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IRS Employers’ Obligations on ACA Mandated Medicare Surtax
IRS Employers’ Obligations on ACA Mandated Medicare Surtax
IRS Employers’ Obligations on ACA Mandated Medicare Surtax
IRS Employers’ Obligations on ACA Mandated Medicare Surtax
IRS Employers’ Obligations on ACA Mandated Medicare Surtax
IRS Employers’ Obligations on ACA Mandated Medicare Surtax
IRS Employers’ Obligations on ACA Mandated Medicare Surtax
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IRS Employers’ Obligations on ACA Mandated Medicare Surtax

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What exactly are high earners? The monetary thresholds are defined in the IRS table below. Wages and self-employment earnings on which Medicare tax is charged, and which exceed the thresholds listed, …

What exactly are high earners? The monetary thresholds are defined in the IRS table below. Wages and self-employment earnings on which Medicare tax is charged, and which exceed the thresholds listed, are subject to the "additional Medicare tax," as the IRS calls it. The classes of employment and types of payments which are subject to Medicare, as well as Social Security and FUTA, are spelled out in IRS Publication 15. Here are a few examples from the IRS.

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  • 1. Toll Free: 877.880.4477 Phone: 281.880.6525 www.hrp.net IRS Employers’ Obligations on ACA Mandated Medicare Surtax
  • 2. www.hrp.net What exactly are high earners? The monetary thresholds are defined in the IRS table below. Wages and self-employment earnings on which Medicare tax is charged, and which exceed the thresholds listed, are subject to the "additional Medicare tax," as the IRS calls it. The classes of employment and types of payments which are subject to Medicare, as well as Social Security and FUTA, are spelled out in IRS Publication 15. Here are a few examples from the IRS. » • Disabled workers' wages: Exempt if worker did not perform any service for the employer during period for which payment is made. • Resident aliens: Taxable same as for U.S. citizens for services performed in the U.S. • Spouse employed by a spouse: Taxable in the course of a spouse's business. • Fringe benefits: Taxable on the excess of fair market value of the benefit over the sum of an amount paid for it by the employee and any amount excludable by law. "However," the IRS warns, "special valuation rules may apply" (including those for cafeteria plans). • Employer contributions to a qualified retirement plan: Exempt.
  • 3. www.hrp.net As the table indicates, the threshold for those filing married jointly, at $250,000, is only slightly ($50,000) higher than the $200,000 threshold for single taxpayers. However, you must withhold the additional 0.9 percent on earnings over $200,000 for any employee, regardless of filing status. For example: let's say an employee is earning, say, $210,000, and her spouse is only earning $30,000. Their combined income falls below the $250,000 threshold and thus is not subject to the additional Medicare tax. Even so, you need to withhold the extra $90 on the $10,000 which exceeds the $200,000 threshold.
  • 4. www.hrp.net If it is clear that an insufficient amount will be withheld to cover the extra tax, you (or employees, if applicable) can simply make estimated quarterly tax payments. While they cannot be specifically designated to cover the extra Medicare liability, it will all shake out when the taxpayers file their 1040 tax forms. » Curiously, if employees expect to exceed the threshold and request a higher withholding amount in anticipation of the excise tax, they cannot require you to do so. Rather, they can request that you withhold "an additional amount of tax withholding on Form W-4... the additional income tax withholding will be applied against your tax shown on [the employee's] individual income tax return," according to the IRS.
  • 5. When Are Individuals Subject to Additional Medicare Tax? www.hrp.net Filing Status Threshold Amount Married filing jointly $250,000 Married filing separate $125,000 Single $200,000 Head of household (with qualifying person) $200,000 Qualifying widow(er) with dependent child $200,000
  • 6. Mixing Earnings, Self-Employment Income Things get a little more complicated when one earner in a family is paid a salary, and the other is self-employed. Here's how it works: Suppose Jack and Jill are married, filing jointly. Jack earns $150,000 from his employer, and Jill has $175,000 in self-employment income. Since Jack's $150,000 is below the $250,000 threshold for married couples filing jointly, he is not directly subject to the extra withholding. But to determine Jill's additional Medicare tax status, Jack's $150,000 in earnings is subtracted from the $250,000 threshold, reducing it to $100,000. Jill's $175,000 in self-employment income exceeds the adjusted $100,000 joint return threshold by $75,000, and that amount is subject to the additional Medicare tax. www.hrp.net
  • 7. 14550 Torrey Chase Blvd., Ste. 360 Houston, TX 77014 USA www.hrp.net E-mail : info@hrp.net Toll Free Phone Fax : : : 877.880.4477 281.880.6525 281.866.9426

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