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Early Detection Of Eye Diseases
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Early Detection Of Eye Diseases

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This is a presentation by Dr.Sandeep Kataria on Early Detection Of Eye Diseases

This is a presentation by Dr.Sandeep Kataria on Early Detection Of Eye Diseases

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • There are some eye diseases which don’t cause any problems to the patient but bring about permanent and irreversible damage to the vision
    • These are called the ‘silent thieves’ of eyesight
    • When caught early, a lot of damage can be prevented
  • 3.
    • Most of them occur above 40 yrs age
    • Some of them are..
    • Glaucoma
    • Macular degeneration
    • Diabetic retinopathy
    • Cataract
  • 4.
    • Some of them occur in young age
    • Lazy eye/amblyopia/squint
    • Retinal holes /detachment in myopes
  • 5.  
  • 6.
    • Also commonly known as ‘black water’ in which optic nerve of the eye gets damaged resulting in permanent vision damage
    • In this condition the vision starts reducing from the side, therefore the patient does not realize the defect till it’s too late
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.
    • Detection is very simple
    • Eye Pressure must be checked regularly after the age of 40
    • Eye pressure should be checked by an Ophthalmologist when one goes for a routine eye check up/glass check up.
  • 11.
    • If the eye pressure is raised, eye drops are started to control the pressure
    • Occasionally surgery may be required if eye pressure is very high
  • 12.
    • But whatever vision damage has already occurred due to glaucoma cannot be reversed
    • Therefore it is important to detect glaucoma at the earliest
    • A person may not have any complaints like pain or discomfort and still may have Glaucoma
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.
    • The incidence of Glaucoma in general healthy population above 40 yrs of age is about 1 to 2 per 100 individuals
    • Risk of glaucoma becomes higher in diabetics and blood pressure patients
  • 16.
    • Is the damage to retina because of diabetes. Retina is like a film of the camera
  • 17. Once damaged it cannot be repaired Depending upon whether the centre or peripheral part of the film gets affected, patient realizes damage in vision early or late respectively
  • 18.
    • If Centre is involved the patient
    • Appreciates the problem early
  • 19.
    • But if problem starts from the side, it does not affect vision early and patient may not realize the presence of diabetic retinopathy
  • 20.
    • Damage is because Diabetes damages the blood vessels causing bleeding to occur in the retina
  • 21.
    • Every diabetic is at risk
    • 80% of diabetics have retinopathy at some stage of life, irrespective of control of diabetes
    • Of these 20% have serious retinopathy causing permanent visual problems
  • 22.
    • Persons are at more risk if they also have associated
    • Poor sugar control
    • Blood pressure
    • Kidney problem
    • Cholesterol problem
  • 23.
    • Retina is checked by an ophthalmologist by putting dilating drops
    • Frequency and interval of check up depends upon extent of problem
  • 24.
    • Treatment is in the form of lasers ( special light)
    • Sometimes injections and surgery may also be required
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29.
    • It is a false notion that surgery can correct the damage completely; in fact once the eye has reached the surgery stage , only little can be done to restore the vision
    • Early detection and treatment with laser is the method of choice
    • Treatment with Retinal Lasers is In-expensive if treated early
  • 30.
    • Macula is the centre most sensitive point of the retina responsible for vision
    • It can often be damaged due to aging
  • 31.
    • In this condition, abnormal blood vessels can grow into the macula quietly causing vision damage
  • 32.
    • In initial stages it may go unrecognized by the patient since it affects one eye in the beginning.
    • The patient compensates vision with other eye and does not realize the visual loss until its too late
  • 33.
    • Until recently, there was no treatment available and the elderly used to go blind with this condition
    • Recently, there are Injections and lasers available to treat these conditions if treated early.
    • There is no treatment if the condition is detected late
  • 34.
    • Is the clouding of normal lens of the eye
  • 35.  
  • 36.
    • Provide a sharper Image contrast
  • 37.  
  • 38.  
  • 39.
    • Age criteria –above 18 years of age
    • Aim is to have permanent independence from glasses
    • Risk is less than that with wearing contact lenses for life time
  • 40.
    • All of us have heard about the old saying
    • A stitch in time saves nine
    • In the same way, early detection of eye
    • diseases and their timely management
    • can prevent significant vision loss
  • 41.
    • THANK YOU

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