Hiroshima Peace Memorial CityConstruction Law-Aug 6, 1949A “special law” under Article 95 of the ConstitutionPromotes Hiroshima’s recovery after its destruction by theatomic bombThe law “aims at the construction of Hiroshima as a PeaceMemorial City, a symbol of the ideal of making lasting peacea reality.”Reconstruction projects could move forward with grants ofmoney and property formerly owned by military.
Bell of Peace--1949Original bell was taken by military during WorldWar II. Empty bell tower was among very fewwooden structures to survive A-bomb on August 6,1945. Replacement "Bell of Peace" installed in1949 hanging under a beam cracked by the A-bomb blast.
Peace Memorial Park—1952In 1949, with enactment of the HiroshimaPeace Memorial City Construction Law, it wasdecided that the entire Nakajima Districtwould be devoted to "peace memorialfacilities.”The park covers approximately 122,100 squaremeters.It was designed by Kenzo Tange, a professor atTokyo University.
Peace Memorial Park--today“Memorial Monument for Hiroshima, City of Peace.”Inscribed "Let all the souls here rest in peace, for we shallnot repeat the evil." "The stone chest in the center holds theregistry of the names of persons who died from thebombing, regardless of nationality.
Peace Bridge--1953The railings of Heiwa-ohashi Bridge and Nishi-heiwa-ohashi Bridge, just east of Peace Memorial Park. weredesigned by world-renowned Japanese-Americansculptor Isamu Noguchi. Bridge rails were designed toresemble the rising sun
Peace Boulevard/Heiwa Odori--1953 Constructed based on the "Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Plan" enacted in 1952. The major elements of the street are four traffic lanes in the middle and two green belts on each side. The green belts extend about 4 km. Most of the trees planted on the green belts were presented by the people around Hiroshima between 1957 and 1958.
Peace Memorial Museum-1955In September 1949, "the A-bomb Reference Material DisplayRoom" was established in the Hiroshima City CentralCommunity Center. This was the start of the public display ofatomic bomb materials.Under the "Hiroshima Peace Memorial City ConstructionLaw," which was promulgated that year, the Peace MemorialHall was opened in June 1955 and the Peace MemorialMuseum in August 1955.On July 5, 2006, the Main Building of the Peace MemorialMuseum was designated one of the important cultural assets ofJapan. This is the first cultural asset from among buildingsconstructed in the post war period.
Why do Japanese come to Hiroshima? Bus tours: Peace Park, Miyajima, okonomiyaki Teachers choose school trips, but Hiroshima, Nagasaki and Okinawa are “important” Elementary school moral education: peace starts at home and school (ijime)
Why do foreigners come to Hiroshima? Hiroshima as pilgrimage site Hiroshima as historical site Hiroshima as “dark tourism” (“Dark tourism is the act of travel and visitation to sites, attractions and exhibitions which have real or recreated death, suffering or the seemingly macabre as a main theme.”)
International responses to Hiroshima Smithsonian Institution’s Enola Gay exhibition 2011 Ceremony—U.S. Deputy chief to attend both Hiroshima and Nagasaki ceremonies Paul Tibbett’s son’s response: “unsaid apology” Pres. Truman’s grandson, Clifton Daniel/Sadako’s brother
Hiroshima as Artistic InspirationHibakusha poets, writersHadashi no Gen (Barefoot Gen) mangaYunagi no Machi Sakura no Kuni mangaNon-hibakusha writers Kenzaburo Oe: Hiroshima Notes Masuji Ibuse: Black Rain Ryuzo Saki: Mushroom Boy
Hiroshima in FilmGenbaku no Ko (Children of Hiroshima) (1952)Hiroshima (1953)Hadashi no Gen 1, 2, 3 (film) (1976, 1977, 1980)Hadashi no Gen 1 & 2 (anime) (1983,2008)Kuroi Ame (Black Rain) (1989)Kagami no Onnatachi (Women in the Mirror) (2002)Chichi no Kuraseba (Living with Father) (2005)Yunagi no Machi Sakura no Kuni (Town of Evening Calm; Country ofCherry blossoms) (2007)White Light/ Black Rain (2007)Ground Zero (2008)
Hiroshima as Peace Brandingお好み焼き＆鉄板焼 Ｐｅａｃｅ！（ピース） (Okonomiyaki shop)EACE （ お好み焼き (Okonomiyaki shop)ｅａｃｅお好み焼き (Okonomiyaki shop)reen peace/ （美容院） 横川駅 パーマ メンズ (Beauty salon)AIR PRO PEACE ( Beauty salon)EACE NOW (Gothic & Lolita style ) (Youth fashion clothing shop)ar_2PEACE (Bar in Nagano run by former resident of Hiroshima)