Towards a consolidated approach to development in the coffee sector Andrew Sargent Hanns R. Neumann Stiftung, North Americ...
The context <ul><li>Large, daunting, intractable problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For coffee farmers & communities </li></ul...
How to solve a big development problem Scaled up project Incorporation into public policy Pilot project Development of eff...
Are we aiming at the right target? <ul><ul><li>Well-run, well-managed organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizatio...
Are we aiming at the right target? <ul><ul><li>Well-run, well-managed organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizatio...
Problem diagnosis Causes Problem Effects Root causes Intermediate causes Effects Effects Effects
Problem diagnosis LOW INCOME FROM  PRIMARY LIVELIHOOD STRATEGY (COFFEE) Low % of export price Low volume of coffee High co...
Problem diagnosis LOW INCOME FROM  PRIMARY LIVELIHOOD STRATEGY (COFFEE) Low % of export price Low volume of coffee High co...
Problem diagnosis LOW INCOME FROM  PRIMARY LIVELIHOOD STRATEGY (COFFEE) Low % of export price Low volume of coffee High co...
<ul><li>What problem are we trying to solve, and what are our objectives? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ That coop‘s quality isn‘...
What target, which problems? versus
<ul><ul><li>We need to address the big problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We need to address multiple problems simultaneo...
Towards a consolidated approach to development in the coffee sector <ul><ul><li>Are our programs relevant for the entire c...
Thank you Andrew Sargent Hanns R. Neumann Stiftung, North America New York, New York [email_address]
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1104 SCAA Symposium presentation HRNS

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Presentation held by Andrew Sargent on development approaches in the coffee sector. Houston, Texas, April 2011.

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Transcript of "1104 SCAA Symposium presentation HRNS"

  1. 1. Towards a consolidated approach to development in the coffee sector Andrew Sargent Hanns R. Neumann Stiftung, North America (HRNS) SCAA Symposium 2011 Houston, Texas
  2. 2. The context <ul><li>Large, daunting, intractable problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For coffee farmers & communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For developing country economies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For natural environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the coffee sector in the medium and long run </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. How to solve a big development problem Scaled up project Incorporation into public policy Pilot project Development of effective approach This will be the focus today This is the starting point This should be the (eventual) objective
  4. 4. Are we aiming at the right target? <ul><ul><li>Well-run, well-managed organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizations with some deficiencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak, corrupt, ineffective organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unorganized, independent farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers benefitting substantially </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers benefitting only slightly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers not benefitting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers with no support structures </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Are we aiming at the right target? <ul><ul><li>Well-run, well-managed organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizations with some deficiencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak, corrupt, ineffective organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unorganized, independent farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers benefitting substantially </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers benefitting only slightly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers not benefitting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers with no support structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What‘s the right target? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the specialty industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the coffee sector as a whole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For donors & NGOs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For producing country governments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where are we / have we been aiming? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where should we aim in the future? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Problem diagnosis Causes Problem Effects Root causes Intermediate causes Effects Effects Effects
  7. 7. Problem diagnosis LOW INCOME FROM PRIMARY LIVELIHOOD STRATEGY (COFFEE) Low % of export price Low volume of coffee High costs of production Effects Poor market access Reliance on intermediaries Low quality Limited credit access Small farms Low yields Macro economic factors Not processing Inadequate quality control Inadequate QC infrastructure Lack of trained personnel Poor post harvest practices Inadequate drying infrastructure Poor harvest practices No quality incentive Inefficiency
  8. 8. Problem diagnosis LOW INCOME FROM PRIMARY LIVELIHOOD STRATEGY (COFFEE) Low % of export price Low volume of coffee High costs of production Effects Poor market access Reliance on intermediaries Low quality Limited credit access Small farms Low yields Macro economic factors Not processing Inadequate quality control Inadequate QC infrastructure Lack of trained personnel Poor post harvest practices Inadequate drying infrastructure Poor harvest practices No quality incentive Inefficiency
  9. 9. Problem diagnosis LOW INCOME FROM PRIMARY LIVELIHOOD STRATEGY (COFFEE) Low % of export price Low volume of coffee High costs of production Effects Poor market access Reliance on intermediaries Low quality Limited credit access Small farms Low yields Macro economic factors Not processing Inefficiency Independent farmers / ineffective organizations Lack of knowledge & capacity at farm & organization levels Lacking / inaccessible technical assistance
  10. 10. <ul><li>What problem are we trying to solve, and what are our objectives? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ That coop‘s quality isn‘t specialty grade“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I want that coop to ship me specialty grade quality“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>versus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Coffee farmers are living in poverty and unable to satisfy basic human needs“ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Coffee farmers need to benefit more from coffee production and marketing to alleviate human suffering and ensure they don‘t exacerbate supply shortages by switching to other crops or migrating to cities“ </li></ul></ul></ul>What target, which problems? Problem Objective Problem Objective
  11. 11. What target, which problems? versus
  12. 12. <ul><ul><li>We need to address the big problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We need to address multiple problems simultaneously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Our solutions need to be relevant for (nearly) all farmers in the coffee sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We need to actively work to improve our approaches, learn from experience, and disseminate lessons within the coffee industry, the development sector, in donor circles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We need to first develop a sound approach, with the eventual aim of informing and influencing public policy at the sector/country level </li></ul></ul>HRNS’ view Scaled up project Incorporation into public policy Pilot project Development of effective approach
  13. 13. Towards a consolidated approach to development in the coffee sector <ul><ul><li>Are our programs relevant for the entire coffee sector, or only for a small number of producers or contexts? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are we addressing all relevant problems, or only some? Are we addressing their root causes or just their symptoms? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are we doing what communities need, or just what we‘re good at? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are we engaging in charity or development? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are we actively working to improve approaches, or just doing what we did last time? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are we having genuine impact, or just creating nice marketing materials? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are we basing actions and programs on evidence or on opinion? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are we sharing lessons and disseminating best practices, or jockeying for market position? </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Thank you Andrew Sargent Hanns R. Neumann Stiftung, North America New York, New York [email_address]

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