• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Scope and development of disaster e-health
 

Scope and development of disaster e-health

on

  • 868 views

Presented by Awadh Althwab

Presented by Awadh Althwab
Massey University

Statistics

Views

Total Views
868
Views on SlideShare
868
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Scope and development of disaster e-health Scope and development of disaster e-health Presentation Transcript

    • The scope and development of disaster e-healthWork in ProgressAwadh Althwab
    • • Disaster management• Disaster medicine• E-health• Disaster e-health• Research questions• Disaster management phases• Examples of disaster e-health applications• Future workPresentationPresentation2© Awadh Althwab
    • Disaster ManagementDisaster ManagementA four phase approach• Mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery• Situation awarenessDisaster decision making is different• High stress levels• Situation is continuously evolving3“Disaster management refers to the protocols, procedures, and decisions needed to protectpopulations and organizations from the consequences of natural or man-made disasters”“Disaster management refers to the protocols, procedures, and decisions needed to protectpopulations and organizations from the consequences of natural or man-made disasters”© Awadh Althwab
    • Disaster MedicineDisaster Medicine• Protocols for dealing with clinical events in disasters• Competencies for clinical personnel in emergencies• Strong clinical focus• Very limited use of ICT4“Disaster medicine is the area of clinical specialisation that deals with the provision ofhealthcare to disaster survivors and responders and the planning of medically relateddisaster preparation, planning, response, and delivery”“Disaster medicine is the area of clinical specialisation that deals with the provision ofhealthcare to disaster survivors and responders and the planning of medically relateddisaster preparation, planning, response, and delivery”© Awadh Althwab
    • E-HealthE-Health“E-health is the application of information management, systems, and technology tothe planning and delivery of high-quality and cost-effective healthcare”“E-health is the application of information management, systems, and technology tothe planning and delivery of high-quality and cost-effective healthcare”Existing applications Emerging applicationsElectronic health record Big dataTelehealth Cloud computingM-health Wearable computingDecision support Context-aware computingSocial networking Crowd sourcing5© Awadh Althwab
    • E-Health•Electronic health record•Telehealth•Mobile health•Decision support systemsE-Health•Electronic health record•Telehealth•Mobile health•Decision support systemsIncorporating E-health in disaster medicineIncorporating E-health in disaster medicineDisaster Medicine•Strong clinical focus•Clinical competencies•Clinical protocols (care pathways)•Limited use of ICTDisaster Medicine•Strong clinical focus•Clinical competencies•Clinical protocols (care pathways)•Limited use of ICTDisaster E-healthDisaster E-health6Disaster E-HealthResearch questions?Disaster E-HealthResearch questions?© Awadh Althwab
    • Research QuestionsResearch Questions• How to define disaster health?• What is its scope?• What are the limitations?• How does disaster health relate to disaster medicine?• How can e-health applications work seamlessly to improve disaster healthcare?• What are the strategic issues associated with implementing disaster e-health?7© Awadh Althwab
    • Disaster Management (DM) PhasesDisaster Management (DM) PhasesMitigation e.g. risk preventionMitigation e.g. risk preventionPreparedness e.g. training programsPreparedness e.g. training programsPre-eventPre-eventResponse e.g. immediate interventionResponse e.g. immediate interventionRecovery e.g. Long term plansRecovery e.g. Long term plansPost-eventPost-event8© Awadh Althwab
    • Examples of Existing E-Health Technologies in DMExamples of Existing E-Health Technologies in DMCycle Phase ApplicationsMitigation• Health risk identification, sharing of plans via teleconferencing• International exchange of disaster healthcare response experience• International sharing of epidemiological data• Disaster medicine education of clinicians (e.g. computer-based competencies)• Development of public health messages using mobile technologiesPreparedness• Patient plans for evacuation, treatment in situ, and at hospitals• International plans for accessing electronic health records• Provision of computer-based care protocols and pathways• Mobile healthcare apps for victims, volunteers, and professional respondersPre-eventPre-event9© Awadh Althwab
    • Examples of Existing E-Health Technologies in DMExamples of Existing E-Health Technologies in DMCycle Phase ApplicationsResponse• Remote diagnosis of injured patients before arrival at hospital (e.g. tablet PC)• Deployment of medical teams to identified crisis areas• Mobile networks to support healthcare responses (e.g. blood donations)Recovery• Web sites to support crisis patients and their carers• Teleconferencing support for patients with mental stress• Mobile contacts for health situation awareness (e.g. food and water supplies)• Mobile communication between clinicians recovery managersPost-eventPost-event10© Awadh Althwab
    • Examples of Emerging E-Health Technologies in DMExamples of Emerging E-Health Technologies in DMCycle Phase ApplicationsMitigation• On-line availability of big data analysis to help reduce the spread of diseases• Availability of EHRs in the cloud• National (and global) scheme for wearable computers that transmit health data• On-line sharing of international experience of disaster e-healthPreparedness• Use of big data to characterize injury patterns seen as result of disasters• Use of big data to specify cultural, ethnic, religious and linguistic issues• Context-aware simulation exercises and training programmesPre-eventPre-event11© Awadh Althwab
    • Examples of Emerging E-Health Technologies in DMExamples of Emerging E-Health Technologies in DMCycle Phase ApplicationsResponse• Better decision making with real-time visual data (e.g. Google Glass)• Cloud computing to facilitate access to medical information from anywhere• Telemonitoring of patients via wearable sensors• Victim identification via Google person finder• Automated health advice based on context• Crowd sourcing of situations for rapid responseRecovery• Help injured patients to recover from home (e.g. wearable sensors)• (G)mail groups for mobilising healthcare support when and where needed• Organised crowd sourcing to deploy scarce health resourcesPost-eventPost-event12© Awadh Althwab
    • Future WorkFuture Work13© Awadh Althwab• Community engagement• Development of seamless workflow protocols• Implementation strategies
    • Thank youSource: (Scott, 2011)14© Awadh Althwab