国際政治基礎A2014 lect 1
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

国際政治基礎A2014 lect 1

on

  • 158 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
158
Views on SlideShare
158
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
6
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

国際政治基礎A2014 lect 1 国際政治基礎A2014 lect 1 Presentation Transcript

  • Fundamental Concepts of International Politics Spring 2014 Prof. H. Steven Green Toyo University Faculty of Law 国際政治基礎A 春学期2014 グリーン・H・ス ティーブン 東洋大学
  • Lecture 1 April 11, 2014 1. Quiz 2. What is international politics (IP)? 3. How do we study IP? 4. Course syllabus
  • Quiz: Part A Middle East / Western Asia Turkey Saudi Arabia 1 2 3 Pakistan Arabian Sea View slide
  • Quiz: Part A ・ Europe 5 4 6 7France Finland Black Sea View slide
  • Quiz: Part A South, East & Southeast Asia 8 11 10 9
  • Quiz: Part A, No. 12 Most dangerous region for world peace? MIDDLE EAST?
  • Quiz: Part A, No. 12 Most dangerous region for world peace? UKRAINE / CRIMEA / RUSSIA ?
  • Quiz: Part A, No. 12 Most dangerous region for world peace? EAST ASIA?
  • Quiz: Part A, No. 12 Most dangerous region for world peace? OTHER REGION?
  • Quiz: Part A, No. 12 ANSWER By the end of the class in January, 2015, you will have to decide for yourself!
  • TERMS ARE IMPORTANT Words are our friends!
  • 1. What is international politics (IP)? International politics is the politics of the international system. The international system consists of almost 200 different governments, and what happens between and among them, including trade, help, cooperation and, of course, war. This system has no government.
  • 1. What is international politics (IP)? IP is “politics in the absence of a common sovereign- politics among entities with no ruler above them” (Joseph Nye.) 「国際政治とは、共通の主義者の存在しな い状況において、自らより上位の支配者 を持たない政治体の間で行われる政治で ある」
  • In a nutshell (簡単に言うと): There is no world government. No sovereign ruler(主義者)exists above countries.
  • There are almost 200 countries, so… there are almost 200 governments.
  • The United Nations (UN) is NOT a world government. • The UN cannot make laws. • It provides a place where governments can talk and debate.
  • “Westphalian System” Two peace treaties that ended the 30 Years’ War in 1648 are called the Peace of Westphalia According to the Peace of Westphalia: • Rulers of states control their own territory (領土) and are responsible for it. • All rulers must accept other states’ sovereignty (主権).
  • Europe, 1648: Birth of modern state
  • What is IP? • A system of states who have sovereignty • A system without a government • We call the international system “anarchic” • We also call it the “Westphalian system” To understand IP, we need to understand the difference between domestic politics and international politics.
  • Domestic- vs. International Politics Domestic Politics International Politics LAW •Clear, consistent(一貫し た), obeyed(法則に従われる) •______________________ •_________________________ •No global police force, courts FORCE •_____________________ •Citizens cannot use force •No global monopoly •______________________ COMMUNITY •Sense of community creates common loyalty(忠義), standards of justice (正義) and view of legitimate authority (合法の 権力) •Weak loyalty to “world” •Different views of __________ •Different views of what is ______________
  • Domestic- vs. International Politics Domestic Politics International Politics LAW •Clear, consistent(一貫し た), obeyed(法則に従われる) •Enforced by police & courts •Inconsistent, incomplete •No global police force, courts FORCE •Government has monopoly •Citizens cannot use force •No global monopoly •States use force when they want COMMUNITY •Sense of community creates common loyalty(忠義), standards of justice (正義) and view of legitimate authority (合法の 権力) •Weak loyalty to “world” •Different views of justice •Different views of what is legitimate
  • 2. How do we study IP? We use three levels of analysis 1. Individual (i.e. people, leaders) Personality, perceptions, activities, choices 2. State (i.e. countries, governments) Government, economy, groups, national interest 3. System (i.e. the international system of no- government)  Alliances (同盟),  systemic norms (規範)  IOs, MNCs、NGOs
  • 2. How do we study IP? At the 3 levels of analysis WE USE THEORIES(理論)
  • 2. How do we study IP? What is a theory? An intellectual tool to help us understand a complex world. • Explains how the world works, what dangers and what opportunities exist • May explain international action and make predictions. • Different IR theories try to influence countries’ leaders.
  • Three IR theories • Realism • Liberalism • Constructivism
  • IR Theories: REALISM Hobbesian anarchy = realist view of anarchy There is ALWAYS a possibility of war so states must prepare for it. Thomas Hobbes, English (1588-1679)
  • IR Theories: REALISM 1. IP is a system of Hobbesian anarchy. 2. States are the most important actors in IP. 3. All international politics is power politics. 4. Power is zero-sum and relative. (If state X has more power, all other states have less.) Power politics = States will always and only do what is best for their own power and security.
  • IR Theories: LIBERALISM 1. IP is a system of anarchy but not Hobbesian: People are motivated not just by fear but also by a desire to live well.  Anarchy is a problem, but one that can be solved. 2. States are important, but not the only actors that matter:  There is an international society where states make agreements, etc.  This society includes international organizations (IOs) as well as other actors (NGOs, MNCs).  Different actors want different things (besides security).
  • IR Theories: CONSTRUCTIVISM “Anarchy is what states make of it.” Anarchyは国家が思い込んでいるもの。 -Alexander Wendt Anarchy depends on the dominant norms, perceptions and beliefsof the international system.* *気配的な規範や認識や信念
  • IR Theories: CONSTRUCTIVISM Constructivists focus on how our interests and views about IP are CONSTRUCTED. What constructs our views? 1. Social structures (社会的な構造), e.g. economic-, legal-, political systems, etc. of a country. 2. Ideas 3. Norms (規範) 4. Culture .
  • History of an Idea • Realism was the first IR theory. • It began in ancient Greece, about 2500 years ago. • Next week we will look at events in ancient Greece that created the idea of realism. We CANNOT understand or explain IP without understanding IR theories.
  • Review 1. There is no world government. 2. Domestic politics and international politics are different: They are different systems with different kinds of logic and different ethics (倫理). 3. How we see events in IP depends on how we see the fact of anarchy, i.e. on whether we are a realist, liberal or constructivist.
  • Class Goals • Learn most important facts and ideas about IP • Make your English more advanced • Learn to think systematically
  • FACTS
  • IDEAS
  • IDEAS: How we organize facts
  • How to succeed in this class 1. Come to every class. 2. Bring a dictionary to class. 3. Read the textbook: It will be difficult in the beginning but will become easier over time. You already have the English skills to do it! 4. Do all the homework. 5. Participate in class: Talk to, and help, each other. 6. Watch the TV news or read a newspaper every day (online or “dead tree”.)
  • COURSE SYLLABUS PURPOSE AND CONTENT This course introduces students to international politics (IP), which is also known as international relations (IR) and will be taught in English. In this course we begin by exploring the basic concepts and issues of international relations. OBJECTIVES By the end of the course next January, students should be able to: 1. Define and use key concepts in IR. 2. Explain and evaluate the main theories of the field of IR. 3. Use the three major theories- realism, liberalism, and constructivism- to analyze relations among states and non-state actors in the international system. 4. 4. Think about normative (規範) questions and practical (実際的 な) answers to questions about how people should approach problems in international politics.
  • COURSE SYLLABUS METHOD The course will principally be conducted in ENGLISH. Homework will be givenALMOST EVERY WEEK which students will be responsible for completing prior to the next class. Late homework will not be accepted with the exception of illness and accidents. Attendance and classroom participation are very important and will be evaluated. Furthermore: Students are expected to come to class on time and prepared. Missing 4 classes in any semester will result in automatic failure of the class Students should prepare for class by reading the textbook, completing assigned homework prior to the next class, researching information on the Internet for group activities and reviewing vocabulary.
  • COURSE SYLLABUS LECTURE SCHEDULE Class Date Topic_ Reading Assignment (pp. = pages : HW = homework due) 第01回 04.11 What is international politics? (1) 第02回 04.18 What is international politics? (2), pp.3-10 HW1 第03回 04.25 The Peloponnesian War, pp.11-16 HW2 … • HW = homework (1, 2, 3…) • The homework is based on the reading. • HW 1 is based on pages 3-10 in the textbook. • Homework is DUE on the date it appears on the syllabus. So… • HW1 is due on 04.19, HW3 is on 04.26, etc. • Homework is due at the BEGINNING of class. • LATE HOMEWORK WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED (except in cases of illness or accident.)
  • COURSE SYLLABUS GRADING CRITERIA AND METHOD OF EVALUATION • Attendance and classroom participation: 30% • Homework 20% • Test 1 15% • Test 2 15% • Final Test 20% 東洋大学の成績評価基準に従う。 REQUIREMENT OF ATTENDANCE Students with four unexcused absences will not pass the course. Students who are late to class six times will not pass the course.
  • COURSE SYLLABUS REQUIRED TEXTBOOKS Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation: An Introduction to Theory and History, Ninth Edition, Joseph Nye and David Welch (New York: Pearson Longman) 2011 English-Japanese dictionary
  • COURSE SYLLABUS Lectures in this class will be based on Power Point slide shows. You may review these slide shows at anytime online by opening an account with SlideShare. Accounts are free and SlideShare does not share your email with third parties. 国際政治基礎のパワーポイントを見たい方へ 今週から、国際政治基礎のパワーポイントがいつでも見られます。 下記のステップを参照して下さい。 1. Go to http://www.slideshare.net 2. 登録をして下さい。(Email address, User ID ,Password) 3. 確認メールをもらえます。 4. 確認したら、サイトにアクセスにして下さい。 5. Searchの箱にHStevenGreenを記入して下さい。 国際政治基礎A Lecture 1 東洋大学法学部グリーン
  • See you next week!  If you plan to join this class, please buy a copy of the text book at 井上書店 or order it online. HOMEWORK 1 is due APRIL 25th at the beginning of class. Read pages 3-10 to do the homework.
  • Domestic- vs. International Politics Domestic Politics International Politics LAW •Clear, consistent(一貫し た), obeyed(法則に従われる) •______________________ •_________________________ •No global police force, courts FORCE •_____________________ •Citizens cannot use force •No global monopoly •______________________ COMMUNITY •Sense of community creates common loyalty(忠義), standards of justice (正義) and view of legitimate authority (合法の 権力) •Weak loyalty to “world” •Different views of __________ •Different views of what is ______________
  • Domestic- vs. International Politics Domestic Politics International Politics LAW •Clear, consistent(一貫し た), obeyed(法則に従われる) •Enforced by police & courts •Inconsistent, incomplete •No global police force, courts FORCE •Government has monopoly •Citizens cannot use force •No global monopoly •States use force when they want COMMUNITY •Sense of community creates common loyalty(忠義), standards of justice (正義) and view of legitimate authority (合法の 権力) •Weak loyalty to “world” •Different views of justice •Different views of what is legitimate