Vancouver Referencing from instruction class

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  • 11:00 In depth – not in class – disease groups – 4 ppl – each research aspect of disease – need to combine invid notes into one paper - tell how to organize indiv and group papers – explain plagiarism – what it is- when to cite – how to paraphrase – Acute Resp Distress Syndrome ARDS– atrial fibrillation

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  • 1.  Consider main point of final paper  List topics which must be covered (aspects of the disease)  Label all information by topic  Determine most logical order  Create outline for the paper  Compose the paper using outline and notes Organizing the paper:
  • 2. The Project  Working in groups  Write a paper  Each person within the group is responsible for a section of the paper
  • 3. The Project  Taking notes:  If typing notes on the computer, label each note –with author, page number, and subtopic.  Put your response to the information in a different font. OR  Use the index card method:  Use 3 x 5 cards – one piece of information per card.
  • 4.  Cause #1 --------------------  Cause #1 --------------------  Cause #1 --------------------  Smith 65 Main causes Write your response to the information on the back of the card.
  • 5. The Project  All of the information from a particular source you have used will be assigned a number when the final paper (with information from all the group members) is written.  Make note of which source a particular piece of information came from – that will be needed for the final paper.
  • 6. Recommendations Each person may:  label his/her references from the text with a different color  1,2,3,4 1,2,3,4 1,2,3,4 1,2,3,4  use initials to indicate which group member the information came from  CK1, CK2, CK3, CK4  use his/her name  Cindy1, Cindy2, Cindy3  use a letter from the alphabet  A1, A2, A3, A4 B1,B2,B3,B4
  • 7. Recommendations  If two students are both using the same article:  Label the articles a specific color – and when you cite that particular article use that specific color for the internal citation
  • 8. Using the information from the outside sources:  Remember: Every piece of information that is taken from an outside source must be cited or referenced, unless it is considered common knowledge.  Common knowledge depends upon the audience: specialized vs. general audience example:  Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome - ARDS
  • 9. Cite outside information.  Summaries – a more concise version of the original information  highlights the main points in your own words.
  • 10.  Paraphrases – same information contained in the original source - put in your own words  Use thesaurus for synonyms example:  “Collaborate” – highlight the word – right click on it – select “synonyms”
  • 11.  Quotations – exact wording from the outside source  Limit use of quotes.  Only use quotes when the information can not easily be reworded – or if it is reworded, the impact or effect of the writing will be lost.
  • 12.  (If you do use a direct quote, be sure it goes smoothly from your words to the words of the outside source so that it is understood who said those words and in what context.)
  • 13.  Rather than just saying “The author Davidson said” and then going into the quote, introduce Davidson’s words.  Use a signal phrase which identifies exactly who made the statement and in what context. For example: The well-known researcher Charles Davidson argues that “-------.”
  • 14.  Plagiarism is taking another’s words, writing style, or ideas and presenting them as if they are your own.  Be aware that if information is taken from an outside source – even if a reference is provided, - if the wording is too close to the original, that is a form of plagiarism, as the author’s writing style has been taken.  See the HVCC plagiarism policy, at http://www.hvcc.edu/catalog/judicial.html#plagiarism, for more information.
  • 15.  Vancouver style - commonly used in the medical and scientific fields  A research paper documented in Vancouver style should contain:  a reference list  identifies the references cited in the paper with publication information  appears at the end of the paper with the entries listed numerically and in the same order that they have been cited in the text and  a bibliography  lists sources which were not cited in the text but are relevant to the subject  arranged alphabetically by the author’s name or the title, if no author’s name is provided
  • 16. Providing references within the text of your essay:  a number is assigned to each reference as it is cited  original number assigned to the reference or source is reused each time the reference is cited in the text, regardless of its previous position in the paper.  references are identified by numbers, provided directly after the name of the author cited, or at the end of the quote or information from the author which has been paraphrased  the numbers can be in round or square brackets, or as superscripts.  (Check with your instructor to see which style to use.)
  • 17. General Guidelines for Citing Sources  journal title abbreviations are used – not the full title of the journal  to find the journal abbreviations: go to PubMed; select the Journal Database and type in the title of the journal – click “go”  once the title appears look next to that and the title abbreviation should be there
  • 18. General Guidelines for Citing Sources  months of publication are abbreviated to the first 3 letters  use the last name of the author and the first and middle initials. There are no periods in between the initials.  the first letter of the first word and any proper names in a book title are capitalized  “ed.” is used to indicate the edition of a book  tables should each be given a brief title  illustrations and figures in the text should be numbered in consecutive order
  • 19.  Journal articles: Russell FD, Coppell AL, Davenport AP. In vitro enzymatic processing of radiolabelled big ET-1 in human kidney as a food ingredient. Biochem Pharmacol 1998 Mar 1;55(5):697-701. (Note: In vitro enzymatic processing of radiolabelled big ET-1 in human kidney as a food ingredient = name of the article; Biochem Pharmacol = title of the journal; 1998 Mar 1 = publication year, month, day; 55(5) = volume/issue numbers; 697-701 = page numbers [if the page numbers are continuous, you may omit the month, day, and year])
  • 20. Sample Article: 1. Lu S, Cai S, Ou C, Zhao H. Establishment and evaluation of a simplified evaluation system of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Yonsei Med J [Internet]. 2013 July [cited 2013 Sept 5]; 54(4):935-41. Available from: MEDLINE with Full Text: http://ehis.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid= 5&sid=e1f31027-4941-44fa-b457-70406e119a19%40 sessionmgr15&hid=4&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3 QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=mnh&AN=23709429
  • 21. Sample Citations  Books with up to six authors: Lodish H, Baltimore D, Berk A, Zipursky SL, Matsudaira P, Darnell J. Molecular cell biology. 3rd ed. New York: Scientific American; 1995.  Books with more than six authors: Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, Wilson JD, Martin JB, Kasper DL, et al, editors. Harrison's principles of internal medicine. 14th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, Health Professions Division; 1998. (Note: “et al” means “and others” and indicates that the authors beyond the first six are not listed)  Books with an editor: Millares M, editor. Applied drug information: strategies for information management. Vancouver, WA: Applied Therapeutics, Inc.; 1998. 
  • 22.  Chapter or parts books with an editor: Porter RJ, Meldrum BS. Antiepileptic drugs. In: Katzung BG, editor. Basic and clinical pharmacology. 6th ed. Norwalk, CN: Appleton and Lange; 1995. p. 361-80.  Books with an edition number: Blenkinsopp A, Paxton P. Symptoms in the pharmacy: a guide to the management of common illness. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science; 1998.  Books in a series: Bennett GL, Horuk R. Iodination of chemokines for use in receptor binding analysis. In: Horuk R, editor. Chemokine receptors. New York: Academic Press; 1997. p. 134-48. (Methods in enzymology; vol 288). (Note: Chemokine = name of the book; Methods in enzymology = titles of the series; vol = Volume number)
  • 23.  Journal articles: Russell FD, Coppell AL, Davenport AP. In vitro enzymatic processing of radiolabelled big ET-1 in human kidney as a food ingredient. Biochem Pharmacol 1998 Mar 1;55(5):697-701. (Note: In vitro enzymatic processing of radiolabelled big ET-1 in human kidney as a food ingredient = name of the article; Biochem Pharmacol = title of the journal; 1998 Mar 1 = publication year, month, day; 55(5) = volume/issue numbers; 697-701 = page numbers [if the page numbers are continuous, you may omit the month, day, and year])
  • 24.  Articles with an unknown author: Coffee drinking and cancer of the pancreas [editorial]. Biochem Pharmacol 1981;283:628.  Newspaper articles: Lee G. Hospitalizations tied to ozone pollution: study estimates 50,000 admissions annually. The Washington Post 1996 Jun 21;Sect. A:3 (col. 5).
  • 25.  Multimedia material: Get the facts (and get them organised) [videocassette]. Williamstown, Vic.: Appleseed Productions; 1990. (Note: The details required are the same as those for a book, with the form of the item indicated in brackets after the title.)  Online journals: Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious disease. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] 1995 Jan-Mar;1(1): [24 screens]. Available from: URL:http://www/cdc/gov/ncidoc/EID/eid.htm. Accessed December 25, 1999. 
  • 26. LaPorte RE, Marler E, Akazawa S, Sauer F. The death of biomedical journals. BMJ [serial online]. 1995;310:1387-90. Available from: http://www.bmj.com/bmj/archive/6991ed2.htm. Accessed September 26,1996. (Note: Provide an abbreviated title of the electronic journal. Provide the volume number and issue number [in parentheses]. Indicate the number of screens in square brackets or pages.)
  • 27. Websites: Hoffman DL. St John's Wort. 1995;[4 screens]. Available at: URL:http://www.healthy.net/library/books/hoffman/materia medica/stjohns.htm. Accessed July 16, 1998. Health on the net foundation. Health on the net foundation code of conduct (HONcode) for medical and health web sites. Available at: http://www.hon.ch/Conduct.html. Accessed June 30, 1998. (Note: If the author is not documented, the title becomes the first element of the reference.
  • 28.  For further information: The University of Queensland (Brisbane, Australia) website: http://www.library.uwa.edu.au/education_training___and__ _support/guides/how_to_cite_your_sources/citing_your_ sources_-_vancouver_style The University of Western Australia website at: http://www.library.uq.edu.au/training/citation/vancouv.html
  • 29. Writing and Research Center Marvin Library, 2nd floor Monday through Thursday: 7am to 10pm Friday: 7am to 5pm Saturday: 9am to 4pm Ms. Hammond, Writing Specialist Writing and Research Center Marvin Library, 2nd floor 629-7865 or c.hammond@hvcc.edu Mon. 10 to 6 – Tues. 9:30 to 5:30 Wed. and Thu. 2 to 10 Fri. 9 to 5  Call 629-7230 for general information on Learning Centers’ services.