Tackling the Writing Process Presented by: Mary Knatterud, PhD, Department of Surgery Katherine Chew, MLS, Bio-Medical Lib...
<ul><li>Prewriting, Writing, Rewriting   </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Knatterud, PhD, Department of Surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Li...
<ul><li>Upon completion of this activity, participants should be better able to: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Utilize the steps of...
<ul><li>I will not discuss off label use and/or investigational use in my presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>I have no financ...
<ul><li>“ The four rules for the preparation of an article for a journal will then be : </li></ul><ul><li>Have something t...
<ul><li>“ Research is complete only when the </li></ul><ul><li>results are shared with the scientific </li></ul><ul><li>co...
<ul><li>“ Plant a tree for posterity in the orchard </li></ul><ul><li>of your profession.  It will give you </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>I will not discuss off label use and/or investigational use in my presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>I have no financ...
<ul><li>Helps clarify or refine the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Verifies that this is an important clinical problem which ne...
<ul><li>Check target journals “Instructions to Authors” for required citation style  http:// mulford.meduohio.edu/instr   ...
<ul><li>Library Workshops on Literature Searching & RefWorks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.biomed.lib.umn.edu /worksho...
<ul><li>I will not discuss off label use and/or investigational use in my presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>I have no financ...
<ul><li>Point 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing is a good thing! </li></ul><ul><li>Potential advantages include: ...
<ul><li>Point 2: </li></ul><ul><li>For a writing project to truly be “collaborative,” all authors need to be invested in t...
<ul><li>Point 3a: </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing will be more productive, and more enjoyable, if coauthors identi...
<ul><li>Point 3b: </li></ul><ul><li>Ideally, these roles will take advantage of each author’s skills - not just in their s...
<ul><li>Point 4: </li></ul><ul><li>“ There are many potential pitfalls into which both novice and experienced writers may ...
<ul><li>I will not discuss off label use and/or investigational use in my presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>I have no financ...
<ul><li>Purpose: Why am I doing this? </li></ul><ul><li>Longer-term purpose: communicate the results of my study </li></ul...
<ul><li>Audience: help or hindrance? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the audience safe or dangerous? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it affect...
<ul><li>Some Advice </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t get going? Change / ignore your audience in early writing </li></ul><ul><li>Se...
<ul><li>Summary </li></ul><ul><li>“ If your piece is unfocused and wandering . . . and you want to  end  the fission or ch...
<ul><li>Prewriting, writing, rewriting Mary Knatterud,  [email_address] ; 612 625 4413 </li></ul><ul><li>Literature review...
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Tackling The Writing Process

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Scientific Writing Series Seminar Session

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Tackling The Writing Process

  1. 1. Tackling the Writing Process Presented by: Mary Knatterud, PhD, Department of Surgery Katherine Chew, MLS, Bio-Medical Library Anne Marie Weber-Main, PhD, Dept of Family Medicine & Community Health Brenda Hudson, MS, Office of Clinical Research April 13, 2007 Office of Clinical Research
  2. 2. <ul><li>Prewriting, Writing, Rewriting </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Knatterud, PhD, Department of Surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Literature Review Katherine Chew, Bio-Medical Library </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Writing Anne Marie Weber-Main, PhD, Dept of Family Medicine and Community Health </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical Elements of Writing Brenda Hudson, MS, Office of Clinical Research </li></ul><ul><li>Time Management </li></ul><ul><li>Question-and-answer </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Agenda
  3. 3. <ul><li>Upon completion of this activity, participants should be better able to: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Utilize the steps of prewriting, writing and rewriting </li></ul><ul><li>2. Perform a literature review </li></ul><ul><li>3. Utilize effective time management in writing </li></ul><ul><li>4. Understand aspects of collaborative writing </li></ul><ul><li>5. Understand and use the rhetorical elements of </li></ul><ul><li>writing </li></ul>Learning Objectives: Office of Clinical Research
  4. 4. <ul><li>I will not discuss off label use and/or investigational use in my presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>I have no financial relationships to disclose. </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Mary Knatterud Disclosure Information April 13, 2007 Scientific Writing Development Series
  5. 5. <ul><li>“ The four rules for the preparation of an article for a journal will then be : </li></ul><ul><li>Have something to say ; </li></ul><ul><li>Say it ; </li></ul><ul><li>Stop as soon as you have said it ; </li></ul><ul><li>Give the paper a proper title.” </li></ul><ul><li>John S. Billings, M.D., Surgeon United States Army, “An Address </li></ul><ul><li>on Our Medical Literature,” The British Medical Journal (August 13, </li></ul><ul><li>1881, p. 267) </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Prewriting, Writing, Rewriting
  6. 6. <ul><li>“ Research is complete only when the </li></ul><ul><li>results are shared with the scientific </li></ul><ul><li>community. . . . [T]he preparation of a </li></ul><ul><li>manuscript for journal publication is an </li></ul><ul><li>integral part of the individual research </li></ul><ul><li>effort.” </li></ul><ul><li>Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5 th ed. (Washington, DC: 2001, pp. 3, 4) </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Prewriting, Writing, Rewriting
  7. 7. <ul><li>“ Plant a tree for posterity in the orchard </li></ul><ul><li>of your profession.  It will give you </li></ul><ul><li>enduring satisfaction . . . ;  its growth can </li></ul><ul><li>project your image and wishes far into </li></ul><ul><li>time and space.” </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Owen H.  Wangensteen </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Prewriting, Writing, Rewriting
  8. 8. <ul><li>I will not discuss off label use and/or investigational use in my presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>I have no financial relationships to disclose. </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Katherine Chew Disclosure Information April 13, 2007 Scientific Writing Development Series
  9. 9. <ul><li>Helps clarify or refine the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Verifies that this is an important clinical problem which needs answering </li></ul><ul><li>Fills in gaps of existing knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Helps select research and identify measurement instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies other researchers with similar interests </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in identifying or refining target journal </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t limit to just what is available electronically </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Literature Review - I
  10. 10. <ul><li>Check target journals “Instructions to Authors” for required citation style http:// mulford.meduohio.edu/instr </li></ul><ul><li>Important to cite your references clearly and uniformly </li></ul><ul><li>Cite original sources </li></ul><ul><li>Refrain from citing unpublished manuscripts, personal communications and sparingly from meeting abstracts, theses and technical bulletins </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Literature Review – II RefWorks http:// www.lib.umn.edu/site/refworks.phtml
  11. 11. <ul><li>Library Workshops on Literature Searching & RefWorks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.biomed.lib.umn.edu /workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meet With a Librarian one-on-one </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for a subject librarian http:// www.biomed.lib.umn.edu /about/staff/liaisons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send an email request for a literature search or RefWorks consultation http:// www.biomed.lib.umn.edu /services/reference/consultations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Request a Librarian do the Literature Search for you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.biomed.lib.umn.edu /services/reference/literature </li></ul></ul>Office of Clinical Research Literature Review - III
  12. 12. <ul><li>I will not discuss off label use and/or investigational use in my presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>I have no financial relationships to disclose. </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Anne-Marie Weber Main Disclosure Information April 13, 2007 Scientific Writing Development Series
  13. 13. <ul><li>Point 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing is a good thing! </li></ul><ul><li>Potential advantages include: </li></ul><ul><li>Skills of one author can supplement deficiencies in another. </li></ul><ul><li>Workload is shared. </li></ul><ul><li>New ideas and perspectives enrich the text. </li></ul><ul><li>Writer has more interaction, less isolation </li></ul><ul><li>New writers can be mentored. </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Collaborative Writing
  14. 14. <ul><li>Point 2: </li></ul><ul><li>For a writing project to truly be “collaborative,” all authors need to be invested in the project, willing to work, and committed to seeing the project through to its final outcome. </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Collaborative Writing
  15. 15. <ul><li>Point 3a: </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing will be more productive, and more enjoyable, if coauthors identify clear roles and responsibilities for each member of the writing team. </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Collaborative Writing
  16. 16. <ul><li>Point 3b: </li></ul><ul><li>Ideally, these roles will take advantage of each author’s skills - not just in their scientific content area, but also in their approach to writing . </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Collaborative Writing
  17. 17. <ul><li>Point 4: </li></ul><ul><li>“ There are many potential pitfalls into which both novice and experienced writers may fall when working with friends and colleagues on a combined research/writing project.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>p. 255, Fess EE. Can coauthors remain friends? J Hand Ther . 1994;7(4):255-6. </li></ul></ul>Office of Clinical Research Collaborative Writing
  18. 18. <ul><li>I will not discuss off label use and/or investigational use in my presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>I have no financial relationships to disclose. </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Brenda Hudson Disclosure Information April 13, 2007 Scientific Writing Development Series
  19. 19. <ul><li>Purpose: Why am I doing this? </li></ul><ul><li>Longer-term purpose: communicate the results of my study </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate purpose: to get published </li></ul><ul><li>Audience </li></ul><ul><li>Whom am I writing for? </li></ul><ul><li>What are their expectations? </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Rhetorical elements of writing
  20. 20. <ul><li>Audience: help or hindrance? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the audience safe or dangerous? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it affect quantity or quality of words? </li></ul><ul><li>How much are we being affected by the real audience for these words and how much by some other audience we carry around in our heads? </li></ul><ul><li>- from Peter Elbow. Writing with Power (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998) </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Rhetorical elements of writing
  21. 21. <ul><li>Some Advice </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t get going? Change / ignore your audience in early writing </li></ul><ul><li>Self-conscious, worrying about mistakes? Try freewriting with safe or no audience in mind </li></ul><ul><li>Writing too complicated, too many qualifications in your argument? Write as if you were writing to friends </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of words but no focus? Consider a dangerous audience </li></ul><ul><li>- from Peter Elbow, ibid. </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Rhetorical elements of writing
  22. 22. <ul><li>Summary </li></ul><ul><li>“ If your piece is unfocused and wandering . . . and you want to end the fission or chain reaction . . . bring your audience more strongly to mind and write more to it. </li></ul><ul><li>If you can’t find enough to say . . . try ignoring your audience and following the words where they want to go or else writing to very different audiences.” </li></ul><ul><li>- from Peter Elbow, ibid. </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Rhetorical elements of writing
  23. 23. <ul><li>Prewriting, writing, rewriting Mary Knatterud, [email_address] ; 612 625 4413 </li></ul><ul><li>Literature review Katherine Chew, [email_address] ; 612 626 3017 </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing Anne Marie Weber-Main, [email_address] ; 612 624 5864 </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical elements of writing Brenda Hudson, [email_address] ; 612 624 3422 </li></ul><ul><li>Time management </li></ul>Office of Clinical Research Contact Information
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