Chapter 3
The Remarkable Body
Christine Dobrowolski, DPM MS
Digestive System
Digestive System
Digestive System
Mouth
chewing and crushing
digestion begins
saliva - > digest starch
Digestive System
Stomach
Grinds and churns
Chyme
Release HCl
Protein digestion
Low pH
Stomach
Low Ph
Uncoil protein
Mucus released
Protects stomach cells
Digestive System
Intestines
Digestion
Absorption
Release enzymes
Digestive System
Pancreas
CHO digesting
enzymes
Protein digesting
enzymes
Fat digesting enzymes
Digestive System
Liver
Produces bile
Digestive System
Gallbladder
Releases bile
Digestive System
Colon
Absorbs water
Absorbs minerals
Some fiber digested
Storage Systems
Liver
Muscle
Fat cells
Storage Systems: Carbs
Starch Glucose
Glycogen
• Liver
• Muscle
Fat cells
Storage Systems: Fat
Fat
Fatty
Acids
Fat
cells
Storage Systems: Protein
Protein
Amino
Acids
NOT
STORED!
Fat cells
heartburn antacids
more
acid!
Drink before and after meals
Limit fiber
Smaller meals, more often
Loose clothing
Don’t lie down after eating
Alcohol
Positive
(moderation)
Negative
(excess)
THE remarkable
body END
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  • Food enters the mouth and carbohydrate digestion begins, the esophagus moves food down to the stomach by an action called peristalsis, the stomach grinds and churns food into a chyme, protein digestion starts here.
  • Food enters the mouth and carbohydrate digestion begins, the esophagus moves food down to the stomach by an action called peristalsis, the stomach grinds and churns food into a chyme, protein digestion starts here.
  • Food enters the mouth and carbohydrate digestion begins, the esophagus moves food down to the stomach by an action called peristalsis, the stomach grinds and churns food into a chyme, protein digestion starts here.
  • Food enters the mouth and carbohydrate digestion begins, the esophagus moves food down to the stomach by an action called peristalsis, the stomach grinds and churns food into a chyme, protein digestion starts here.
  • Food enters the mouth and carbohydrate digestion begins, the esophagus moves food down to the stomach by an action called peristalsis, the stomach grinds and churns food into a chyme, protein digestion starts here.
  • Food enters the mouth and carbohydrate digestion begins, the esophagus moves food down to the stomach by an action called peristalsis, the stomach grinds and churns food into a chyme, protein digestion starts here.
  • Food enters the mouth and carbohydrate digestion begins, the esophagus moves food down to the stomach by an action called peristalsis, the stomach grinds and churns food into a chyme, protein digestion starts here.
  • Food enters the mouth and carbohydrate digestion begins, the esophagus moves food down to the stomach by an action called peristalsis, the stomach grinds and churns food into a chyme, protein digestion starts here.
  • Bile aids in the digestion of fat by emulsifying fat, meaning it disperses fat in the watery fluid. Helps ready the fat for digestion.
  • Store energy
  • Moderate drinking is 1 drink for a woman and 2 for a man. A beer belly usually develops because the body treats alcohol like a toxin and metabolizes it as soon as it comes into the body. The body with metabolize alcohol for energy and store the food.
  • Oxidative stress from alcohol metabolism results in cell death, brain cells are particularly sensitive
  • Chapter 3 powerpoint lecture

    1. 1. Chapter 3 The Remarkable Body Christine Dobrowolski, DPM MS
    2. 2. Digestive System Digestive System
    3. 3. Digestive System Mouth chewing and crushing digestion begins saliva - > digest starch
    4. 4. Digestive System Stomach Grinds and churns Chyme Release HCl Protein digestion
    5. 5. Low pH Stomach Low Ph Uncoil protein Mucus released Protects stomach cells
    6. 6. Digestive System Intestines Digestion Absorption Release enzymes
    7. 7. Digestive System Pancreas CHO digesting enzymes Protein digesting enzymes Fat digesting enzymes
    8. 8. Digestive System Liver Produces bile
    9. 9. Digestive System Gallbladder Releases bile
    10. 10. Digestive System Colon Absorbs water Absorbs minerals Some fiber digested
    11. 11. Storage Systems Liver Muscle Fat cells
    12. 12. Storage Systems: Carbs Starch Glucose Glycogen • Liver • Muscle Fat cells
    13. 13. Storage Systems: Fat Fat Fatty Acids Fat cells
    14. 14. Storage Systems: Protein Protein Amino Acids NOT STORED! Fat cells
    15. 15. heartburn antacids more acid!
    16. 16. Drink before and after meals Limit fiber Smaller meals, more often Loose clothing Don’t lie down after eating
    17. 17. Alcohol Positive (moderation) Negative (excess)
    18. 18. THE remarkable body END

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