Chapter 12

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  • Microbes cause illness by infection or intoxication.
  • Microbes cause illness by infection or intoxication.
  • E Coli naturally occurs in the colon, but a specific variety of E Coli, 0157:H7 can cause bloody diarrhea, severe intestinal cramping, dehydration and even death.
  • E Coli naturally occurs in the colon, but a specific variety of E Coli, 0157:H7 can cause bloody diarrhea, severe intestinal cramping, dehydration and even death.
  • Charles Gerba, a microbiologist at the University of Arizona, found that they are more microbes in your kitchen sink than your toilet seat.
  • Charles Gerba, a microbiologist at the University of Arizona, found that they are more microbes in your kitchen sink than your toilet seat.
  • Charles Gerba, a microbiologist at the University of Arizona, found that they are more microbes in your kitchen sink than your toilet seat.
  • Natural and artificial flavors are made by chemists, called flavorists.
  • Benzaldehyde (almond flavoring) derived through a different process – by mixing oil of clove and the banana flavor, amyl acetate – does not contain any cyanide
  • 17 studies in humans and 223 studies of nutrient and contaminant levels in foods met inclusion criteria, but only three studies had clinical outcomes. Clinical outcomes were reactions, such as eczema, wheezing andatopicsensitization.They looked at pesticide levels in serum, urine, breast milk and semen and found no significant difference. Long term health effects have not been studied.
  • 17 studies in humans and 223 studies of nutrient and contaminant levels in foods met inclusion criteria, but only three studies had clinical outcomes. Clinical outcomes were reactions, such as eczema, wheezing andatopicsensitization.They looked at pesticide levels in serum, urine, breast milk and semen and found no significant difference. Long term health effects have not been studied.
  • California’s Proposition 37, which would have required labeling of all food products containing genetically modified organisms defeated. Monsanto contributed $45 million for the opposition.
  • California’s Proposition 37, which would have required labeling of all food products containing genetically modified organisms defeated. Monsanto contributed $45 million for the opposition.
  • Chapter 12

    1. 1. CHAPTER 12 Food Safety Nutrition HO-15
    2. 2. 48 million cases of foodborne illness 3,000 deaths annually
    3. 3. Microbes Infection Intoxication
    4. 4. E Coli O157:H7
    5. 5. bloody diarrhea severe intestinal cramping dehydration & even death
    6. 6. “You’d be better off eating a carrot stick that fell in your toilet than one that fell in your [kitchen] sink.” Charles Gerba, PhD
    7. 7. Keep hot food hot Keep cold food cold Keep raw food separate Keep your hands clean
    8. 8. Pesticides Control insects, weeds, diseases 4.5 billion lbs of pesticides/year Linked with birth defects, tumors in animals Effective?
    9. 9. Natural and Artificial Flavors Citromax Flavor
    10. 10. Natural Flavor Herbs Fruits Veggies Spices Beef Chicken Yeast Bark
    11. 11. Almond flavor + cyanide Bark Apricot pits Peach pits
    12. 12. Organic Foods and GMOs
    13. 13. Pros Cons Not nutritional superior High cost 25% of organics have pesticides Benefits environment Limits pesticide resistance Minimize pesticide exposure
    14. 14. “The published literature lacks strong evidence that organic foods are significantly more nutritious than conventional foods”. “Consumption of organic foods may reduce exposure to pesticide residues and antibiotic-resistant bacteria”.
    15. 15. GMO Pros GMO Cons High cost to farmers Cross pollination Failure to confine Insects become resistant Food shortages Nutrient deficiencies Medicine shortages Dwindling farmland
    16. 16. GMO Pros GMO Cons
    17. 17. Prop 37 Monsanto
    18. 18. THE Food Safety END

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