Take Care Of Your Digestive System Using Ayurveda

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  • 1. Take care of your Digestive System using Ayurveda Dr. Gayatri Devi
  • 2. Digestive system in Ayurveda
      • Digestive fire is called Agni in Ayurveda.
      • Agni is the transforming force
      • Take care of agni, agni will take care of you and your health.
  • 3. Types of agnis 
      • 13 types of agnis
      • 1-Jatharagni-digestive fire
      • 7-Dhatvagnis-
      • 5-bhutagnis
  • 4.
      • Bhootagni -digests the 5 pancha mahabhoota factors present in food
      • Dhatwagni-present in tissues helps to absorb nutrients and transform into tissues.
      • The Jataragni controls bhootagni, dhatwagni
  • 5. Agni-common functions 
      • Digests food
      • Absorbs nutrients
      • Destroys pathogens
      • Transforms food into dhatus
  • 6. Normal-Jatharagni 
      • Body tissues will be well nourished get attractive complexion &  glow
      • Longevity, strength, good health, growth, enthusiasm,
      • vitality and overall healthy development of body and mind.
      • Strong resistance to diseases
  • 7. Abnormal Jatharagni 
      • Poor digestion
      • Poor circulation
      • Bad complexion
      • offensive body odour
      • Intestinal gas, constipation
      • Low energy , poor resistance to diseases
  • 8. Body nature-agni 
      • Samagni-balanced agni
      • Tikshnagni –high  agni
      • Mandagni—low  agni-
      • Vishamagni—variable agni
  • 9. Samagni (balanced agni)  
      • Well balanced --due to balanced tridoshas
      • Normal and regular appetite
      • Digests the food completely, nourishes the body tissues very well.
      • Regular bowel movements, little or no gas and bloating
  • 10. Teekshnagni (high agni) :  
      • Seen in pitta type constitutions
      • Increased hunger, thirst, acidity, heart burn and loose motions.
      • Resistance generally good, diseases occur suddenly with severity
  • 11. Mandagni (low agni) 
      • Seen in kapha constitutions
      • Poor appetite, low metabolism, tendency to gain weight without high consumption, prone to indigestion
      • Diseases are often not severe
  • 12. Vishamaagni (varying agni) 
      • Seen in vata predominant bodies
      • Some times strong appetite and some times loss of appetite
      • Prone to constipation, flatulence, pain in abdomen and to more debilitating diseases
  • 13. Agni-food 
      • Eat acc- to agni
      • Samagni –eat all rasas /tastes
      • Mandagni—reduce sweet , bitter tastes and heavy foods, eat sour and pungent foods and easy to digest ones
      • Tikshnagni- reduce sour and pungent tastes, eat sweet and bitter tastes, eat heavy foods
      • Vishamagni-eat acc. To the condition
  • 14. koshtam 
      • It is the nature of alimentary tract & bowel movements. 3 types of koshtas.
      • Krura (hard)     
      • Mrudu (Soft)
      • Madhya (Moderate) 
  • 15. Krura koshtam 
      •   Predominance of vata --produces hard faeces, difficulty of elimination or even non-elimination.             
      •    Predominance of pitta- causes watery or semisolid faeces, moving out more than once or twice, in a day.
      • Take more liquids and fibre.  
  • 16. Mrudu koshtam   
    •   Predominance of kapha- causes soft, solid faeces moving out smoothly. 
    • Eat more bitters.  
  • 17. Madhya  
      • - If all the doshas are normal—madhya    koshta –normal faeces once a day.
      • It is the ideal condition. 
  • 18. Stages of digestion 
      • 3 stages
      • Stage 1-kapha dominant- happens in the mouth and stomach
      • Stage 2  - pitta dominant-in the small intestines
      • Stage 3- vata dominant–large intestines
  • 19. Sequence of digestion 
      • Sweet taste- --digested first-eat sweets first
      • Salty taste-second--
      • Sour taste & pungent– third-eat sour and pungent in the middle
      • Bitter and astringent at the end-eat at the end
  • 20. Quantities- need 
      • Sweet -relatively more-for tissue growth and devt.
      • Salty-small amounts-for maintaining mineral balance and holding water
      • Sour-moderate –maintaining acidity and countering thirsty
      • Pungent-moderate-for metabolism, improving appetite and digestion
      • Bitter—small quantities- for detoxification
      • Astringent –moderate-for firmness of tissues
      • Sweet taste reduces appetite and digestion.
      • Sour and pungent increase the appetite and digestion
  • 21. Ama  
      • It is the undigested food accumulated in the body, toxic and disease causing substance.
      • Ama   problems of digestive system, Ama enters blood stream  -settles in various parts of the bodydiseases
  • 22. Causes of indigestion 
      • Spicy foods, chilly, oily foods, medicines, milk and milk products, tobacco and alcohol.
      • Irregular food habits and sleeping patterns.
      • Medications like pain killers, antibiotics, oral contraceptives and steroids.
      • Intestinal parasites.
      • Diseases of pancreas, liver, gall bladder, intestinal infections etc.
      • During pregnancy, premenstrual period, menopausal period in women.
      • Emotional upset like anxiety, stress, examination, family tensions, etc.
  • 23. Langhanam -Fasting 
      • Light food or only liquid diet once a week—increases digestion, clears ama from the body --detoxification.
  • 24. Exercise-yoga 
      • Regular exercise –improves appetite and digestion
      • yoga-  all types of asanas involving the abdominal muscles –tadasana, bhujangasana, suptapavana muktasana, vajraasna, utkatasana, ardhamatsyendrasana, surya bhedana pranayama –help in maintaining normal agni .
  • 25. Role of mind 
      • Emotional upset like anxiety, stress, examination, family tensions  ---disturb agni - lead to indigestion.
      • Practice relaxation techniques –yoga, pranayama, soothing music, meditation, prayers.
  • 26. Care of the digestive system 
      • Eat only when you are hungry
      • Eat according to your agni.
      • Eat hot and fresh food
      • Eat leisurely chewing and enjoying the food
      • Eat only after the previous meal is digested
      • Fill 1/3rd of the stomach with solids, 1/3rd with liquids, leave 1/3rd.
      • Eat at least 3 hours before sleep at night.
      • Do not eat when angry, sad, tense.
      • Avoid constipation
  • 27. Appetisers-digestives 
      • Pippali –long pepper
      • Sunthi-dry ginger
      • Maricham-pepper
      • Ajamoda- ajwain hingu-Asa foetida
      • Dhanyakam-coriander seeds
      • Jeerakam—cumin seeds
      • Lavangam—cloves
  • 28. One formula 
      • Equal quantities of dry ginger, saunf, coriander seeds, black pepper, cumin seeds, ajwain, long pepper (pippali)—powder and preserve- take 2 gms powder before food.
  • 29. Antacids 
      • Amla –Indian goose berry
      • Satavari-
      • Turmeric
      • Yashtimadhu
      • Dried banana
      • Tender coconut water
  • 30. One formula 
      • Amla+yashtimadhu+satavari  powder,
    •   with honey or butter milk good antacid 
      • Dried banana powder with milk
  • 31. Laxatives 
      • Draksha—grapes
      • Eranda— castor oil
      • Harithaki- harda
      • Katukarohini—kutki
      • Yashtimadhu-
  • 32. Formula 
      • Haritaki powder—3-4 gms with warm water –bed time
      • Trifala churnam-3-5 gms bed time with warm water
  • 33. Antiflatulents 
      • Avoid constipation
      • All the appetizers and digestives act as anti flatulent
  • 34. Formula  
      • Fried Ajwain powder  3 gms before food
      • 3-4 gms cumin powder before food