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Early Detection Of Eye Diseases
 

Early Detection Of Eye Diseases

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This is a presentation by Dr.Sandeep Kataria on Early Detection Of Eye Diseases

This is a presentation by Dr.Sandeep Kataria on Early Detection Of Eye Diseases

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    Early Detection Of Eye Diseases Early Detection Of Eye Diseases Presentation Transcript

    •  
      • There are some eye diseases which don’t cause any problems to the patient but bring about permanent and irreversible damage to the vision
      • These are called the ‘silent thieves’ of eyesight
      • When caught early, a lot of damage can be prevented
      • Most of them occur above 40 yrs age
      • Some of them are..
      • Glaucoma
      • Macular degeneration
      • Diabetic retinopathy
      • Cataract
      • Some of them occur in young age
      • Lazy eye/amblyopia/squint
      • Retinal holes /detachment in myopes
    •  
      • Also commonly known as ‘black water’ in which optic nerve of the eye gets damaged resulting in permanent vision damage
      • In this condition the vision starts reducing from the side, therefore the patient does not realize the defect till it’s too late
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      • Detection is very simple
      • Eye Pressure must be checked regularly after the age of 40
      • Eye pressure should be checked by an Ophthalmologist when one goes for a routine eye check up/glass check up.
      • If the eye pressure is raised, eye drops are started to control the pressure
      • Occasionally surgery may be required if eye pressure is very high
      • But whatever vision damage has already occurred due to glaucoma cannot be reversed
      • Therefore it is important to detect glaucoma at the earliest
      • A person may not have any complaints like pain or discomfort and still may have Glaucoma
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      • The incidence of Glaucoma in general healthy population above 40 yrs of age is about 1 to 2 per 100 individuals
      • Risk of glaucoma becomes higher in diabetics and blood pressure patients
      • Is the damage to retina because of diabetes. Retina is like a film of the camera
    • Once damaged it cannot be repaired Depending upon whether the centre or peripheral part of the film gets affected, patient realizes damage in vision early or late respectively
      • If Centre is involved the patient
      • Appreciates the problem early
      • But if problem starts from the side, it does not affect vision early and patient may not realize the presence of diabetic retinopathy
      • Damage is because Diabetes damages the blood vessels causing bleeding to occur in the retina
      • Every diabetic is at risk
      • 80% of diabetics have retinopathy at some stage of life, irrespective of control of diabetes
      • Of these 20% have serious retinopathy causing permanent visual problems
      • Persons are at more risk if they also have associated
      • Poor sugar control
      • Blood pressure
      • Kidney problem
      • Cholesterol problem
      • Retina is checked by an ophthalmologist by putting dilating drops
      • Frequency and interval of check up depends upon extent of problem
      • Treatment is in the form of lasers ( special light)
      • Sometimes injections and surgery may also be required
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      • It is a false notion that surgery can correct the damage completely; in fact once the eye has reached the surgery stage , only little can be done to restore the vision
      • Early detection and treatment with laser is the method of choice
      • Treatment with Retinal Lasers is In-expensive if treated early
      • Macula is the centre most sensitive point of the retina responsible for vision
      • It can often be damaged due to aging
      • In this condition, abnormal blood vessels can grow into the macula quietly causing vision damage
      • In initial stages it may go unrecognized by the patient since it affects one eye in the beginning.
      • The patient compensates vision with other eye and does not realize the visual loss until its too late
      • Until recently, there was no treatment available and the elderly used to go blind with this condition
      • Recently, there are Injections and lasers available to treat these conditions if treated early.
      • There is no treatment if the condition is detected late
      • Is the clouding of normal lens of the eye
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      • Provide a sharper Image contrast
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      • Age criteria –above 18 years of age
      • Aim is to have permanent independence from glasses
      • Risk is less than that with wearing contact lenses for life time
      • All of us have heard about the old saying
      • A stitch in time saves nine
      • In the same way, early detection of eye
      • diseases and their timely management
      • can prevent significant vision loss
      • THANK YOU