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Minsup Kim

Minsup Kim

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7 countries project Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 7 Countries Project
    Minsup Kim
  • 2. Guinea
  • 3. Maps
    Political Map of Guinea
    Geographical Map of Guinea
  • 4. Country Description
    Size: 245,857 km2 (94,926 square mile) – Slightly smaller than Oregon
    Climate: Hot & Humid; Rainy season (6~11) with southwesterly winds; Dry season (12~5) with northeasterly winds
    Location: Western Africa, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone
    Flag: Red, Yellow, Green striped
    • Population: 10,601,009
  • Geographic Features
    Land Regions: 245,717 sq km
    Land boundaries – 3,399 km, Coastline – 320 km
    Land Use: arable land: 4.47%, permanent crops: 2.64%, other: 92.89%, irrigated land: 950 sq km
    Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
    Total renewable water resources: 226 cu km
    Water Area: 140 sq km
    Niger River, Atlantic Ocean
  • 5. Geographic Features
    Fauna – Animals: Common Chimpanzee, Red River Hog, BitisGabonica Rhinoceros, Guinea Turaco
    Fauna – Insects: JunodiaLameyi
    Flora: DroseraMadagascariensis, ImperataCylindrica, AvicenniaGerminans
  • 6. Geographic Features
    Special Points of Interest
    Natural Hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season
    Infectious diseases: high degree of risk; malaria and yellow fever; diarrhea
    Guinea has the wettest capital on Earth, with 3.7 meters of rain a year
    Vacation Tour
    Guinea is not a recommended region for travelling
    The Visa costs around $65 (Single Entry, One month)
    The Official Language: French
    The National Museum in Conakry
    Religion: Muslim 85%, Christian 8%
    Calling Code: +244
  • 7. History
    Early History: From the 10th to the 15th century, Guinea was included in several large West African political groupings, including Ghana, Mali, and Songhai empires. The name ‘Guinea’ came into use among European shippers in the seventeenth century to refer to the coast of West Africa from Guinea to Benin.
    Impact on world:
    France colonized it in the 1890s
    Declared its independence from France on October 2nd, 1958
    Current Events: Guinean presidential election, 2010
    It was the first free presidential election
    It was held under the two-round system
    Alpha Conde has been declared the winner, with 52.52% of the votes in the second round.
  • 8. Political
    Type of Government: Presidential Republic
    Government Leaders
    Current President: Alpha Conde
    Prime Minister: Mohamed Said Fofana
  • 9. Economy
    Industry: Relies on abundant natural resources
    Mining
    Agriculture
    Exports: Bauxite, Alumina
    25% or more of the world’s known bauxite reserves
    In the French colonial period, it exported bananas, crops for beer, and coffee
    Partners: India 19.68%, Spain 13.18%, Russia 7.24%
    Imports: Oil, Machinery, textiles, grain
    Partners: China 8.67%, Netherlands 6.67%
    Sanctions:
    Investment Guarantee with U.S. through the Overseas Private Investment Corporation
    Trade Associations
    AREDOR, a joint diamond-mining venture between the Guinean Government and Australian, British, and Swiss
  • 10. Economy
    Economic Status: Guinea is a poor country
    Until 2002, Guinea was under the influence of IMF’s Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility.
    In 2009, the Chinese International Fund invested more than $7 billion.
    Problem: Youth unemployment, inflation
  • 11. Daily Life
    Standard of Living: Poor
    Infant mortality rate: 61.03 deaths/1,000 live births
    Life expectancy at birth: 58.11 years
    Literacy: 29.5%
    Median Age: 18.6 years
    Population: 10,601,009
    Clothing
    They wear European cloths due to the influence of France.
    Women laundry in estuaries.
    Internet Usage
    Internet Users: 95,000
    Facebook Users: 5,620
    Bandwidth: 128 kbps
    Host sites: 1
  • 12. Cultural
    Traditions:
    Wassakhoma: a set of small calabash discs used for generating music.
    Wofa: traditional music and dance
    Musical instruments: tolonyi, lengue, drums, dounoun, sangban, etc
    Customs:
    Social Stratification: Classes and Castes exist
    Labor is divided by gender
    In the Futa Jallon, a marriage may be arranged while the wife is still an infant.
    Greetings are very important
    Other Muslim Customs
    Religions:
    Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, traditional religion 7%
  • 13. Cultural
    Foods
    The sauce and staples differ according to region, season, and the wealth of the household.
    Rice, sorghum, millet, and cassava are common foods.
    Food Customs:
    Tabaski is celebrated with the slaughtering of a sheep, goat, or chicken.
    Alcohol usually is not served at family celebrations, except for in the Forest Region, where palm wine is frequently consumed.
    Music and Dance
    Stringed instruments are stressed.
    In the 1960s, Touré founded Les Ballet Africains to highlight Guinea's rich cultural tradition.
    Unique Facts, Places, etc
    In rural areas, the symbol of success is a concrete house
  • 14. International Events
    G-20 Seoul Summit: Participated in as a member of African Union
    2010 FIFA World Cup: Rank 41
    2010 Winter Olympics: didn’t participate
  • 15. Conclusion
    Guinea is a developing, poor nation which recently accepted the free presidential election. It can be dangerous to travel the regions because of the political instability and diseases.
    Be careful of AIDS
    It will be helpful if you can speak French.
  • 16. Works Cited – Guinea
    http://www.bb-online.com/domainnames/gn.shtml
    http://www.printablemapstore.com/map_of_countries/maps_of_guinea/political_map_of_guinea.html
    http://www.maps.com/ref_map.aspx?pid=12066
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/poma/sets/1242177/
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guinea#Geography
    https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_Chimpanzee
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Fauna_of_Guinea
    http://www.nationmaster.com/facts/Geography
    http://wikitravel.org/en/Guinea
    http://africanhistory.about.com/od/guinea/p/GuineaHist1.htm
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guinean_presidential_election,_2010
    http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=gv&v=89
    http://www.everyculture.com/Ge-It/Guinea.html
    http://www.internetworldstats.com/africa.htm
    http://www.uneca.org/aisi/nici/country_profiles/Guinea/guineainter.htm
    http://articles.latimes.com/1998/oct/18/entertainment/ca-33595
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_G-20_Seoul_summit
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_FIFA_World_Cup_qualification_(CAF)
  • 17. Jamaica
  • 18. Maps
  • 19. Country Description
    Size: 10,991 sq km (silghtly smaller than Connecticut)
    Climate: tropical, hot, humid; temperate interior
    Location: Island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba
    Population: 2,868,380
  • 20. Geographic Features
    Land regions:
    Arable land: 15.83%
    Permanent crops: 10.01%
    Other: 74.16%
    Irrigated land: 250 sq km
    Terrain: Mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain
    Land boundaries: 0km
    Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
    Total renewable water resources: 9.4 cu km
    Caribbean Sea: around
    Rio Minho River
  • 21. Geographic Features
    Fauna – animals: Jamaican Boa, Jamaican Coney, American Crocodile
    Fauna – insects: ScolopendraGigantea, PerigoniaJamaicensis
    Flora – GyrotaeniaMicrocarpa, PsidiumHarrisianum, QuiinaJamaicensis, Jackfruit
  • 22. Geographic Features
    Special points of interest:
    Natural Hazards: Hurricanes (especially July to November)
    Heavy rates of deforestation
    Coastal waters polluted by industrial waste
    Vacation Tour:
    Currency: Jamaican Dollar
    Drives on the Left
    Official Language: English
    Capital: Kingston
    Calling code: +1-876
    Religion: Protestant 62.5%, none 20.9%
  • 23. History
    Early History:
    The Arawak and Taino indigenous people, originating in South America settled on the island between 4000 and 1000 B.C.
    Christopher Columbus claimed Jamaica for Spain after landing there in 1494.
    The English, led by William Penn, took over the island in 1655.
    Impact on World:
    Declared independence from Britain in 1962.
    Participated in WWI as a British colony
    Current Events:
    Bomb threat on the U.S. (Not from the Jamaican government but from a radical group)
  • 24. Political
    Type of Government: Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy (Bicameral)
    Government Leaders:
    Governor-General: Patrick Allen
    Prime Minister: Bruce Golding
    Monarch: Elizabeth II
  • 25. Economy
    Industry: Heavily dependent on services
    Tourism, Bauxite, light manufactures, rum
    Exports: $1,487 Billion
    Bauxite, Sugar, Rum, Coffee, and Marijuana (Sneaky)
    Partners: U.S. 38.19%, Canada 12.2%, U.K. 10.79%
    Imports: $5,378 billion
    Foods, Industrial Supplies, Oil
    Partners: U.S. 28.32%, Trinidad and Tobago 22.98%, Venezuela 12.14%
    Economic Status:
    Mixed economy with both state enterprises and private sector businesses
    Debt : $12.66 billion
    GDP per capita: $8,400
  • 26. Economy
    Trade Associations:
    CAPRICOM (CSME)
    Sanctions:
    FTA with
    Dominican Republic
    Costa Rica
    Cuban Republic
    Venezuela
    Other:
    Labor Force
    Agriculture:17%
    Industry 19%
    Service 64%
  • 27. Daily Life
    Standard of Living:
    Median age: 24.2 years
    Urbanization: 52% of total population
    Infant mortality rate: 14.6 deaths/ 1,000 live births
    Life expectancy at birth: 73.45 years
    Literacy
    87.9%
    Clothing
    Long skirts & scarves for females
    Modern clothings
    Internet Usage
    1,581,100 users
    138,740 Facebook users
  • 28. Cultural
    Traditions:
    Ritualistic acts that are carried out over a specific period of time or at a specific event.
    Famed Nine Night after the death of a loved one are a popular Jamaican tradition
    Custom:
    Jamaican Folk lure
    Pudding at Christmas, Fried fish, lent at Easter time.
    Religions:
    Christianity, Rastafarianism
    Foods:
    Seafood: Lobster & Shrimp
    Spices: scotch bonnet peppers, cinnamon
    Barbecue, Jerk Cereal, Condiments, Culinary Herbs and Spices
  • 29. Cultural
    Music and Dance
    Reggae
    Traditional Dances
    Unique Facts, Places, etc.
    Perfect place for a family vacation
    Bob Marley
    Kingston (British Relics)
  • 30. International Events
    G-20 Seoul Summit: didn’t participate
    2010 FIFA World Cup: Rank 58
    2010 Vancouver Winter Olympic: no medals
    Freestyle skiing:Errol Kerr didn’t advance to the final
    Bobsleigh: wasn’t qualified
  • 31. Conclusion
    Jamaica is a good neighbor of the U.S. which once was a colony of Britain. So, the official language is English, which allows many Americans to travel easily. The nation relies heavily on service industry. Therefore, it would be a good place to travel. Also, it is a country of Bob Marley. ‘Don’t worry, Be happy.’
  • 32. Works Cited – Jamaica
    https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/jm.html
    http://www.earthcultureroots.com/jam_activities.html
    http://www.jamaicacoffee.net/History.html
    http://www.jamaicanvacations.org/
    http://www.silver-sands.com/silver_sands.html
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Flora_of_Jamaica
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackfruit
    http://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g147309-Jamaica-Vacations.html
    http://www.mfaft.gov.jm/?q=trade-agreements-to-which-jamaica-is-a-party
    http://www.buzzle.com/articles/jamaican-clothing.html
    http://www.internetworldstats.com/car/jm.htm
    http://www.nickburcher.com/2009/07/latest-facebook-usage-statistics-by.html
    http://www.getjamaica.com/Jamaican%20Culture.asp
    http://www.getjamaica.com/Jamaican%20Food.asp
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamaica_at_the_2010_Winter_Olympics
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_G-20_Seoul_summit
  • 33. France
  • 34. Maps
  • 35. Country Description
    Size: 643, 427 sq km (slightly less than the size of Texas)
    Climate: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot
    Location: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel
    Population: 65,102,719
  • 36. Geographic Features
    Land regions:
    Arable land: 33.46%
    Permanent crops: 2.03%
    Other: 64.51%
    Irrigated land: 26,190 sq km
    Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
    Seine River
    Atlantic Ocean
    Total Renewable water resources: 189 cu km
  • 37. Geographic Features
    Fauna – animals: Corsican Painted Frog, PollachiusVirens, Soprano Pipistrelle, ZingelAsper
    Flora: Rosy Garlic, Holm Oak, Purple Loosestrife
  • 38. Geographic Features
    Special points of interest:
    Seine River
    Vacation Tour:
    Total romantic experience
    Mont Saint Michel
    Moulin Rouge
    Drives on the Right
    Currency: Euro, Franc
    Calling Code: 33
    Language: French
    Religion: Free, Hostile to Muslims
  • 39. Histoire
    Early History: The oldest traces of human life date from approximately 1,800,000 years ago.
    Concept of Gaul emerged around 3 B.C.
    Celtic people migrated
    Impact on world
    Center of Renaissance/Enlightenment
    French Empire
    100 Years’ War with British
    Allies in the WWI
    Current Events
    It is the head of G-20 and successfully held summits in various regions over the world.
  • 40. Political
    Type of Government:
    Unitary semi-presidential republic
    Government Leaders:
    President: Nicolas Sarkozy
    Prime Minister: Francois Fillon
  • 41. Economy
    Industry:
    Labor Force: agriculture 3.8%, industry 24.3%, services 71.8%
    Machinery, Chemicals, Automobiles, Aircraft
    Exports: $508.7 billion
    Machinery and transportation equipment, aircraft, plastics, chemicals
    Partners: Germany 15.88%, Italy 8.16%, Spain 7.8%, Belgium 7.44%, U.S. 5.65%
    Imports: $577.7 billion
    Machinery and equipment, vehicles, crude oil
    Partners: Germany 19.41%, Belgium 11.61%, Italy 7.97%, Netherlands 7.15%
    Economic Status
    Debt: $4.688 trillion
    GDP per capita: $ 33,300
    Unemployment rate 9.5%
  • 42. Economy
    Trade Associations
    EU
    URAIL
    Sanctions
    FTA
    NAFTA
  • 43. Daily Life
    Standard of Living
    Median Age: 39.9 years
    Urbanization: 85% of total population
    Infant mortality rate: 3.29 deaths/1,000 live births
    Life expectancy at birth: 81.19
    Literacy
    99%
    Clothing
    Bliaut, French Hood, Mantua, Chemise, Beret
    Internet Usage
    Users: 44 million
    Facebook Users: 20 million
  • 44. Culture
    Traditions
    Kisses on the Cheeks when first meet
    Elaborate meals in New Year’s Eve and dancing
    Unique Table setting
    Customs
    Bastille Day
    Chocolate bells in Easter
    Religions
    Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Muslim 5%-10%
    Foods
    Most important for the French
    Elaborate meals and caretaking cuisines
    Foie Gras
    Doesn’t apply for the Engel’s Coefficient
  • 45. Culture
    Music and Dance
    Chansons
    Musical: Notre Dame de Paris, Les Miserables
    Kankan
    Unique Facts, Places, etc.
    Moulin Rouge is actually a Red Light District
    A legend tells that a soldier from WWI hesitated to bombard the Cathedral de Notre Dame, and eventually he didn’t bomb it
  • 46. International Events
    G-20 Seoul Summit: Head of G-20, Discussed over the revaluation of China
    2010 FIFA World Cup: rank 18
    2010 Vancouver winter olympic: Gold 2, Silver 3, Bronze 6
  • 47. Conclusion
    France is a European nation that has a long history. It was the center of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment, speaks French, a romantic language. Champions personal intelligence and food.
    It is a good nation to travel. URAIL allows you to travel neighboring countries like Germany. Romantic moods of Paris will fascinate tourists.
    As the head of G-20, it is showing great leadership. However, its internal problems seem that they should be solved soon. It has not small debt.
  • 48. Works Cited – France
    http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/france/index.html
    http://familypedia.wikia.com/wiki/France
    http://www.treehugger.com/files/2010/03/frances-drops-carbon-tax-sarkozy-ump.php
    http://www.map-of-france.co.uk/physical-map-of-france.htm
    http://trevshaw.com/where.html
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quercus_ilex
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lythrum_salicaria
    http://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g187070-France-Vacations.html
    http://travellingboard.net/countries/the-most-romantic-city-in-the-world/
    http://www.easy-french-food.com/french-traditions.html
    http://www.intelligentpositioning.com/blog/tag/facebook-usage-france/
    http://www.internetworldstats.com/eu/fr.htm
  • 49. Indonesia
  • 50. Maps
  • 51. Country Description
    Size: 1,904,569 sq km
    Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
    Location: Southeastern Asia, Archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
    Population: 245,613,043
  • 52. Geographic Features
    Land regions:
    Arable land: 11.03%
    permanent crops: 7.04%
    other: 81.93%
    Irrigated land: 45,000 sq km
    Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
    Pacific Ocean
    Rivers of Java
    Indian Ocean
  • 53. Geographic Features
    Fauna: Gebe Cuscus, Black-capped Fruit Bat, Ivory-breasted Pitta, Blue-headed Pitta, Sumatran Tiger
    Flora:AmorphophallusTitanum, Eucalyptus Deglupta, Rafflesia
  • 54. Geographic Features
    Special points of interest
    Rafflesia grows up to 100 centimeter in diameter
    A home for a number of indigenous species
    Vacation Tour
    Calling Code: +62
    Religion: Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%
    Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch
  • 55. History
    Early History: Indonesian Archipelago was inhabited two million years ago. Later, Muslim leaders set up international trade
    Impact on World:
    Dutch Rule during the Age of Expedition
    Japanese rule during WWII
    Secured its independence after WWII
    Current Events:
    People are constantly uprising against strict government rule
  • 56. Political
    Type of Government: Unitary presidential republic
    Government Leaders:
    President: SusiloBambang
    Vice President: Boediono
  • 57. Economy
    Industry:
    Petroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers
    Exports: $146.3 billion
    Oil and gas, electrical appliances, plywood, textiles, rubber
    Partners: Japan 17.28%, Singapore 11.29%, US 10.81%, China 7.62%, South Korea 5.53%, India 4.35%
    Imports: $111.1 billion
    machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs
    Singapore 24.96%, China 12.52%, Japan 8.92%, Malaysia 5.88%, South Korea 5.64%, US 4.88%
    Economic Status:
    GDP per capita: $4,300
    Debt: $196 billion
  • 58. Economy
    Trade Associations:
    EEPC INDIA
    ASEAN
    Sanctions
    FTA with U.S.
    BTA
  • 59. Daily Life
    Standard of Living
    Median Age: 28.2 years
    Urbanization: 44% of total population
    Infant Mortality rate: 27.95 deaths/1,000 live births
    Life expectancy at birth: 71.33 years
    Literacy
    90.4%
    Clothing
    BajuKurung, BajuMelayu, Kebaya, Songket, Sarong, Tapis
    Internet Usage
    Internet Users: 30,000,000
    Facebook Users: 29,000,000
  • 60. Cultural
    Traditions:
    Both characteristics of Far East and Mid-East
    Islam and Buddhism
    Customs:
    Martial Art: Silat
    Cockfighting in Bali
    Volleyball
    Religions:
    Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%
    Foods:
    Chinese and Indian cuisine
    Sago and Ambon
  • 61. Cultural
    Music and Dance
    There is a continuum in the traditional dances depicting episodes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata from India
    Kroncong is a musical genre that uses guitars and ukuleles as the main musical instruments.
    Unique Facts, Places, etc.
    As an archipelago, it is a home to many indigenous species
  • 62. International Events
    G-20 Seoul Summit: Indonesia participated as a member.
    2010 FIFA World Cup: didn’t advance to the World Cup
    2010 Vancouver Winter Olympic: didn’t participate
  • 63. Conclusion
    Indonesia has both characteristics of Far East and the Mid-East, which makes it unique. Its government may need some reform. However, still Java produces good Coffee, and Bali is good to travel.
  • 64. Works Cited – Indonesia
    http://www.unep.org/climatechange/UNEPintheRegions/SoutheastAsiaClimateChangeNetwork/NetworkMembers/tabid/3270/Default.aspx
    http://www.globalfirepower.com/
    http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/EASTASIAPACIFICEXT/EXTEAPREGTOPTRANSPORT/0,,contentMDK:20458729~menuPK:2066318~pagePK:34004173~piPK:34003707~theSitePK:574066,00.html
    http://www.balispirit.com/map.html
    http://www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/troufs/anth1095/Indonesia.html
    http://indonesia-spots.blogspot.com/
    http://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g294225-Indonesia-Vacations.html
    http://www.internetworldstats.com/asia.htm
    http://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g294225-Indonesia-Vacations.html
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Indonesia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vancouver_Winter_Olympics
  • 65. Kazakhstan
  • 66. Maps
  • 67. Country Description
    Size: 2,724,900 sq km
    Climate: continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid
    Location: Central Asia, northwest of China
    Population: 15,522,373
    Flag: The national flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan has a gold sun with 32 rays above a soaring golden steppe eagle, both centered on a sky blue background
  • 68. Geographic Features
    Land regions: 2,699,700 sq km
    Land boundaries – 5,023 km, coast line – 406 km
    Land Use : arable land: 8.28%, permanent crops: 0.05%, other: 91.67%,
    Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
    Total renewable water resources: 109.6 km
    Water area : 35 cu km/yr
    Lake : Lake Balkhash
    Sea : Aral Sea, Caspian Sea
  • 69. Geographic Features
    Fauna –Lesser Fat-tailed Jerboa, Mongolian Wild Ass, Eurasian Wolf, Desert Dormouse, Onager, Sterlet, Nicrophorusargutor
    Flora: Erysimumsiliculosum, Haloxylonpersicum,
  • 70. Geographic Features
    Special Points of Interest
    Refugees and internally displaced persons : refugees (country of origin): 3,700 (Russia); 508 (Afghanistan) (2007)
    Religions: Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%
    nearly all nationwide TV networks are wholly or partly owned by the government
    Vacation Tour
    Currency : Tenge
    Time Zone : West/East
    Drives on the : Right
    ISO 3166 code : Kz
    Official language(s) : Kazakh, Russian (2nd Language)
    Capital : Astana
    70.2% of the population is Muslim, 20.6% Christian, 0.1% Buddhists, 0.2% others (mostly Jews), and 2.8% non-believers
  • 71. History
    Kazakhstan has been inhabited since the Neolithic Age; the region's climate and terrain are best suited for nomads practicing pastoralism. Archaeologists believe that humans first domesticated the horse in the region's vast steppes. In the 15th century, a distinct Kazakh identity began to emerge among the Turkic tribes, a process which was consolidated by the mid-16th century with the appearance of a distinctive Kazakh language, culture, and economy. During the 17th century Kazakhs fought Oirats, a federation of western Mongol tribes, including Dzungars. The beginning of the 18th century marked the zenith of the Kazakh Khanate. During this period the Little Horde participated in the 1723–1730 war against the Dzungars, following their "Great Disaster" invasion of Kazakh territories.
    Impact on world : was not involved in any major war.
    Current Event : Visitation of NursultanNazarbayev, the president, to the South Kazakhstan region is over. As part of his two-day trip, the head of state also visited one of the main sacred places of the Kazakh nation and the whole of the Turkic world, the HodzhaAkhmetYassawi Mausoleum. The President familiarized himself with the state of reconstruction of the cultural and historical monument of the 14 century. This museum opened last year, ahead of Kazakhstan’s 20th anniversary of independence. Aspects of preservation of spiritual values of the nation were also touched upon during the talks. The discussion of achievements in the sphere of culture and history reached over the 20 years of independence were the main topic at the meeting in the region.
  • 72. Political
    Type of Government: Presidential Republic
    Government Leaders
    Current President: NursultanNazarbayev
    Prime Minister: KarimMassimov
  • 73. Economy
    Industry : possesses enormous fossil fuel reserves and plentiful supplies of other minerals and metals, such as uranium, copper, and zinc
    Natural resources
    Exports: $59.23
    Partners : China 16.34%, France 9.23%, Germany 8.32%, Russia 6.9%, Ukraine 5.52%, Romania 5.25%, Italy 5.12%, US 4.34%
    Materials : oil and oil products 59%, ferrous metals 19%, chemicals 5%, machinery 3%, grain, wool, meat, coal
    Imports: $30.11 billion
    Partners: Russia 28.5%, China 26.72%, Germany 6.59%, Italy 5.58%, Ukraine 4.8%
    Material : machinery and equipment, metal products, foodstuffs
    Sanctions:
    Financial Supervision Agency (FSA)
    Trade Associations:
    The U.S.-Kazakhstan Business Association (USKBA)
  • 74. Daily Life
    Standard of living :
    at birth: 1.058%
    under 15 years: 1.04%
    15-64 years: 0.95%
    65 years and over: 0.53%
    total population: 0.93%
    Clothing
    The people that live in Kazakhstan very bright colors like the colors on the rainbow. They may also wear gold and silver color. Some people might have a "tinge“ of black, brown, and some other dark colors.Internet Usage
    Internet Users: 52,100
    Facebook Users: 140,582
    Bandwidth: 128 kbps
    Host sites: 1
  • 75. Cultural
    Traditions:
    yurt : the most sensible types of movable house.
    Nauryz(Islamic New Year) : one of the biggest holidays in Central Asia. In Kazakhstan it is celebrated on the day of the spring equinox, March
    Customs:
    Social Stratification: Classes and Castes do not exist.
    Men tend to have better jobs compared to that of women.
    Kazakh (Qazaq) 53.4%, Russian 30%, Ukrainian 3.7%, Uzbek 2.5%, German 2.4%, Tatar 1.7%, Uighur 1.4%, other 4.9%
    Religions :
    Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%
  • 76. Cultural
    Foods
    The main meal of every dastarkhan and one of the most delicious for Kazakh people is Kazakh style cooked meat.
    Kazy: (sausage from ribs)
    Karta : (sausage from the belly)
    zhaya : (boiled rump)
    zhal : (from urthers)
    steaming kuirdak :(from freshly killed sheep)
    zhaubuirek : (a whole carcass of a ram broiled on a spit)
    Music and Dance
    Kazakh State Kurmangazy Orchestra of Folk Instruments, the Kazakh State Philharmonic Orchestra, the Kazakh National Opera and the Kazakh State Chamber Orchestra.
    Other Kazakh composers include Korkyt, Tattimbet, Sougur, Bayserke, and Makhambet, Khazanghap.
  • 77. Cultural
    Unique Facts, Places, etc
    Recently, especially on the streets of urban cities, many young people started to create group of society as a hip-hop clan. They usually do rap battle and performances on the street which have been issues.
  • 78. International Events
    G-20 Seoul Summit: was not involved in G-20
    2010 FIFA World Cup: Rank 128
    2010 Winter Olympics: Rank 25 (Silver1)
  • 79. Conclusion
    Kazakhstan has unique and distinguishable culture and tradition.
    The citizens have strong national love for their own county.
    Russian can help communications in this country. (second language)
    A lot of available beautiful places to travel.
  • 80. Works Cited - Kazakhstan
    http://www.smh.com.au/news/asia/stan-up-to-be-counted/2006/11/16/1163266709293.html?page=fullpage
    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/1560114/Kazakhstan-election-a-foregone-conclusion.html
    http://www.uskba.net/
    https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kz.html
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Kazakhstan
    http://caspionet.kz/eng/general/President_visits_South_Kazakhstan_Region_1299910473.html
    http://www.spike.com/video-clips/twrbn8/national-anthem-of-kazakhstan-borat-movie-films
    http://www.balletcompanies.com/Countries/Kazakhstan.shtml
    http://www.iihf.com/iihf-home/countries/kazakhstan.html
    http://www.iihf.com/iihf-home/countries/kazakhstan.html
    http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=kz
    http://eiti.org/Kazakhstan
  • 81. Turkey
  • 82. Maps
  • 83. Country Description
    Size: 783,562 sq km
    Climate: temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
    Location: Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria
    Population: 78,785,548
  • 84. Geographic Features
    Land Regions:
    arable land: 29.81%
    permanent crops: 3.39%
    other: 66.8%
    Irrigated Land: 52,150 sqkm
    Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
    Total renewable water resources: 234 cu km
    Aegean Sea, Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea
    Lake Van
  • 85. Geographic Features
    Fauna: Schizodactylusinexpectatus, Woolly Dormouse, Van Kedisi, Mediterranean Monk Seal, Desert Monitor, Glyptoghorax
    Flora: MenthaAquatica, Castanea Sativa
    Special Points of Interest
    Corsican indigenous species
    Vacation Tour
    Calling Code: 90
    Currency: Turkish Lira
    Drives on the Right
    Religion: Muslim 99.8%
  • 86. History
    Early History
    The settlement of Troy, starting from the Iron Age
    Anatolia
    Ottoman Empire (11th century – 20th Century)
    Turkish Republic (1922~)
    Impact on World
    Participated in WWI as one of the Central Powers
    Current Events
    Both protests and diplomatic approach on U.S.
    Helps Egypt
  • 87. Political
    Type of Government
    Parliamentary Republic
    Government Leaders
    Founder: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
    President: Abdullah Gul
    Prime Minister: RecepTayyipErdogan
  • 88. Economy
    Industry
    textiles, food processing, autos, electronics, mining
    Exports: $117.4 billion
    apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment
    Partners: Russia 14%, Germany 10%, China 9%, US 6.1%, Italy 5.4%, France 5%
    Imports: $166.3 billion
    machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment
    Russia 14%, Germany 10%, China 9%, US 6.1%, Italy 5.4%, France 5%
    Economic Status
    Debt: 48.1% of GDP
    GDP per capita: $12,300
    Trade Associations
    ASEAN
    Sanctions
    FTA with Korea
  • 89. Daily Life
    Standard of Living
    Median Age: 28.5 years
    Urbanization: 70% of total population
    Infant Mortality Rate: 23.94 deaths/1,000 live births
    Life Expectancy at birth: 72.5 years
    Literacy
    87.4%
    Language: Turkish
    Clothing
    Fez, Kalpak, Turkish Cap
    Internet Usage
    Internet Users: 27,233,300
    Facebook Users: 26,417,820
  • 90. Cultural
    Traditions:
    Turkey shares some traditions with Korea because a number Old Koreans (Koryo) migrated into the region.
    They still consider Korea as their ‘Country of Brotherhood’
    Customs:
    Coffee House: Turkish people tend to gather in
    Hamam: Turkish Bath
    Religions:
    99.8% Muslim
    Foods:
    Heritage of Ottoman cuisine
    Turkish Curry
    Major type of oil – Olive
  • 91. Cultural
    Music and Dance
    Turkish Belly Dance
    Recreational + elegance
    Folk songs are famous
    Unique Facts, Places, etc.
    Holds both Central Asian traditions and East Asian traditions
  • 92. International Events
    G-20 Seoul Summit: Participated in as one of the members
    2010 FIFA World Cup: 32nd
    2010 Vancouver Winter Olympic: no medal
    Figure
    Skiing
    Cross-country
  • 93. Conclusion
    Unlike the past fame, Turkey is a silent nation lately. There’s no medalling athletes, politically calm. However, it participated in G-20. I hope this will make difference.
  • 94. Works Cited - Turkey
    http://www.chtour.co.kr/ver2/holy_study_content.php?cno=1&gubun=07
    http://www.turkey4travel.com/
    http://www.mapsofworld.com/turkey/turkey-political-map.html
    http://www.wildland.com/trips/mediterranean/tur_map.aspx
    https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey
    http://www.internetworldstats.com/me/tr.htm
    http://www.socialbakers.com/facebook-statistics/turkey
    http://www.enjoyturkey.com/info/culture/Customs.htm
    http://www.fifa.com/associations/association=tur/ranking/gender=m/index.html
  • 95. Gabon
  • 96. Maps
  • 97. Country Description
    Capital: Libreville
    Independence : 17 August 1960 (from France)
    Population : 1,576,665
    Location : Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator
    Land boundaries :2,551 km
  • 98. Geographic Features
    Land region : 257,667 sq km
    Water region: 10,000 sq km
    slightly smaller than Colorado
    Coastline : 885 km
    Highest point: Mont Iboundji 1,575 m
    Current environmental issues : deforestation, poaching
  • 99. Geographic Features
    Fauna Fauna- Achatinavignoniana,
    Flora - Calpocalyxngouiensis, Cola duparquetiana, Monopetalanthusheitzii, Napoleonaeaegertonii, Tricarpelemaafricanum, Ocoteagabonensis
    Fauna -
  • 100. Geographic Features
    Special points of interest : a small population and oil and mineral reserves have helped Gabon become one of Africa's wealthier countries. In general, these circumstances have allowed the country to maintain and conserve its pristine rain forest and rich biodiversity.
    Vacation Tour
    Central African CFA
    Drives on the : right
    ISO 3166 code : GA
    Calling code : 241
    Language : French
  • 101. History
    Early History :
    In the 15th century, the first Europeans arrived. The nation's present name originates from Gabao Portuguese for ‘cloak’. Many years later, French explorer Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza led his first mission to the Gabon-Congo area in 1875. He founded the town of Franceville, and was later colonial governor. Several Bantu groups lived in the area that is now Gabon when France officially occupied it in 1885.
    Impact on World: Has not participated in any major war
    Declared Independence from France in 1960
    Current Events
    The New president is elected
    This is the end of the 41-year reign over Gabon by only president
  • 102. Political
    Type of Government
    Republic
    Government Leaders
    President: Ali Bongo Ondimba
    Prime Minister: Paul BiyogheMba
  • 103. Economy
    Industry:
    petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles
    Exports: $6.803 billion
    crude oil 70%, timber, manganese, uranium
    Partners: Russia 30.62%, US 16.56%, China 15.87%, France 4.28%
    Imports: $2.433 billion
    machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, construction materials
    Partners: France 32.21%, US 7.92%, China 7.02%, Belgium 4.99%, Italy 4.81%
    Trade Associations:
    ECOWAS
    Sanctions:
    Gabon Free Trade Zone
    FTA
  • 104. Daily Life
    Standard of Living
    Median Age: 18.6 years
    Urbanization: 86% of total population
    Infant Mortality Rate: 49.95 deaths/1,000 live births
    Life Expectancy at Birth: 52.49 years
    Literacy
    63.2%
    Language: French
    Clothing
    Moderate Western Style
    Internet Usage
    Internet Users: 98,800
    Facebook Users: 24,860
  • 105. Cultural
    Traditions:
    Primarily Oral Traditions until the domination by France
    Traditional indigenous religious beliefs
    Customs:
    Obala, Ngombi, Balafon and traditional drums for traditional events
    Kota (mask) is used in celebrations
    Imported Rock and Hip Hop
    Religion
    Christian 55%-75%, animist
    Foods
    Common West African Cuisine
    Music and Dance
    Folk styles, no traditional dance
  • 106. International Events
    G-20 Seoul Summit: as a member of African Union
    2010 FIFA World Cup: wasn’t qualified
    2010 Vancouver Winter Olympic: Didn’t participate in
  • 107. Conclusion
    With statistics, Gabon is experiencing an extreme trade surplus, exporting three time more than it imports. However, it still needs reform. Literacy rate is very low, and the government doesn’t guarantee stability.
  • 108. Works Cited - Gabon
    http://flagsandanthems.com/flag-gabon.html
    http://www.smh.com.au/news/africa/africas-new-queen/2006/08/03/1154198267260.html
    http://www.pilotguides.com/destination_guide/africa/cameroon-gabon/background.php
    http://www.internetworldstats.com/africa.htm
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gabon
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_FIFA_World_Cup
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Vancouver_Olympics