The Tale of Genji
Romantic Hero <ul><li>How is Genji described? </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings, not actions  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tears (p. 117...
Heian Court Society <ul><li>Heian Period (794-1185)  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of capital in Heianky ō </li></ul...
Fujiwara Regent System (959-1068) Emperor Prime Minister Minister of the Left  Minister of the Right  Major Counselor Cabi...
The  Monogatari <ul><li>Vernacular tale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tale of the Bamboo Cutter  (909) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Hiragana  平仮名
Murasaki Shikibu ( 970?-1014?)  <ul><li>The name </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote  Tale of Genji (Genji monogatari )  </li></ul><ul...
Key Fujiwara Figures and Literary Salons  Empress Sh ô shi (Akiko) Emperor Ichijô Empress Sadako *Michinaga Korechika Mich...
Why is  Tale of Genji  so famous? <ul><li>First novel </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist theme of Impermanence ( mono no aware ) <...
Chapter 1: Paulownia Court  <ul><li>Probably written later </li></ul><ul><ul><li>stories circulated  hand to hand </li></u...
The Lowly Concubine <ul><li>Ranking of multiple wives (emperor’s consorts) </li></ul><ul><li>Women named by residence </li...
<ul><li>Inside the </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Palace  </li></ul>Emperor’s Quarters Paulownia Court
Youth of Shining Prince <ul><li>Beauty, but not of highest status </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Jewel,” “private treasure”  p. 4 ...
Pop Quiz <ul><li>Please be quiet and put your notes away </li></ul><ul><li>Write your name and section time </li></ul>
Genji and Psychoanalysis <ul><li>Freud and the Oedipus Complex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every boy falls in love with mother a...
Love in ancient Japan <ul><li>Love never about happiness, fulfillment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsatisfied longing  </li></ul...
Chapter 4: Genji’s youth <ul><li>Experience with women (125) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flirts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rokuj...
Map of Kyoto (Heianky ō )
Evening Faces <ul><li>Genji’s Nurse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Members of aristocracy raised by nurses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Yugao
Evening Faces <ul><li>First contact: sent a fan with poem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common poetic “vehicle” </li></ul></ul><ul...
Poetry <ul><li>Allusion to poetry (Kokinshuu) </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry as conversational exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry...
Physical Beauty
Kaimami  “peeping through space”
Murasaki Shikibu nikki ekotoba (early 13 th  C)
Shinto <ul><li>Pre-scientific explanation of phenomena of nature, nature as filled with spirits </li></ul><ul><li>Three-fo...
Superstitions <ul><li>Horoscopes </li></ul><ul><li>Unlucky directions, connected with season, time of day, etc. </li></ul>...
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Pp genj imonogatari_

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Pp genj imonogatari_

  1. 1. The Tale of Genji
  2. 2. Romantic Hero <ul><li>How is Genji described? </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings, not actions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tears (p. 117) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Imperial Court </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power politics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rituals of Love </li></ul><ul><li>Lover, artist, poet </li></ul>
  3. 3. Heian Court Society <ul><li>Heian Period (794-1185) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of capital in Heianky ō </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Court Ranks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 in all, 3 top ones can become princes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decline of Emperor’s power </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of Private Estates ( sh ō en ) </li></ul><ul><li>Rise of Fujiwara Clan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huge landholder </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Fujiwara Regent System (959-1068) Emperor Prime Minister Minister of the Left Minister of the Right Major Counselor Cabinet 8 Ministries Advisor Imperial Consort Crown Prince =Future Emperor Marriage politics Regent Kanpaku
  5. 5. The Monogatari <ul><li>Vernacular tale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tale of the Bamboo Cutter (909) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tales of Ise (947) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Invention of Kana </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A way to write spoken Japanese </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main writers are women, lower aristocracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sei Shonagon, The Pillow Book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Murasaki Shikibu, The Tale of Genji </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Hiragana  平仮名
  7. 7. Murasaki Shikibu ( 970?-1014?) <ul><li>The name </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote Tale of Genji (Genji monogatari ) </li></ul><ul><li>And Murasaki Shikibu Diary (1010) </li></ul><ul><li>Fujiwara Branch, daughter of </li></ul><ul><li>Provincial Governor </li></ul><ul><li>Married 999, husband died in two years, </li></ul><ul><li>one daughter </li></ul><ul><li>Served as lady-in-waiting in Empress </li></ul><ul><li>Shôshi’s literary salon 1005 </li></ul><ul><li>Genji circulating by1022 (54 books) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Key Fujiwara Figures and Literary Salons Empress Sh ô shi (Akiko) Emperor Ichijô Empress Sadako *Michinaga Korechika Michitaka *Fujiwara no Kaneie Akiko Emperor Eny û Sei Sh ônagon Murasaki Shikibu Izumi Shikibu Rival Literary Salons * = Regents Pink=female Blue=male Purple=salons * = Regents Pink=Female Blue=Male Purple=Salons 2 Emperors Beaten by Michinaga
  9. 9. Why is Tale of Genji so famous? <ul><li>First novel </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist theme of Impermanence ( mono no aware ) </li></ul><ul><li>First Psychological novel </li></ul><ul><li>Model classic for 1000 years </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1-33: Glory and Youth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>34-41: Conflict and Death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>42-44: (authorship questioned) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>45-54: Uji chapters </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Chapter 1: Paulownia Court <ul><li>Probably written later </li></ul><ul><ul><li>stories circulated hand to hand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>serialized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>later ones inserted </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Set in vague time, but Fujiwara period </li></ul><ul><li>Genji’s parents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emperor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowly concubine, without backing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Birth of Genji, “shining prince” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Korean physiognomist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes a “commoner” p. 15 </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Lowly Concubine <ul><li>Ranking of multiple wives (emperor’s consorts) </li></ul><ul><li>Women named by residence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kokiden Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paulownia Court </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Analogy to Yang Gui Fei </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bo Juyi “Song of Everlasting Sorrow” 12 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ In the sky, as birds that share a wing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On earth, as trees that share a branch.” </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Inside the </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Palace </li></ul>Emperor’s Quarters Paulownia Court
  13. 13. Youth of Shining Prince <ul><li>Beauty, but not of highest status </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Jewel,” “private treasure” p. 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blessed by the heavens, p. 120 </li></ul><ul><li>Precocious </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Musical talent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capping ceremony </li></ul><ul><li>Marries daughter of Minister of Left at 12 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Pop Quiz <ul><li>Please be quiet and put your notes away </li></ul><ul><li>Write your name and section time </li></ul>
  15. 15. Genji and Psychoanalysis <ul><li>Freud and the Oedipus Complex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every boy falls in love with mother and wants to supplant his father </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage of psychological development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Genji, the Emperor, and Fujitsubo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fujitsubo: surrogate mother </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longs for mother at 12 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eventually Son/Stepmother become lovers, Fujitsubo pregnant, baby resembles Genji and later becomes emperor </li></ul>
  16. 16. Love in ancient Japan <ul><li>Love never about happiness, fulfillment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsatisfied longing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sadness of parting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fear of abandonment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raging jealousy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mortality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mono no aware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aesthetic reaction to ephemerality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolized by seasons </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Chapter 4: Genji’s youth <ul><li>Experience with women (125) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flirts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rokujo (lady of the 6th ward) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Older </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extremely cultivated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanjo (lady of the 3rd Ward) also Aoi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political marriage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cold </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Map of Kyoto (Heianky ō )
  19. 19. Evening Faces <ul><li>Genji’s Nurse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Members of aristocracy raised by nurses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Koremitsu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Pure Land Buddhism” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Neighborhoods in the city 128 </li></ul><ul><li>Similarity with Genji’s mother story </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Love and inferior social status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Woman dies </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Yugao
  21. 21. Evening Faces <ul><li>First contact: sent a fan with poem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common poetic “vehicle” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calligraphy “suggested cultivation and taste” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concealment of identities </li></ul><ul><li>Yugao taken away and dies in strange place </li></ul><ul><li>Spirit Possession, p. 130 </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution of hero, p. 132 </li></ul><ul><li>Funeral and 49 days </li></ul>
  22. 22. Poetry <ul><li>Allusion to poetry (Kokinshuu) </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry as conversational exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry in courting, p. 129 </li></ul><ul><li>Form of poetry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short, 31 syllables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanka </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Translated as couplets </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Physical Beauty
  24. 24. Kaimami “peeping through space”
  25. 25. Murasaki Shikibu nikki ekotoba (early 13 th C)
  26. 26. Shinto <ul><li>Pre-scientific explanation of phenomena of nature, nature as filled with spirits </li></ul><ul><li>Three-fold division </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heaven, world of spirits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Earth, human realm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Underworld, burial of dead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purity in Shinto: washing of body </li></ul>
  27. 27. Superstitions <ul><li>Horoscopes </li></ul><ul><li>Unlucky directions, connected with season, time of day, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual possession 130 </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution or defilement </li></ul>
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