts- Czechs are very shy; reserved people and value family and planning ahead into the future.
The Czech Republic is located in central Europe. Their food recipes consists of meats and starches because of their harsh winters. I learned that the Czechs are very reserved people that value family just like me.
Map of Kyrgyzstan
Size- 199,951 sq km
Climate- dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan Mountains; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone
Location- Central Asia
Population- 5,587,443 people
Land regions- peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation.
Rivers, lakes, oceans- Naryn River, Lake Issyk Kul’, and Lake Song-Kel’
Indigenous fauna & flora- woodlands and white spruce
Points of interest- None
Vacation tour- Burana tower, Ala Archa, and Jailoo.
Early history- Kyrgyzstan was annexed by Russia in 1876. During the Tsarist Empire revolt in 1916 almost 1/6 of Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyz received independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved.
Impact on world- The Silk road went thru Kyrgyzstan from China to Europe opening a trading route for silk, teas and other fine spices.
Type of government- republic
Chief of state- President Roza Otunbaeva
Head of government- Prime Minister Almazbek Atambaev
Industry- small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals
Trade associations- Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
Standard of living- $ 2,200 per capita
Literacy- 98.7% of the population
Clothing- people in felt hats, knee-length silk tunics, (belted at the waist) and high leather boots – all very reminiscent of traditional Kyrgyz costume. More modern western traditional clothing is becoming more accepted.
Internet usage- 2.195 million
Traditions- People live in a Yurta.
Customs- Jentek toi (Birth Feast) New parents show their happiness by treating their neighbors, and a mark of respect is to treat people to sary mai (yellow butter). First it is put into the baby's mouth, followed by the oldest person in the house. The sary mai is kept in a slaughtered lamb's, sheep's or calf's stomach for the purpose of this feast.
Religions- Muslim and Russian Orthodox
Foods- Dish is meant to be eaten with the hands, not with a knife and fork! - "Besh" means five, and "barmak", finger.
Music & dance- Music is nomadic and rural.
Unique facts- The people have no sewage system and get their water from mountains.
Kyrgyzstan is a very mountainous and poor country. They have no sewage system and get their water mainly from mountains. The consequences of mountain water in water population which is dominant in this country.
Pictures of Kyrgyzstan
Map of Nicaragua
Size- 130,370 sq km
Climate- tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands
Location- Central America
Population- 5,666,301 people
Land regions- extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes.
Rivers, lakes, oceans- Lago de Nicaragua, Lago de Managua, Caribbean Sea, and North pacific Ocean
Indigenous fauna & flora- Forests contain valuable cedar, mahogany, and pine timber as well as quebracho, guaiacum, guapinol and medlar
Points of interest- Destructive earthquakes; volcanoes; landslides; extremely susceptible to hurricanes.
Vacation tour- Cathedral de la Asuncion, Volcan Masaya National Park, and Nueva Catedral.
Early history- Nicaragua was settled as a Spanish colony from Panama in the early 16th century. They gained their independence in 1821, from Spain.
Impact on world- Nicaraguan aid to leftist rebels in El Salvador caused the US to sponsor anti-Sandinista contra guerrillas.
Type of government- Republic
Chief of state- President Daniel Ortega Saavedra; Vice President Jaime Morales Carazo
Industry- Food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, knit and woven apparel, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood.
Exports- Coffee, beef, shrimp and lobster, tobacco, sugar, gold, peanuts; textiles and apparel.
Imports- Consumer goods, machinery and equipment, raw materials, petroleum products.
Economic Status- The poorest country in Central America.
Trade partners- U.S., Venezuela, Mexico, and Costa Rica
Trade association- CACM, WTO, and WTO
Sanction- None at this time.
Standard of living- $2,900 per capita
Literacy- 67.5% of the population
Clothing- Very brightly colored clothing.
Internet usage- 199,800 of the population
Traditions- Toro Guaco and La Gritera.
Customs- Catholic devotion, diverse indigenous roots, and enthusiasm for life in the face of extreme poverty.
Religions- Roman Catholic, Evangelical, Moravian, and Jehovah's Witness
Foods- Corn is used in a lot of recipes.
Music & dance- Marimba dances.
Unique facts- Nicaragua is the second poorest country in the Hemisphere.
Nicaragua is the poorest country in Central America. Despite the poverty stricken country they are devout Catholics.
Pictures of Nicaragua
Map of Saudi Arabia
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Size- 2,149,690 sq km
Climate- harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes
Location- Middle East
Population- 26,131,703 people
Land Regions- mostly uninhabited, sandy desert
Rivers, lakes, oceans- Red Sea and Persian Gulf
Indigenous fauna & flora-
Points of interest- Frequent sand and dust storms
Early history- The modern Saudi state was founded in 1932. it is home to the religion of Islam and has two holy cities; Mecca and Medina.
Impact on world- After Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990, Saudi Arabia accepted the Kuwait royal family and 400,00 refugees.
Type of government- Monarchy
Chief of state- King and Prime Minister Abdallah bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud
Imports- Motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals.
Economic Status- Sugar and wood pulp were major foreign exchange earners; however, the wood pulp producer closed in January 2010.
Trade partners- South Africa
Trade associations- Southern African Customs Union (SACU).
Sanctions- Political sanctions within its own country.
Standard of living- $4,500 per capita
Literacy- 81.6% of total population
Clothing- Colorful skirt with a leather apron.
Internet Usage- 90,100
Traditions- Commonwealth Day, Birthday of King Sobhuza II, and Boxing Day.
Customs- They rely on oral tradition folklore .
Religions- Zionist, Roman Catholic, and Muslim.
Foods- Corn, sorghum, beans, groundnuts and sweet potatoes are grown to eat.
Music and dance- SiBhaca dance music .
Unique Facts- Swaziland is a very poor country with the highest number of infected by with HIV/AIDS.
Swaziland is found in southern Africa. It is a very poor country and has the highest number of infected people with HIV/AIDS.
Pictures of Swaziland
Map of Yemen
Climate- Extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert.
Size- 527,968 sq km
Location- Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia.
Land regions- Narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula.
Rivers, lakes, oceans- Gulf of Aden and Red Sea
Indigenous fauna & flora- The date palm, citrus fruits, bananas, and cotton.
Points of interest- Sandstorms and dust storms in summer
Vacation Tour- City of Taiz, Makha, and Al-Qaherah Castle.
Early History- North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. In the 19century, the British set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden.
Impact on world- In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to a delimitation of their border.
Type of government- Republic
Chief of state- President Ali Abdallah Salih
Head of government- Prime Minister Ali Muhammad Mujawwar
Industry- Crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement; commercial ship repair; natural gas production.