Developing the Framework(June – October 2010)n southern and eastern Africa and globally, womenand girls are differently an...
budgeted interventions, and gender sensitive indicators.Many NSPs do not gather sex-disaggregated data or setsex-specific ...
ZIMBABWE: “This workshop has givenparticipants a tool on how to addressissues that have been dismissedin certain policies ...
Results from multi-country and in-countrywork (2010 – 2013… and beyond!)The HEARD-ATHENA tools have been at the heart of a...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

How to Make Friends and Influence People: Tracking the Impact of the 'Framework for Women, Girls and Gender Equality in National Strategic Plans in Southern and Eastern Africa'


Published on

The ATHENA Network and HEARD’s Gender Equality and HIV Prevention Programme have released a policy brief outlining the global impact of the Framework for Women, Girls and Gender Equality in National Strategic Plans for HIV and AIDS. Through international workshops, in-country support and regional consultations in conjunction with a range of other organisations including UNAIDS, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Population Fund, Sonke Gender Justice, International AIDS Alliance and the Salamander Network, over 45 countries globally have been exposed to, and utilised the Framework. This policy brief outlines the wide-ranging impacts and successes of the Framework over the past three years.

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

How to Make Friends and Influence People: Tracking the Impact of the 'Framework for Women, Girls and Gender Equality in National Strategic Plans in Southern and Eastern Africa'

  1. 1. Developing the Framework(June – October 2010)n southern and eastern Africa and globally, womenand girls are differently and disproportionatelyaffected by HIV and AIDS, and National StrategicPlans (NSPs) on HIV and AIDS have been identified as acritical platform for addressing this impact. The Frameworkfor Women, Girls and Gender Equality in National StrategicPlans on HIV and AIDS in Southern and Eastern Africa (theFramework) was developed by the ATHENA Network andthe Gender Equality and HIV Prevention Programme atHEARD in collaboration with 19 organisations and networksworking to advance gender equality and women’s rights inthe context of HIV.1In addition to providing a concise, user-friendly tool tosupport strengthening efforts to address gender equalitywithin NSPs, the Framework also sought to support criticalon-going processes to strengthen the HIV response forwomen, girls and gender equality more generally, such asthe UNAIDS Agenda for Accelerated Country Action forWomen, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV.The Framework consists of nine sections that togethercomprise a ‘minimum package’ for a gender responsiveNSP. It utilises rights-based language that reflects theevidence base and good practice for women, girls andgender equality in the context of the broader HIV response.Recognising the potential distance and challenges betweenpolicy and implementation, the Framework attempts toprovide an essential first step – that of getting the policylanguage right – while offering evidence informed practicalstrategies for implementation:“The persistent concern throughout theworkshop was how this framework mightbridge the policy-implementation divide.”2The development of the Framework was from the beginningembedded in a longer-term vision of bridge-building,analysis, and consultation through a women’s rights lens,as well as supporting on-going and parallel processes.Some of the ways that vision has been realised to date aredescribed here.From Talk to ActionA review against the Framework of 20 NSPs in southernand eastern Africa was undertaken by HEARD andATHENA in 2010. The review, From Talk to Action3,provided a ‘snapshot’ of current NSPs strengths,weaknesses and gaps and included an analysis identifyingkey priorities and recommendations. The review alsoestablished a baseline for comparison to third generationNSPs.Key findings of From Talk to Action were that NSPsfrequently included ‘headlines’ for women, girls and genderequality, but failed to follow through with interventions andpolicies; most focus on women in the context of preventionof vertical transmission only; and, most NSPs focus onproviding ‘technical’ solutions, rather than addressingstructural drivers of HIV. Major gaps include failure torecognise and meaningfully programme for gender-basedviolence (GVB);4and failure to address strengthening careand support programmes. In addition, there is frequentlya lack of meaningful involvement of women living with HIVand attention to their sexual and reproductive health rights;5and a lack of accountability to women through costed andIHOW TO MAKE FRIENDS ANDINFLUENCE PEOPLE:Tracking the Impact of the Framework for Women, Girls and Gender Equalityin National Strategic Plans in Southern and Eastern AfricaDecember20121. The partners are: HEARD, ATHENA Network, AIDS Legal Network, Her Rights Initiative, OSISA, Sonke Gender JusticeNetwork, SWEAT, GEMSA, Salamander Trust, ARASA, Caregivers Action Network, Children’s Rights Centre, POWA,VSO, World AIDS Campaign, Help Age International and Raising Voices2. Consultative Workshop to Reflect on Gender and National Strategic Plans, HEARD, ATHENA October 2010, p.10, see Download the report at: 12 out of 20 NSPs in the region do not address the elimination of gender-based violence and discrimination5. Only three of the regions’ NSPs specifically ‘affirm the sexual and reproductive health and rights of women living with HIV’POLICY BRIEFFor more information: Samantha Willan, | Tyler Crone,
  2. 2. budgeted interventions, and gender sensitive indicators.Many NSPs do not gather sex-disaggregated data or setsex-specific targets.Expanding our reach: from regional tointernational workshops - and back again(2010 – 2012)A series of 10 policy analysis tools were developed drawingfrom the Framework.6In conjunction with the Framework,these tools were used in a number of multi-country andmulti-stakeholder consultative workshops and trainings overthe period November 2010 to date with delegates spanningrepresentatives of National AIDS Commissions (NACs),Ministries of Health, Ministries of Gender and WomenAffairs, the UN family, networks of women living with HIV,women’s rights organisations, organisations engaging menand boys for gender equality and entities with expertisein addressing gender-based violence, and with specificemphasis on the meaningful involvement of young womenand women living with and affected by HIV.Nairobi, December 2010: Integrating Strategies toPrevent Gender-Based Violence and Engage Men andBoys to Achieve Gender Equality through National StrategicPlans on HIV and AIDS Johannesburg, September 2011: Integrating a Human-Rights-Based and Gender Equality Approach into NationalStrategic Plans on HIVIstanbul, November 2011: Integrating Strategies toAddress Gender-based Violence and Engage Men andBoys to Advance Gender Equality through NationalStrategic Plans on HIV and AIDSAddis Ababa, December 2011: Putting Women, Girls,and Gender Equality at the Heart of the HIV ResponseJohannesburg, October 2012: Regional Consultation onWomen, Girls, Gender Equality, and HIV: Reviewing theUNAIDS Agenda for Accelerated Action to Address Gender-Based Violence and Engage Men and Boys for GenderEqualityJohannesburg, December 2012: Integrating Strategiesto Address Gender-Based Violence and Engage Men andBoys to Advance Gender Equality through National HIVPlans and Strategies: Regional Eastern and SouthernAfrica Consultation to Strengthen Attention to Gender-Based Violence in National HIV and AIDS Plans and OtherCritical PoliciesThrough these processes, representativesfrom over 46 countries across southernand eastern Africa and globally have beenexposed to, and applied, the Framework andrelated policy analysis tools.In-country pilot: Zimbabwe(March – July, 2012)In 2012, HEARD and ATHENA continued to build on theglobal and regional roll-out of the Framework by focusingon sustained country level engagement by conducting atwo-phase pilot project in Zimbabwe to support in-countryefforts to integrate women, girls and gender equality intonational policies and plans on HIV and AIDS. This workcomprised:• Establishment of a strategic partnership with relevantZimbabwe government departments, the ZimbabweNational AIDS Council (ZANAC) and NGOs. Thispartnership formed the basis on which to carry out in-country support to Zimbabwe stakeholders on relevantissues, and to unpack the NSP and gender and humanrights issues to inform the workshop planning process;• Convened a workshop in collaboration with ZANAC,SAFAIDS, Zimbabwe National Network of People Livingwith HIV, and Zimbabwe AIDS Network, with strategicpartners and other relevant stakeholders to promote thepotential for NSP to be utilised to advance, promote andprotect women, girls, and gender equality in and throughthe HIV response.“This workshop has given participants atool on how to address issues that havebeen dismissed in certain policies andchallenged them to push further for suchissues, including the long needed drive foradvocacy strategies.”(Participant feedback, Zimbabwe 2012).6. Download these at: BRIEFFor more information: Samantha Willan, | Tyler Crone,
  3. 3. ZIMBABWE: “This workshop has givenparticipants a tool on how to addressissues that have been dismissedin certain policies and challengedthem to push further for such issues,including the long needed drive foradvocacy strategies.”Zimbabwe in-country support participantSWAZILAND: “In our NationalStrategic Framework for HIVwe had identified genderinequality as one of thedrivers of the epidemic…but for some reason, whenit came to developingprogrammes… we forgotthat being a patriarchalsociety we need to get meninvolved if we want to stopthe issues. It hadn’t beensomething we even thoughtabout.”Istanbul meeting delegateBELIZE: “I was asked in an email a few days ago to mention if we wereable to use the results of the Istanbul meeting in any strategic way, soplease inform your partners of these specific examples of how it hashelped to make our NSP as gender responsive and human rights-basedas possible by focusing more on men and young men.”Istanbul meeting delegate.Specific actions include: A new Specific Goal number 5 was added to theNSP that extends the amount and type of emergency response offeredto survivors of sexual violence; a new principal strategy has been addedwhich calls for implementation of socialization programmes to mitigatenegative cultural norms that increase the risk of HIV transmission suchas those that facilitate gender-based violence; inclusion of an includedan Expected Result that calls for a culture of tolerance and respect forgender equitySOUTH AFRICA: The teamsupported the chair of theSANAC women’s sector inher submissions as the newNational Strategic Plan forHIV and AIDS for 2012-2016was formulatedMOLDOVO: “After the Istanbul meeting, we have managed for thefirst time, to have an open face HIV positive women talking about HIV,gender-based violence issues, at conferences, TV shows, awarenessevents. After the meeting, we started to think more intensive on creationon a HIV positive women network and their greater involvement indecision making and planning. At the moment we started by organisingmonthly women club meetings and self-support groups.”Istanbul meeting delegateSOUTH SUDAN: “Somepartnerships camedirectly as a resultof this meeting. Weinvolved them whenwe learnt that gender-based violence andHIV needs a multi-sectoral approach.”Nairobi meeting delegateRWANDA: “The Nairobimeeting was a wake-up call to people whothought they werenicely mainstreaminggender-basedviolence and maleengagement.”POLICY BRIEFFor more information: Samantha Willan, | Tyler Crone, tyler.crone@gmail.comCountries that have applied the Framework.GLOBAL REACH OF THE FRAMEWORK
  4. 4. Results from multi-country and in-countrywork (2010 – 2013… and beyond!)The HEARD-ATHENA tools have been at the heart of allthese processes, and frequently cited as among the mostuseful elements of them. In a follow-up impact assessmentto the workshops held in Nairobi (2010) and Istanbul(2011), over half the respondents (27 out of 43) namedthe tools7as one of the three most useful elements of theworkshops.8While the different countries involved differin the type of epidemic they experience, and the ‘stage’of their response, some of the results that have beencatalysed across participating countries include:Identifying gaps and priorities in national policiesplans on HIV and AIDS“The meeting was important. It’s good for understandingtrends and to appreciate priorities and policy atimplementation level. This meeting helped me to appreciatethe need for evidence and identification of positive andcreative strategies and approaches to dealing with GBV inthe context of HIV and AIDS.”(Participant feedback, Johannesburg, 2012)Strengthening language around gender equalityand gender-based violence integrated intonational policies, including in accountabilitystructures“In terms of policy analysis, the tools disseminated at theIstanbul workshop were extremely helpful. The Moldovanpolicies are actually quite strong, but implementationand monitoring is a problem at the local authority level.”(Participant, Moldova – Istanbul case study)Promoting increased engagement and leadershipof women living with HIV and other key affectedwomen“The tools have helped in deeper engagement with policy-makers and implementers. As I was invited just after thetraining to be a member of the Technical Review Committeeof the Medical Research Council of Zimbabwe, the toolshave greatly enhanced my contribution in the way I reviewclinical and social research proposals.” (Representative of anetwork of women living with HIV, Zimbabwe 2012)Empowering the grassroots“Tools to review NSP were perfect for informed advocacy…Ilearned that NSPs are missing several concepts forexample, we looked for some words about sexual violenceand care for it, but we couldn’t find them. I actually couldnotice some important issues are really missing.” (Participantfeedback, Addis Ababa, 2011)Catalysing for the engagement of men and boysas agents to halt gender-based violence andadvance gender equality“When it came to developing programmes…we forgot thatbeing a patriarchal society we need to get men involved ifwe want to stop the issues. It hadn’t been something weeven thought about.” (Participant, Swaziland - Istanbul casestudy)Encouraging partnership and cooperationbetween NAC and civil society“The partnership with the Woman’s Affairs Bureau cameabout as a direct result of this meeting as it was the firsttime the MOH/NHP had sat with that Bureau and sharedwhat activities and areas for collaboration” (Participant,Jamaica - Nairobi case study)“This [partnership] was a clear outcome of the meeting.NAC was not working with The Rwanda Men’s ResourceCentre (RWAMREC) before the meeting. Immediatelyafterwards a formal collaboration mechanism was drafted.”(Participant, Rwanda - Nairobi case study)ConclusionCollectively these processes have brought together keystakeholders across the HIV response, strengthenedthe engagement of those most affected by HIV in policyanalysis and setting, and generated a broad globalaudience for the tools and products than that originallyconceived. It quickly became apparent that our approachand tools had application beyond the southern and easternAfrican region with demonstrated reach and impact incountries and epidemics as diverse as Belize, Ecuador,Jamaica, Uganda, Malawi, Russia, and Moldova.145623The Women, Girls, and Gender Equality NSP Frameworkis a joint initiative of HEARD and the ATHENA Networkdeveloped in collaboration with and endorsed by:POLICY BRIEFFor more information: Samantha Willan, | Tyler Crone, tyler.crone@gmail.com7. These included the Framework and Policy Analysis Tools. Participants at Istanbul were also introduced to the draftUNDP Gender Roadmap.8. These findings are drawn from: ATHENA (2012) Integrating-strategies to reduce gender-based violence and engagemen and boys to advance gender equality through National Strategic Plans for HIV and AIDS
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.