The Role Of Police:One important function of the police is to investigate the complaintabout the commission of a crime. An investigation includes recordingstatement of witnesses and collecting different kinds of evidence. Onthe basis of the investigation, the police are required to form anopinion. If the evidence points to the guilt of the accused person,then they file a charge sheet in the court.
For a trial to be fair, several different procedures have tobe observed. A fair trial ensures that Article21 of theConstitution is upheld. In a fair trial, the accused person isgiven a copy of the charge sheet and all other evidence thatis presented against her. The trial is held in an open courtin a public view. The trial is held in the presence of theaccused. The accused is defended by a lawyer. The lawyeris given a chance to cross-examine the prosecutionwitnesses. After all the procedures, the judge announcesthe sentence only in accordance with the law.