Studying Abroad - Internship and Thesis - Experiences and Realized Strategies
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Presentation on Studying Abroad - Internship and Thesis - Experiences and Realized Strategies

Presentation on Studying Abroad - Internship and Thesis - Experiences and Realized Strategies
HTW Berlin
1st semester: Introduction to Research Methods

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  • http://www.blurtit.com/q774842.html
  • Key to success is to identify the problems, while they are opportunities,before they become problemsOpportunities are:GOAL: Have a clear goal of what you want to acheive!TIME: Know how much time you have available.OBJECTIVES (Milestones): Use S.M.A.R.T objectivesBe PREPARED: Avoid jumping back, because you forgot about a language test
  • Destination: TimeFinancialLanguageBureaucracyOverviewCulture Shock
  • We have provided, demonstrated, analyzed and compared primary and secondary data based on realized strategies and experiences for studying abroad or doing internship abroad. We have identified the key problems and provided tools and pieces of advice in order to present the main elements of an optimal strategy. The key elements of an optimal strategy has been presented and compared with observed and realized strategies. By the end of this presentation you should be able to shape a unique and successful research strategy, whether the goal is to go abroad, do an internship abroad or write a thesis.

Studying Abroad - Internship and Thesis - Experiences and Realized Strategies Studying Abroad - Internship and Thesis - Experiences and Realized Strategies Presentation Transcript

  • Introduction to Research Methods, BIB, HTW, SS 2011 Kim Skovhus Andersen Chandra Hermansyah Daniela Zurawski Tabitha Muthama Irina Kolosova
  • Agenda 1. Introduction (1) The Aims of the Presentation (2) Use of Sources (3) Data Collection Methods and Techniques 2. Main part: Introduction (1) Why do an Internship or a Study Abroad? (2) Ways to Study or do Intership Abroad (3) Where to go? 3. Main Part: Choosing an Optimal Strategy (1) Use of Sources (2) Problems and Challenges (3) Pieces of Advice (4) Key Elements to Success 4. Conclusion 5. DiscussionK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • Agenda 1. Introduction (1) The Aims of the Presentation (2) Use of Sources (3) Data Collection Methods and Techniques 2. Main part: Introduction (1) Why do an Internship or a Study Abroad? (2) Ways to Study or do Intership Abroad (3) Where to go? 3. Main Part: Choosing an Optimal Strategy (1) Use of Sources (2) Problems and Challenges (3) Pieces of Advice (4) Key Elements to Success 4. Conclusion 5. DiscussionK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va View slide
  • 1. Introduction (1) The Aims of the Presentation (2) Use of Sources (3) Data Collection Methods and TechniquesK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va View slide
  • 1. Introduction: (1) The Aims of the Presentation • The Aim of Today’s Presentation: The aim of the presentation is to give you sufficient information about realized strategies and experience from the research phase of studying abroad and internship abroad in order to let you choose an optimal strategy for the research phase. • The Second Aim (Complete): The aim for the course is to find, work with and evaluate different and appropriate sources, working in diverse teams and to get in contact with different librariesK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 1. Introduction. Agenda (1) The Aims of the Presentation (2) Use of Sources (3) Data Collection Methods and TechniquesK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 1. Introduction: (2) Use of Sources Secondary sources: Primary sources: 1. Online Source (Internet) Focus Groups (Students, Alumni, Experts, Non-profit 2. Library Organizations) 3. Periodical Articles Interviews (Magazines, Brochures) Emails 4. Monographs (Books)K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 1. Introduction. Agenda (1) The Aims of the Presentation (2) Use of Sources (3) Data Collection Methods and TechniquesK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 1. Introduction: (3) Data Collection Methods and Techniques Desk Research based on secondary Stratified Sampling sources (Not randomly selected) Field Research based on primary sources Communication method: - Surveys: Videointerviews, Questionnaires - Focus Groups Observation method Qualitative approach The Interviewees:  HTW BIB; HTW non-BIB; BIB Nürnberg; Non-HTW  Experts and Advisors  Non-profit organisationsK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • Agenda 1. Introduction (1) The Aims of the Presentation (2) Use of Sources (3) Data Collection Methods and Techniques 2. Main part. Introduction (1) Why do an Internship or a Study Abroad? (2) Ways to Study or do Intership Abroad (3) Where to go? 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (1) Use of Sources (2) Problems and Challenges (3) Pieces of Advice (4) Key Elements to Success 4. Conclusion 5. DiscussionK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 2. Main part. Introduction. Agenda (1) Why do an Internship or a Study Abroad? (2) Ways to Study or do Intership Abroad (3) Where to go?K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 2. Main Part. Introduction: (1) Why do an Internship or a Study Abroad? 1. Improve CV: a) Company of high prestige b) Education of high level 2. Experience Culture 3. Gain Experience and Knowledge 4. Improve Language Skills 5. To Travel and Adventure 6. No Choice: a) Part of the Study Program b) Political or Economical ReasonsK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 2. Main part. Introduction (1) Why do an Internship or a Study Abroad? (2) Ways to Study or do Internship Abroad (3) Where to go?K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 2. Main Part. Introduction:(2) Ways to Study or do Internship Abroad Internship Studies Abroad Self-organized Exchange Organized by home ERASMUS university Full degreeK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 2. Main part. Introduction (1) Why do an Internship or a Study Abroad? (2) Ways to Study or do Internship Abroad (3) Where to go?K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 2. Main Part. Introduction (3) Where to Go? The 15 Most Important Study Countries for German Students Abroad, 2008K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 2. Main Part. Introduction (3) Where to Go? The Interviewees Canada England Germany Scotland Belgium USA France Mexico Spain Australia South AfricaK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • Agenda 1. Introduction (1) The Aims of the Presentation (2) Use of Sources (3) Data Collection Methods and Techniques 2. Main part. Introduction (1) Why do an Internship or a Study Abroad? (2) Ways to Study or do Internship Abroad (3) Where to go? 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (1) Use of Sources (2) Problems and Challenges (3) Pieces of Advice (4) Key Elements to Success 4. Conclusion 5. DiscussionK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy. Agenda (1) Use of Sources a) Generally Observed b) Interviewees‘ choises c) Experts‘ choises d) Comparison (2) Facing Problems a) Possible Problems b) Interviewees‘ experiences with Problems c) Experts‘ experiences with Problems d) Comparison (3) Pieces of Advice a) Interviewees‘ pieces of advice b) Experts‘ pieces of advice c) Comparison (4) Key Elements to SuccessK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (1) Use of Sources. Generally Observed Secondary source for the Primary source for the research phase research phase • Publications (Books, Magazines, • International Office Brochures) • Student advisors • Online sources: Search Engines, • Recruitment office Forums, Social Networks, Homepages of Universities and • Networks (Facebook) Organizations, Web Pages of non-profit Organizations; • experienced friends, professionals, colleagues, • Broadcasting: Tele- and Radio- teachers, professors etc. Commercials • Promotion and Advertisement: in transport, in the internet, etc.K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy(1) Use of Sources. Interviewees‘ Choices VIDEOK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy(1) Use of Sources. Interviewees‘ Choices Groups HTW HTW Nürn- Non- Sum Sources Non- BIB berg HTW BIB BIB Google 5 5 5 5 20 Homepage 5 5 5 5 20 Social network, forums 1 - 3 1 5 International office 5 5 4 1 15 Study consultation / service - - 1 3 4 DAAD (Germany) - 1 1 1 3 Direct contact 2 3 1 1 6 Friends experience 1 - 5 3 9 Agency - - - 2 2 Books, brochures, magazines - - 2 - 2K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy(1) Use of Sources. Interviewees‘ Choices Use of sources 100% 100% 100% 75% 75% 50% 45% 30% 25% 20% Percentage of use 25% 15% 10% 10% 0%K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (1) Use of Sources. Experts‘ Choices VIDEOK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (1) Use of Sources. Experts‘ Choices Primary Source • International Office • Friends experience Secondary Source • Homepage of the Inter-national Office • DAAD website (for studies in Germany) • Career Service of HTW Berlin • Homepages of different universities and organizations • “EU-Community" Plattform • Brochure: "Wege ins Auslandspraktikum"K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (1) Use of Sources. Comparison Use of sources 100% 100% 100% 75% 75% Google Homepage 50% 45% Social network, forums International office 30% 25% Study consultation / service 25% 20% DAAD (Germany) 15% 10% 10% Direct contact Friends experience 0% Agency Books, brochures, magazinesK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy. Agenda (1) Use of Sources a) Generally Observed b) Interviewees‘ choises c) Experts‘ choises d) Comparison (2) Facing Problems and Challenges a) Generally Observed b) Interviewees‘ Experiences c) Experts‘ Experiences d) Comparison (3) Pieces of Advice a) Interviewees‘ pieces of advice b) Experts‘ pieces of advice c) Comparison (4) Key Elements to SuccessK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy(2) Facing Problems. Generally Observed Problem Example Short in Time Start researching too late Too late reply To find Information What is the content of the study program/Internship? Whom can I contact? Language Mistranslation, misinterpretation Financial High Tuition Fees Bureaucracy Visa (USA, Malaysia, Germany) Special requirements for foreigners (Germany, Low acceptance rate (USA) Culture Shock High crime rates Acceptance of different races Different food Different climateK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy(2) Facing Problems. Interviewees‘Experiences VIDEOK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (2) Facing Problems. Experts‘ Experiences VIDEOK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (2) Facing Problems. Comparison Topic Experts Interviewees Destination Choice of Program So many choices of study - What are the moduls? programs - What is the content of the moduls? Time Frame Many students begin their We were definitely too late research too late Financing Internship not/bad paid Student fees Bureaucracy Not mentioned Hard to get an overview the special requirements Overview Not mentioned Hard to get an overview of all the pieces of information Non-Academical Problems with visa Visa, other living conditions, currency, etc.K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy. Agenda (1) Use of Sources a) Generally Observed b) Interviewees‘ choises c) Experts‘ choises d) Comparison (2) Facing Problems a) Possible Problems b) Interviewees‘ experiences with Problems c) Experts‘ experiences with Problems d) Comparison (3) Pieces of Advice a) Interviewees‘ pieces of advice b) Experts‘ pieces of advice c) Comparison (4) Key Elements to SuccessK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (3) Pieces of Advice. Interviewees VIDEOK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (3) Pieces of Advice. Experts VIDEOK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (3) Pieces of Advice. Comparison Topic Experts Interviewees Destination Find out where you want to Have a clear perspective of study what you want to achieve - Which country? - Which city? - Which university? - Which company? Language Find out which language is Learn the language in requiered. You should have the advance proper language skills in advance Time Frame Start 1 year in advance Start as early as possible Non-Academic Find an insurance CultureK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy. Agenda (1) Use of Sources a) Generally Observed b) Interviewees‘ choises c) Experts‘ choises d) Comparison (2) Facing Problems a) Possible Problems b) Interviewees‘ experiences with Problems c) Experts‘ experiences with Problems d) Comparison (3) Pieces of Advice a) Interviewees‘ pieces of advice b) Experts‘ pieces of advice c) Comparison (4) Key Elements to SuccessK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (4) Key Elements to Success IDENTIFY the problems .. Optimum Versus Observationstime time Goal Goal work work
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (4) Key Elements to Success  Goal: precisely defined .. and deal with the problems, while they are OPPORTUNITIES. Don‘t wait till  Time frame: estimated; starting point: set as they become PROBLEMS. early as possible  Information search: based on reliable sources Get organized  Planning and organizational skills: developed as well as possible  Possible failures in details: estimated and Be prepared avoided  Full list of requirements: considered without missing any of important aspects. Use time  Language misinterpretation: avoided by proper translation  Deadlines: clearly understoodK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 3. Main Part. Choosing an Optimal Strategy (4) Key Elements to Success. There are plenty of help Thesis http://www.phys.unsw.edu.au/~jw/thesis.html out there.. Where to go? Office (of HTW Berlin): International Bureaucracy: How to avoid? http://www.topuniversities.com/countr http://www-en.htw- Visa: y-guides berlin.de/FHTW/university_cooperatio http://projectvisa.com This websites offer a review of a broad n/index.html This website offers the specific visa range of study countries, where pros requirements for everyone. You just select the and cons of the study country as well as country you are coming from and the country the universities in the country are to be you are going to. found: Internship Insurance: http://www.connecticum.de/ Generally This websites is about the http://www.internationalstudent.com/ http://www.ehow.com “Connecticum” fair, which offers contact study-abroad/insurance/ This website offers a broad range of connections between students and This website gives you some tips simplified step-by-step guides, which companies searching for trainees and about insurances, plus further can answer or lead to answers of employees, and it takes place in Berlin information. generally all types of questions. once a year.K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • Agenda 1. Introduction (1) The Aims of the Presentation (2) Use of Sources (3) Data Collection Methods (4) Use of Sampling Techniques 2. Main part: Introduction (1) Why do an Internship or a Study Abroad? (2) Ways to Study or do Internship Abroad (3) Where to go? 3. Main Part: Choosing an Optimal Strategy (1) Use of Sources (2) Problems and Challenges (3) Pieces of Advice (4) Key Elements to Success 4. Conclusion 5. DiscussionK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • 4. Conclusion Aim of course: We have provided, demonstrated, analyzed and compared primary and secondary data Aim of the presentation: We have identified the key problems and provided tools and pieces of advice in order to present the main elements of an optimal strategy. By the end of this presentation you should be able to shape a unique and successful research strategy, whether your goal is to go abroad, do an internship abroad or write a thesis.K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • VIDEOK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • Discussion  Google Goal  Homepage  Social network, forums  International office  Study consultation / service  DAAD (Germany)  Personal contact  Friends experience  Agency  Books, brochures, magazinesK im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va
  • References  DAAD Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (January 2011), go out! studieren weltweit, das magazin, Internationale Erfahrung eröffnet Perspektiven: 1  DAAD, Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (2008), Auslandsmobilität von Studierenden in Bachelor- und Master- Studiengängen, Ergebnisse einer Umfrage des DAAD an deutschen Hochschulen im Hochschuljahr 2007/2008, Art der Studiengänge: 6- 14  DAAD, Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (2007), Generation ERASMUS, Auf dem Weg nach Europa, Das ERASMUS-Programm: 18-20  Ehrenreich, Susanne; Woodman, Gill; Perrefort, Marion (2008), Auslandsaufenthalte in Schule und Studium, Ein Schuljahr im Ausland: 39-56  Neugirg, Eva (2008), Im Ausland studieren? Bildungseffekte von Studienaufenthalten im Ausland, Das Auslandsstudium als Instrument zur Internationalisierung der Hochschulen: 12-23  Seebauer, Renate, (2009), Auslandssemester – Eine Chance zur Konfiguration bestehender Interpretationsmuster?, 1 Annäherung an das Problemfeld – Forschungskontext: 11-16, Erwartungen und Erfahrungen im Vergleich: Studium und/oder Tourismus?: 104-115  Wolff, Verena (2009), Studieren im englischsprachigen Ausland, Auswahl, Finanzierung, Organisation, länderspezifische Tipps, Vorbereitung: 13-32  http://internationalcenter.umich.edu/swt/work/resources/gradinterns.html (24.05.2011)  http://library.ucsc.edu/help/howto/distinguish-between-primary-and-secondary-sources (19.04.2011) http://dict.leo.org (10.05.2011-19.06.2011)  http://www.htw-berlin.de/images/Logo/HTW/HTW_Logo_rgb.jpg?profile=content (19.06.2011)  http://internationalcenter.umich.edu/swt/work/resources/gradinterns.html tips for internship  http://www.gearfire.net/10-study-tips-suggestions/ tips for studies  http://changingminds.org/explanations/research/sampling/choosing_sampling.htm  http://www.strada.tkk.fi/documents/Actions_that_Realise_Strategy.pdf  http://thesaurus.com/K im S ko vh u s A n d e rse n , Ch a n d ra He rma n sya h , Da n ie la Zu ra w ski , Ta b it h a Mu t h a ma , I rin a K o lo so va